简明英汉词典

check over
检查过

美国传统词典[双解]

check
check
AHD:[chμk]
D.J.[t.ek]
K.K.[t.Wk]
n.(名词)

(1)

An action or influence that stops motion or expression; a restraint:
阻碍:使运动或表达中断的动作或影响;阻碍:
Heavy rains were a check on the army's advance.
大雨阻挡了军队的前进

(2)

The condition of being stopped or held back; restraint:
抑制:被中断或阻止的状态;克制:
kept my temper in check; holding agricultural pests in check with sprays.
克制我的脾气;用喷雾剂灭农业害虫

(3)

An abrupt stop in forward movement or progress; a halt.
中断:在前进的运动或过程中突然停止;中断

(4)

The act or an instance of inspecting or testing, as for accuracy or quality; examination:
检查:为准确性或质量而做的调查或检验;检查核对:
the careful check of each unit before sale; gave the car an oil check.
在出售之前对每一部分所做的仔细检查;检查一下汽车的汽油

(5)

A standard for inspecting or evaluating; a test.
标准:检验或评估的标准;测试

(6)

A check mark.
检查符号

(7)

A ticket or slip of identification:
用以识别的票证或纸片:
a baggage check.
行李标签

(8)

A bill at a restaurant or bar.
帐单:餐馆或酒吧的帐单

(9)

Games A chip or counter used in gambling.
【游戏】 筹码:赌博中用的筹码

(10)

Abbr. ch., ck.A written order to a bank to pay the amount specified from funds on deposit; a draft.
缩写 ch.ck.支票:给银行从存款中支付具体款项的书面支票;汇票

(11)

A small crack; a chink.
小裂缝;裂口

(12)

A pattern of small squares, as on a chessboard.
如国际象棋中的一小格

(13)

One of the squares of such a pattern.
一格:格子图案上的一格

(14)

A fabric patterned with squares:
格子布:有方格图案的织物:
a dress of pale green check.
浅绿色的格子服装

(15)

Abbr. chGames
缩写 ch【游戏】

(16)

A move in chess that directly attacks an opponent's king but does not constitute a checkmate.
将军:下棋中直接进攻对方的“国王”但并没有彻底将死的一着

(17)

The position or condition of a king so attacked.
将军:被将军的“国王”的位置或处境

(18)

Sports The act of blocking or impeding an opponent in control of the puck in ice hockey, either with one's body or one's stick.
【体育运动】 身体阻挡:在冰球运动中为了控制冰球而用身体或球棍阻挡或挤贴对手的行为
interj.(感叹词)

(1)

Games Used to declare that a chess opponent's king is in check.
【游戏】 将军!:宣布下棋的对手的“国王”处于被将军状态时用的感叹词

(2)

Informal Used to express agreement or understanding.
【非正式用语】 行,好:表示同意或理解的感叹词
v.(动词)
checkedcheck.ingchecks
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To arrest the motion of abruptly; halt:
使…突然停止;中断:
checked the flow by shutting a valve.
关上阀门阻止水流

(2)

To hold in restraint; curb:
抑制,遏制:
check an impulse to laugh.See Synonyms at restrain
抑止住想要笑的冲动参见 restrain

(3)

To slow the growth of; retard.
使…生长变慢;阻止

(4)

To rebuke; rebuff.
责备;谴责

(5)

To inspect so as to determine accuracy, quality, or other condition; test:
检查:为确定准确性、质量或别的情况而进行检查;测试:
checked the brakes and lights for defects; checked out the system to make sure there were no errors in the software.
检查刹车和车灯有没有毛病;对系统进行检查以确保软件没有任何错误

(6)

To verify by consulting a source or authority:
检查:通过查阅资料或请教权威人士而确认:
checked her facts before speaking; check a spelling in the dictionary.
在演讲之前核查她的事实;翻看字典检查一个词的拼写

(7)

To put a check mark on or next to:
在…上或旁边打勾:
checked off each item on the shopping list.
把购物清单上每一项都勾掉

(8)

To deposit for temporary safekeeping:
暂放:为暂时的安全而存放:
checked his coat at the door.
把衣服暂放在门边

(9)

To consign (luggage, for example) for shipment on a transportation vehicle:
在交通工具上托运(例如行李):
checked her bags and boarded the plane.
托运了她的旅行袋并登上了飞机

(10)

To make cracks or chinks in:
使…裂缝或裂口:
Sunlight dried and checked the paint.
阳光晒干了画并使它有了裂缝

(11)

Games To move in chess so as to put (an opponent's king) under direct attack.
【游戏】 将军:在下棋中走一着使对手的“国王”受到直接的进攻

(12)

Sports To block or impede (an opposing player with the puck) in ice hockey by using one's body or one's stick.
【体育运动】 阻挡:在冰球运动中用身体或球棍阻挡或挤贴(控制着冰球的对手)
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To come to an abrupt halt; stop.
突然中断;停止

(2)

To agree point for point; correspond:
逐项相符;与…一致:
The fingerprints checked with the ones on file.
这些指纹与文件上的完全符合

(3)

To be verified or confirmed; pass inspection:
被证实或被肯定;通过检查:
The suspect's story checked out.
嫌疑犯讲述的故事得到了证实

(4)

To make an examination or investigation; inquire:
进行检验或调查;查问:
phoned to check on the departure time; checked into the rumor.
打电话查问出发时间;对传闻进行调查

(5)

To write a check on a bank account.
在银行帐户上开支票

(6)

To undergo cracking in a pattern of checks, as paint does.
如油漆等出现格子图案状的裂纹

(7)

Games To place a chess opponent's king in check.
【游戏】 将军:对下棋对手的“国王”将军

(8)

To pause to relocate a scent. Used of hunting dogs.
指猎狗停顿一下来重新辨别气味的方位

(9)

To abandon the proper game and follow baser prey. Used of trained falcons.
指猎鹰放弃应捕猎物而去追次要的猎物

(10)

Sports To block or impede an opposing player carrying the puck in ice hockey.
【体育运动】 阻拦:冰球运动中阻拦或挤贴控制着冰球的对队员

常用词组

check in
To register, as at a hotel.
在旅馆登记住宿

check out

(1)

To settle one's bill and leave a hotel or other place of lodging.
结帐离开:结帐并且离开旅馆或其它住所

(2)

To withdraw (an item) after recording the withdrawal:
办妥手续之后取出(某物):
check out books.
借出书籍

(3)

To record and total up the prices of and receive payment for (items being purchased) at a retail store:
收款:零售商店中对所购商品的记录、计价及收款:
The cashier checked out and bagged my order.
收款员计价收款并给我包装了商品

check over
To look over; examine:
查看;检查:
The teacher checked the students' papers over.
老师仔细查看了学生们的试卷

语源

(1)

Middle English chek [check in chess]
中古英语 chek [国际象棋中的将军]

(2)

from Old French eschec
源自 古法语 eschec

(3)

from Arabic sh3h
源自 阿拉伯语 sh3h

(4)

from Persian [king, king in chess] * see shah
源自 波斯语 [国王,国际象棋中的“国王”] *参见 shah

继承用法

checkable
adj.(形容词)

注释
The words check , chess , and shah are all related. Shah, as one might think, is a borrowing into English of the Persian title for the monarch of that country. The Persian word sh3h was also a term used in chess, a game played in Persia long before it was introduced to Europe. One said sh3h as a warning when the opponent's king was under attack. The Persian word in this sense, after passing through Arabic, probably Old Spanish, and then Old French, came into Middle English as chek about seven hundred years ago. Chess itself comes from a plural form of the Old French word that gave us the word check. Checkmate, the next stage after check, goes back to the Arabic phrase sh33t,} meaning “the king is stymied.” Through a complex development having to do with senses that evolved from the notion of checking the king, check came to mean something used to ensure accuracy or authenticity. One such means was a counterfoil, a part of a check, for example, retained by the issuer as documentation of a transaction. Check first meant “counterfoil” and then came to mean anything, such as a bill or bank draft, with a counterfoil—or eventually even without one.
单词check , chess 和 shah 是互相关联的。 Shah 就象有人可能想象的那样, 是英语里的外来词,原指波斯国王的称号。波斯词语shah 也是国际象棋中的术语, 国际象棋在被引进欧洲之前早就在波斯流传。当对手的“国王”受到攻击时我们说shah 作为一种警告。 这个意义的波斯单词,通过阿拉伯语,可能还有古西班牙语和后来的古法语,大约在七百年前被收入中世纪英语中chek 。 Chess 本身来自于古法语 check 的复数形式。 Checkmate ,是 check 的下一步, 来自于阿拉伯短语shah mat, 意思是“国王进退两难”。从对“国王”将军这个概念演化而来,check 的含义经历了复杂的发展过程,它后来指用以确保准确性或真实性的某种东西。 例如,其中一个含义是指作为支票的一部分的存根,由签发支票的人保留作为交易的单据。Check 最初是指“存根”, 后来指任何有存根的东西,如帐单或银行汇票等,最后甚至指没有存根的东西

美国传统词典

check
check
AHD:[chμk]
D.J.[t.ek]
K.K.[t.Wk]
n.

(1)

An action or influence that stops motion or expression; a restraint:
Heavy rains were a check on the army's advance.

(2)

The condition of being stopped or held back; restraint:
kept my temper in check; holding agricultural pests in check with sprays.

(3)

An abrupt stop in forward movement or progress; a halt.

(4)

The act or an instance of inspecting or testing, as for accuracy or quality; examination:
the careful check of each unit before sale; gave the car an oil check.

(5)

A standard for inspecting or evaluating; a test.

(6)

A check mark.

(7)

A ticket or slip of identification:
a baggage check.

(8)

A bill at a restaurant or bar.

(9)

Games A chip or counter used in gambling.

(10)

Abbr. ch., ck.A written order to a bank to pay the amount specified from funds on deposit; a draft.

(11)

A small crack; a chink.

(12)

A pattern of small squares, as on a chessboard.

(13)

One of the squares of such a pattern.

(14)

A fabric patterned with squares:
a dress of pale green check.

(15)

Abbr. chGames

(16)

A move in chess that directly attacks an opponent's king but does not constitute a checkmate.

(17)

The position or condition of a king so attacked.

(18)

Sports The act of blocking or impeding an opponent in control of the puck in ice hockey, either with one's body or one's stick.
interj.

(1)

Games Used to declare that a chess opponent's king is in check.

(2)

Informal Used to express agreement or understanding.
v.
checked, check.ing, checks
v.tr.

(1)

To arrest the motion of abruptly; halt:
checked the flow by shutting a valve.

(2)

To hold in restraint; curb:
check an impulse to laugh.See Synonyms at restrain

(3)

To slow the growth of; retard.

(4)

To rebuke; rebuff.

(5)

To inspect so as to determine accuracy, quality, or other condition; test:
checked the brakes and lights for defects; checked out the system to make sure there were no errors in the software.

(6)

To verify by consulting a source or authority:
checked her facts before speaking; check a spelling in the dictionary.

(7)

To put a check mark on or next to:
checked off each item on the shopping list.

(8)

To deposit for temporary safekeeping:
checked his coat at the door.

(9)

To consign (luggage, for example) for shipment on a transportation vehicle:
checked her bags and boarded the plane.

(10)

To make cracks or chinks in:
Sunlight dried and checked the paint.

(11)

Games To move in chess so as to put (an opponent's king) under direct attack.

(12)

Sports To block or impede (an opposing player with the puck) in ice hockey by using one's body or one's stick.
v.intr.

(1)

To come to an abrupt halt; stop.

(2)

To agree point for point; correspond:
The fingerprints checked with the ones on file.

(3)

To be verified or confirmed; pass inspection:
The suspect's story checked out.

(4)

To make an examination or investigation; inquire:
phoned to check on the departure time; checked into the rumor.

(5)

To write a check on a bank account.

(6)

To undergo cracking in a pattern of checks, as paint does.

(7)

Games To place a chess opponent's king in check.

(8)

To pause to relocate a scent. Used of hunting dogs.

(9)

To abandon the proper game and follow baser prey. Used of trained falcons.

(10)

Sports To block or impede an opposing player carrying the puck in ice hockey.

常用词组

check in
To register, as at a hotel.

check out

(1)

To settle one's bill and leave a hotel or other place of lodging.

(2)

To withdraw (an item) after recording the withdrawal:
check out books.

(3)

To record and total up the prices of and receive payment for (items being purchased) at a retail store:
The cashier checked out and bagged my order.

check over
To look over; examine:
The teacher checked the students' papers over.

语源

(1)

Middle English chek [check in chess]

(2)

from Old French eschec

(3)

from Arabic sh3h

(4)

from Persian [king, king in chess] * see shah

继承用法

checkable
adj.

注释
The words check , chess , and shah are all related. Shah, as one might think, is a borrowing into English of the Persian title for the monarch of that country. The Persian word sh3h was also a term used in chess, a game played in Persia long before it was introduced to Europe. One said sh3h as a warning when the opponent's king was under attack. The Persian word in this sense, after passing through Arabic, probably Old Spanish, and then Old French, came into Middle English as chek about seven hundred years ago. Chess itself comes from a plural form of the Old French word that gave us the word check. Checkmate, the next stage after check, goes back to the Arabic phrase sh33t,} meaning “the king is stymied.” Through a complex development having to do with senses that evolved from the notion of checking the king, check came to mean something used to ensure accuracy or authenticity. One such means was a counterfoil, a part of a check, for example, retained by the issuer as documentation of a transaction. Check first meant “counterfoil” and then came to mean anything, such as a bill or bank draft, with a counterfoil—or eventually even without one.

英汉地质大词典

check over
n.全面检查

英汉航海大词典

check over
vt.彻底检查

英汉能源大词典

check over
n.全面检查

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