简明英汉词典

circle
[5sE:kl]
n.
圆周, 圆形物, 派系, 循环
v.

(1)

围, 环绕

(2)

盘旋

美国传统词典[双解]

circle
cir.cle
AHD:[s?r“k…l]
D.J.[6s*8k*l]
K.K.[6s)k*l]
n.Abbr. cir, circ.(名词)缩写 circirc.

(1)

A plane curve everywhere equidistant from a given fixed point, the center.
圆,圆形:从定点(圆心)等距离到任一点的平面曲线

(2)

A planar region bounded by a circle.
圆形区,圆形空间:被圆所包围的一个平面区域

(3)

Something, such as a ring, shaped like such a plane curve.
圆形物,环状物:形状类似于圆的东西,如戒指

(4)

A circular course, circuit, or orbit:
圆形的路线、路径或轨道:
a satellite's circle around the earth.
卫星绕地球的环形轨道

(5)

A curved section or tier of seats in a theater.
楼厅包厢:剧院的弧形部分或座位层

(6)

A series or process that finishes at its starting point or continuously repeats itself; a cycle.
循环,周而复始:结束在其起点或持续重复其自身的系列或过程;循环

(7)

A group of people sharing an interest, activity, or achievement.
圈子,…界:分享同一兴趣、活动或成就的一群人

(8)

A territorial or administrative division, especially of a province, in some European countries.
行政区:领土部分或行政区域,尤指一些欧洲国家的省

(9)

A sphere of influence or interest; domain:
领域,范围:影响范围或兴趣范围;领域:
well-known in artistic circles.
在艺术圈里闻名

(10)

Logic A vicious circle.
【逻辑学】 恶性循环
v.(动词)
cir.cledcir.clingcir.cles
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To make or form a circle around; enclose.
包围:使或形成一个圈子围住;包围

(2)

To move in a circle around.
环绕,绕行
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To move in a circle.
环绕,绕行

语源

(1)

Middle English cercle
中古英语 cercle

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin circulus [diminutive of] circus [circle]
源自 拉丁语 circulus [] circus的小后缀 [圆]

(4)

from Greek kirkos, krikos * see sker- 2
源自 希腊语 kirkos, krikos *参见 sker- 2

继承用法

circler
AHD:[-kl…r] (名词)

参考词汇

(1)

circlecoteriesetclique

(2)

These nouns denote a group of people sharing an interest or activity.
这些名词代表了有同一兴趣或活动的一群人。

(3)

Circle connotes gravitation around a central point or element:
Circle 意味着绕一个中心点或中心元素的引力:
my circle of friends;
我的朋友圈子;
prominent in financial circles.
在经济界突出的。
“For the most of us, if we do not talk of ourselves, or at any rate of the individual circles of which we are the centers, we can talk of nothing” (Anthony Trollope).
“对于我们当中的绝大多数,如果我们不谈论自己或者以我们为中心的个人圈子,我们谈不了任何事” (安东尼·德洛皮)。

(4)

Coterie applies to a small, select group of congenial persons:
Coterie 用于情趣相投、志同道合的人们精选的小群体:
“a coterie of Wall Street bankers and their friends” (Robert B. Reich).
“华尔街银行家们和他们朋友的小圈子” (罗伯特·B·雷奇)。

(5)

Set suggests a large, loosely bound group, especially of persons of the same social status who have similar interests and tastes:
Set 指大的、松散结合的群体,尤指由有相近兴趣和品味的同一社会层次的人组成的群体:
“These men constituted the best set in the College. . . . All were reading men, and all good men” (Walter Besant). A
“这些人形成了大学里最好的群体…所有的都是读书人,也都是好人” (沃尔特·贝赞特)。

(6)

clique is an exclusive group, usually social and often participating in activities from which outsiders are barred:
clique 是一种排他性群体,常为社会性的并经常参加禁止局外人加入的活动:
“the narrow, often self-perpetuating cliques which control our lives, living standards and leisure” (John Lloyd).See also Synonyms at surround, turn
“支配我们生活、生活标准和余闲的狭隘的、经常自认为永存的集团” (约翰·劳埃德)参见同义词 surroundturn

现代英汉词典

circle
[5s\:k(E)l]
n.

(1)

(2)

环状物;圆形的东西;圆圈
They sat in a circle round the fire.
他们围着火坐成一圈。

(3)

(戏院里的)包厢座位;楼厅(座)

(4)

(有共同兴趣、利益的人形成的)圈子,集团
In political circles there is talk of war.
在政治圈里,有人谈论到(会发生)战争

词性变化

circle
vt., vi.
-cled, -cling

(1)

画圆圈
The teachers are used to circling the pupils' spelling mistakes in red ink.
教师习惯于用红笔圈出学生的拼写错误。

(2)

(常与round, about连用)环绕;绕旋;环行
The military aircraft circled over the landing strip for some time before it landed.
这架军用飞机着陆前在着陆跑道上空盘旋了一阵。
They knew by radio that the ship had just circled the Hope Cape.
他们通过无线电了解到船刚刚绕过了好望角。
The birds were circling around over the lake.
鸟儿在湖面上空绕圈子。

现代英汉综合大辞典

circle
[5sE:kl]
n.

(1)

圆, 圆周, 环, 圈, 环状物, 圆形物

(2)

周期, 循环

(3)

(天体运转的)轨道, (体操的)环转运动

(4)

(具有共同兴趣、利益的人们所形成的)集团, 圈子

(5)

领域, 范围,...界

(6)

【逻】循环论证

(7)

完整体系, 整体

(8)

铁道环形交叉口; 圆形场地; 圆形看台; (剧场的)楼厅; 马戏场
the circle of the seasons
四季的循环
a circle of friends
一群朋友
academic circles
学术界
cultural circles
文化界
military circles
军界
political circles
政界
ruling circles
统治集团
the upper circles
上层社会

词性变化

circle
[5sE:kl]
vt.
环绕, 绕过, 围
The plane circled the airport before landing.
飞机在着陆前绕机场环飞。

circle
[5sE:kl]
vi.

(1)

环行, 盘旋, 循环, 作圆周运动

(2)

流传
The birds circled around in the air.
鸟儿在空中盘旋。
The happy news soon circled round.
喜讯很快就传开了。

继承用法

circle-in
n.
外光圈打开

circle-out
n.
外光圈关闭

习惯用语

argue in circle
用循环论证法来辩论(先假设结论是前提的证据, 又利用前提去证明结论)

reason in circle
用循环论证法来辩论(先假设结论是前提的证据, 又利用前提去证明结论)

come full circle
兜了一圈, 回到原位, 绕...转一周, 周而复始

dress circle (=upper circle)
(剧院的)楼座前排(甲级座)

family circle

(1)

家庭圈子

(2)

[美](剧场中廉价的)家庭座

full circle (thinking)
充分的(考虑)

go all round the circle
(说话)婉转, 绕圈子

in a circle
呈圆形, 作环状, 围着..., 用循环论证法(论证)

in circle (=in circles)
打转转; 毫无进展

inner circle
核心集团

run round in circles
[口]忙得团团转

square the circle
求与圆面积相等的正方形; (转意)妄想, 妄图做不可实现的事情

swing around the circle
(政客)作巡回政治演讲

swing round the circle
(政客)作巡回政治演讲

vicious circle

(1)

恶性循环

(2)

循环论证法(以甲证乙, 又以乙证甲的一种逻辑错误)

特殊用法

aberration blur circle
象差模糊圈

addendum circle
齿顶圆

Antarctic circle
南极圈

approximate circle
近似圆

Arctic circle
北极圈

art circles
艺术界

asymptotic circle
渐近圆

auxiliary circle
辅助圆

azimuth circle
方向分划盘, 方位圆, 地平经圈

banking circles
银行界

base circle
(齿轮的)基圆

generating circle
(齿轮的)基圆

ground circle
(齿轮的)基圆

bearing circle
方向盘, 方位圆

blur circle
模糊图; 弥散圆

bolt circle
螺栓圆周

bolthole circle
螺栓孔分布圆

Brocard circle
布罗卡圆

broken circle
虚线圆

business circles
商界, 实业界, 工商界

calibration circle
(显示器荧光屏上的)刻度圆

cam circle
凸轮圆

causal circle
因果循环

centre circle
中心圆; 中圈

chroma circle
色度环(芒塞尔色系)

circumscribed circle
外接圆, 外切圆

coaxial circles
共轴圆

color circle
色环

commercial circles
商业界人士

compass circle
罗盘圈

concentric circles
同心圆

cosine circle
余弦圆

counterclockwise circle
反时针全旋

crank circle
曲柄圆

critical circle
临界圆

declination circle
赤纬圈; 时圈

dedendum circle
(设计)齿根圆

dip circle
磁倾仪

director circle
切距圆, 准圆

diurnal circle
周日平行圈, 周日圈, 日差变化, 日差循环, 星体日规圆

divided circle
刻度盘, 分度圆, 圆度盘

double-leg circle
双腿全旋

eccentric circle
偏心圆

economic circles
经济界

educational circles
教育界

electrode circle
电极圆(电炉)

escribed circle
旁切圆

failure circle
破坏弧

financial circles
财界, 金融界

focal circle
焦圆

focusing circle
聚焦圈

friction circle
摩擦圆

full circle
全循环

fundamental circle
基圆

galactic circle
银道圈

galvanic circle
导电回路, 电流回路

geodesic circle
测地圆

geodetic circle
大地圆(圈), 短程圆(圈)

geological circle
地质循环

graduated circle
刻度盘, 分度圈

great circle of a sphere
球的大圆

greater arterial circle
(虹膜)动脉大环

guard circle
保护圈

hole circle
孔圆

horizontal circle
水平圆

horopter circle
双眼单视界圆

hour circle
时刻度环, 时圈, 子午线

hue circle
色相环

image circle
图象圈

imaginary circle
虚图

impulse tangent circle
冲面圆

industrial circles
产业界

inertial circle
【气象, 航海】惯性圆

infinitesimal circle
无穷小圆

internally tangent circle
内切圆

isometric circle
等距圆

landing circle
圆形着陆航线

lap circle
余面圆

latitude circle
纬度圆; 纬度圈

life circle
生活圈; 生活周期

limit(ing) circle
极限圆

meridian circle
子午圈; 顶点, 高潮; 全盛期, 子午环

midpoint circle
中点圆

minute circle
分刻度环

mirror transit circle
镜式子午仪

non-degenerate circle
常态圆

nose circle
圆端

null circle
点圆, 零圆

ocular circle
出射光瞳

open circle
开圆

oriented circle
有向圆

orthogonal circles
正交圆

orthoptic circle
切距圆

orthotomic circle
三圆的直交圆

osculation circle
密切圆

outside circle
(齿轮的)齿顶圆

outside diameter circle
顶圆直径

parallel circles
平行圆

paraselenic circle
幻月环

parquet circle
剧院正厅后排; 后厅; 正厅的围座

pitch circle
节距圆

point circle
齿顶圆

polar circle
极圆

porous circle
孔环

position circle
【航海】位置圆

primary verticle circle
【天】卯酉圈

primitive circle
原圆

principal circle
主圆

proper circle
真圆, 常态圆

putting circle
铅球投掷圈

rack circle
扇形齿轮, 齿弧, 月牙轮; 圆齿条; 平面锥齿轮

radical circle
根圆

Ramsden circle
【光】冉斯登环

reading circle
读书会

reference circle
参考圆, 分度圆

reflection coefficient circle
反射系数圆

relative osculating circle
相对密切圆

rolling circle
(齿轮的)基圆, 展成圆, 滚动圆

root circle
(齿轮的)齿根圆

secant circle
正割圆

setting circle
定位圆

single circle
单轮

slide valve circle
滑阀圆

slip circle
滑弧

slope circle
坡圆

small circle
小圆;【航海】小圆航路

speed circle
【航空、航海】速度圆

sports circles
体育界

stress-strain circle
应力应变环; 应力应变圆

striking circle
击球圈

study circle
学习小组

tangent circle
相切圆

tilt circle
倾角圈

tip circle
顶圆; (螺旋桨)叶梢圆周

top circle
(齿轮的)外圆, 顶圆

topological circle
拓扑圆

torsion circle
扭环

traffic circle
环形交叉, 环形交通枢纽

transit circle
子午仪

tread circle
切轨圆

triplicate radio circle
三重切圆

turning circle
【航海】回转圆

unit circle
单位圆

upward circle
翻上

valve circle
阀圆

vertical circle
【天】地平经圈; (地测)垂直度盘

vicious circle
恶性循环

virtual circle
虚圆, 假圆

working circle
施业区, 林区

zero circle
基圆, 零周

zone circle
【晶】带圈

circle at infinity
无穷远[虚]圆

circle of antisimilitude
逆相似圆

circle of circulation
循环圆

circle of confusion
散光圈, 模糊圈; 散射圆盘

circle of curvature
【数】曲率圆

circle of diffusion
漫射圈, 散射圈

circle of equator
赤道圈

circle of higher order
高阶圆

circle of illumination
照明圈

circle of influence of well
井的影响圈

circle of perpetual apparition
【天】恒显圈

circle of perpetual occultation
【天】恒隐圈

circle of reflexion
反射圆

circle of revolution
绕转圆

circle of right ascension
【天】赤经圈

circle of rotation
旋转圆

circle of symmetry
对称圆

circle of vegetation
植被圈; 群落环

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

circle

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

circle

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

circle

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

circle

[七国语言]英汉数学大词典

circle
圆, 圆周

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

circle

美国传统词典

circle
cir.cle
AHD:[s?r“k…l]
D.J.[6s*8k*l]
K.K.[6s)k*l]
n.Abbr. cir, circ.

(1)

A plane curve everywhere equidistant from a given fixed point, the center.

(2)

A planar region bounded by a circle.

(3)

Something, such as a ring, shaped like such a plane curve.

(4)

A circular course, circuit, or orbit:
a satellite's circle around the earth.

(5)

A curved section or tier of seats in a theater.

(6)

A series or process that finishes at its starting point or continuously repeats itself; a cycle.

(7)

A group of people sharing an interest, activity, or achievement.

(8)

A territorial or administrative division, especially of a province, in some European countries.

(9)

A sphere of influence or interest; domain:
well-known in artistic circles.

(10)

Logic A vicious circle.
v.
cir.cled, cir.cling, cir.cles
v.tr.

(1)

To make or form a circle around; enclose.

(2)

To move in a circle around.
v.intr.
To move in a circle.

语源

(1)

Middle English cercle

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin circulus [diminutive of] circus [circle]

(4)

from Greek kirkos, krikos * see sker- 2

继承用法

circler
AHD:[-kl…r] n.

参考词汇

(1)

circle, coterie, set, clique

(2)

These nouns denote a group of people sharing an interest or activity.

(3)

Circle connotes gravitation around a central point or element:
my circle of friends;
prominent in financial circles.
“For the most of us, if we do not talk of ourselves, or at any rate of the individual circles of which we are the centers, we can talk of nothing” (Anthony Trollope).

(4)

Coterie applies to a small, select group of congenial persons:
“a coterie of Wall Street bankers and their friends” (Robert B. Reich).

(5)

Set suggests a large, loosely bound group, especially of persons of the same social status who have similar interests and tastes:
“These men constituted the best set in the College. . . . All were reading men, and all good men” (Walter Besant). A

(6)

clique is an exclusive group, usually social and often participating in activities from which outsiders are barred:
“the narrow, often self-perpetuating cliques which control our lives, living standards and leisure” (John Lloyd).See also Synonyms at surround, turn

[名词委审定]英汉测绘学名词(定义版, 2002)

circle

(1)

度盘

(2)

用于测量角度的分度圆盘。

[名词委审定]英汉数学名词(1993)

circle

英汉船舶大词典

circle
n.圈,圆,圆圈,圆,圆周,圈

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

circle
圆,圈,圆周;循环,周期;环绕

英汉电信大词典

circle
n.圆,周期

英汉地质大词典

circle
n.纬度圈,经度圈;n.圆,周期,环绕

英汉法学大词典

circle
n.集团

英汉纺织大词典

circle
n.圆,圆周,圈

英汉航海大词典

circle
n.园周

英汉航空大词典

circle
n.盘旋,旋转;n.圆,圆周

英汉化学大词典

circle
n.圆,圈,圆周,环绕,旋转,领域,小组,轨道,度盘,周期;vt.环绕,圈出,作圆周运动

英汉海运大词典

circle
圆,圈,环,环状物周期,循环沿圆周转动,环行,旋转

基本词义

circle
圆,圆周圈,环,环状物周期,循环沿圆周转动,环行旋转

基本词义

circle
圆,圆周圈,环沿圆周转动,环行旋转

基本词义

circle
圆圈环状物

英汉经贸大词典

circle
n.园周

英汉计算机大词典

circle
n.圆(圆形物,周期;vt.环绕(圈出,作圆周运动)

英汉机械大词典

circle
n.圆,圆周

英汉建筑大词典

circle
n.圆周运动

英汉农牧林大词典

circle
n.圆

英汉汽车大词典

circle
n.圆,周期

英汉贸易大词典

circle
入圈(美国证券术语)

英汉消防大词典

circle

英汉心理学大词典

circle

现代商务英汉大词典

circle
入圈(美国证券术语)

英汉冶金大词典

circle
n.圆,圆周

英汉医学大词典

circle
n.循环,圆形

英汉中医大词典

circle
n.周期,循环,轮

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