简明英汉词典

defeat
[di5fi:t]
n.
击败, 战胜, 失败
vt.
击败, 战胜, 使失败, 挫折
v.
击败

美国传统词典[双解]

defeat
de.feat
AHD:[d1-f?t“]
D.J.[di6fi8t]
K.K.[d!6fit]
v.tr.(及物动词)
de.feat.edde.feat.ingde.feats

(1)

To win victory over; beat.
战胜;击败

(2)

To prevent the success of; thwart:
阻挠…的成功;挫败:
Internal strife defeats the purpose of teamwork.
内部争斗挫伤了团队合作的目的

(3)

Law To make void; annul.
【法律】 使…作废;废除
n.(名词)

(1)

The act of defeating or state of being defeated.
战胜,战败:击败的行为,或被击败的状况

(2)

Failure to win.
失败

(3)

A coming to naught; frustration:
毁灭:变得什么都没有;摧毁:
the defeat of a lifelong dream.
毕生梦想的破灭

(4)

Law The act of making null and void.
【法律】 废除:使…作废和无效

语源

(1)

Middle English defeten
中古英语 defeten

(2)

from defet [disfigured]
源自 defet [使变丑]

(3)

from Old French desfait [past participle of] desfaire [to destroy]
源自 古法语 desfait [] desfaire的过去分词 [毁灭]

(4)

from Medieval Latin disfacere [to destroy, mutilate, undo]
源自 中世纪拉丁语 disfacere [毁灭,毁坏,取消]

(5)

Latin dis- [dis-]
拉丁语 dis- [表示"除去"]

(6)

Latin facere [to do] * see dh?-
拉丁语 facere [做] *参见 dh?-

继承用法

defeater
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

defeatconquervanquishbeatroutsubduesubjugateovercome

(2)

These verbs mean to get the better of an adversary.
这些动词都表示战胜对手的意思。

(3)

Defeat is the most general:
Defeat 最普通:
“Whether we defeat the enemy in one battle, or by degrees, the consequences will be the same” (Thomas Paine).
“无论我们是在一次战斗中击败敌人,还是逐步地击败他们,结果都会是一样的” (托马斯·潘恩)。

(4)

Conquer suggests decisive and often wide-scale victory:
Conquer 含有决定性的、经常是大规模的胜利的意思:
“A conquering army on the border will not be halted by the power of eloquence” (Otto von Bismarck).
“边境上打了胜仗的军队不会因为雄辩的力量而停止前进的” (奥托·冯·俾斯麦)。

(5)

Vanquish emphasizes total mastery:
Vanquish 强调完全的控制:
The forces of Napoleon were vanquished at Waterloo.
拿破仑的军队在滑铁卢全军覆没。

(6)

Beat, less formal, is often the equivalent of defeat, though beat may convey greater emphasis:
Beat 比较不正式,常作为defeat 的对等词语, 尽管beat 可以传递更大的强调意义:
“To win battles . . . you beat the soul . . . of the enemy man” (George S. Patton).
“要打胜仗,你就得打败敌人的灵魂” (乔治·S·巴顿)。

(7)

Rout implies complete victory followed by the disorderly flight of the defeated force:
Rout 含有败军溃散后紧接着的全胜:
An entire division was routed during the first hours of the war.
在战争的头几个小时中,整师就彻底溃败了。

(8)

Subdue suggests mastery and control achieved by overpowering:
Subdue 含有因为力量过于强大而打败和控制的意思:
“It cost [the Romans] two great wars, and three great battles, to subdue that little kingdom [Macedonia] ” (Adam Smith).
发动了两次大规模的战争和三次大规模的战役才完全制服那个小王国 ” (亚当·史密斯)。

(9)

Subjugate more strongly implies reducing an opponent to submission:
Subjugate 更强烈地含有迫使对手降服的意思:
“The last foreigner to subjugate England was a Norman duke in the Middle Ages named William” (Stanley Meisler). To
“最后一个制服英格兰的外国人是中世纪一个叫威廉的罗马公爵” (斯坦尼梅斯勒)。

(10)

overcome is to prevail over, often by persevering:
Overcome 指胜过,经常是通过坚持不懈的努力:
overcome an enemy;
战胜敌人;
overcome temptation;
克服诱惑;
overcome a physical handicap.
克服身体上的残疾

现代英汉词典

defeat
[dI5fi:t]
vt.

(1)

打败;战胜
They were defeated in the football match.
他们在足球赛中输了。

(2)

使失败;使受挫
Our hopes were defeated.
我们的希望破灭了。

词性变化

defeat
n.
失败;击败
The football team suffered a defeat.
该足球队被击败了。

现代英汉综合大辞典

defeat
[di5fi:t]
vt.

(1)

打败, 击败, 战胜

(2)

使(希望, 计划等)失败, 挫败; 阻挠, 使无效

(3)

【律】宣告无效, 废弃
He was defeated in his purpose.
他的计划失败了。

词性变化

defeat
[di5fi:t]
n.

(1)

失败, 败北, 征服

(2)

【律】废除, 无效
bring defeat upon oneself
招致失败

继承用法

defeater
n.

defeatism
[dI5fi:tIz(E)m]
n.
失败主义(的态度、行为), 失败情绪

defeatist
[dI5fi:tIst]
n.
失败主义者

习惯用语

inflict a defeat on (upon)
挫败; 使...遭受失败

suffer a defeat
战败; 遭受挫败

sustain a defeat
战败; 遭受挫败

参考词汇
defeat     conquer     overcome    
都含“战胜”、“击败”的意思。

(1)

defeat 指“赢得胜利”, 尤其指“军事上的胜利”, 如:
defeat the enemy
打败敌人。

(2)

conquer指“征服”、”战胜”,特别指“获得对人、物或感情的控制”,如:
conquer nature
征服自然。

(3)

overcome指“战胜”、“压倒”、“克服”尤指“感情”而言, 如:
overcome difficulties
克服困难。

用法词典

defeat
feat来自拉丁词 facere制造,de- =dis- 使走,使离开

参考词汇

(1)

defeat,beat,conquer这组动词的一般含义是“打败”。

(2)

defeat 的含义是“打败”,但被打败者不一定服输:
The public bet a lot of money on Mendoza, but he was defeated.
公众为门杜萨下了一大笔赌注,但是他被击败了。

(3)

beat 则表示彻底“打败”,而且被打败者完全服输了。
It was not until his third match in 1790 that he finally beat Humphries and become Champion of England.
直到1790年第三次比赛时,他才最后打败汉弗莱斯,而成为英国的冠军。

(4)

conquer 更可强调“把对方征服”,而且被征服者或被征服的国家为征服者所有,可以任意支配。
Some countries may be defeated but can never be conquered.
有的国家可能被打败,但决不能被征服。

英文相关词典

defeat
overcome    triumph    win    victory    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

defeat
败北

美国传统词典

defeat
de.feat
AHD:[d1-f?t“]
D.J.[di6fi8t]
K.K.[d!6fit]
v.tr.
de.feat.ed, de.feat.ing, de.feats

(1)

To win victory over; beat.

(2)

To prevent the success of; thwart:
Internal strife defeats the purpose of teamwork.

(3)

Law To make void; annul.
n.

(1)

The act of defeating or state of being defeated.

(2)

Failure to win.

(3)

A coming to naught; frustration:
the defeat of a lifelong dream.

(4)

Law The act of making null and void.

语源

(1)

Middle English defeten

(2)

from defet [disfigured]

(3)

from Old French desfait [past participle of] desfaire [to destroy]

(4)

from Medieval Latin disfacere [to destroy, mutilate, undo]

(5)

Latin dis- [dis-]

(6)

Latin facere [to do] * see dh?-

继承用法

defeater
n.

参考词汇

(1)

defeat, conquer, vanquish, beat, rout, subdue, subjugate, overcome

(2)

These verbs mean to get the better of an adversary.

(3)

Defeat is the most general:
“Whether we defeat the enemy in one battle, or by degrees, the consequences will be the same” (Thomas Paine).

(4)

Conquer suggests decisive and often wide-scale victory:
“A conquering army on the border will not be halted by the power of eloquence” (Otto von Bismarck).

(5)

Vanquish emphasizes total mastery:
The forces of Napoleon were vanquished at Waterloo.

(6)

Beat, less formal, is often the equivalent of defeat, though beat may convey greater emphasis:
“To win battles . . . you beat the soul . . . of the enemy man” (George S. Patton).

(7)

Rout implies complete victory followed by the disorderly flight of the defeated force:
An entire division was routed during the first hours of the war.

(8)

Subdue suggests mastery and control achieved by overpowering:
“It cost [the Romans] two great wars, and three great battles, to subdue that little kingdom [Macedonia] ” (Adam Smith).

(9)

Subjugate more strongly implies reducing an opponent to submission:
“The last foreigner to subjugate England was a Norman duke in the Middle Ages named William” (Stanley Meisler). To

(10)

overcome is to prevail over, often by persevering:
overcome an enemy;
overcome temptation;
overcome a physical handicap.

英汉电信大词典

defeat
n.消除,擦去

英汉法学大词典

defeat
n.败诉 ,败

英汉航空大词典

defeat
n.战胜,击败

英汉化学大词典

defeat
vt.战胜,使失效,作废;n.战胜

英汉海运大词典

defeat
打破,消除,擦去打败,战胜

基本词义

defeat
作废打破,消除,擦去打败,战胜

基本词义

defeat
打破,打败作废

基本词义

defeat
打破,消除,擦去

英汉计算机大词典

defeat
vt.战胜(使失效,作废);n.战胜

英汉农牧林大词典

defeat
n.打败,失败

英汉水利大词典

defeat
n.战胜,摧毁,使失效

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