简明英汉词典

demand
[di5mB:nd]
n.
要求, 需求(量), 需要
v.
要求, 需要, 要求知道, 查询

美国传统词典[双解]

demand
de.mand
AHD:[d1-m2nd“]
D.J.[di6m#nd]
K.K.[d!6m#nd]
v.(动词)
de.mand.edde.mand.ingde.mands
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To ask for urgently or peremptorily:
要求:迫切或专横要求:
demand an investigation into the murder; demanding that he leave immediately; demanded to speak to the manager.
强烈要求调查这起谋杀案;强令他立即离开;要求同管理者说话

(2)

To claim as just or due:
要求收回:公正地或适当地宣称:
demand repayment of a loan.
要求偿付贷款

(3)

To ask to be informed of:
要求知道:请求被告知:
I demand a reason for this interruption.
我想知道这次中断的原因

(4)

To require as useful, just, proper, or necessary; call for:
(合理)要求:认为有用、公正、正确、恰当或必需而提出要求;要求:
a gem that demands a fine setting.
宝石要配精美的戒台

(5)

Law
【法律】

(6)

To summon to court.
传讯出庭

(7)

To claim formally; lay legal claim to.
合法要求:正式地要求;合乎法律的要求
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To make a demand.
需求,请求,要求:提出要求
n.(名词)

(1)

The act of demanding.
要求:要求的行为

(2)

Something demanded:
需求事物:需要的事物:
granted the employees' demands.
满足雇员的需求

(3)

An urgent requirement or need:
急需:迫切的要求或需要:
the heavy demands of her job; the emotional demands of his marriage; an increased oxygen demand.
她工作的高强度要求;他婚姻上的情感要求;增长的氧气需求

(4)

The state of being sought after:
追求:处于被追求、被追逐的境地:
in great demand as a speaker.
作为一个演说家受到大家的热烈欢迎

(5)

Economics
【经济学】

(6)

The desire to possess a commodity or make use of a service, combined with the ability to purchase it.
需求,请求,要求:拥有一种商品或使用一种服务的要求,与购买力密切相关

(7)

The amount of a commodity or service that people are ready to buy for a given price:
需求量:人们在给定的价格下准备购买的某种商品或服务的数量:
Supply should rise to meet demand.
增加供给以满足需求

(8)

Computer Science A coding technique in which a command to read or write is initiated as the need for a new block of data occurs, thus eliminating the need to store data.
【计算机科学】 需求:当发生对新数据块的需求时,产生一个读或写命令的,它可以减少数据存贮的需求

(9)

Law A formal claim.
【法律】 正式的请求

(10)

Archaic An emphatic question or inquiry.
【古语】 询问请求:坚决的询问或探求

习惯用语

on demand

(1)

When presented for payment:
即期票据:见票即付的票据,:
a note payable on demand.
一张见票即付的票据

(2)

When needed or asked for:
有求必应:处于被需要或被请求的时刻:
fed the baby on demand.
无微不至地照料婴儿

语源

(1)

Middle English demanden
中古英语 demanden

(2)

from Old French demander [to charge with doing,]
源自 古法语 demander [索要]

(3)

and from Medieval Latin d?3re} [to demand]
并源自 中世纪拉丁语 d?3re} [要求]

(4)

both from Latin [to entrust]
都源自 拉丁语 [托付]

(5)

d?- [de-]
d?- [前缀,表“否定,相反”]

(6)

mand3e [to entrust] * see man- 2
mand3e [托付,委托] *参见 man- 2

继承用法

demandable
adj.(形容词)

demander
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

demandclaimexactrequire

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to ask for urgently or insistently”:
这些动词所共有的中心意是“迫切地或坚决地要求”:
demanding better working conditions;
要求良好的工作条件;
claiming repayment of a debt;
要求偿还债务;
exacted obedience from the child;
要求孩子服从;
tax payments required by law.
法律规定的税款偿付

现代英汉词典

demand
[dI5mB:nd; (?@) dI5mAnd]
n.

(1)

要求;请求
Ives listened to the workers' demand for more money.
艾夫斯听着工人们要争取更多钱的要求。

(2)

需求;需要
It is impossible to satisfy all demands.
有求必应是不可能的。
Teachers are in demand in this area.
在这个地区很需要教师。

(3)

〈财〉即期
note payable on demand
即期应付票据

词性变化

demand
vt.

(1)

要求
demand an apology from sb.
要求某人道歉

(2)

急需;迫切需要
This work demands your attention
这工作急需你去做。

现代英汉综合大辞典

demand
[di5mB:nd]
vt.

(1)

要求, 请求

(2)

需要

(3)

查问, 询问

(4)

【律】召唤, 要求(某人)到场
demand a clear answer
要求(作出)明确的答复
I demand that John (should) go there at once.
我要约翰马上去那儿。
This work demands your patience.
这项工作需要你的耐心。
The guard demanded her business.
门卫问她来干什么。
“Where is my mother ?” demanded the little girl.
小女孩问道:“我的妈妈在哪里?”

词性变化

demand
[di5mB:nd]
vi.
要求, 查问
n.

(1)

要求; 所要求的事物

(2)

需要; 需求(量)

(3)

(交通用语)要求通行

(4)

指令, 控制信号

(5)

【律】征收; 正式要求
supply and demand
供与求
I have a demand to make of him.
我对他有一个要求。
There is a great demand for such books.
这种书需要量很大。

(6)

【说明】 demand 后接不定式, 不能接动名词; 被要求的人作为宾语时用of引出, 如: I demanded an answer of him. 我要求他答复。后面从句中的动词用虚拟语气如: I demand that one of you (should) go there at once. 我要求你们中间一人立即到那里去! (美国用法省略should)

继承用法

demander
n.

demanding
[dI5mB:ndIN; (?@) dI5mAndIN]
adj.
过分要求的; 苛求的

demandingly
adv.

习惯用语

have many demands on one's time
时间不够支配

have many demands upon one's time
时间不够支配

in (great) demand
需要量很大; 许多人都需要

make demands of
对...提出要求; 有求于

make demands on
对...提出要求; 有求于

meet the demand
满足需要; 符合要求

on demand
在要求时, 一经请求; 在要求支付时

payable on demand
见票即付(的票据)

demand of
向...要求; 向...索取

demand from
向...要求; 向...索取

特殊用法

absolute demand
绝对需求; 绝对需要

active demand
畅销

actual demand
实际需求

additional demand
追加需求

aggregate demand
累积总需求

aggregate effective demand
总合有效要求

arts demand
工艺需要

bank demand
银行即期支付; 银行见票即付

binder demand
基料需要量; 漆基需要量; 粘结剂需要量

biochemical oxygen demand
生化需氧量

borrowing demand
借款需求

chemical oxygen demand
化学需氧量

chlorine demand
需氯量

composite demand
复合需求

current demand
电流需量

data demand
数据要求

domestic demand
国内需求

draft on demand
见票即付的汇票

effective demand
有效需求, 有支付能力的需求

effective labor demand
实际提供职位数

effectual demand
有效需求

exact demands
严格要求

excessive demand
过剩需求

factor demand
要素要求

fictitious demand
假需求

firm demand
固定负荷

fund demand
资金需求

gross national demand
国民总需求

imaginary demand
虚假需求

integrated demand
平均累计(最大)需量

keen demand
大量需求

national demand
国内需求

native system demand
本系统需量

non-coincident demand
合计最大需用电力, 非同时需量

note on demand
见票即付的期票

own demand
自用电量, 厂用电量

peak demand
最高要求(负荷)

power demand
功率需量, 电力需量, 动力需量

quartermaster demand
军需给养报告, 给养申请

replacement demand
替换要求

reservation demand
保留需求

selling demand against demand
买卖即期汇票

standard biochemical oxygen demand
标准生化需氧 量

steep demand
过高的要求

suppressed demand
被抑制的需求

time demand
读取时间

total effective demand
有效总需求

ultimate demand
最终需求

ultimate oxygen demand
总需氧量

demand for advances
对贷款的需求

用法词典

demand

参考词汇

(1)

demand,claim,rquire,exact这组动词的一般含义是“要求”。

(2)

demand 的含义是“强烈要求”;如果主语是人,这个词的含义可以解释为“据权要求”;如果主语是物,这个词的含义可以解释为“需要”或“要求”
Whenever the Italian city-states were at war with each other,Hawkwood used to hire his soldiers to princes who were willing to pay the high price he demaned.
每逢意大利的城邦互相打仗时,霍克伍德常把自己的士兵租给愿意付给他所要求的很高的价钱的王子们。
When anyone opens a current account at a bank,he is lending the bank money, repayment of which he may demand at any time, either in cash or by drawing a cheque in fevour of another person.
任何人在银行开了活期存款户头时,他就是把钱借给了银行,但他可以随时提取这些钱,或者以现金的方式,或者开一张款子付给别人的支票。
This work demands care and patience.
这种工作要求细心和耐心。

(3)

注:demand和require 的宾语从句用虚拟语气
Hawkwood demanded that the prince pay a high price.In the first place any scientific study requires that there be no preferential weighting of one or another of the items in the series it selects for its consideration.
首先,任何科学研究工作都要求在选择供考虑的一系列项目中,不应当对这一项或那一项有所偏重的现象。

(4)

claim和exact 虽然都有“索取”的意思,但前者强调“索取者”,以对某物的所有权为依据。

(5)

claim 有两层意思:要求别人承认自己对某物的所有权,汉译时可译为“认领”或“索取”;或要求别人承认某件事
He has come to claim his umbrella.
他来认领雨伞了。
Many villagers believe that the tree has already claimed a number of victims.
许多村民相信,那棵树已经索取了一些牺牲品。

(6)

require 虽然有时可以与demand换用,但是require 的确切含义应当是“对所要求的事”要绝对服从,或者说这种“要求”带有法律或规章的强迫性
In future,astronauts will be required to descend from a spaceship while it is still in space and to return to it.
将来,将要求宇航员从停在太空里的飞船中下来并且能回到飞船中去。
Such undertakings require the precise planning and foresight of military operations.
这样的事情要求有军方行动一般的周密部署和预见。

(7)

exact 所表示的“强烈要求”含有“索取”的意思
The tax-collector exacted taxes from the shop-owner.
收税员向这家店主课了税。

英文相关词典

demand
ask    call for    inquire    need    require    want    furnish    provision    supply    

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

demand
需用电力

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

demand
请求;要求;需要;申请

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

demand
需要

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

demand
需要, 要求

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

demand
要求, 请求

美国传统词典

demand
de.mand
AHD:[d1-m2nd“]
D.J.[di6m#nd]
K.K.[d!6m#nd]
v.
de.mand.ed, de.mand.ing, de.mands
v.tr.

(1)

To ask for urgently or peremptorily:
demand an investigation into the murder; demanding that he leave immediately; demanded to speak to the manager.

(2)

To claim as just or due:
demand repayment of a loan.

(3)

To ask to be informed of:
I demand a reason for this interruption.

(4)

To require as useful, just, proper, or necessary; call for:
a gem that demands a fine setting.

(5)

Law

(6)

To summon to court.

(7)

To claim formally; lay legal claim to.
v.intr.
To make a demand.
n.

(1)

The act of demanding.

(2)

Something demanded:
granted the employees' demands.

(3)

An urgent requirement or need:
the heavy demands of her job; the emotional demands of his marriage; an increased oxygen demand.

(4)

The state of being sought after:
in great demand as a speaker.

(5)

Economics

(6)

The desire to possess a commodity or make use of a service, combined with the ability to purchase it.

(7)

The amount of a commodity or service that people are ready to buy for a given price:
Supply should rise to meet demand.

(8)

Computer Science A coding technique in which a command to read or write is initiated as the need for a new block of data occurs, thus eliminating the need to store data.

(9)

Law A formal claim.

(10)

Archaic An emphatic question or inquiry.

习惯用语

on demand

(1)

When presented for payment:
a note payable on demand.

(2)

When needed or asked for:
fed the baby on demand.

语源

(1)

Middle English demanden

(2)

from Old French demander [to charge with doing,]

(3)

and from Medieval Latin d?3re} [to demand]

(4)

both from Latin [to entrust]

(5)

d?- [de-]

(6)

mand3e [to entrust] * see man- 2

继承用法

demandable
adj.

demander
n.

参考词汇

(1)

demand, claim, exact, require

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to ask for urgently or insistently”:
demanding better working conditions;
claiming repayment of a debt;
exacted obedience from the child;
tax payments required by law.

[名词委审定]英汉数学名词(1993)

demand
需求

英汉船舶大词典

demand
n.需求,要求

英汉电力大词典

demand
n.要求,需要,需要量

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

demand
【动】请求,要求

英汉电信大词典

demand
n.需要,要求

英汉地质大词典

demand
n.需水量

英汉法学大词典

demand
v.需要 ,要求,需求 ;n.需要 ,要求

英汉航海大词典

demand
n.要求

英汉航空大词典

demand
n.需要,要求

英汉化学大词典

demand
n.要求,需要量,消耗;vt.要求

英汉海运大词典

demand
要求,需要

基本词义

demand
要求,需要申请要求,需要

基本词义

demand
申请要求,需要追究

基本词义

demand
要求,申请追究需要

基本词义

demand
申请,要求,需要

英汉经贸大词典

demand
n.需求;n.要求

英汉计算机大词典

demand
vt.要求;n.要求(消耗)

英汉机械大词典

demand
n.需要

英汉建筑大词典

demand
n.需要,需求量

最新会计师英汉大词典

demand
要价,销路[商品]

英汉农牧林大词典

demand
n.需求

英汉能源大词典

demand
n.需要,要求,需要量

英汉水利大词典

demand
n.要求,询问,需要量

英汉贸易大词典

demand
要价,需求,需要

英汉心理学大词典

demand
需要

基本词义

demand
supply relationship of commodities : 商品供求关系

现代商务英汉大词典

demand
要价,需求,需要

英汉冶金大词典

demand
n.需求,需要

英汉医学大词典

demand
n.要求,需要

英汉中医大词典

demand
n.要求,需要,要求

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