简明英汉词典

chivalry
[5FivElri]
n.
骑士精神, 骑士制度

美国传统词典[双解]

chivalry
chiv.al.ry
AHD:[sh1v“…l-r?]
D.J.[6.iv*lri8]
K.K.[6.!v*lri]
n.(名词)
【复数】 chiv.al.ries

(1)

The medieval system, principles, and customs of knighthood.
骑士制度:中世纪的骑士制度,道德准则及其习俗

(2)

The qualities idealized by knighthood, such as bravery, courtesy, honor, and gallantry toward women.
骑士品质:被骑士制度所理想化的品质,如勇敢、彬彬有礼、荣誉感以及对女人的殷勤等

(3)

A manifestation of any of these qualities.
这些品质的任一种表现

(4)

A group of knights or gallant gentlemen.
骑士团:一群骑士或勇武的绅士

语源

(1)

Middle English chivalrie
中古英语 chivalrie

(2)

from Old French chevalerie
源自 古法语 chevalerie

(3)

from chevalier [knight] * see chevalier
源自 chevalier [骑士] *参见 chevalier

注释
The Age of Chivalry was also the age of the horse. Bedecked in elaborate armor and other trappings, horses were certainly well dressed although they might have wished for lighter loads. That the horse should be featured so prominently during the Age of Chivalry is etymologically appropriate, because chivalry goes back to the Latin word caballus, “horse, especially a riding horse or packhorse.” Borrowed from French, as were so many other important words having to do with medieval English culture, the English word chivalry is first recorded in works composed around the beginning of the 14th century and is found in several senses, including “a body of armored mounted warriors serving a lord” and “knighthood as a ceremonially conferred rank in the social system.” Our modern sense, “the medieval system of knighthood,” could not exist until the passage of several centuries had allowed the perspective for such a conceptualization, with this sense being recorded first in 1765.
骑士时代同时也是马的时代。马被用精美的铠甲和其它马饰打扮起来,它们显然穿戴得很好,虽然它们可能会喜欢稍轻一些的负担。在骑士时代马被放在如此显要的地位,这从词源学上来看是恰当的,因为chivalry 一词可追溯到拉丁语中 caballus 一词, 即“马,尤其是用来骑的马或驮马”的意思。象与中世纪英国文化有关的许多其它重要的词一样,英语中chivalry 一词也是从法语中借用来的,最初出现在大约写于14世纪初的书籍中, 当时有好几个含义,其中包括:“为一名贵族服务的一队穿着铠甲、骑着马的武士”和“作为一种被正式授予的社会制度中等级的骑士资格”。我们现代的意义,即“中世纪的骑士制度”,是在几个世纪以后对这样一个概念的视角成为可能之时才出现的,这个意义最早出现在文字记载中是1765年

现代英汉词典

chivalry
[5FIv(E)lrI]
n.

(1)

(中世纪)武士制度,骑士制度

(2)

骑士气概;侠义

(3)

(男人)对女人彬彬有礼,对女人献殷勤

现代英汉综合大辞典

chivalry
[5FivElri]
n.

(1)

骑士制度

(2)

骑士气概[精神], 豪侠, 侠气

(3)

骑士团

(4)

妇女崇拜(者)
laws of chivalry
骑士制度的条例
the flower of chivalry
骑士(制度)的典范

美国传统词典

chivalry
chiv.al.ry
AHD:[sh1v“…l-r?]
D.J.[6.iv*lri8]
K.K.[6.!v*lri]
n.
pl. chiv.al.ries

(1)

The medieval system, principles, and customs of knighthood.

(2)

The qualities idealized by knighthood, such as bravery, courtesy, honor, and gallantry toward women.

(3)

A manifestation of any of these qualities.

(4)

A group of knights or gallant gentlemen.

语源

(1)

Middle English chivalrie

(2)

from Old French chevalerie

(3)

from chevalier [knight] * see chevalier

注释
The Age of Chivalry was also the age of the horse. Bedecked in elaborate armor and other trappings, horses were certainly well dressed although they might have wished for lighter loads. That the horse should be featured so prominently during the Age of Chivalry is etymologically appropriate, because chivalry goes back to the Latin word caballus, “horse, especially a riding horse or packhorse.” Borrowed from French, as were so many other important words having to do with medieval English culture, the English word chivalry is first recorded in works composed around the beginning of the 14th century and is found in several senses, including “a body of armored mounted warriors serving a lord” and “knighthood as a ceremonially conferred rank in the social system.” Our modern sense, “the medieval system of knighthood,” could not exist until the passage of several centuries had allowed the perspective for such a conceptualization, with this sense being recorded first in 1765.

英汉法学大词典

chivalry
骑士制度

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