简明英汉词典

deer
[diE]
n.
鹿

基本词义

DEER
=Directional Explosive Echo Ranging 定向爆炸回声测距(装置)

美国传统词典[双解]

deer
deer
AHD:[d?r]
D.J.[di*]
K.K.[d!r]
n.(名词)
【复数】 deer
Any of various hoofed ruminant mammals of the family Cervidae, characteristically having deciduous antlers borne chiefly by the males. The deer family also includes the elk, moose, caribou, and reindeer.
鹿:鹿科动物中的任何一种有蹄的反刍哺乳动物,特征是雄鹿生有会脱落的角。鹿科动物也包括驼鹿、麋、北美驯鹿以及驯鹿

语源

(1)

Middle English der [beast]
中古英语 der [野兽]

(2)

from Old English d?r
源自 古英语 d?r

注释
In various Middle English texts one finds a fish, an ant, or a fox called a der, the Middle English ancestor of our word deer. In its Old English form d?, our word referred to any animal, including members of the deer family, and continued to do so in Middle English, although it took on the specific sense “a deer.” By the end of the Middle English period, around 1500, the general sense had all but disappeared. Deer is a commonly cited example of a semantic process called specialization, by which the range of meaning of a word is narrowed or restricted. When Shakespeare uses the expression “mice and rats, and such small deer” for Edgar's diet in King Lear, probably written in 1605, we are not sure whether deer has the general or the specific sense.
在各种各样的中世纪英语文章中,人们可以发现鱼、蚂蚁或狐狸被称为der , 这是单词deer 在中世纪英语中的雏形。 该词的古英语形式为deor, 指任何一种动物, 包括鹿科动物的成员,该用法一直延续到中世纪英语中。尽管当时该词接纳了“鹿”这一特定的意思,但到中世纪英语时期结束时,大约是1500年,该词的普通意思全部消失了。Deer 常被引用作为语意变迁过程中的特殊化的例子,通过特殊化的过程,单词的语意范围缩小了,或受到了限制。当莎士比亚在大约1605年写李尔王 的时候,用“mice and rats,and such small deer”来表示爱德加的饮食时, 我们无法确定deer 是指普通意思还是指其特定的意思

现代英汉词典

deer
[dIE(r)]
n.
deer
鹿

现代英汉综合大辞典

deer
[diE]
n.
[sing., pl.]鹿; 鹿皮; 鹿棕色
a river deer
deer lick
含盐的泉水[沼泽地](鹿常去舐食盐, 故名)
a drove of deer
鹿群

继承用法

deerberry
n.
鹿果; 鹿果树

deerfly
[`dIEflaI]
n.
鹿蝇

deerhair
n.
(=deer's-hair)丛生莞草

deerhound
[`dIEhaJnd]
n.
猎鹿犬

deerskin
[5dIEskIn]
n.
鹿皮; 鹿皮服装

deerstalker
[5dIEstC:kE(r)]
n.
猎鹿帽; 猎鹿人

deerstalking
[`dIE9stR:kIN]
n.
用偷袭方法猎鹿

deer'stongue
n.
鹿舌

deervetch
n.
鹿野豌豆

deerweed
n.
鹿草

deeryard
[`dIEjB:d]
n.
鹿群聚集过冬的地方

deerlet
n.

习惯用语

run like a deer
跑得象鹿一样快; 跑得飞快

small deer
无足轻重的小事

特殊用法

brow-antlered deer
【动】眉杈鹿

hog deer
豚鹿

musk deer
麝, 香麝

red deer

sika deer
梅花鹿

spotted deer
梅花鹿

tufted deer
黑麂(毛冠麂)

water deer

river deer

white-lipped deer
白唇鹿

基本词义

DEER
=Directional Explosive Echo Ranging 定向爆炸回声测距(装置)

用法词典

deer
来自古英语deor

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

deer
鹿

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

deer
鹿

美国传统词典

deer
deer
AHD:[d?r]
D.J.[di*]
K.K.[d!r]
n.
pl. deer
Any of various hoofed ruminant mammals of the family Cervidae, characteristically having deciduous antlers borne chiefly by the males. The deer family also includes the elk, moose, caribou, and reindeer.

语源

(1)

Middle English der [beast]

(2)

from Old English d?r

注释
In various Middle English texts one finds a fish, an ant, or a fox called a der, the Middle English ancestor of our word deer. In its Old English form d?, our word referred to any animal, including members of the deer family, and continued to do so in Middle English, although it took on the specific sense “a deer.” By the end of the Middle English period, around 1500, the general sense had all but disappeared. Deer is a commonly cited example of a semantic process called specialization, by which the range of meaning of a word is narrowed or restricted. When Shakespeare uses the expression “mice and rats, and such small deer” for Edgar's diet in King Lear, probably written in 1605, we are not sure whether deer has the general or the specific sense.

英汉地质大词典

deer
n.定向爆炸回声测距;n.鹿;n.鹿属

英汉纺织大词典

deer
n.鹿棕

英汉化学大词典

deer
n.鹿

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

deer
梅花鹿

英汉计算机大词典

deer
n.鹿

英汉农牧林大词典

deer
n.鹿属,鹿

英汉能源大词典

deer
n.鹿

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