简明英汉词典

close
[klEuz]
v.
关, 关闭, 结束, 停止, 使靠近, 靠拢, 会合, 包围
n.
结束
adj.
近的, 紧密的, 精密的, 齐根的, 封闭的, 亲密的, 闷气的
adv.
接近, 紧密地

美国传统词典[双解]

close
close
AHD:[kl?s]
D.J.[klous]
K.K.[klos]
adj.(形容词)
clos.erclos.est

(1)

Being near in space or time.
接近的:在时间或空间接近

(2)

Being near in relationship:
亲近的:联系密切的:
close relatives.
近亲

(3)

Bound by mutual interests, loyalties, or affections; intimate:
亲密的,亲近的:被共同的兴趣、忠贞或爱好联系;亲密的:
close friends.
密友

(4)

Having little or no space between elements or parts; tight and compact:
紧密的:在各元素或各部分之间没有或几乎没有空间;紧紧的和紧密的:
a close weave.
细织布

(5)

Being near the surface; short:
短的:接近表层的;短的:
a close haircut.
短发

(6)

Being on the brink of:
位于…边缘的:
close to tears.
快要流出眼泪了

(7)

Decided by a narrow margin; almost even:
势均力敌的:为极小界限所决定的;几乎相当的:
a close election.
势均力敌的选举

(8)

Faithful to the original:
忠实原作的:
a close copy.
极相近的复制品

(9)

Rigorous; thorough:
密切的;周全的:
close attention; close supervision.
密切注意;严格监督

(10)

Shut; closed.
关闭的;紧闭的

(11)

Shut in; enclosed.
封闭的;包围的

(12)

Confining or narrow; crowded:
拥挤的:限定的或狭窄的;拥挤的:
close quarters.
拥挤的住处

(13)

Fitting tightly:
紧身的,紧绷的:感觉束紧的:
close garments.
紧身外套

(14)

Lacking fresh air; stuffy:
闷人的:缺少新鲜空气的;闷热的:
a close room.
闷热的房间

(15)

Confined to specific persons or groups:
秘密的,不对外公开的:只限于特殊人或集团的:
a close secret.
机密

(16)

Strictly confined or guarded:
严格限制的,严格看守的:
kept under close custody.
被严格监视着

(17)

Hidden from view; secluded.
隐退的:隐藏不让看见的;隐退的

(18)

Secretive; reticent:
沉默的,无言的:
was close about her personal life.
对她的个人生活保持缄默

(19)

Giving or spending with reluctance; stingy.
小气的,吝啬的:不情愿给予的或花费的;吝啬的

(20)

Not easily acquired; scarce:
难得到的:不易获得的;少的:
Money was close.
钱根很紧

(21)

Linguistics Pronounced with the tongue near the palate, as the ee in meet. Used of vowels.
【语言学】 闭元音的:舌靠近颚发出声音的,如ee 在 meet 中。用于元音

(22)

Marked by more rather than less punctuation, especially commas.
大量使用标点符号的:由多个而不是少数几个标点标记的,尤其是逗号
v.(动词)
closedclos.ingclos.es[kl?z]
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To move (a door, for example) so that an opening or passage is covered or obstructed; shut.
关闭:移动(如门)使入口或通道被盖住或堵上;关闭

(2)

To bar access to:
封闭:
closed the road for repairs.
封闭公路来维修

(3)

To fill or stop up:
填塞填充:
closed the cracks with plaster.
用灰泥填缝

(4)

To stop the operations of permanently or temporarily:
停歇,停止运作:永久地或暂时停止经营:
closed down the factory.
关闭工厂

(5)

To bring to an end; terminate:
结束;终结:
close a letter; close a bank account.
写完一封信;结清银行帐目

(6)

To bring together all the elements or parts of:
使…靠拢:把…的所有元素或部分集结在一起:
Management closed ranks and ostracized the troublemaker.
管理员使队伍靠拢,将捣乱者清除出去

(7)

To join or unite; bring into contact:
接通:使连接或成为一体;使相接触:
close a circuit.
接通线路

(8)

To draw or bind together the edges of:
缝合:使…的边缘结合在一起:
close a wound.
缝合伤口

(9)

To complete the final details or negotiations on:
终止:完成最后的细节或讨论:
close a deal.
终止交易

(10)

Archaic To enclose on all sides.
【古语】 封闭各个边界
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To become shut:
关上:
The door closed quietly.
门静静地关上了

(2)

To come to an end; finish:
结束;完成:
The book closes on a hopeful note.
书在充满希望的结尾中结束了

(3)

To reach an agreement; come to terms.
同意:达成一致;达成协议

(4)

To cease operation:
停业:停止经营:
The shop closes at six.
商店六点关门

(5)

To engage at close quarters:
搏斗:在很近的地方相遇:
closed with the enemy.
与敌人展开搏斗

(6)

To draw near:
接近:
The orbiter closed with the space station in preparation for docking.
飞船接近空间站准备相接

(7)

To come together:
抓住:
My arms closed around the little child.
我的胳膊被小孩抓住了
n.(名词)
AHD:[kl?z]

(1)

The act of closing.
关闭:关闭的行为

(2)

A conclusion; a finish:
结尾:结论;结束:
The meeting came to a close.
会议结束了

(3)

Music The concluding part of a phrase or theme; a cadence.
【音乐】 尾章:一个主题或乐句的结尾部分;(音乐)终止

(4)

[kl?s] An enclosed place, especially land surrounding or beside a cathedral or other building.
[kl?s] 封闭场所:封闭的场所,尤指大教堂或其它建筑物周围或旁边的场地

(5)

[kl?s] Chiefly British A narrow way or alley.
[kl?s] 【多用于英国】 小巷:狭窄的路、小巷

(6)

Archaic A fight at close quarters.
【古语】 搏斗:近距离的打斗
adv.(副词)
closerclosest[kl?s]
In a close position or manner; closely:
紧紧地:位置靠近地;紧紧地:
stayed close together.
紧紧地靠在一块

常用词组

close in

(1)

To seem to be gathering in on all sides:
好象都纠结在一起:
The problems closed in.
问题纠结在一起

(2)

To advance on a target so as to block escape:
围攻:向目标移动以封锁:
The police closed in on the sniper.
警察围攻狙击者

(3)

To surround so as to make unusable:
笼罩:围绕使不能使用:
The airport was closed in by fog.
机场为雾所笼罩

close out

(1)

To dispose of (a line of merchandise) at reduced prices.
降价清出:降价处理(一系列商品)

(2)

To terminate, as by selling:
清算:结束,如通过售卖:
close out a business.
清算一公司

习惯用语

close to home
So as to affect one's feelings or interests:
受家庭影响地:以影响某人的感情或兴趣:
Her comment hit close to home.
她的看法受家庭影响

close to the wind【航海】
At a close angle into the direction from which the wind is blowing:
接近风向地:接近风向的角度:
sailing close to the wind.
接近风向地航行

语源

(1)

Middle English clos [closed]
中古英语 clos [接近的]

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin clausus [past participle of] claudere [to close]
源自 拉丁语 clausus [] claudere的过去分词 [接近]

(4)

V., from Middle English closen
动词,源自 中古英语 closen

(5)

from Old French clore clos-
源自 古法语 clore clos-

(6)

from Latin claudere
源自 拉丁语 claudere

继承用法

closely
adv.(副词)

closeness
n.(名词)

closer
AHD:[kl?“z…r] (名词)

closing
AHD:[kl?“z1ng] (名词)

参考词汇

(1)

closeimmediatenearnearbynighproximate

(2)

The central meaning shared by these adjectives is “not far from another in space, time, or relationship”:
这些形容词的中心意思是“与别的东西在空间、时间或关系上离得不远”:
an airport close to town;
靠近城镇的机场;
her immediate family;
她的亲密家庭;
his nearest relative;
他的近亲;
a nearby library;
附近的图书馆;
our nighest neighbor;
我们的近邻;
a proximate neighborhood. See also Synonyms at complete, familiar, stingy far
友好的邻居关系 参见同义词 completefamiliarstingyfar

用法
Strictly speaking, the phrase close proximity says nothing that is not said by proximity itself. Like other common redundancies, however (old adage, mental telepathy ), this usage is too widespread and too innocuous to be worth objecting to.See Usage Note at redundancy
严格地说,close proximity 短语一点不表示 proximity 本身的意思。 但正如其它的冗长词,(old adage, mental telepathy ), 这种用法极为普遍且无关痛痒,不值得提出反对参见 redundancy

现代英汉词典

close 1
[klEJz]
adj.

(1)

(常与to连用)靠近的;近的;接近的
I live close to the shops.
我住得离商店很近。

(2)

近亲的;亲近的;亲密的;(关系)密切的
a close friend
一位亲密的朋友
English has a close affinity to French.
英语同法语很相近。

(3)

紧密的;密集的;狭窄的;有限的

(4)

谨慎的;彻底的;严格的
We keep a close watch on the prisoners.
我们严密看守囚犯。

(5)

不通风的;闷热的
close weather
闷热的天气
It's very close in here. Would you mind opening the window?
"这里面太闷了,把窗子打开好吗?"

(6)

势均力敌的(比赛);不分胜负的

(7)

秘而不宣的

(8)

吝啬的;小气的

词性变化

close
adv.
接近地;紧密地
She came close to him.
她走近他。

习惯用语

close to home
接近事实
What she said was very close to home.
她说的情况非常接近事实。

词性变化

close
n.

(1)

死胡同

(2)

教堂周围的建筑

基本词义

close 2
[klEJz]
vt., vi.
closed, closing

(1)

关;闭;封闭

(2)

停工;打烊;关门
When does the shop close?
店铺几点关门?

(3)

停业
The firm has decided to close its London branch.
公司已决定伦敦分店停业。

(4)

结束;完成
The speech abruptly closed.
演讲突然结束。

(5)

合拢;靠拢
They closed on the heels of the runner.
他们紧跟在跑者之后。
Left close!
向左靠拢!

词性变化

close
n.
结束;终了;完结
to come to a close
结束;终止

常用词组

close down

(1)

(广播电台、电视台)停止播音,停播

(2)

(工厂等的)关闭,歇业

close in
The firm has decided to close down its Chicago branch.
公司已决定关闭芝加哥的分公司。

(1)

白昼渐短
The days close in as autumn becomes deeper.
"随着深秋的到来,白昼渐渐短了。"

(2)

包围;封闭;逼近
The enemy began to close in.
敌军开始逼近。

close up

(1)

关闭;停歇
The old road has now been closed up since the highway was open to public use.
"自从高速公路通车以来,那条旧公路已经封闭了。"

(2)

靠拢;靠近;靠紧
Close up the ranks!
靠拢!
The teacher told the children to close up to each other near the camp fire and then began his story.
"老师叫孩子们在营火旁互相靠拢些,接着就开始讲起故事来。"

close with

(1)

同意;和解;接受

(2)

格斗;搏斗
The two armies closed with each other.
两军短兵相接。

现代英汉综合大辞典

close
[klEuz]
vt.

(1)

关(闭), 闭(合), 合(拢), 封(闭), 盖(死), 塞

(2)

结束, 终止; 完结; 停闭

(3)

商定(交易等), 结清(帐目等)

(4)

使靠拢, 使接近; 靠紧

(5)

(电路)接通

(6)

谈妥; 缔结
close a meeting [discussion]
结束会议[讨论]
close a bargain
成交, 讲妥买卖
close an electric current
接通电流
The shop is closed for a week.
这家商店停止营业一周。

词性变化

close
vi.

(1)

关, 闭, 塞住

(2)

结束; 完结; 停止; 散会

(3)

接近, 靠近, (船)靠岸

(4)

扭打, 交战

(5)

集合

(6)

同意, 与...一致(on, upon, with)
The window won't close.
窗关不上。
The labour union closed with the company.
工会和公司和解。

close
n.

(1)

结束, 终止, 完结

(2)

[古]扭打, 格斗, 交手战

(3)

(私人的)围地, 场地, 院子; [英](从街道通入院子的)通道, 入口

继承用法

closeable
adj.

closeer
n.
关闭者; 关闭器

习惯用语

break sb.'s close
侵入某人的土地

bring to a close
算完, 结束

come to a close
算完, 结束

have one's eyes closed
看不见; 不肯看, 不管, 不理会

with one's eyes closed
看不见; 不肯看, 不管, 不理会

close about
包围, 围住; 逼近...周围

close around
包围, 围住; 逼近...周围

close round
包围, 围住; 逼近...周围

close down

(1)

(工厂等的)关闭, 停歇; 封闭

(2)

(夜的)降临

(3)

(电台的)停止播音

close down on
限制, 禁止; 抓牢, 逼迫

close in

(1)

围拢; 迫近, 围上来

(2)

(白天)渐短

close upon

(1)

围拢; 迫近, 围上来

(2)

(白天)渐短

close it up
靠拢

close off

(1)

结(帐)

(2)

隔离, 封锁, 阻塞

(3)

停止

close on
围拢, 围上来; 隐没; 同意

close upon
围拢, 围上来; 隐没; 同意

close out

(1)

抛售

(2)

停止, 停闭(业务)

close over
封盖; 淹没; 遮蔽

close up

(1)

靠紧, 靠近

(2)

关闭, 停歇

(3)

停止; 结束; 堵塞

(4)

(伤口)愈合

(5)

(排球等运动中)封网

close upon

(1)

(手)握紧(某物)

(2)

(眼向着某物)渐闭

(3)

(夜)渐深

(4)

把...关在外面[里面]; (箱子)关着

close with

(1)

靠近, 逼近

(2)

接受, 答应, 谈妥

(3)

突击, 与...肉搏

特殊用法

circuit close
闭路器, 开关

exhaust close
排气开关; 排气停止

fit close
吻合

force close
气闭式

inlet close
进气停止

joint close
接合缝

normal close
常闭, 常断阀

pipe close
管塞

close of business
停业

close of leaf canopy
林冠郁闭

close of transmission
播出结束

参考词汇
close     end     conclude     terminate    
都含“完毕”, “终了”的意思。
close指“终止”、“结束”, 如:She closed her speech with a funny joke. 她滑稽地一笑, 结束了发言。 end指“结束”、“突然停止”, 如:Let's end the argument. 让我们结束辩论吧。conclude 系正式用语, 表示“结束”、“完成”, 指“正式会议、事务等结束”或“达成协议(决定)”, 如:conclude the negotiation 结束谈判。terminate 指“(时间上)使结束”、“(空间上)使终止”, 如: The gallery was terminated by folding doors. 走廊尽头是折门。
begin     start     commence    

用法词典

close
中古英语 clos<拉丁语 clausus 闭

参考词汇

(1)

close,shut这两个词的一般含义是“关”或“关闭”。

(2)

close 比较普通,有时可以和shut互换使用,但它更强调“不让某人或某物进入或通过”的意思,有时有“不接纳”的意思,但通常表示“关闭”这一动作
It's Sunday, so all the shops are closed.
今天是星期天,所以这些店铺都关门了。
I felt sure I would never be able to close the case again.
我肯定没有办法再把箱子关上了。

(3)

shut 与 close 的含义差别在于,shut仅表示“关闭”之状态,不包含“不让进入”或“不接纳”的意思
As soon as he opens the gate from the outside, he comes into the garden and waits until the gate shuts.
它一旦从外面把门打开,便走进园子里等着关门。

(4)

在某些习语中,只有 shut 而不用close。
Shut up!
住口!
He found every road to the accomplishment of his desire shut against him.
他发现通向实现自己愿望的所有道路都被堵死了。
He shut his eyes to the severs reality.
对于这严峻的现实,他是闭着眼睛不肯看的。

英文相关词典

close
airless    conclude    end    fasten    finish    imminent    lock    near    shut    stifling    stop    stuffy    suffocating    terminate    begin    beginning    commence    far    open    outset    start    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

close
接近;近的;紧密的;关闭;关闭的;密实的;细致的

英汉双解计算机词典

close

【动】关闭
To call a subroutine to terminate the reading from or writing to a file by a program.
调用一个子程序来终止程序对一个文件的读出或写入。

美国传统词典

close
close
AHD:[kl?s]
D.J.[klous]
K.K.[klos]
adj.
clos.er, clos.est

(1)

Being near in space or time.

(2)

Being near in relationship:
close relatives.

(3)

Bound by mutual interests, loyalties, or affections; intimate:
close friends.

(4)

Having little or no space between elements or parts; tight and compact:
a close weave.

(5)

Being near the surface; short:
a close haircut.

(6)

Being on the brink of:
close to tears.

(7)

Decided by a narrow margin; almost even:
a close election.

(8)

Faithful to the original:
a close copy.

(9)

Rigorous; thorough:
close attention; close supervision.

(10)

Shut; closed.

(11)

Shut in; enclosed.

(12)

Confining or narrow; crowded:
close quarters.

(13)

Fitting tightly:
close garments.

(14)

Lacking fresh air; stuffy:
a close room.

(15)

Confined to specific persons or groups:
a close secret.

(16)

Strictly confined or guarded:
kept under close custody.

(17)

Hidden from view; secluded.

(18)

Secretive; reticent:
was close about her personal life.

(19)

Giving or spending with reluctance; stingy.

(20)

Not easily acquired; scarce:
Money was close.

(21)

Linguistics Pronounced with the tongue near the palate, as the ee in meet. Used of vowels.

(22)

Marked by more rather than less punctuation, especially commas.
v.
closed, clos.ing, clos.es[kl?z]
v.tr.

(1)

To move (a door, for example) so that an opening or passage is covered or obstructed; shut.

(2)

To bar access to:
closed the road for repairs.

(3)

To fill or stop up:
closed the cracks with plaster.

(4)

To stop the operations of permanently or temporarily:
closed down the factory.

(5)

To bring to an end; terminate:
close a letter; close a bank account.

(6)

To bring together all the elements or parts of:
Management closed ranks and ostracized the troublemaker.

(7)

To join or unite; bring into contact:
close a circuit.

(8)

To draw or bind together the edges of:
close a wound.

(9)

To complete the final details or negotiations on:
close a deal.

(10)

Archaic To enclose on all sides.
v.intr.

(1)

To become shut:
The door closed quietly.

(2)

To come to an end; finish:
The book closes on a hopeful note.

(3)

To reach an agreement; come to terms.

(4)

To cease operation:
The shop closes at six.

(5)

To engage at close quarters:
closed with the enemy.

(6)

To draw near:
The orbiter closed with the space station in preparation for docking.

(7)

To come together:
My arms closed around the little child.
n.
AHD:[kl?z]

(1)

The act of closing.

(2)

A conclusion; a finish:
The meeting came to a close.

(3)

Music The concluding part of a phrase or theme; a cadence.

(4)

[kl?s] An enclosed place, especially land surrounding or beside a cathedral or other building.

(5)

[kl?s] Chiefly British A narrow way or alley.

(6)

Archaic A fight at close quarters.
adv.
closer, closest[kl?s]
In a close position or manner; closely:
stayed close together.

常用词组

close in

(1)

To seem to be gathering in on all sides:
The problems closed in.

(2)

To advance on a target so as to block escape:
The police closed in on the sniper.

(3)

To surround so as to make unusable:
The airport was closed in by fog.

close out

(1)

To dispose of (a line of merchandise) at reduced prices.

(2)

To terminate, as by selling:
close out a business.

习惯用语

close to home
So as to affect one's feelings or interests:
Her comment hit close to home.

close to the windNautical
At a close angle into the direction from which the wind is blowing:
sailing close to the wind.

语源

(1)

Middle English clos [closed]

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin clausus [past participle of] claudere [to close]

(4)

V., from Middle English closen

(5)

from Old French clore clos-

(6)

from Latin claudere

继承用法

closely
adv.

closeness
n.

closer
AHD:[kl?“z…r] n.

closing
AHD:[kl?“z1ng] n.

参考词汇

(1)

close, immediate, near, nearby, nigh, proximate

(2)

The central meaning shared by these adjectives is “not far from another in space, time, or relationship”:
an airport close to town;
her immediate family;
his nearest relative;
a nearby library;
our nighest neighbor;
a proximate neighborhood. See also Synonyms at complete, familiar, stingy far

用法
Strictly speaking, the phrase close proximity says nothing that is not said by proximity itself. Like other common redundancies, however (old adage, mental telepathy ), this usage is too widespread and too innocuous to be worth objecting to.See Usage Note at redundancy

英汉船舶大词典

close
n.闭,闭合,封闭;n.紧密

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

close
关(闭);关闭指令;接通,闭合;【修】紧(密,集),闭合[型][CLS]

英汉电信大词典

close
n.关闲,闲合;n.闭合,接近

英汉法学大词典

close
v.关 ,合办,结束 ;adv.近,圈围地

英汉航海大词典

close
n.结束

英汉航空大词典

close
n.关闭,封闭;n.接近,靠拢;n.结束,终止;n.闷热的,接近的;n.迫近,降临

英汉化学大词典

close
n.关闭,接近,紧密的,密闭的;vt.关闭,结束,捻合,接近,缔结

英汉海运大词典

close
闭视关闭盖上接近,靠近

基本词义

close
关闭,闭合接近,靠近结束,终了精密的

基本词义

close
紧密的,密闭的紧密地,密闭地,vi.关闭,封闭闭合,接通

基本词义

close
a. 紧密的,密闭的紧密地,密闭地 n. 结束,终止关闭,封闭闭合,接通

英汉经贸大词典

close
n.结束

英汉计算机大词典

close
vt.关闭(结束,捻合;adj.密闭的(均势的,精细的

英汉机械大词典

close
n.闭合,关闭

最新会计师英汉大词典

close
关闭,结清,闭市,收盘

英汉农牧林大词典

close
n.关闭

英汉水利大词典

close
n.近的,接近的,紧密的

英汉贸易大词典

close
闭市,收盘,结清,关闭

现代商务英汉大词典

close
闭市,收盘,结清,关闭

英汉冶金大词典

close
n.关闭指令

英汉医学大词典

close
n.关闭,终止

英汉中医大词典

close
n.关闭,终止,关闭

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