简明英汉词典

desolate
[5desElit]
adj.
荒凉的, 无人烟的

美国传统词典[双解]

desolate
des.o.late
AHD:[dμs“…-l1t, dμz“-]
D.J.[6des*lit, 6dez-]
K.K.[6dWs*l!t, 6dWz-]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Devoid of inhabitants; deserted:
凄凉的:无人居住的;废弃的:
“streets which were usually so thronged now grown desolate”(Daniel Defoe)
“过去拥挤的街道现在荒芜了”(丹尼尔·迪福)

(2)

Barren; lifeless:
荒凉的;无生命的:
the rocky, desolate surface of the moon.
月球多石的、荒凉的表面

(3)

Rendered unfit for habitation or use:
使不适于居住或使用的:
the desolate cities of war-torn Europe.
欧洲经过战争蹂躏的无法居住的城市

(4)

Dreary; dismal.
无生气的;忧郁的

(5)

Bereft of friends or hope; sad and forlorn.See Synonyms at sad
失去朋友或希望的:伤心而孤独的参见 sad
v.tr.(及物动词)
des.o.lat.eddes.o.lat.ingdes.o.lates[-l3t”]

(1)

To rid or deprive of inhabitants.
使无居民:除去居民

(2)

To lay waste; devastate:
使荒芜;使荒废:
“Here we have no wars to desolate our fields”(Michel Guillaume Jean de Crèvecoeur)
“这里,没有战争来摧毁我们的土地”(米歇尔·纪尧姆·让·德·克雷夫科尔)

(3)

To forsake; abandon.
使荒弃;放弃

(4)

To make lonely, forlorn, or wretched.
使孤独,使凄凉,使忧郁

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Latin d??l3tus} [past participle of] d?s?l3re [to abandon]
源自 拉丁语 d??l3tus} [] d?s?l3re的过去分词 [放弃]

(3)

d?- [de-]
d?- [前缀,表“使…离开”]

(4)

s?s [alone] * see s(w)e-
s?s [孤独,独自] *参见 s(w)e-

继承用法

desolately
adv.(副词)

desolateness
n.(名词)

desolater 或

desolator
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

desolate
[5desElEt]
adj.
孤独的;被遗弃的;凄凉的

词性变化

desolate
[5desEleIt]
vt.
-lated, -lating
使凄惨; 使忧伤
She was desolated by his death.
他的去世使她极为忧伤。

现代英汉综合大辞典

desolate
[5desElit]
adj.

(1)

无人烟的, 荒凉的; 荒芜的

(2)

孤独的; 孤寂的; 凄凉的, 不幸的, 可怜的
a desolate house
废屋
The little children were left desolate.
孩子们被抛下无人照管。

词性变化

desolate
[5desElit]
vt.
[5desEleit]

(1)

使荒芜[成废墟, 无人烟]

(2)

使凄凉, 使孤独, 使悲惨; 遗弃
The invading army desolated the country.
入侵的军队使那个国家饱受蹂躏。

继承用法

desolately
adv.

desolateness
n.

desolater,-tor
n.
造成荒凉的人或物-tingly

词性变化

desolate
[5desElit]
adv.

用法词典

desolate
中古英语 desolat<拉丁语 desolatus< desolare 放弃,荒凉的

英文相关词典

desolate
barren    dismal    dreary    empty    gloomy    vacant    void    cheerful    happy    joyful    

美国传统词典

desolate
des.o.late
AHD:[dμs“…-l1t, dμz“-]
D.J.[6des*lit, 6dez-]
K.K.[6dWs*l!t, 6dWz-]
adj.

(1)

Devoid of inhabitants; deserted:
“streets which were usually so thronged now grown desolate”(Daniel Defoe)

(2)

Barren; lifeless:
the rocky, desolate surface of the moon.

(3)

Rendered unfit for habitation or use:
the desolate cities of war-torn Europe.

(4)

Dreary; dismal.

(5)

Bereft of friends or hope; sad and forlorn.See Synonyms at sad
v.tr.
des.o.lat.ed, des.o.lat.ing, des.o.lates[-l3t”]

(1)

To rid or deprive of inhabitants.

(2)

To lay waste; devastate:
“Here we have no wars to desolate our fields”(Michel Guillaume Jean de Crèvecoeur)

(3)

To forsake; abandon.

(4)

To make lonely, forlorn, or wretched.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Latin d??l3tus} [past participle of] d?s?l3re [to abandon]

(3)

d?- [de-]

(4)

s?s [alone] * see s(w)e-

继承用法

desolately
adv.

desolateness
n.

desolater or

desolator
n.

英汉化学大词典

desolate
adj.荒凉的,孤独的;vt.使...荒芜

英汉计算机大词典

desolate
adj.荒凉的(孤独的);vt.使...荒芜

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