简明英汉词典

decide
[di5said]
v.
决定, 判决

美国传统词典[双解]

decide
de.cide
AHD:[d1-sod“]
D.J.[di6said]
K.K.[d!6sa!d]
v.(动词)
de.cid.edde.cid.ingde.cides
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To settle conclusively all contention or uncertainty about:
解决:就…的争辩或不确定性做出最后的决定:
decide a case; decided the dispute in favor of the workers.
作出判决;在争论中作出有利于工人的决定

(2)

To influence or determine the outcome of:
决定:影响或决定…的结果:
A few votes decided the election.
一些选票决定了选举的结果

(3)

To cause to make or reach a decision.
使作出决定
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To pronounce a judgment; announce a verdict.
裁定,判定:宣布判决;宣布裁决

(2)

To make up one's mind.
下定决心

语源

(1)

Middle English deciden
中古英语 deciden

(2)

from Old French decider
源自 古法语 decider

(3)

from Latin d?odere} [to cut off, decide]
源自 拉丁语 d?odere} [切断,决定]

(4)

d?- [de-]
d?- [脱离]

(5)

caedere [to cut] * see ka-id-
caedere [切] *参见 ka-id-

继承用法

decidability
n.(名词)

decidable
adj.(形容词)

decider
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

decidedeterminesettleruleconcluderesolve

(2)

These verbs are compared as they mean to make or cause to make a decision.
这些动词表示使作出决定的意思时可以进行比较。

(3)

Decide is the least specific:
Decide 最为普通:
“If two laws conflict with each other, the courts must decide on the operation of each” (John Marshall).
“如果两条法律相互之间有冲突,那么法院必须跟据每条法律的实施情况来做出选择” (约翰·马歇尔)。
Her parents' pleas decided her against dropping out of college.
“她父母的请求使她拿定主意不中途辍学”。

(4)

Determine often involves somewhat narrower issues:
Determine 常涉及范围比较狭小的问题:
A jury will determine whether the charges are true or false.
陪审团将对这项指控的真伪作出裁决。

(5)

Settle stresses finality of decision:
Settle 强调解决的定局:
“The lama waved a hand to show that the matter was finally settled in his mind” (Rudyard Kipling).
“这个喇嘛挥挥手表示那个问题终于在他心里得到了解决” (拉得雅得·吉卜林)。

(6)

Rule implies that the decision is handed down by someone in authority:
Rule 有决定是由某个掌权的人正式公布的意思:
The faculty committee ruled that changes in the curriculum should be implemented.
校务委员会决定课程的改动必须得到执行。

(7)

Conclude suggests that a decision, opinion, or judgment has been arrived at after careful consideration:
Conclude 意为经过深思熟虑达成的决定:
She concluded that it would be better to ignore the criticism.
她作出决定,最好还是不理睬那些批评。

(8)

Resolve stresses the exercise of choice in making a firm decision:
Resolve 强调作出不可变更的决定时进行的选择:
I resolved to lose weight.
我下决心减肥。
We resolved that nothing they said could induce us to trust them.
我们下定决心,他们所说的一切都无法使我们相信他们

现代英汉词典

decide
[dI5saId]
vt., vi.
decided, deciding

(1)

(常与to, that, on, about用)决心;决定
to decide where to go
决心去哪儿
The boy decided not to become a sailor.
那孩子决定将来不当水手。

(2)

解决

(3)

(常与between, for, angainst, in favor of, that连用)判断,判决
The judge will decide the case tomorrow.
法官将于明天对案子进行判决。

现代英汉综合大辞典

decide
[di5said]
vt.

(1)

决定, 决心

(2)

使下决心, 使决断

(3)

对...起了决定作用

(4)

解决, 裁决, 判决
Nothing has been decided.
什么也没有决定下来。
He decided to go himself.
他决定亲自去。
She has decided that she will be a doctor.
她已决定将来当个医生。
The judge decided the case.
法官判决了这个案件。

词性变化

decide
[di5said]
vi.

(1)

决定, 决心, 选定

(2)

判决, 判定, 解决
decide about the matter
就此事作出决定

继承用法

decider
n.

(1)

决定者, 裁决者

(2)

【体】决赛

习惯用语

decide against...
决心不..., 决定不采取; 决定反对; 判决(某人)败诉

decide between
于两者中选择其一

decide for
作出有利于...的决定; 赞成做某事; 判决(某人)胜诉

decide in favour of
作出有利于...的决定; 赞成做某事; 判决(某人)胜诉

decide on
对...作出决定[决议]

decide upon
对...作出决定[决议]

参考词汇
decide     determine     resolve    
都有“决定”的意思。

(1)

decide 指“经过询问、研讨和考虑之后, 在几种可能的选择之中作出决定”, 如:
She decided to leave here on Sunday instead of Monday.
她决定星期日而不是星期一离开这里。

(2)

determine指“决心作某一件事而不动摇”, 如:
We have determined to get the work done ahead of schedule.
我们已经决定要提前完成这项工作。

(3)

resolve指“打定主意做某事或不做某事”, 如:
I resolve to study English.
我决定学英语。

用法词典

decide
拉丁词根cid,cis,cead都是cut“切”的意思,de- 离开+cide切=切下,引申为“决定”)

参考词汇

(1)

decide,determine这两个词都有“决定”的意思。

(2)

decide的含义是“不再迟疑不定”,而determine含义是把某件事确定下来。

(3)

to decide to give a dinner party (决定设一次宴会,此语的内涵是:关于设宴会一事不再迟疑了

(4)

to determine the guests to be invited (确定要邀请的客人),此语的内涵意思是:要请哪些人而不请那些人。

(5)

在be determined to do…这个固定的结构中,过去分词determined的词义为“下定了决心”。decide的名词为decision,determine的名词为determination.
At first,she decided to go to the police,…
起初,她决定去找警察……
On the last day I made a big decision.
在最后一天我作了一个重大的决定。

(6)

注:decide后跟宾语从句时,其含义有时是“断定”。
I decided that I must have taken a wrong turning somewhere.
我断定我一定是在某处拐错弯了。
I have been offered a large sum of money to go away,but I am determined to stay here.
给我提供了一大笔搬迁费,可是我决心留在这个地方。
The size of your feet determines the size of your shoes.
你的脚的大小决定了鞋的尺码。
The determination of the meaning of a word is often difficult without a context.
脱离上下文来确定一个词的含义常常是困难的。

(7)

注:在determine to do…, determine on (upon)…和determine…,(宾词从句)三个搭配中,determine的词义和decide几乎没有多大差异
He determined to learn medicine. (He decided to learn medicine.)
他决定学医。
We determined on an early start.(We determined to start early.)
我们决定早动身。
Have you determined where you are going to spend your holidays? (Have you decided where you are going to spend your holidays?)
你有没有决定到哪里去度假?

(8)

注:decide 某人to do 某事:“决定使某人做某事”
What decided you to give up your job?
什么因素使你决定放弃你的工作?

英文相关词典

decide
determine    judge    resolve    settle    hesitate    pause    waver    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

decide
决定

美国传统词典

decide
de.cide
AHD:[d1-sod“]
D.J.[di6said]
K.K.[d!6sa!d]
v.
de.cid.ed, de.cid.ing, de.cides
v.tr.

(1)

To settle conclusively all contention or uncertainty about:
decide a case; decided the dispute in favor of the workers.

(2)

To influence or determine the outcome of:
A few votes decided the election.

(3)

To cause to make or reach a decision.
v.intr.

(1)

To pronounce a judgment; announce a verdict.

(2)

To make up one's mind.

语源

(1)

Middle English deciden

(2)

from Old French decider

(3)

from Latin d?odere} [to cut off, decide]

(4)

d?- [de-]

(5)

caedere [to cut] * see ka-id-

继承用法

decidability
n.

decidable
adj.

decider
n.

参考词汇

(1)

decide, determine, settle, rule, conclude, resolve

(2)

These verbs are compared as they mean to make or cause to make a decision.

(3)

Decide is the least specific:
“If two laws conflict with each other, the courts must decide on the operation of each” (John Marshall).
Her parents' pleas decided her against dropping out of college.

(4)

Determine often involves somewhat narrower issues:
A jury will determine whether the charges are true or false.

(5)

Settle stresses finality of decision:
“The lama waved a hand to show that the matter was finally settled in his mind” (Rudyard Kipling).

(6)

Rule implies that the decision is handed down by someone in authority:
The faculty committee ruled that changes in the curriculum should be implemented.

(7)

Conclude suggests that a decision, opinion, or judgment has been arrived at after careful consideration:
She concluded that it would be better to ignore the criticism.

(8)

Resolve stresses the exercise of choice in making a firm decision:
I resolved to lose weight.
We resolved that nothing they said could induce us to trust them.

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

decide
【动】判定,决定

英汉法学大词典

decide
v.解决 ,决定,判定,判断,裁决 ,判

英汉航空大词典

decide
n.决定,决意

英汉化学大词典

decide
vt.决定,使...下决心,解决

英汉计算机大词典

decide
vt.决定(使...下决心,解决

英汉水利大词典

decide
n.决定,判定,选定

英汉心理学大词典

decide
决定

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004