简明英汉词典

clever
[5klevE]
adj.
机灵的, 聪明的

美国传统词典[双解]

clever
clev.er
AHD:[klμv“…r]
D.J.[6klev*]
K.K.[6klWv+]
adj.(形容词)
clev.er.erclev.er.est

(1)

Mentally quick and original; bright.
聪明的,伶俐的:思维敏捷且有创造性的;聪明的

(2)

Nimble with the hands or body; dexterous.
灵敏的:手或身体敏捷的;灵敏的

(3)

Exhibiting quick-wittedness:
机智的,巧妙的:表现快速机智的:
a clever story.
机智的故事

(4)

New England Easily managed; docile:
【新英格兰】 温顺的,听话的:易于管理的;驯良温顺的:
“Oxen must be pretty clever to be bossed around the way they are”(Dialect Notes)
“牛必须要很驯服才能接受指挥”(方言注释)

(5)

New England Affable but not especially smart.
【新英格兰】 温和的:友善但不是特别机敏的

(6)

Chiefly Southern U.S. Good-natured; amiable.See Regional Note at ugly
【多用于美国南部】 性情和顺的:天性良好的;和善的参见 ugly

语源

(1)

Middle English cliver ; akin to East Frisian klifer, klüfer
中古英语 cliver ;类似于 东弗里斯兰语 klifer, klüfer

(2)

perhaps from kl?n [to gnaw apart, work assiduously]
可能源自 kl?n [咬开,工作勤勉的]

(3)

[of Low German origin] ; akin to Old Saxon klioban [to split, cleave] * see gleubh-
[源于日耳曼语] ;类似于 古撒克逊语 klioban [裂开,打通] *参见 gleubh-

继承用法

cleverly
adv.(副词)

cleverness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

cleveringeniousshrewd

(2)

These adjectives are compared as they refer to mental adroitness or to practical ingenuity and skill.
这些形容词在表示心地机智灵敏或实际的独创性和能力上有所区别。

(3)

Clever, the most comprehensive, stresses mental quickness or adeptness:
Clever 极富理解力的,强调反应迅速或适应性强:
“If I ever felt inclined to be timid as I was going into a room full of people, I would say to myself, ‘You're the cleverest member of one of the cleverest families in the cleverest class of the cleverest nation in the world, why should you be frightened?’” (Beatrice Webb).
“一旦我进入充满人的房间而感到胆怯时,我就会对自己说,‘你是这个世界上最聪明国家的最聪明阶层的最聪明家庭的最聪明成员,为什么你会被吓着呢?’ (比阿特丽斯·韦伯)。

(4)

Ingenious implies originality and inventiveness:
Ingenious 表示有创造力和有创造性:
“an ingenious solution to the storage problem” (Linda Greider).
“解决贮藏问题的创造性办法” (林达·格蕾德)。

(5)

Shrewd emphasizes mental astuteness and practical understanding:
Shrewd 强调精明及实际理解力:
“a woman of shrewd intellect and masculine character” (Leslie Stephen).
“具有精明的才智及男子气概的妇女” (莱斯利·斯蒂芬)

注释
In the 17th and 18th centuries, in addition to its basic sense of “able to use the brain readily and effectively,” the word clever acquired a constellation of imprecise but generally positive senses in regional British speech: “clean-limbed and handsome,” “neat and convenient to use,” and “of an agreeable disposition.” Some of these British regional senses, brought over when America was colonized, are still found in American regional speech, as in the South, where clever can mean “good-natured, amiable,” in old-fashioned speech. The speech of New England extends the meaning “good-natured” to animals in the specific sense of “easily managed, docile.” Perhaps it was the association with animals that gave rise to another meaning, “affable but not especially smart,” applicable to people when used in old-fashioned New England dialects.
在17和18世纪时,clever 一词除了其基本含义“能够轻松、有效地用脑”外,还在英国方言中具有大量不准确但明确的含义, “身材匀称且英俊倜傥”、“整洁有序且便于使用”和“令人愉快的个性”。英国方言中的一部分含义是美国被殖民统治时传播开来,在美国方言中至今仍然可见,如在南部的旧式方言中, clever 可以表示“脾气好的、和蔼的”。 新英格兰方言把“脾气好的”意思拓展到动物,表示“易于管理的、温驯的”的特定含义。可能因其与动物有关而导致另一含义“友善但不是特别机敏”的产生,适用于使用旧式新英格兰方言的人

注释
Being too clever is thought to be unwise, and support for this popular notion may be afforded by the fact that the devil seems to have been the first “clever” one in English. The source of our word clever is probably the Middle English word cliver, recorded only once in a work written before 1250, in which it is said that the devil is “cliver on sinnes.” This means something like “skillful in respect to sins.” Cliver probably goes back to the Indo-European root gleubh-, “to cut, cleave.” Although the intermediate ancestry of cliver is unclear, the semantic connection has to do with penetration or incisiveness—that is, cutting through to the heart of the matter, just as a woodcarver cuts through material in order to realize a certain vision.
太聪明被认为是愚蠢的,英语中魔鬼被认为是第一“聪明的”,这一事实可能是这一普遍概念的例证。clever 的词源可能是中世纪英语单词 cliver , 仅在一本1250年以前写的著作中出现过一次,书中说魔鬼“在犯罪方面很聪明”。这个含义有些类似于“在犯罪方面很有本事。”Cliver 可以追溯到印欧词根 gleubh- “切、削”。 虽然cliver 的中介来源尚不清楚, 但语义的联系肯定与穿透力或透彻性有关--即穿透事物的本质,就象木工劈开材料以了解其内在材质

现代英汉词典

clever
[5klevE(r)]
adj.

(1)

聪明的;伶俐的;灵巧的
My brother is clever at dealing with business.
我弟弟善于经商。;我弟弟的生意做得很精/机灵。

(2)

熟练的
a clever worker
熟练工人

(3)

机敏的;精巧的
a clever speech
机敏的谈话

(4)

耍小聪明的(人);肤浅的;精灵的

现代英汉综合大辞典

clever
[5klevE]
adj.

(1)

能干的; 聪明的; 伶俐的; 灵巧的

(2)

[美方]性情温良的, 和蔼可亲的

(3)

[美方]英俊的; 壮健的; 风采优雅的
be clever at
擅长于; 善于使用
clever fingers
巧手, 妙手

继承用法

cleverish
adj.
有小聪明的, 灵巧的

cleverishly
adv.

cleverly
adv.
[方]完全, 全然

词性变化

clever
[5klevE]
adj.
[美俚]壮健, 结实

cleverness
n.

习惯用语

be as clever as they make'em
非常狡猾; 非常精明

too clever by half
未免太聪明了, 卖弄小聪明

用法词典

clever
来自中古英语 cliver(手爪).聪明伶俐首先意味着手快

英文相关词典

clever
alert    bright    cunning    intelligent    skillful    smart    absurd    foolish    silly    stupid    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

clever
灵巧的;聪媚

美国传统词典

clever
clev.er
AHD:[klμv“…r]
D.J.[6klev*]
K.K.[6klWv+]
adj.
clev.er.er, clev.er.est

(1)

Mentally quick and original; bright.

(2)

Nimble with the hands or body; dexterous.

(3)

Exhibiting quick-wittedness:
a clever story.

(4)

New England Easily managed; docile:
“Oxen must be pretty clever to be bossed around the way they are”(Dialect Notes)

(5)

New England Affable but not especially smart.

(6)

Chiefly Southern U.S. Good-natured; amiable.See Regional Note at ugly

语源

(1)

Middle English cliver ; akin to East Frisian klifer, klüfer

(2)

perhaps from kl?n [to gnaw apart, work assiduously]

(3)

[of Low German origin] ; akin to Old Saxon klioban [to split, cleave] * see gleubh-

继承用法

cleverly
adv.

cleverness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

clever, ingenious, shrewd

(2)

These adjectives are compared as they refer to mental adroitness or to practical ingenuity and skill.

(3)

Clever, the most comprehensive, stresses mental quickness or adeptness:
“If I ever felt inclined to be timid as I was going into a room full of people, I would say to myself, ‘You're the cleverest member of one of the cleverest families in the cleverest class of the cleverest nation in the world, why should you be frightened?’” (Beatrice Webb).

(4)

Ingenious implies originality and inventiveness:
“an ingenious solution to the storage problem” (Linda Greider).

(5)

Shrewd emphasizes mental astuteness and practical understanding:
“a woman of shrewd intellect and masculine character” (Leslie Stephen).

注释
In the 17th and 18th centuries, in addition to its basic sense of “able to use the brain readily and effectively,” the word clever acquired a constellation of imprecise but generally positive senses in regional British speech: “clean-limbed and handsome,” “neat and convenient to use,” and “of an agreeable disposition.” Some of these British regional senses, brought over when America was colonized, are still found in American regional speech, as in the South, where clever can mean “good-natured, amiable,” in old-fashioned speech. The speech of New England extends the meaning “good-natured” to animals in the specific sense of “easily managed, docile.” Perhaps it was the association with animals that gave rise to another meaning, “affable but not especially smart,” applicable to people when used in old-fashioned New England dialects.

注释
Being too clever is thought to be unwise, and support for this popular notion may be afforded by the fact that the devil seems to have been the first “clever” one in English. The source of our word clever is probably the Middle English word cliver, recorded only once in a work written before 1250, in which it is said that the devil is “cliver on sinnes.” This means something like “skillful in respect to sins.” Cliver probably goes back to the Indo-European root gleubh-, “to cut, cleave.” Although the intermediate ancestry of cliver is unclear, the semantic connection has to do with penetration or incisiveness—that is, cutting through to the heart of the matter, just as a woodcarver cuts through material in order to realize a certain vision.

英汉化学大词典

clever
adj.精巧的,灵巧的,巧妙的

英汉计算机大词典

clever
adj.精巧的(灵巧的,巧妙的

英汉心理学大词典

clever
聪明的

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