简明英汉词典

chasten
[5tFeisn]
v.
磨炼

美国传统词典[双解]

chasten
chas.ten
AHD:[ch3“s…n]
D.J.[6t.eis*n]
K.K.[6t.es*n]
v.tr.(及物动词)
chas.tenedchas.ten.ingchas.tens

(1)

To correct by punishment or reproof; take to task.
申斥,斥责:通过惩罚或责备使改正;申斥

(2)

To restrain; subdue:
抑制;使顺从:
chasten a proud spirit.
抑制傲慢的个性

(3)

To rid of excess; refine or purify:
去除累赘;净化,纯化:
chasten a careless writing style.
使随便草率的文风变得简洁朴实

语源

(1)

Alteration of obsolete chaste
废语 chaste的变化

(2)

from Middle English chasten, chastien
源自 中古英语 chasten, chastien

(3)

from Old French chastiier
源自 古法语 chastiier

(4)

from Latin castig3e * see castigate
源自 拉丁语 castig3e *参见 castigate

继承用法

chastener
n.(名词)

现代英汉词典

chasten
[5tFeIs(E)n]
vt.
惩戒;教训;磨练
He was chastened by the traffic accident; he had nearly died.
他在这场车祸中受到了教训,车祸几乎使他送了命。

现代英汉综合大辞典

chasten
[5tFeisn]
vt.

(1)

惩戒, 责罚; 折磨

(2)

抑制; 缓和

(3)

磨炼; 推敲(文章等); 纯洁(思想等)

继承用法

chastened
adj.
精练的; 经磨练的; 变乖了的

chastener
n.
惩戒者

chasteningly
adv.

chastenment
n.

英文相关词典

chasten
chastise    discipline    punish    restrain    

美国传统词典

chasten
chas.ten
AHD:[ch3“s…n]
D.J.[6t.eis*n]
K.K.[6t.es*n]
v.tr.
chas.tened, chas.ten.ing, chas.tens

(1)

To correct by punishment or reproof; take to task.

(2)

To restrain; subdue:
chasten a proud spirit.

(3)

To rid of excess; refine or purify:
chasten a careless writing style.

语源

(1)

Alteration of obsolete chaste

(2)

from Middle English chasten, chastien

(3)

from Old French chastiier

(4)

from Latin castig3e * see castigate

继承用法

chastener
n.

英汉心理学大词典

chasten
惩戒

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