简明英汉词典

claim
[kleim]
n.
(根据权利提出)要求, 要求权, 主张, 要求而得到的东西
vt.
(根据权利)要求, 认领, 声称, 主张, 需要

美国传统词典[双解]

claim
claim
AHD:[kl3m]
D.J.[kleim]
K.K.[klem]
v.tr.(及物动词)
claimedclaim.ingclaims

(1)

To demand or ask for as one's own or one's due; assert one's right to:
主张,要求:要求或寻求…归为己有;维护自己对…的权利:
claim a reward.
索求回报

(2)

To take in a violent manner as if by right:
索取,夺走:采用一种貌似合理的暴力手段取走:
a hurricane that claimed two lives.
飓风夺走了两个生命

(3)

To state to be true, especially when open to question; assert or maintain:
断言,宣称:声称正确,尤指面对质疑时;极力主张或坚持:
claimed he had won the race; a candidate claiming many supporters.
断言他赢得了比赛;宣称有许多支持者的候选人

(4)

To deserve or call for; require:
应该得到或要求;需要:
problems that claim her attention.
应该得到她注意的问题
n.(名词)

(1)

A demand for something as rightful or due.
要求:凭权利或预约要求得到某事物

(2)

A basis for demanding something; a title or right.
要求权:要求某事物的基础;凭证或权利

(3)

Something claimed in a formal or legal manner, especially a tract of public land staked out by a miner or homesteader.
申请产权:以正常或合法的方式提出的对某事物的要求,尤指矿工或定居移民用桩围起的一块公共土地

(4)

A demand for payment in accordance with an insurance policy or other formal arrangement.
索赔:遵照保险单或其它正规约定的赔偿要求

(5)

The sum of money demanded.
赔款:要求得到的金额

(6)

A statement of something as a fact; an assertion of truth:
主张:声明某事为事实;断言真实:
makes no claim to be a cure.
不能断言为有效对策

习惯用语

lay claim to
To assert one's right to or ownership of.
坚持对…的权利或对…的所有权

语源

(1)

Middle English claimen
中古英语 claimen

(2)

from Old French clamer claim-
源自 古法语 clamer claim-

(3)

from Latin cl33re} [to call] * see kel- 2
源自 拉丁语 cl33re} [叫喊] *参见 kel- 2

继承用法

claimable
adj.(形容词)

claimer
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

claimpretensepretensiontitle

(2)

The central meaning shared by these nouns is “a legitimate or asserted right to demand something as one's rightful due”:
这些名词共有的中心意思是“要求把某种事物归为个人有权拥有的一种合法或声明的权利”:
had a strong legal claim to the property;
对财产强烈的合法要求;
makes no pretense to scholarliness;
不以学问精深而自居;
pretensions to the chairmanship unjustified in every particular;
在每一方面都未被证明配得上做主席;
has no title to our thanks. See also Synonyms at demand
无资格得到我们的感谢 参见同义词 demand

现代英汉词典

claim
[kleIm]
vt.

(1)

(根据权利)要求,认领,索赔
Did you claim on the insurance after your car accident?
你的车子出事之后,要求领保险金了吗?
I claimed the coat that the teacher found.
我认领了老师找到的外套。
Did you claim on the insurance after your house fire?
你家失火后你要求保险公司赔偿了吗?

(2)

声言;自称;主张
He claimed that he hadn't done it, but I didn't believe him.
他声称没有做这件事,可是我不相信他。
Fishermen and sailors sometimes claim to have seen monsters in the sea.
渔夫和水手有时声称看到过海里的妖怪。
His claim about the number of people killed in the spring forest fire was evidently overstated.
他所说的春天森林大火中的死亡人数显然是夸张了的。
He claims that he has got one of the two earliest British stamps but nobody believes him.
"他自称得到了英国两张最早的邮票中的其中一张,但是无人相信。"

词性变化

claim
n.

(1)

(依据权利的)要求
They made a claim for higher pay.
他提出更高报酬的要求。

(2)

权利
The poor have a claim to our sympathy.
穷人值得我们同情。

(3)

声明;声称
The government's claim that war was necessary was clearly mistaken.
政府声称战争是必然的,这说法显然是错误的。

(4)

要求得到的矿产或土地;声言(土地)为己有之物

(5)

索赔

习惯用语

jump a claim
强占他人的土地

现代英汉综合大辞典

claim
[kleim]
vt.

(1)

(根据权利)要求, 索取, 索赔, 认领, 申请

(2)

主张, 声称, 自称, 断言

(3)

值得, 需要重视[注意]
claim a large amount against him
要求他赔偿大量金额
Every citizen may claim the protection of the law.
每一公民均可要求法律的保护。
Does anyone claim this umbrella?
有没有人认领这把伞?
He claimed that he had done the work without help.
他声称没有得到帮助而完成了这项工作。
There are several matters that claim my attention.
有好几件事值得我注意。

词性变化

claim
[kleim]
vi.

(1)

提出需要

(2)

要求赔偿损失(against)
claim against damage
要求赔偿损失
Have you claimed yet?
你提出要求了吗?

claim
[kleim]
n.

(1)

(根据权利提出的)要求, 索赔, 索取, 认领

(2)

(应得的)权利, 所有权, 要求权, 资格

(3)

要求物, (矿区等的)申请购买地

(4)

主张, 断言, 声称, 自称
make a claim for damages
要求赔偿损害
a claim upon one's sympathy
要求某人的同情
admit a claim
同意赔款
assert a maritime claim
提出海事债权
They have no claim on us.
他们没有向我们提出要求的权利。
He has the best claim to the honour.
他最有资格获得这荣誉。
Investigation showed his claim to be false.
调查结果表明他所说的纯属虚构

继承用法

claimable
adj.
可要求的; 可索取[赔]的

claimee
[kleim5i:]
n.
被索赔人

claimless
adj.

习惯用语

have a claim on
有对...要求权

have a claim to
有对...要求权

have many claims on
对...有许多要求

have no claim on
没有对...要求的权利; 无资格得到

have no claim to
没有对...要求的权利; 无资格得到

hold down a claim
在某一地区居住一段时间以便要求拥有土地所有权

jump a claim
[美]占有别人的所有物, 强占别人土地的采矿权

lay claim to
表示自己有权利去获得, 提出主权要求, 认领(某物)

put in a claim for
表示自己有权利去获得, 提出主权要求, 认领(某物)

make a claim for
对(赔偿等)提出要求...

make a claim to
认为...是属于自己的

raise a claim
提出(所有权的)要求

push one's claims
一再强烈提出要求, 坚持自己的要求

set up a claim to sth.
声明对...的权利, 提出对...的要求

stake out a claim
立界标表明土地所有权, 确定自己对...的权利, 坚持要求(得到)

stake off a claim
立界标表明土地所有权, 确定自己对...的权利, 坚持要求(得到)

特殊用法

accessory claim
附带权利要求

adjusted claim
精算后请求金额

assigned claim
转让债权

attendant claim
附带要求

bad claim
不良债权

baggage claim
领取行李

barred claim
失去时效的债权

belated claims
迟索的赔款

cargo claims
货物理赔

compensation claim
赔偿要求

complaint and claims
抗议与索赔

counter claim
反索赔, 反诉

creditor's claims
债务要求权

dated consumption claims
标时消费请求权

equalization claim
统一债权 (均衡债券)

financial claim
债权, 财务金融要求权

foreign short-term claims
国外短期债权

freight claim
货物赔偿的要求

future claims
未来权

inspection and claim
检查和索赔

insurance claim
保险索赔

legal claim
合法要求

market claims
市价下跌时买方的不合理索赔

money claim
货币债权

multiple dependent claim
多项从属权项

net foreign claims
国外产权净额

non-contractual claims
非契约索赔

outstanding claims
债权, 货币索取权

owner's claim
股东的权益

personal claim (for personal injury)
就人身侵害提出的诉讼

picking claim
挑剔索赔

press wage claims
(迫切)要求提高工资

recourse claim
行使票据上的追索权

residual claim
剩余权益

shipping claim
装运索赔 short-term claim(s)短期债权[债券]

shorter work-week claim
缩短工作周的要求

stale claim
过期债权

undischargeable claim
非可解除债务

unliquidated claim
未清偿债务

unpaid claims
未付赔款

unwarranted claim
无担保的债权

wage claim
提高工资的要求

war-damage claim
战争赔偿要求

claim against a company for compensation
要求公司赔偿

claim by right of descent
凭世袭权提出的要求

claim for restitution
要求退回原物的债权、诉权

claim for salvage
要求支付救助费的债权、诉权

claim in contract
根据合同的债权

英文相关词典

claim
demand    due    interest    require    right    title    disclaim    surrender    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

claim
权利要求范围;要求;请求

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

claim
矿区

美国传统词典

claim
claim
AHD:[kl3m]
D.J.[kleim]
K.K.[klem]
v.tr.
claimed, claim.ing, claims

(1)

To demand or ask for as one's own or one's due; assert one's right to:
claim a reward.

(2)

To take in a violent manner as if by right:
a hurricane that claimed two lives.

(3)

To state to be true, especially when open to question; assert or maintain:
claimed he had won the race; a candidate claiming many supporters.

(4)

To deserve or call for; require:
problems that claim her attention.
n.

(1)

A demand for something as rightful or due.

(2)

A basis for demanding something; a title or right.

(3)

Something claimed in a formal or legal manner, especially a tract of public land staked out by a miner or homesteader.

(4)

A demand for payment in accordance with an insurance policy or other formal arrangement.

(5)

The sum of money demanded.

(6)

A statement of something as a fact; an assertion of truth:
makes no claim to be a cure.

习惯用语

lay claim to
To assert one's right to or ownership of.

语源

(1)

Middle English claimen

(2)

from Old French clamer claim-

(3)

from Latin cl33re} [to call] * see kel- 2

继承用法

claimable
adj.

claimer
n.

参考词汇

(1)

claim, pretense, pretension, title

(2)

The central meaning shared by these nouns is “a legitimate or asserted right to demand something as one's rightful due”:
had a strong legal claim to the property;
makes no pretense to scholarliness;
pretensions to the chairmanship unjustified in every particular;
has no title to our thanks. See also Synonyms at demand

[名词委审定]英汉水利科技名词(定义版, 1997)

claim

(1)

索赔

(2)

在工程承包合同执行过程中,由于合同当事人双方的某一方负责的原因给另一方造成经济损失或工期延误,通过合法程序向对方要求补偿或赔偿的活动。

英汉船舶大词典

claim
n.要求

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

claim
要求;索赔;声称

英汉电信大词典

claim
n.要求,主张

英汉地质大词典

claim
n.采矿权申请书,开采权,面积度量单位

英汉法学大词典

claim
v.请求赔偿权 ,请求权,求偿,权利请求,声称,诉讼请求,债权,主张 , 认领 ,要求 ;n.请求 ,索赔

英汉航海大词典

claim
n.要求权

英汉航空大词典

claim
n.要求,认领

英汉化学大词典

claim
n.要求,要求赔偿损失权,主张,申请,值得;vt.要求,申请,认领,自称,必须,要求

英汉海运大词典

claim
索赔,申诉,起诉索赔,主张,要求

基本词义

claim
索赔

基本词义

claim
索赔损害索赔要求申诉,起诉

英汉经贸大词典

claim
n.要求权

英汉计算机大词典

claim
vt.要求(申请,认领;n.要求赔偿损失权(主张,值得)

英汉建筑大词典

claim
n.要求,申请

最新会计师英汉大词典

claim
赔偿要求,索赔,异议,要求权

英汉农牧林大词典

claim
n.采矿权申请书,开采权,面积度量单位

英汉汽车大词典

claim
n.要求权

英汉贸易大词典

claim
索赔,要求(权利),要求权

英汉消防大词典

claim
索赔(额),要求权

现代商务英汉大词典

claim
索赔,要求(权利),要求权

英汉冶金大词典

claim
n.要求,索赔

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