简明英汉词典

descend
[di5send]
vi.
下来, 下降, 遗传(指财产,气质,权利), 突击, 出其不意的拜访
v.
下去

美国传统词典[双解]

descend
de.scend
AHD:[d1-sμnd“]
D.J.[di6send]
K.K.[d!6sWnd]
v.(动词)
de.scend.edde.scend.ingde.scends
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To move from a higher to a lower place; come or go down.
下来:从较高的地方移到较低的地方;降下

(2)

To slope, extend, or incline downward:
向下倾斜,向下延伸:
“A rough path descended like a steep stair into the plain”(J.R.R. Tolkien)
“一条坎坷不平的小路象陡峭的楼梯一样向下延伸入平原”(J.R.R.托尔金)

(3)

To come from an ancestor or ancestry:
遗传下来,传下:来自祖先:
She was descended from a pioneer family.
她来自一个早期的开拓者家庭

(4)

To come down from a source; derive:
来自;来源于:从某一起源传下来;起源于:
a tradition descending from colonial days.
从殖民地时代流传下来的传统

(5)

To pass by inheritance:
继承:通过遗产传递:
The house has descended through four generations.
这座房子已经传了四代

(6)

To lower oneself; stoop:
自嘲;自谦:降低自己的身份;降格,卑屈:
“She, the conqueror, had descended to the level of the conquered”(James Bryce)
“她,一个征服者,屈尊成为被征服者”(詹姆斯·布赖斯)

(7)

To proceed or progress downward, as in rank, pitch, or scale:
按降序处理:按等级、程度或规模的降序进行或处理:
titles listed in descending order of importance; notes that descended to the lower register.
按显赫程度由高到低排列的头衔;由高音区降至低音域的音符

(8)

To arrive or attack in a sudden or an overwhelming manner:
蜂拥而至:突然或大量地到来或猛烈地侵袭:
summer tourists descending on the seashore village.
夏季旅游者涌入这座海滨小镇
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To move from a higher to a lower part of; go down.
下降:从较高部分移到较低部分;下降

(2)

To get down from:
从…下来:
“People descended the minibus that shuttled guests to the nearby . . . beach”(Howard Kaplan)
“人们从将乘客载往邻近海滨的小公共汽车上走下来”(霍华德·卡普兰)

(3)

To extend or proceed downward along:
延伸下来:
a road that descended the mountain in sharp curves.
陡峭的下山路

语源

(1)

Middle English descenden
中古英语 descenden

(2)

from Old French descendre
源自 古法语 descendre

(3)

from Latin d?e
源自 拉丁语 d?e

(4)

d?- [de-]
d?- [前缀,表“否定或相反”]

(5)

scandere [to climb] * see skand-
scandere [爬] *参见 skand-

继承用法

descendible 或

descendable
adj.(形容词)

现代英汉词典

descend
[dI5send]
vi., vt.

(1)

下来;下降
to descend the steps
下阶梯
in descending order of importance
依轻重顺序

(2)

(常与on, upon连用)突袭
The bandits descended on the defenseless village.
匪徒突袭无防御的村庄。

(3)

(与to连用)降格去做

现代英汉综合大辞典

descend
[di5send]
vi., vt.

(1)

下(来, 降, 斜, 倾)

(2)

(财产等)传给, 遗传

(3)

转而说到, 涉及(细节等)

(4)

屈尊, 降低身分去做

(5)

突然去访问, 袭击

(6)

向下倾斜

(7)

下凡

(8)

由远而近, 由大而小

(9)

【天】移向地平线; 移向南方
be descended from ...
[descend from ...]从...(传)下来
Men are descended from ape-men.
人是由类人猿转变而来的。
He descended from the top of the mountain.
他从山顶上走下来。
The river descends to the sea.
这条河流向大海。
He (is) descended from a good family.
他出自名门。

继承用法

descender
[dI`sendE(r)]
n.

习惯用语

descend from

(1)

从...下来

(2)

是...的后裔, 源于

descend to

(1)

把人格[身分]降低到, 堕落到

(2)

转谈细节

descend upon

(1)

突然袭击

(2)

突然拜访某人

descend on

(1)

突然袭击

(2)

突然拜访某人

用法词典

descend
来自拉丁语descendere爬下
参考词汇

(1)

descend,fall,drop这三个动词在一起比较的一般含义为“下落”,但它们之间有着明显的差异。

(2)

descend表示带有一定的倾斜度的下落,而 fall 和drop 表示突然的或急剧的垂直下落。
In future,astronauts will be required to descend from a spaceship while it is still in space and return to it.
将来,宇航员应当能从依然在太空中的宇宙飞船中下来,并且能够回到飞船里去。
Soon afterwards,the ballon began to descend and it landed near an airfield.
后来不久,气球开始降落,并在一个机场附近着陆了。
The road descends to a river.
那条路倾斜着通向一条河边。
I came across him when he was descending the stairs.
我是在他下楼时碰见他的。

(3)

fall 是个普通词,使用范围很广,下落的原因可以是地心吸引力的作用,也可以是其他方面的
I looked down and nearly fell off the ladder when I saw a policeman.
我向下瞧了瞧,当我看到一名警察时差一点从梯子上摔下来。
The book fell from the desk to the floor.
那本书从桌子上掉到了地板上。
Dead leaves are falling from the tree.
枯叶正在从树上落下。
I fell down over a stone.
一块石头把我绊了一跤。

(4)

drop 所表示的下落可以是行为者有意识的动作,也可以是无意识或不小心所致的动作。
The men got such a fright that they dropped the bag and run away.
那(两个)人吓得把手提包一丢就跑开了。
A bird had snatched up the snake from the ground and then dropped it on to the wires.
一只鸟从地上抓起了这条蛇,后来不小心把它丢到电线上了。
Before long, the noise dropped completely…
不久,那轰鸣声就完全消失了。
Don't drop the glass.
不要把玻璃杯打破了。
Let's drop the subject.
咱们别谈这个话题了。
You had better drop the idea.
你应当丢掉这个想法。

英文相关词典

descend
decline    drop    fall    plunge    ascend    rise    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

descend
降下

美国传统词典

descend
de.scend
AHD:[d1-sμnd“]
D.J.[di6send]
K.K.[d!6sWnd]
v.
de.scend.ed, de.scend.ing, de.scends
v.intr.

(1)

To move from a higher to a lower place; come or go down.

(2)

To slope, extend, or incline downward:
“A rough path descended like a steep stair into the plain”(J.R.R. Tolkien)

(3)

To come from an ancestor or ancestry:
She was descended from a pioneer family.

(4)

To come down from a source; derive:
a tradition descending from colonial days.

(5)

To pass by inheritance:
The house has descended through four generations.

(6)

To lower oneself; stoop:
“She, the conqueror, had descended to the level of the conquered”(James Bryce)

(7)

To proceed or progress downward, as in rank, pitch, or scale:
titles listed in descending order of importance; notes that descended to the lower register.

(8)

To arrive or attack in a sudden or an overwhelming manner:
summer tourists descending on the seashore village.
v.tr.

(1)

To move from a higher to a lower part of; go down.

(2)

To get down from:
“People descended the minibus that shuttled guests to the nearby . . . beach”(Howard Kaplan)

(3)

To extend or proceed downward along:
a road that descended the mountain in sharp curves.

语源

(1)

Middle English descenden

(2)

from Old French descendre

(3)

from Latin d?e

(4)

d?- [de-]

(5)

scandere [to climb] * see skand-

继承用法

descendible or

descendable
adj.

英汉船舶大词典

descend
n.下潜

英汉电力大词典

descend
n.减少,传下

英汉电信大词典

descend
n.减少,传下

英汉航空大词典

descend
n.下降,伞降;n.下降,下来

英汉化学大词典

descend
n.下降,下行,减少;vt.下降,从...传下来

英汉海运大词典

descend
降下下坡

基本词义

descend
降下下坡

英汉计算机大词典

descend
vt.下降(从...传下来)

英汉水利大词典

descend
n.下降,下行,下倾

英汉心理学大词典

descend
屈尊

英汉中医大词典

descend
n.降,下

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