简明英汉词典

defend
[di5fend]
vt.
防护, 辩护, 防卫, [律]作...的辩护律师

美国传统词典[双解]

defend
de.fend
AHD:[d1-fμnd“]
D.J.[di6fend]
K.K.[d!6fWnd]
v.(动词)
de.fend.edde.fend.ingde.fends
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To make or keep safe from danger, attack, or harm.
保卫:使安全或保持安全,没危险,不受攻击或伤害

(2)

To support or maintain, as by argument or action; justify.
支持:支持或维护,如通过争辩或采取行动;为…辩护

(3)

Law
【法律】

(4)

To represent (a defendant) in a civil or criminal action.
辩护:为(被告)的民事或刑事诉讼进行辩护

(5)

To attempt to disprove or invalidate (an action or a claim).
抗辩:试图证明(诉讼或声明)是错的,或使(诉讼或声明)无效
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To make a defense.
防御;保卫;保护

语源

(1)

Middle English defenden
中古英语 defenden

(2)

from Old French defendre
源自 古法语 defendre

(3)

from Latin d?e [to ward off] * see g when-
源自 拉丁语 d?e [避开,挡开] *参见 g when-

继承用法

defendable
adj.(形容词)

defender
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

defendprotectguardpreserveshieldsafeguard

(2)

These verbs mean to make or keep safe from danger, attack, or harm.
这些动词的意思是:使安全或保持安全状态不遭受危险、攻击或伤害。

(3)

Defend implies the taking of measures to repel an attack:
Defend 含有采取措施抵制进攻的意思:
defending the island against invasion;
保卫岛屿不受侵犯;
tried to defend his reputation.
试图保护他的声誉。

(4)

Protect often suggests providing a cover to repel discomfort, injury, or attack:
Protect 常含有提供安全的方式来驱开不适、伤害或进攻:
bought a dog to protect the children from unfriendly strangers;
买一条狗保护孩子们避开不友善的陌生人;
wore sunglasses to protect my eyes;
戴太阳镜保护我的眼睛;
has to learn to protect herself.
不得不学会自我保护。

(5)

Guard suggests keeping watch:
Guard 含有看守的意思:
police guarding the entrance to the embassy;
看守大使馆出口处的警察;
guarded the house against intruders. To
看守房子以警戒入侵者。

(6)

preserve is to take measures to maintain something in safety:
Preserve 指采取措施维护…的安全:
fighting to preserve freedom;
为自由而战;
ecologists working to preserve our natural resources.
为保护我们的自然资源工作的生态学家们。

(7)

Shield suggests protection likened to a piece of defensive armor interposed between the threat and the threatened:
Shield 含有保卫的意思,就象挡在威胁者和受威胁者之间的防御性甲胄:
His lawyers tried to shield him from the angry reporters.
他的律师试图保护他避开愤怒的记者。

(8)

Safeguard stresses protection against potential or less imminent danger and often implies preventive action:
Safeguard 强调保护不遭受潜在的或不那么迫近的危险,常含有防御性行动的意思:
The Bill of Rights safeguards our individual liberties.
权力法案保护我们的个人自由。

现代英汉词典

defend
[dI5fend]
vt.

(1)

保卫;防护

(2)

防守
She had to defend herself against the guard dog.
她不得不防备看门狗咬她。

(3)

辩护;辩解

(4)

为…当辩护律师

(5)

守卫;防御
He's better at defending than attacking.
他的防守优于进攻。

现代英汉综合大辞典

defend
[di5fend]
vt.

(1)

防御, 防守, 保卫(国家等)

(2)

以行动, 语言或文字替...辩护或答辩
defend the motherland
保卫祖国
The accused man had a lawyer to defend him.
被告有一律师为他辩护。

词性变化

defend
[di5fend]
vi.
【律】申辩; 答辩; 抗辩

继承用法

defendable
[dI`fendEbl]
adj.

习惯用语

defend against
保卫; 抵抗

defend from
保护, 保卫(使不受伤害)

参考词汇
defend     guard     protect     shield     preserve    
都含“保护”、“使安全”的意思。

(1)

defend指“保卫”、“防御”, 应用范围很广, 对象可以是具体的, 也可以是抽象的, 如:
defend oneself against enemy
防御敌人。

(2)

guard 指“注意观察、戒备, 以免受可能的攻击或伤害”, 如:
guard a coastline
守卫海岸线。

(3)

protect 指“保护...以免遭受危险或伤害等”, 如:
protect the children from harm
保护儿童免受伤害。

(4)

shield 指“保护、保卫...免受惩罚或伤害等”, 如:
shield one's eyes against the glare of the sun
保护眼睛不受强烈的阳光伤害。

(5)

preserve 指“防护、保存...免被分解或腐烂”, 如:
Salt preserves food from decay.
盐能防止食物腐烂。

用法词典

defend
de- =away 躲开+拉丁词fendere 打击

英文相关词典

defend
protect    safeguard    shield    support    assail    attack    charge    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

defend
防御;保卫

美国传统词典

defend
de.fend
AHD:[d1-fμnd“]
D.J.[di6fend]
K.K.[d!6fWnd]
v.
de.fend.ed, de.fend.ing, de.fends
v.tr.

(1)

To make or keep safe from danger, attack, or harm.

(2)

To support or maintain, as by argument or action; justify.

(3)

Law

(4)

To represent (a defendant) in a civil or criminal action.

(5)

To attempt to disprove or invalidate (an action or a claim).
v.intr.
To make a defense.

语源

(1)

Middle English defenden

(2)

from Old French defendre

(3)

from Latin d?e [to ward off] * see g when-

继承用法

defendable
adj.

defender
n.

参考词汇

(1)

defend, protect, guard, preserve, shield, safeguard

(2)

These verbs mean to make or keep safe from danger, attack, or harm.

(3)

Defend implies the taking of measures to repel an attack:
defending the island against invasion;
tried to defend his reputation.

(4)

Protect often suggests providing a cover to repel discomfort, injury, or attack:
bought a dog to protect the children from unfriendly strangers;
wore sunglasses to protect my eyes;
has to learn to protect herself.

(5)

Guard suggests keeping watch:
police guarding the entrance to the embassy;
guarded the house against intruders. To

(6)

preserve is to take measures to maintain something in safety:
fighting to preserve freedom;
ecologists working to preserve our natural resources.

(7)

Shield suggests protection likened to a piece of defensive armor interposed between the threat and the threatened:
His lawyers tried to shield him from the angry reporters.

(8)

Safeguard stresses protection against potential or less imminent danger and often implies preventive action:
The Bill of Rights safeguards our individual liberties.

英汉船舶大词典

defend
n.保卫,防御

英汉法学大词典

defend
v.保卫 ,辩护,守卫,维护,防,防卫

英汉航空大词典

defend
n.防守,保卫

英汉化学大词典

defend
vt.防御,保卫

英汉海运大词典

defend
保卫,防御辩护

英汉计算机大词典

defend
vt.防御(保卫)

英汉农牧林大词典

defend
n.乐果,有机磷杀虫、杀螨剂

英汉水利大词典

defend
n.防御,防守,保护

英汉中医大词典

defend
n.防御

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