简明英汉词典

despair
[dis5pZE]
n.
绝望, 失望, 令人失望的人(事物)
vi.
绝望

美国传统词典[双解]

despair
de.spair
AHD:[d1-spar“]
D.J.[di6spW*r]
K.K.[d!6spWr]
v.intr.(不及物动词)
de.spairedde.spair.ingde.spairs

(1)

To lose all hope:
绝望:失去全部希望:
despaired of reaching shore safely.
失去安全到达岸边的希望

(2)

To be overcome by a sense of futility or defeat.
断念:被徒劳无功或失败打倒了
n.(名词)

(1)

Complete loss of hope.
绝望:完全失去希望

(2)

One despaired of or causing despair:
使绝望者:使绝望的人或事:
unmotivated students that are the despair of their teachers.
没有学习动力的学生被老师认为是绝望的人

语源

(1)

Middle English despeiren
中古英语 despeiren

(2)

from Old French desperer
源自 古法语 desperer

(3)

from Latin d??r3re}
源自 拉丁语 d??r3re}

(4)

d?- [de-]
d?- [前缀,表“否定,相反”]

(5)

sp?3re} [to hope] * see sp?-
sp?3re} [希望] *参见 sp?-

(6)

N., from Middle English despeir
名词,源自 中古英语 despeir

(7)

from Anglo-Norman
源自 英法语

(8)

from Old French desperer [to despair]
源自 古法语 desperer [绝望]

参考词汇

(1)

despairhopelessnessdesperationdespondencydiscouragement

(2)

These nouns denote loss of hope.
这些名词都意指丧失希望。

(3)

Despair and hopelessness stress the utter absence of hope and often imply a sense of powerlessness or resignation:
Despair 和 hopelessness 强调完全没有希望,并经常暗示一种“无能的、听任摆布”的意思:
When the bank repossessed the house, their depression turned to despair.
当银行收回房子时,他们的沮丧变成了绝望。
A spirit of hopelessness pervaded the refugee camp.
绝望的情绪笼罩着难民营。

(4)

Desperation is despair that drives a person to take risky, often reckless action:
Desperation 是一种驱使人冒险,经常是暴力行动的绝望:
“The mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation” (Henry David Thoreau).
“男人们在沉静的绝望中生活” (亨利·大卫·梭罗)。

(5)

Despondency emphasizes depression of spirit resulting from cessation of hope and a belief that continued efforts will fail:
Despondency 强调由希望的中止以及一种继续努力,也会徒劳无功的信念导致的精神沮丧:
Her despondency arises from her inability to find employment.
她之所以意志消沉是因为她无法找到工作。

(6)

Discouragement denotes loss of confidence or courage in the face of obstacles but is the weakest of these terms:
Discouragement 是指在面对阻碍时丧失信心或勇气,但在这些词中,它“失望”的程度是最轻的:
The farmer experienced moments of discouragement over the failure of his crops.
农夫经受了片刻的对农作物歉收的痛苦

现代英汉词典

despair
[dIs5peE(r)]
n.

(1)

失望;绝望

(2)

令人失望的人或物
He is the despair of all other pianists.
他使其他所有的钢琴家都感到失望。

词性变化

despair
vi.
(常与of连用)绝望;失望
I despair of ever seeing my daughter again.
再也见不到我女儿了,我很失望。

现代英汉综合大辞典

despair
[dis5pZE]
n.

(1)

绝望, 失望, 悲观

(2)

令人失望的人[事物]

(3)

望尘莫及的人[事物]
This boy is his mother's despair.
这个男孩使他妈绝望了。
He gave up the attempt in despair.
他失望地放弃尝试。
He is my despair.
他是我万万赶不上的。

词性变化

despair
[dis5pZE]
vi.
绝望, 丧失信心, 断念(of)
They despaired of winning the game.
他们不抱比赛得胜的希望。
Never despair of success!
不要丧失(获得成功的)信心。

继承用法

despairer
n.

despairful
adj.

despairfully
adv.

despairfulness
n.

习惯用语

abandon oneself to despair
只会悲观失望

give oneself up to despair
只会悲观失望

(be) the despair of
令...毫无办法的人[物]; 令...望尘莫及的人[物]

drive sb. to despair
使某人陷于失望, 逼得某人走投无路

fall into despair
陷入绝望

in despair
绝望地

out of despair
出于绝望

the despair of my life
使我感到毫无办法的人[事]

yield todespair
断念; 绝望

give way todespair
断念; 绝望

D-gives courage to a coward.
[谚]狗急跳墙, 人急造反。

despair of
对...感到绝望, 放弃...的希望

用法词典

despair
de- 失出 + spair[来自拉丁词] spirare呼吸

英文相关词典

despair
give up    desire    hope    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

despair
绝望;失望

美国传统词典

despair
de.spair
AHD:[d1-spar“]
D.J.[di6spW*r]
K.K.[d!6spWr]
v.intr.
de.spaired, de.spair.ing, de.spairs

(1)

To lose all hope:
despaired of reaching shore safely.

(2)

To be overcome by a sense of futility or defeat.
n.

(1)

Complete loss of hope.

(2)

One despaired of or causing despair:
unmotivated students that are the despair of their teachers.

语源

(1)

Middle English despeiren

(2)

from Old French desperer

(3)

from Latin d??r3re}

(4)

d?- [de-]

(5)

sp?3re} [to hope] * see sp?-

(6)

N., from Middle English despeir

(7)

from Anglo-Norman

(8)

from Old French desperer [to despair]

参考词汇

(1)

despair, hopelessness, desperation, despondency, discouragement

(2)

These nouns denote loss of hope.

(3)

Despair and hopelessness stress the utter absence of hope and often imply a sense of powerlessness or resignation:
When the bank repossessed the house, their depression turned to despair.
A spirit of hopelessness pervaded the refugee camp.

(4)

Desperation is despair that drives a person to take risky, often reckless action:
“The mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation” (Henry David Thoreau).

(5)

Despondency emphasizes depression of spirit resulting from cessation of hope and a belief that continued efforts will fail:
Her despondency arises from her inability to find employment.

(6)

Discouragement denotes loss of confidence or courage in the face of obstacles but is the weakest of these terms:
The farmer experienced moments of discouragement over the failure of his crops.

英汉化学大词典

despair
n.绝望;vt.绝望

英汉计算机大词典

despair
n.绝望;vt.绝望

英汉心理学大词典

despair
失望

英汉医学大词典

despair
n.失望

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