简明英汉词典

circus
[5sE:kEs]
n.
马戏团, 杂技团, 马戏场, 杂技场

美国传统词典[双解]

circus
cir.cus
AHD:[s?r“k…s]
D.J.[6s*8k*s]
K.K.[6s)k*s]
n.(名词)

(1)

A public entertainment consisting typically of a variety of performances by acrobats, clowns, and trained animals.
马戏表演:一种公众娱乐节目,通常由一系列高空杂技演员、小丑和驯兽的表演组成

(2)

A traveling company that performs such entertainments.
马戏团:表演马戏的流动团体

(3)

A circular arena, surrounded by tiers of seats and often covered by a tent, in which such shows are performed.
圆形马戏场:周围围绕着座位区的圆形场地,常覆有帐篷,表演在其中进行

(4)

A roofless, oval enclosure surrounded by tiers of seats that was used in antiquity for public spectacles.
竞技场:座位区围绕的无顶椭圆形场地,在古代用于公共活动

(5)

Chiefly British An open circular place where several streets intersect.
【多用于英国】 圆形交叉口,露天圆形广场:几条街交汇处的开放的圆形区域

(6)

Informal Something suggestive of a circus, as in frenetic activity or noisy disorder:
【非正式用语】 杂乱无章的事物:使人联想到马戏表演的事物,如在狂热的活动或喧嚷的混乱中:
“The city is a circus of the senses”(William H. Gass)
“城市是理念的竞技场”(威廉H.加斯)

语源

(1)

Middle English [round arena]
中古英语 [圆形竞技场]

(2)

from Latin [circus, circle] * see circle
源自 拉丁语 [环绕] *参见 circle

继承用法

circusy
adj.(形容词)

注释
The modern circus owes its name but fortunately not its regular program of events to the amusement of ancient times. The Latin word circus, which comes from the Greek word kirkos, “circle, ring,” referred to a circular or oval area enclosed by rows of seats for spectators. In the center ring, so to speak, was held a variety of events, including chariot races and gladiatorial combats, spectacles in which bloodshed and brutality were not uncommon. The first use of circus recorded in English, in a work by Chaucer written around 1380, probably refers to the Circus Maximus in Rome. Our modern circus, which dates to the end of the 18th century, was originally an equestrian spectacle as well, but the trick riders were soon joined in the ring by such performers as ropedancers, acrobats, and jugglers. Even though the circular shape of the arena and the equestrian nature of some of the performances are carried over from its Roman namesake, the modern circus, despite occasional accidental violence, has little connection with its brutal namesake of long ago.
现代马戏团应把它的名称归因于古时候的娱乐,值得庆幸地不是归因于它的固定节目。拉丁文的circus 源于希腊文 kirkos “圆,环”, 指被容纳观众的座位围起的圆形或椭圆形场地。在称之为中央环地的场地中举行多种表演,包括战车赛跑和角斗,屠杀和残暴的景象并不少见。英语中记录的circus 的最早使用, 是在乔叟写于大约1380年的一本著作里,可能意指罗马的大竞技场。现代马戏团可追溯到18世纪末,最初也是马术表演,但走钢丝演员、高空杂技演员和杂耍演员很快在圆形场地中加入特技骑手的行列。尽管马戏场地的圆形形状和一些表演的马术实质是由罗马的同名物得到的,现代马戏团,尽管偶尔出现意外的暴力,与它久远以前残暴的同名物几乎没有关联

现代英汉词典

circus
[5s\:kEs]
n.

(1)

马戏团;流动戏班
"Last Christmas, the circus owner, Jimmy Gates, decided to take some presents to a children's hospital."
"去年圣诞节,马戏团老板吉米.盖茨决定给一家儿童医院送些礼物。"

(2)

马戏

(3)

(英国城镇十字路口的) 圆形广场
Oxford Circus
牛津广场

(4)

吵吵嚷嚷的会议或活动

(5)

(古罗马)圆形竞技场

现代英汉综合大辞典

circus
[5sE:kEs]
n.

(1)

(圆形的)马戏场, 杂技场, (古罗马的)竞技场

(2)

马戏团, 杂技团, 马[杂技等]表演

(3)

[英]十字路口的圆形广场

(4)

[俚]欢乐的时光, 熙熙攘攘的热闹场面, 作某种有趣表演的一群人

(5)

(=flying circus)[军俚]飞行表演

(6)

【地质】外轮山
a circus clown
马戏[杂技]团小丑
circus performers
马戏杂技团演员
a travelling circus
流动马戏[杂技]团

习惯用语

bread and circuses
面包与马戏(泛指统治者为了笼络人心所施展的一种小恩小惠的手段)

pitch a circus
临时搭棚卖艺(表演马戏或杂技)

put up a circus
临时搭棚卖艺(表演马戏或杂技)

run a circus
演马戏[杂技]

there-ring circus
热闹壮观的场面; 引人入胜的事物; 嘈杂喧闹的处所

特殊用法

station circus
车站广场

traffic circus
环形交叉, 环形交通枢纽

用法词典

circus
来自拉丁语 circus 圆。因为马戏团表演场地是圆形的

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

circus
马戏

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

circus
圆形马戏场, 竞技场

美国传统词典

circus
cir.cus
AHD:[s?r“k…s]
D.J.[6s*8k*s]
K.K.[6s)k*s]
n.

(1)

A public entertainment consisting typically of a variety of performances by acrobats, clowns, and trained animals.

(2)

A traveling company that performs such entertainments.

(3)

A circular arena, surrounded by tiers of seats and often covered by a tent, in which such shows are performed.

(4)

A roofless, oval enclosure surrounded by tiers of seats that was used in antiquity for public spectacles.

(5)

Chiefly British An open circular place where several streets intersect.

(6)

Informal Something suggestive of a circus, as in frenetic activity or noisy disorder:
“The city is a circus of the senses”(William H. Gass)

语源

(1)

Middle English [round arena]

(2)

from Latin [circus, circle] * see circle

继承用法

circusy
adj.

注释
The modern circus owes its name but fortunately not its regular program of events to the amusement of ancient times. The Latin word circus, which comes from the Greek word kirkos, “circle, ring,” referred to a circular or oval area enclosed by rows of seats for spectators. In the center ring, so to speak, was held a variety of events, including chariot races and gladiatorial combats, spectacles in which bloodshed and brutality were not uncommon. The first use of circus recorded in English, in a work by Chaucer written around 1380, probably refers to the Circus Maximus in Rome. Our modern circus, which dates to the end of the 18th century, was originally an equestrian spectacle as well, but the trick riders were soon joined in the ring by such performers as ropedancers, acrobats, and jugglers. Even though the circular shape of the arena and the equestrian nature of some of the performances are carried over from its Roman namesake, the modern circus, despite occasional accidental violence, has little connection with its brutal namesake of long ago.

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

CIRCUS
= CIRCUit Simulator,电路模拟器

英汉地质大词典

circus
n.外轮山,冰斗,圆谷

英汉航空大词典

circus
n.特技飞行表演,诱惑性战斗机群

英汉化学大词典

circus
n.圆形,马戏场,外轮山

英汉计算机大词典

circus
n.圆形(马戏场,外轮山)

英汉建筑大词典

circus
n.圆形广场

英汉能源大词典

circus
n.圆形,外轮山

英汉心理学大词典

circus
圆形的

英汉冶金大词典

circus
n.环行运输机,圆形场地

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