简明英汉词典

defy
[di5fai]
vt.
不服从, 公然反抗, 藐视, 挑衅, 违抗, 使...难于
n.
挑战

美国传统词典[双解]

defy
de.fy
AHD:[d1-fo“]
D.J.[di6fai]
K.K.[d!6fa!]
v.tr.(及物动词)
de.fiedde.fy.ingde.fies

(1)

To oppose or resist with boldness and assurance:
反抗,违抗:公然反对或违抗:
defied the blockade by sailing straight through it.
笔直地向前航行,强行通过那些封锁物

(2)

To refuse to submit to or cooperate with:
不服从,不合作:拒绝屈服…,或拒绝与…合作:
defied the court order by leaving the country; played his trumpet past midnight, defying the neighbors.
以出国逃避法院程序;整夜吹他的喇叭,不理会邻居

(3)

To be unaffected by; resist or withstand:
不影响,不为所动:不受…的影响;经受得住或顶得住:
“So the plague defied all medicines”(Daniel Defoe)
“所有药物都无法治愈的瘟疫”(丹尼尔·迪福)

(4)

To challenge or dare (someone) to do something:
刺激:挑起或激起(某人)做某事:
She defied her accusers to prove their charges.
她激自己的指控者证实他们的指控

语源

(1)

Middle English defien
中古英语 defien

(2)

from Old French desfier
源自 古法语 desfier

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *disfo3re}
源自 俗拉丁语 *disfo3re}

(4)

Latin dis- [dis-]
拉丁语 dis- [前缀,表示“否定”]

(5)

Latin fos [faithful] * see bheidh-
拉丁语 fos [忠诚的] *参见 bheidh-

参考词汇

(1)

defybeardbravechallengedarefacefront

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to confront boldly and courageously”:
这些动词共有的主要的意思是“公然大胆地反对”:
an innovator defying tradition;
反传统的创新者;
bearded the power of the king;
向国王的权威挑战;
braving all criticism;
无畏地面对所有的批评;
challenged the opposition to produce proof;
要求反对派拿出证据;
daring him to deny the statement;
激他否认这项声明;
faced her accusers;
面对她的指控者;
front death with dignity.
庄严地面对死亡

现代英汉词典

defy
[dI5faI]
vt.
defied, defying

(1)

不服从;蔑视
If you defy the law, you may find yourself in prison.
如果不服从法律,就可能会坐牢。

(2)

挑战;激
I defy you to prove that I have cheated.
我敢说你不能证明我曾行骗。

(3)

不可能做到;无法克服
It defies description.
那无法形容。

现代英汉综合大辞典

defy
[di5fai]
vt.

(1)

蔑视, 不管, 公然反抗, 对...满不在乎

(2)

足以抵挡; 使落空, 使不能

(3)

激, 惹; 向...挑战
a strong fort which defies attack
坚不可摧的堡垒
They defied him to jump off the bridge.
他们激他跳下桥去。

词性变化

defy
[di5fai]
n.
[俚]挑战; 公然反抗

继承用法

deffiable
adj.

词性变化

defier
[di5faiE]
n.

习惯用语

defysb. to do sth.
挑激某人做某事

用法词典

defy
来自中古英语defien <古法语defier不信任,反驳

英文相关词典

defy
challenge    confront    disobey    disregard    ignore    resist    

美国传统词典

defy
de.fy
AHD:[d1-fo“]
D.J.[di6fai]
K.K.[d!6fa!]
v.tr.
de.fied, de.fy.ing, de.fies

(1)

To oppose or resist with boldness and assurance:
defied the blockade by sailing straight through it.

(2)

To refuse to submit to or cooperate with:
defied the court order by leaving the country; played his trumpet past midnight, defying the neighbors.

(3)

To be unaffected by; resist or withstand:
“So the plague defied all medicines”(Daniel Defoe)

(4)

To challenge or dare (someone) to do something:
She defied her accusers to prove their charges.

语源

(1)

Middle English defien

(2)

from Old French desfier

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *disfo3re}

(4)

Latin dis- [dis-]

(5)

Latin fos [faithful] * see bheidh-

参考词汇

(1)

defy, beard, brave, challenge, dare, face, front

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to confront boldly and courageously”:
an innovator defying tradition;
bearded the power of the king;
braving all criticism;
challenged the opposition to produce proof;
daring him to deny the statement;
faced her accusers;
front death with dignity.

英汉法学大词典

defy
v.不服从 ,抗拒,违抗,无视

英汉化学大词典

defy
vi.向...挑战,蔑视,不给

英汉经贸大词典

defy
vi.向...挑战,蔑视,不给

英汉计算机大词典

defy
vi.向...挑战(蔑视,不给)

英汉水利大词典

defy
n.向...挑战,蔑视,违抗

英汉心理学大词典

defy
蔑视

英汉医学大词典

defy
n.公然反对

英汉中医大词典

defy
n.公然反对

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