简明英汉词典

charlatan
[5FB:lEtEn]
n.
吹牛者

美国传统词典[双解]

charlatan
char.la.tan
AHD:[sh?r“l…-t…n]
D.J.[6.$8l*t*n]
K.K.[6.$l*t*n]
n.(名词)
A person who makes elaborate, fraudulent, and often voluble claims to skill or knowledge; a quack or fraud.See Synonyms at impostor
假内行,庸医,骗子:精心制作或制造欺骗的人,而且对自己的技术或知识常常夸大其辞的人;江湖医生或骗子参见 impostor

语源

(1)

French
法语

(2)

from Italian ciarlatano
源自 意大利语 ciarlatano

(3)

probably alteration influenced by ciarlare [to prattle]
可能为 受 ciarlare的影响 [胡扯,乱扯]

(4)

of cerretano
cerretano的变化

(5)

inhabitant of Cerreto [a city of Italy once famous for its quacks]
塞利托 [意大利一城市,一度以其江湖医生而闻名]

继承用法

charlatanic
AHD:[-t2n“1k] 或 charla.tani.cal (形容词)

charlatanism 或

charlatanry
n.(名词)

注释
A charlatan and chatter are inseparable, even perhaps in the etymology of charlatan. According to one explanation, charlatan goes back through French to Italian ciarlatano, “mountebank, fraud,” from the word ciarlare, “to chatter.” Another explanation would derive charlatan from the Italian word cerretano, “an inhabitant of Cerreto, a quack,” the village of Cerreto being noted for its charlatans. It seems, however, that both ciarlare and cerretano have been involved in the formation of the Italian word. The first example of the English word and of its earliest recorded sense, “huckster, especially of medicines, who gives his pitch to a crowd; mountebank,”is found in 1618. The sense familiar to us, “a person pretending to skill or knowledge,” is first recorded in 1809.
“冒充内行者”与“喋喋不休”是分不开的,甚至也许在charlatan 的词源上。 根据一种解释,charlatan 可以由法语追溯到意大利语的 ciarlatano, “江湖郎中,骗子”, 其来自ciarlare “喋喋不休”。 另一种解释是从意大利词cerretano 派生出 charlatan, “塞利托的居民,庸医,” 以其庸医闻名的塞利托村。但似乎ciarlare 与 cerretano 两个词都与这个意大利词的形成有关。 这个英语词第一个例子以及它最早记载的意义,“大吹大擂推销商品的人,尤指向人群推销药品的人;江湖医生,”见于1618年。对于我们熟悉的含义,“冒充在技能和知识上内行的人,”最早记载于1809年

现代英汉词典

charlatan
[5FB:lEtEn]
n.
庸医;江湖骗子
That charlatan! I lost thousands of dollars because I followed his advice.
那个骗子!听了他的话,我损失了好几千美元。

现代英汉综合大辞典

charlatan
[5FB:lEtEn]
n.

(1)

骗子; 假内行

(2)

庸医

词性变化

charlatan
[5FB:lEtEn]
adj.
假充内行的, 骗人的

继承用法

charlatanic (al)
adj.

charlatanism,charlatanry
n.
吹牛; 蒙混, 欺骗; 庸医的行为charlatanish

词性变化

charlatan
[5FB:lEtEn]
adj.
庸医般的, 骗人的

美国传统词典

charlatan
char.la.tan
AHD:[sh?r“l…-t…n]
D.J.[6.$8l*t*n]
K.K.[6.$l*t*n]
n.
A person who makes elaborate, fraudulent, and often voluble claims to skill or knowledge; a quack or fraud.See Synonyms at impostor

语源

(1)

French

(2)

from Italian ciarlatano

(3)

probably alteration influenced by ciarlare [to prattle]

(4)

of cerretano

(5)

inhabitant of Cerreto [a city of Italy once famous for its quacks]

继承用法

charlatanic
AHD:[-t2n“1k] or charla.tani.cal adj.

charlatanism or

charlatanry
n.

注释
A charlatan and chatter are inseparable, even perhaps in the etymology of charlatan. According to one explanation, charlatan goes back through French to Italian ciarlatano, “mountebank, fraud,” from the word ciarlare, “to chatter.” Another explanation would derive charlatan from the Italian word cerretano, “an inhabitant of Cerreto, a quack,” the village of Cerreto being noted for its charlatans. It seems, however, that both ciarlare and cerretano have been involved in the formation of the Italian word. The first example of the English word and of its earliest recorded sense, “huckster, especially of medicines, who gives his pitch to a crowd; mountebank,”is found in 1618. The sense familiar to us, “a person pretending to skill or knowledge,” is first recorded in 1809.

英汉化学大词典

charlatan
n.骗子,庸医;adj.骗人的,吹牛的

英汉计算机大词典

charlatan
n.骗子(庸医);adj.骗人的(吹牛的)

英汉心理学大词典

charlatan
庸医

英汉医学大词典

charlatan
n.江湖医生,痈医

英汉中医大词典

charlatan
n.庸医,江湖医

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