简明英汉词典

defile
[di5fail]
v.
染污
n.
隘路

美国传统词典[双解]

defile
de.file 1
AHD:[d1-fol“]
D.J.[di6fail]
K.K.[d!6fa!l]
v.tr.(及物动词)
de.filedde.fil.ingde.files

(1)

To make filthy or dirty; pollute:
使肮脏;污染:
defile a river with sewage.
用污水弄脏河流

(2)

To debase the pureness or excellence of; corrupt:
玷污…的纯洁,降低…的优点;使腐败:
a country landscape that was defiled by urban sprawl.
被市区的发展破坏的乡村风景

(3)

To profane or sully (a good name, for example).
败坏,糟蹋:败坏或糟蹋(例如,好名声)

(4)

To make unclean or unfit for ceremonial use; desecrate:
亵渎:使…不洁或不适合在典礼仪式上使用;亵渎:
defile a temple.
亵渎庙宇

(5)

To violate the chastity of.
玷污…的贞节

语源

(1)

Middle English defilen
中古英语 defilen

(2)

alteration influenced by filen from Old English ftn * see pü-
受 filen的影响 源自 古英语 ftn *参见 pü-

(3)

of defoulen [to trample on, abuse, pollute]
defoulen的变化 [践踏,凌辱,污染]

(4)

from Old French defouler [to trample, full cloth]
源自 古法语 defouler [践踏,完好布匹]

(5)

de- [de-]
de- [表示“降低”]

(6)

fouler [to trample, beat down] * see full 2
fouler [践踏,压倒,毁坏] *参见 full2

继承用法

defilement
n.(名词)

defiler
n.(名词)

defilingly
adv.(副词)

基本词义

defile
de.file 2
AHD:[d1-fol“]
D.J.[di6fail]
K.K.[d!6fa!l]
v.intr.(不及物动词)
de.filedde.fil.ingde.files
To march in single file or in files or columns.
小路:狭窄的通道以单列、多列或纵行前进
n.(名词)

(1)

A narrow gorge or pass that restricts lateral movement, as of troops.
隘路:只能容许军队等的侧面行进的狭窄的关口小径

(2)

A march in a line.
纵列行进

语源

(1)

French défiler
法语 défiler

(2)

dé- [away, off] from Old French de- * see de-
dé- [离开,离去] 源自 古法语 de- *参见 de-

(3)

file [line, file] from Old French filer [to spin thread, march in line] * see file 1
file [列] 源自 古法语 filer [纺纱,纵列行进] *参见 file1

(4)

N., from French défilé [from past participle of] défiler
名词,源自 法语 défilé [] 源自défiler的过去分词

现代英汉词典

defile
[di:5faIl]
vt.
defiled, defiling
弄脏;污染;使不纯

现代英汉综合大辞典

defile
[di5fail]
vt.

(1)

弄脏, 污损

(2)

损坏或 玷污(名誉等)

(3)

亵渎

(4)

奸污, 强奸
They that touch pitch will be defiled.
近墨者黑。
Rivers are often defiled by waste from factories.
河水常被工厂中的废物污染。

继承用法

defilement
n.

defiler
n.

英文相关词典

defile
contaminate    dirty    file    march    parade    pollute    cleanse    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

defile
山谷, 峡谷

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

defile
隘路

美国传统词典

defile
de.file 1
AHD:[d1-fol“]
D.J.[di6fail]
K.K.[d!6fa!l]
v.tr.
de.filed, de.fil.ing, de.files

(1)

To make filthy or dirty; pollute:
defile a river with sewage.

(2)

To debase the pureness or excellence of; corrupt:
a country landscape that was defiled by urban sprawl.

(3)

To profane or sully (a good name, for example).

(4)

To make unclean or unfit for ceremonial use; desecrate:
defile a temple.

(5)

To violate the chastity of.

语源

(1)

Middle English defilen

(2)

alteration influenced by filen from Old English ftn * see pü-

(3)

of defoulen [to trample on, abuse, pollute]

(4)

from Old French defouler [to trample, full cloth]

(5)

de- [de-]

(6)

fouler [to trample, beat down] * see full 2

继承用法

defilement
n.

defiler
n.

defilingly
adv.

基本词义

defile
de.file 2
AHD:[d1-fol“]
D.J.[di6fail]
K.K.[d!6fa!l]
v.intr.
de.filed, de.fil.ing, de.files
To march in single file or in files or columns.
n.

(1)

A narrow gorge or pass that restricts lateral movement, as of troops.

(2)

A march in a line.

语源

(1)

French défiler

(2)

dé- [away, off] from Old French de- * see de-

(3)

file [line, file] from Old French filer [to spin thread, march in line] * see file 1

(4)

N., from French défilé [from past participle of] défiler

英汉地质大词典

defile
n.隘道,峡谷

英汉法学大词典

defile
v.败坏 , 污辱

英汉化学大词典

defile
vi.弄脏,分行列;n.峡谷

英汉海运大词典

defile
山中的峡道隘路成单行行进

基本词义

defile
山中的峡道隘路成单行行进

英汉计算机大词典

defile
vi.弄脏(分行列);n.峡谷

英汉建筑大词典

defile
n.玷污,分行列

英汉水利大词典

defile
n.隘道,峡谷

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