简明英汉词典

destroy
[dis5trCi]
vt.
破坏, 毁坏, 消灭
v.
消灭, 摧毁

美国传统词典[双解]

destroy
de.stroy
AHD:[d1-stroi“]
D.J.[di6str%i]
K.K.[d!6str%!]
v.(动词)
de.stroyedde.stroy.ingde.stroys
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To ruin completely; spoil:
完全破坏;消灭:
The ancient manuscripts were destroyed by fire.
古代手稿被大火吞噬了

(2)

To tear down or break up; demolish.See Synonyms at ruin
摧毁:推翻,解体;拆毁参见 ruin

(3)

To do away with; put an end to:
使终结:
“In crowded populations, poverty destroys the possibility of cleanliness”(George Bernard Shaw)
“在人口拥挤的地方,贫困使清洁毫无可能”(乔治·伯纳德·肖)

(4)

To kill:
杀死:
destroy a rabid dog.
杀死疯狗

(5)

To subdue or defeat completely; crush:
打垮:完全屈服,完全被打败;压服:
The rebel forces were destroyed in battle.
反叛力量在战争中被打垮了

(6)

To render useless or ineffective:
使无用;使无效:
destroyed the testimony of the prosecution's chief witness.
使原告及其律师的主要证人的证据无效
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To be destructive; cause destruction:
被摧毁;导致破坏:
“Too much money destroys as surely as too little”(John Simon)
“过多的钱和过少的钱一样会带来破坏作用”(约翰·西蒙)

语源

(1)

Middle English destroien
中古英语 destroien

(2)

from Old French destruire
源自 古法语 destruire

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *d??gere}
源自 俗拉丁语 *d??gere}

(4)

from Latin d?e
源自 拉丁语 d?e

(5)

d?- [de-]
d?- [前缀,表“降低”]

(6)

struere [to pile up] * see ster- 2
struere [堆积] *参见 ster- 2

现代英汉词典

destroy
[dI5strCI]
vt.
destroyed, destroying

(1)

摧毁;破坏;毁坏
The fire destroyed all my books.
这场大火毁了我的全部书籍。

(2)

消灭;杀害

现代英汉综合大辞典

destroy
[dis5trCi]
vt.

(1)

毁坏, 破坏

(2)

肃清, 歼灭(敌人), 扑灭(害虫等)

(3)

打破(希望, 计划), 使失败
The houses were destroyed by a fire [a flood, an earthquake].
房屋被火灾[水灾, 地震]所毁。
The heavy rain destroyed all hope of a picnic.
大雨打破了野餐的一切希望。

继承用法

destroyable
adj.

destroyingly
adv.

习惯用语

destroy itself
自灭

destroy oneself
自杀

参考词汇
destroy     demolish     raze     annihilate    
都含“毁坏”, “破坏”的意思。

(1)

destroy为常用词, 指“剧烈地破坏”、“使之不存在”或“使之失去效能”, 如:
The enemy destroyed the city.
敌人破坏了这座城市。

(2)

demolish 指“由于短暂猛烈的动作而摧毁或拆毁”, 如:
The bombs demolished the factories.
炸弹炸毁了许多工厂。

(3)

raze 指“夷为平地”, 如:
The city was razed by the earthqake.
地震彻底毁坏了这座城市。

(4)

annihilate 指“彻底破坏”、“摧毁”、“消灭”, 如:
The invaders were annihilated.
侵略者被消灭了。
construct     build     create    

用法词典

destroy
stroy 源自拉丁语 struere建造;de- 去掉,破坏

参考词汇

(1)

destroy,demolish,exterminate,wreck,ruin这组词的一般含义是“毁掉”或“消灭”。

(2)

destroy 强调以具有摧毁或杀伤性的力量把某物彻底毁掉。
Why, you may wonder,should spiders be our friends? Because they destroy so many insects,…
你也许会觉得奇异,蜘蛛怎么竟是我们的朋友?因为它们毁灭那么多的昆虫。
As long ago as the fourteenth century,an Englishman,Sir John Hawkood, made the remarkable discovery that people would rather pay large sums of money than have their life work destroyed by gangsters.
早在14世纪,一位名叫约翰·霍克伍德爵士的英国人,就有过非凡的发现:人们宁肯支付大笔金钱也不肯把自己毕生的事业让暴徒毁掉。

(3)

demolish 尤其适用摧毁象建筑物之类的庞大物体,词义引伸后可以表示推翻已经确立了的理论等。
Many buildings in the city were demolished to make room for the speedway.
为了给高速公路腾出空来,那个城市拆毁了许多建筑物。
The machine was designed specially for demolishing old buildings.
这种机器是专为拆毁旧楼房而设计的。

(4)

exterminate 主要用来表示大量的消灭或杀死。
…the rabbit population was unlikely to be exterminated.
…兔群不可能彻底消灭。
The insects can be exterminated by spraying DDT.
可以用喷撒滴滴涕的方法大量杀死这种昆虫。

(5)

wreck 尤其适用于表示碰毁、撞坏。
The car was wrecked by its collision with a big lorry.
这辆小轿车是由于和大卡车相撞而碰毁的。

(6)

注:词义引伸之后,wreck 通常表示抽象含义的彻底毁掉,这时可与ruin换用
The constant quarrelling between the couple finally wrecked the marriage.
那对夫妻间的经常吵架终于毁掉了他们的婚姻。

(7)

ruin 亦指彻底毁掉,但不含有以某种摧毁性的力量进行破坏,而含有在一定的过程中逐渐毁掉的意思
Oxford has been ruined by the motor industry.
牛津城已经被汽车工业毁掉了。
The crops are nearly ruined by the continuous rain.
继续不断的雨水几乎毁坏了这些农作物。

英文相关词典

destroy
devastate    exterminate    finish    kill    ruin    slay    spoil    wreck    construct    establish    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

destroy
消灭;破坏

美国传统词典

destroy
de.stroy
AHD:[d1-stroi“]
D.J.[di6str%i]
K.K.[d!6str%!]
v.
de.stroyed, de.stroy.ing, de.stroys
v.tr.

(1)

To ruin completely; spoil:
The ancient manuscripts were destroyed by fire.

(2)

To tear down or break up; demolish.See Synonyms at ruin

(3)

To do away with; put an end to:
“In crowded populations, poverty destroys the possibility of cleanliness”(George Bernard Shaw)

(4)

To kill:
destroy a rabid dog.

(5)

To subdue or defeat completely; crush:
The rebel forces were destroyed in battle.

(6)

To render useless or ineffective:
destroyed the testimony of the prosecution's chief witness.
v.intr.
To be destructive; cause destruction:
“Too much money destroys as surely as too little”(John Simon)

语源

(1)

Middle English destroien

(2)

from Old French destruire

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *d??gere}

(4)

from Latin d?e

(5)

d?- [de-]

(6)

struere [to pile up] * see ster- 2

英汉船舶大词典

destroy
n.销毁

英汉电信大词典

destroy
n.毁坏,破坏

英汉法学大词典

destroy
v.损毁 ,毁灭 ,破坏,销毁

英汉广播大词典

destroy
n.毁坏,破坏,驱除

英汉航空大词典

destroy
n.摧毁,击毁;n.废弃,使...作废

英汉化学大词典

destroy
n.破坏;vt.破坏,摧毁,打破,驱逐,消灭,使...无效

英汉海运大词典

destroy
毁坏,破坏消灭,驱除

基本词义

destroy
毁坏,消灭,驱除

英汉计算机大词典

destroy
vt.破坏(摧毁,打破

英汉水利大词典

destroy
n.破坏,摧毁,驱逐

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