简明英汉词典

chief
[tFi:f]
n.
首领, 领袖, 酋长, 长官, 主要部分, 最有价值的部分
adj.
主要的, 首要的, 首席的, 主任的

美国传统词典[双解]

chief
chief
AHD:[ch?f]
D.J.[t.i8f]
K.K.[t.if]
n.Abbr. ch., Ch., C.(名词)缩写 ch.Ch.C.

(1)

One who is highest in rank or authority; a leader.
首领:在等级或权威上最高的人;首领

(2)

Often Chief
常作 Chief

(3)

A chief petty officer.
无权的长官:一名为首但无权的官员

(4)

Nautical The chief engineer of a ship.
【航海】 轮机长:船上首席机械师

(5)

Slang A boss.
【俚语】 老板

(6)

Heraldry The upper section of a shield.
【纹章学】 纹章上段:盾牌的上面部分

(7)

The most important or valuable part.
主要部分:最重要的或最有价值的部分
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Highest in rank, authority, or office.
最高的:在等级、权威或者职位上最高的

(2)

Most important or influential.See Usage Note at perfect
最重要的或最具影响力的参见 perfect
adv.Archaic (副词)【古语】
Chiefly.
主要地

语源

(1)

Middle English chef
中古英语 chef

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin caput [head] * see kaput-
源自 拉丁语 caput [头目] *参见 kaput-

继承用法

chiefdom
n.(名词)

chiefship
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

chiefprincipalmainleadingforemostprimaryprime

(2)

These adjectives refer to what is first in rank or in importance.
这些形容词指在等级或重要性上占首要地位的东西。

(3)

Chief applies to a person of the highest authority:
Chief 适用于具有最高权威的一个人:
a chief magistrate. Used figuratively, chief implies maximum importance or value:
总统。 用作比喻意义时chief 含有最大重要性或最大价值的意思:
Her children were her chief joy.
她的孩子们是她最大的快乐。

(4)

Principal applies to someone or something of the first order in rank, power, or significance:
Principal 适用于在等级、权力或意义上处于第一位的人或物:
the principal cellist in an orchestra;
一支管弦乐队的第一大提琴;
their principal source of entertainment.
他们乐趣的第一来源。

(5)

Main applies to what exceeds others in extent, size, or importance:
Main 适用于在范围、尺寸、或重要性上超过其它的东西:
the main building on the campus;
校园里最主要的建筑物;
the main subject of conversation.
交谈中最主要的话题。

(6)

Leading suggests personal magnetism, a record of achievement, or suitability or capacity for influencing others:
Leading 含有个人吸引力、成就记录或者影响他人的适合性或能力的意思:
She is one of the leading physicians of the city.
她是城中最好的医生之一。

(7)

Foremost is closely related to leading but more strongly emphasizes first position and the sense of having forged ahead of others:
Foremost 同leading 有密切联系, 但更加强调第一的地位和遥遥领先于他人的含义:
the foremost research scientist of the day.
现今处于最前列的研究科学家。

(8)

Primary stresses first in the sense of origin, sequence, or development:
Primary 强调在起源、结果或者发展的意义上的第一位的:
attending primary school. It can also mean first in the sense of “basic” or “fundamental”:
上小学。 它也可以指在“基础的”或“根本的”意义上第一位的:
The primary function of a house is to provide warmth and shelter.
住宅最基本的功能是提供温暖,遮蔽风雨。

(9)

Prime applies to what is first in comparison with others and to what is of the best quality:
Prime 适用于与其它东西相比较处于第一位的东西以及质量最好的东西:
a theory of prime significance;
极具重要性的理论;
prime veal;
上等小牛肉;
a prime Burgundy.
头等勃良第红葡萄酒

现代英汉词典

chief
[tFi:f]
n.

(1)

领袖;首长;首领
the chief of police
警察局长
According to the Charter, the president is chief of the armed forces.
根据宪法规定,总统是武装部队的首脑。

(2)

头子;头目

(3)

(表示敬意或客气)老兄
‘Where to, Chief?’ the taxi driver asked me.
“到哪儿去,老兄?”出租汽车司机问我。

词性变化

chief
adj.
首要的;等级最高的;主任的
the chief priest
主任牧师
Rice is the chief crop in most southern provinces.
稻子是大多数南方省份的主要作物。
Slow speed is the chief drawback of sea shipment.
海运最大的缺点是速度慢。
The President of the US is the chief executive of the country.
美国总统是美国的最高行政长官。
The chief criminals shall be punished without fail.
首恶必办。

现代英汉综合大辞典

chief
[tFi:f]
n.

(1)

首领, 领袖

(2)

首长, 长官

(3)

头目, 头子

(4)

主要部分
the chief of the tribe
该部族的酋长
a chief of state
国家元首
chief of staff
参谋长

词性变化

chief
[tFi:f]
adj.

(1)

首要的, 主要的

(2)

主任的, 首席的
a chief engineer
总工程师
a chief mate
大副
chief of all
最主要的是...

继承用法

chief-composition-series
n.
主合成群列

chiefdom
[`tFi:fdEm]
n.
首领的地位

chiefless
[`tFi:flIs]
adj.
没有首领的

chiefship
[`tFi:fFIp]
n.
首领的地位

习惯用语

in chief

(1)

主要地, 尤其

(2)

在首席地位

chief itch and rub
[美俚]头子

特殊用法

fire chief
消防队长

line chief
机场保养组组长

pad chief
发射台台长

results office chief
成绩统计裁判长

section chief
工长

supply chief
司务长

chief of delegation
代表团团长

chief of finance
财务处长

chief of judges
裁判长

chief of office
办公室主任

chief of party
(工作)队长

英文相关词典

chief
authority    head    leader    subordinate    subservient    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

chief
知的

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

chief
知的

美国传统词典

chief
chief
AHD:[ch?f]
D.J.[t.i8f]
K.K.[t.if]
n.Abbr. ch., Ch., C.

(1)

One who is highest in rank or authority; a leader.

(2)

Often Chief

(3)

A chief petty officer.

(4)

Nautical The chief engineer of a ship.

(5)

Slang A boss.

(6)

Heraldry The upper section of a shield.

(7)

The most important or valuable part.
adj.

(1)

Highest in rank, authority, or office.

(2)

Most important or influential.See Usage Note at perfect
adv.Archaic
Chiefly.

语源

(1)

Middle English chef

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin caput [head] * see kaput-

继承用法

chiefdom
n.

chiefship
n.

参考词汇

(1)

chief, principal, main, leading, foremost, primary, prime

(2)

These adjectives refer to what is first in rank or in importance.

(3)

Chief applies to a person of the highest authority:
a chief magistrate. Used figuratively, chief implies maximum importance or value:
Her children were her chief joy.

(4)

Principal applies to someone or something of the first order in rank, power, or significance:
the principal cellist in an orchestra;
their principal source of entertainment.

(5)

Main applies to what exceeds others in extent, size, or importance:
the main building on the campus;
the main subject of conversation.

(6)

Leading suggests personal magnetism, a record of achievement, or suitability or capacity for influencing others:
She is one of the leading physicians of the city.

(7)

Foremost is closely related to leading but more strongly emphasizes first position and the sense of having forged ahead of others:
the foremost research scientist of the day.

(8)

Primary stresses first in the sense of origin, sequence, or development:
attending primary school. It can also mean first in the sense of “basic” or “fundamental”:
The primary function of a house is to provide warmth and shelter.

(9)

Prime applies to what is first in comparison with others and to what is of the best quality:
a theory of prime significance;
prime veal;
a prime Burgundy.

英汉船舶大词典

chief
n.主任,主要的

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

chief
负责人;【修】主(要),第一

英汉法学大词典

chief
adj.首要 ,长兄 ,主要,总

英汉航海大词典

chief
n.主任

英汉航空大词典

chief
n.长,主任;n.机械长;n.主任,首长

英汉化学大词典

chief
adj.主要的,首席的,总;n.主任,头目,主要部分

英汉海运大词典

chief
主任,首长主要部分主要的

基本词义

chief
首长主要的,首席的首席,主任,负责人重要部分,主要部分首领管事

基本词义

chief
主要的首领主任

基本词义

chief
主要的,首席的首席,主任,负责人重要部分,主要部分

基本词义

chief
主要的

英汉经贸大词典

chief
n.主任

英汉计算机大词典

chief
adj.主要的(首席的,总);n.主任(头目,主要部分)

英汉建筑大词典

chief
adj.主要的

英汉消防大词典

chief
【消】长官<美国消防部门大队长和大队级以上官员>

英汉中医大词典

chief
n.主要的,主要部分

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