简明英汉词典

decline
[di5klain]
vi.
下倾, 下降, 下垂
v.
拒绝, 衰落
n.
下倾, 下降, 下垂, 斜面, 斜坡, 衰败, 衰落

美国传统词典[双解]

decline
de.cline
AHD:[d1-klon“]
D.J.[di6klain]
K.K.[d!6kla!n]
v.(动词)
de.clinedde.clin.ingde.clines
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To express polite refusal.
婉拒,谢绝

(2)

To slope downward; descend.
向下倾斜;下倾

(3)

To bend downward; droop.
向下弯曲;下垂

(4)

To degrade or lower oneself; condescend.
降低自己的身份;屈尊俯就

(5)

To deteriorate gradually; fail.
逐渐恶化;衰败

(6)

To sink, as the setting sun.
下沉,如落日

(7)

To draw to a gradual close; wane.
接近结束;消逝
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To refuse politely:
婉辞,谢绝:
I declined their offer of help.See Synonyms at refuse 1
我谢绝了他们提出的帮助参见 refuse1

(2)

To cause to slope or bend downward.
使…倾斜或使…向下弯曲

(3)

Grammar To inflect (a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective) for number and case.
【语法】 字尾变化:使(名词,代词或形容词)的数和格发生变化
n.(名词)

(1)

The process or result of declining, especially a gradual deterioration.
衰退:衰落,尤指逐渐恶化的过程或结果

(2)

A downward movement.
下降,落下:向下的运动

(3)

The period when something approaches an end.
后期:接近结束的时期

(4)

A downward slope; a declivity.
斜坡:下坡;下倾的斜坡

(5)

A disease that gradually weakens or wastes the body.
消耗病:使身体逐渐衰弱或消瘦的疾病

语源

(1)

Middle English declinen
中古英语 declinen

(2)

from Old French decliner
源自 古法语 decliner

(3)

from Latin d?on3re} [to turn away, bend downward, change the form of a word]
源自 拉丁语 d?on3re} [转过脸,向下弯曲,改变词形]

(4)

d?- [de-]
d?- [向下]

(5)

-clo3re} [to lean, bend] * see klei-
-clo3re} [倾斜,弯曲] *参见 klei-

继承用法

declinable
adj.(形容词)

decliner
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

decline
[dI5klaIn]
vt., vi.
declined, declining

(1)

下降;下滑;下倾

(2)

衰退;衰落
an empire that has declined
业已衰落的帝国

(3)

谢绝;婉谢;辞谢

(4)

列出(名词、代词或形容词的)词尾变化

词性变化

decline
n.
衰退;衰败

现代英汉综合大辞典

decline
[di5klain]
vt.

(1)

谢绝, 拒绝, 推辞

(2)

使下降; 倾斜; 使(头)低垂

(3)

【语】使变化(名词、代词、形容词等的)词尾
decline an offer
拒绝请求
decline an invitation
谢绝邀请
decline to answer a question
拒绝回答问题

词性变化

decline
[di5klain]
vi.

(1)

谢绝, 拒绝

(2)

下倾, 下降, 下垂

(3)

倾斜, 偏斜

(4)

衰落, 衰退, 减退

(5)

跌落, 减低; 降落

(6)

降格; 屈尊

(7)

接近结束, 接近尾声

(8)

【天】沉没
His health is -ning.
他的健康日渐衰退。
They wish that prices would decline.
他们希望物价能下降。
The arts of China have not declined in spite of Western influence.
虽有西方影响, 中国的古老艺术并未因此而衰落。
The price of 14 inches TV set declined from 400 to 320 yuan each. 14
英寸的电视机每台从400元降到320元。

decline
[di5klain]
n.

(1)

下倾, 下降, 下垂

(2)

下跌, 下落

(3)

衰落, 衰退

(4)

最后部分; 晚期

(5)

消耗性的疾病; 肺病

(6)

斜面, 斜坡
the decline of the Roman Empire
罗马帝国的衰亡

继承用法

declining
adj.
倾斜的; 衰微的; 衰退的; 下坡的

decliner
n.

习惯用语

fall into a decline
开始衰落, 衰弱下去; 体力衰退(尤指因患肺病而衰弱)

sink into a decline
开始衰落, 衰弱下去; 体力衰退(尤指因患肺病而衰弱)

on the decline
走下坡路, 在衰退中

the decline of life
晚年, 暮年

特殊用法

autumn decline
秋衰, 秋落

citrus decline
柑桔衰退病

harmonic decline
谐和衰减

hyperbolic decline
双曲型衰减

technical decline
由市场供求等内部因素引起的跌价

decline in production
生产衰退

参考词汇
decline     refuse     reject    
都含“拒绝”的意思。

(1)

decline 指“较正式地、有礼貌地谢绝”,如:
He declined the nomination.
他谢绝提名。

(2)

refuse 系普通用语,指“坚决、果断或坦率地拒绝”, 如:
He refused to take the money.
他拒绝接受此款。

(3)

reject指“以否定、敌对的态度而当面拒绝”, 如:
They rejected damaged goods.
他们拒收损坏的货物。
accept     receive    

用法词典

decline
来自古法语decliner弯曲〈拉丁语de- 从+ -clinare弯曲

英文相关词典

decline
descent    fail    fall    hill    refuse    reject    run down    sink    slant    slope    weaken    accept    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

decline
推辞;衰退;拒绝

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

decline
衰落, 减退

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

decline
下降, 衰退期

美国传统词典

decline
de.cline
AHD:[d1-klon“]
D.J.[di6klain]
K.K.[d!6kla!n]
v.
de.clined, de.clin.ing, de.clines
v.intr.

(1)

To express polite refusal.

(2)

To slope downward; descend.

(3)

To bend downward; droop.

(4)

To degrade or lower oneself; condescend.

(5)

To deteriorate gradually; fail.

(6)

To sink, as the setting sun.

(7)

To draw to a gradual close; wane.
v.tr.

(1)

To refuse politely:
I declined their offer of help.See Synonyms at refuse 1

(2)

To cause to slope or bend downward.

(3)

Grammar To inflect (a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective) for number and case.
n.

(1)

The process or result of declining, especially a gradual deterioration.

(2)

A downward movement.

(3)

The period when something approaches an end.

(4)

A downward slope; a declivity.

(5)

A disease that gradually weakens or wastes the body.

语源

(1)

Middle English declinen

(2)

from Old French decliner

(3)

from Latin d?on3re} [to turn away, bend downward, change the form of a word]

(4)

d?- [de-]

(5)

-clo3re} [to lean, bend] * see klei-

继承用法

declinable
adj.

decliner
n.

英汉船舶大词典

decline
n.衰落,衰退

英汉电力大词典

decline
n.下降,不倾,倾斜

英汉电信大词典

decline
n.下降,不倾

英汉地质大词典

decline
n.降低,下降,斜坡道

英汉法学大词典

decline
v.拒绝

英汉航海大词典

decline
n.下降

英汉航空大词典

decline
n.下倾,下降

英汉化学大词典

decline
n.倾斜,倾斜度,退步,拒绝,衰退,降低,减少;vt.下降,衰弱,拒绝

英汉经贸大词典

decline
n.下降

英汉计算机大词典

decline
vt.下降(衰弱,拒绝);n.倾斜度(下降,减少

英汉机械大词典

decline
n.倾斜,倾侧

最新会计师英汉大词典

decline
衰退

英汉农牧林大词典

decline
n.衰落,衰变

英汉水利大词典

decline
n.下倾,下降,下垂

英汉贸易大词典

decline
衰退,萎缩

英汉心理学大词典

decline
衰退

现代商务英汉大词典

decline
衰退,萎缩

英汉冶金大词典

decline
n.斜下,偏离

英汉医学大词典

decline
n.减退期

英汉造纸大词典

decline
n.倾斜,倾侧,大倾

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