简明英汉词典

charge
[tFB:dV]
n.
负荷, 电荷, 费用, 主管, 掌管, 充电, 充气, 装料
v.
装满, 控诉, 责令, 告诫, 指示, 加罪于, 冲锋, 收费

美国传统词典[双解]

charge
charge
AHD:[ch?rj]
D.J.[t.$8d9]
K.K.[t.$d9]
v.(动词)
chargedcharg.ingcharg.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To impose a duty, responsibility, or obligation on:
使承担:使承担任务、责任或义务:
charged him with the task of watching the young swimmers.
使他承担起看护年轻游泳者的任务

(2)

To set or ask (a given amount) as a price:
索价,要价:要(定量的钱)作为收费:
charges ten dollars for a haircut.
理一次发要价十美元

(3)

To hold financially liable; demand payment from:
使有责任还钱;要求支付:
charged her for the balance due.
让她支付欠款

(4)

To postpone payment on (a purchase) by recording as a debt:
赊购:记帐以推迟对(购买)的付款:
paid cash for the stockings but charged the new coat.
袜子付了现金但又赊购了一件新外套

(5)

To load to capacity; fill:
装满;充满:
charge a furnace with coal.
往壁炉里装炭

(6)

To saturate; impregnate:
使饱合;使充满:
The atmosphere was charged with tension.
充满了紧张的气氛

(7)

To load (a gun or other firearm) with a quantity of explosive:
装弹药:为(枪炮或其他火器)装入一定的弹药:
charged the musket with powder.
往枪里装入火药

(8)

To instruct or urge authoritatively; command:
指示,要求;命令:
charged her not to reveal the source of information.
指示她不许泄露消息来源

(9)

Law To instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence.
【法律】 下指令给陪审团:就法律及其适用范围和证据的权衡向(陪审团)作说明

(10)

To make a claim of wrongdoing against; accuse or blame:
指责,控告:提出对不法行为的指控;控告或责难:
The police charged him with car theft. Critics charged the writer with a lack of originality.
警方以偷车罪指控他。评论家指责这位作家缺少独创性

(11)

To put the blame for; attribute or impute:
归咎于;归因于,归罪于:
charged the accident to the driver's inexperience.
将事故原因归结于驾驶员缺少经验

(12)

To attack violently:
猛攻:
The troops charged the enemy line.
军队猛攻敌人阵线

(13)

Electricity
【电学】

(14)

To cause formation of a net electric charge on or in (a conductor, for example).
使带电荷:促使(如导体内)净电荷形成

(15)

To energize (a storage battery) by passing current through it in the direction opposite to discharge.
充电:按放电相反的方向为一(蓄电池)充电

(16)

To excite; rouse:
鼓动,激发:
a speaker who knows how to charge up a crowd.
知道如何鼓动群众的演说者

(17)

To direct or put (a weapon) into position for use; level.
瞄准:将(武器)准备好以射击;瞄准

(18)

Heraldry To place a bearing on.
【纹章学】 将纹章挂上
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To rush forward in or as if in a violent attack:
攻击,冲锋:猛攻而向前冲:
dogs trained to charge at intruders; children charging through the house.
狗被训练来攻击闯入者;孩子们冲出房间

(2)

To demand or ask payment:
要求支付:
did not charge for the second cup of coffee.
第二杯咖啡不需付钱

(3)

To postpone payment for a purchase.
赊购货物

(4)

Accounting To consider or record as a loss. Often used with off.
【会计学】 记在借方项下。常与off 连用
n.(名词)

(1)

Abbr. chg.
缩写 chg.

(2)

Expense; cost.
费用;花费

(3)

The price asked for something:
价格,收费:
no charge for window-shopping.
浏览商店橱窗免费

(4)

A weight or burden; a load:
负担;负载:
a freighter relieved of its charge of cargo.
已卸下所装货物的货船

(5)

The quantity that a container or apparatus can hold.
最大容量:集装箱或容器的装载容量

(6)

A quantity of explosive to be set off at one time.
弹药量:一次发射用的炸药量

(7)

An assigned duty or task; a responsibility:
任务,责任:分配的义务或任务;责任:
The commission's charge was to determine the facts.
委员会的任务是判定事实

(8)

One that is entrusted to another's care or management:
被照管的人:交托他人照顾或管理的人:
the baby sitter's three young charges.
保姆照管的三个孩子

(9)

Supervision; management:
监督;管理:
the scientist who had overall charge of the research project.
这位科学家全面负责管理这项研究项目

(10)

Care; custody:
照管;监护:
a child put in my charge.
由我照管的孩子

(11)

An order, a command, or an injunction.
命令,指示,训诫

(12)

Law Instruction given by a judge to a jury about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence.
【法律】 法官对陪审团下的指令:由法官就法律及其适用范围和证据的权衡等问题向陪审团作的说明

(13)

A claim of wrongdoing; an accusation:
指控;控告:
a charge of murder; pleaded not guilty to the charges.
指控犯谋杀罪;对控诉辩称无罪

(14)

A rushing, forceful attack:
冲击,攻击:快速而强有力的攻击:
repelled the charge of enemy troops; the charge of a herd of elephants.
击退了敌军的冲锋;一群大象的冲击

(15)

The command to attack:
冲锋号:
The bugler sounded the charge.
号手吹响了冲锋号

(16)

Abbr. chg.A debt or an entry in an account recording a debt:
缩写 chg.借款,记帐:帐目上记录负债的借项或项目:
Are you paying cash or is this a charge?
你付现金呢还是记帐?

(17)

Abbr. chg.A financial burden, such as a tax or lien.
缩写 chg.财政负担:财政负担,如税或抵押

(18)

Symbol q Physics
符号 q 【物理学】

(19)

The intrinsic property of matter responsible for all electric phenomena, in particular for the force of the electromagnetic interaction, occurring in two forms arbitrarily designated negative and positive.
负荷:构成所有电子现象(尤指电磁感应力)起因的物质的固有属性,以两种任意命名的形式负 和 正 出现

(20)

A measure of this property.
电荷量:这种属性的计量单位

(21)

The net measure of this property possessed by a body or contained in a bounded region of space.
静电荷:物体所带有的或一固定区域空间内含有的净电荷

(22)

Informal A feeling of pleasant excitement; a thrill:
【非正式用语】 快感;刺激:令人愉悦的激动的感觉;刺激:
got a real charge out of the movie.
从看电影中得到刺激

(23)

Heraldry A bearing or figure.
【纹章学】 纹章,图记

习惯用语

in charge

(1)

In a position of leadership or supervision:
主管,领导,负责:处于领导或管理的职位:
the security agent in charge at the airport.
机场保安部的负责人

(2)

Chiefly British Under arrest.
【多用于英国】 被捕的,在押的

in charge of
Having control over or responsibility for:
管理,负责:具有对…的控制或责任的:
You're in charge of making the salad.
你负责做沙拉

语源

(1)

Middle English chargen [to load]
中古英语 chargen [装满]

(2)

from Old French chargier
源自 古法语 chargier

(3)

from Late Latin carric3e
源自 后期拉丁语 carric3e

(4)

from Latin carrus [cart]
源自 拉丁语 carrus [马车]

(5)

[of Celtic origin] * see kers-
[来源于凯尔特语] *参见 kers-

参考词汇

(1)

chargefreightimbueimpregnatepermeatepervadesaturatesuffuse

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to cause to be filled with a particular mood or tone”:
这些动词共有的一个中心意思是“使充满一种特殊的情绪或气氛”:
an atmosphere charged with excitement;
激动热烈的气氛;
a pause freighted with meaning;
充满含义的停顿;
poetry imbued with grace;
浸透着文雅的诗篇;
a spirit impregnated with lofty ideals;
充满崇高理想的精神;
optimism that permeates a group;
充盈于组员心中的乐观主义;
letters pervaded with gloom;
充满阴郁气息的信件;
a novel saturated with imagination;
充满想象的一部小说;
a heart suffused with love. See also Synonyms at care, price
充满爱的心灵 参见同义词 careprice

现代英汉词典

charge
[tFB:dV]
vt., vi.
charged, charging

(1)

要价;索价;要人支付;收费
The fruit seller charged me too much money.
这个水果商要了我很多的钱。
How much did he charge you for repairing the bicycle?
他修理自行车收了你多少钱?
How much do you charge for your mushrooms?
你的蘑菇要什么价钱?
Do you charge for the use of the office telephone at off-duty time?
下班时间打办公电话你们收不收费?
That seaside hotel charges exorbitant prices during the summer holidays.
那家海滨旅馆在夏天休假期间漫天要价。

(2)

(与to, up to连用)记账;在帐册等上记入…
Don't forget to charge the money of the shoes to my account.
别忘了把鞋钱记在我帐上。

(3)

猛冲;攻击;向前冲
Charge!
冲锋!
The boy charged into the room.
男孩冲进屋里。
Suddenly the wild animal charged at us.
突然那头野兽朝我们冲过来。

(4)

(常与with连用)责令;公开指责;控诉
He was charged with stealing a car.
他被指控偷了一辆汽车。
Those young men were charged by the police with causing a disturbance in the neighbourhood.
警察指控那些青年人在这一带犯了扰乱治安罪。
The tax collector has been charged with extorting money from several shopkeepers.
收税员受到指控,罪名是向几个店主勒索钱财。

(5)

命令;使负责
She charged me to look after her daughter.
她要我负责看管她的女儿。

(6)

(常与with连用)装(弹药);载

(7)

倒(酒)

(8)

(常与up连用)使充电
Does your car battery charged easily?
你那辆汽车的蓄电池容易充电吗?

(9)

(与with连用) 使负责

词性变化

charge
n.

(1)

费用;价钱;索价
a charge for the use of the telephone
使用电话的费用
The charge for a front-row seat is $3.
前排座位票价每张三美元。

(2)

责任;管理;照料

(3)

受照顾者;被托管的人或物; 责任;职责

(4)

命令

(5)

控诉;指控;控告
a charge of stealing
偷窃罪的指控
The charge carries a possible sentence of three years.
这项控告可能要判三年徒刑。

(6)

一次发射的弹药

(7)

电荷

习惯用语

in charge of
负责
The chief engineer was in charge of directing the building of the subway.
主任工程师负责指挥地铁的建造工程。
I was in charge of my sister.
我在照看我妹妹。

现代英汉综合大辞典

charge
[tFB:dV]
vt.

(1)

装(满), 使饱含; 装料, 充气[电]; 注(油, 入)

(2)

使承担(任务等), 委托, 嘱咐, 命令, 告诫, 指示

(3)

控告, 指责(with); 把...归咎于(to, on, upon)

(4)

要(价), 收(费); 记帐, 把...记入(to)

(5)

突击, 猛攻, 冲击

(6)

压入, 增压
charge a gun with powder
用火药填满炮
charged water
汽水
charge one's memory with facts
记住大量事实
charge sb. with murder
指控某人谋杀
charge the loss of lives to the driver's carelessness
把生命的丧失归罪于司机的粗心
charge two dollars for repairing the bike
修自行车索价两美元
charge the enemy
向敌人冲去
Electrons are negatively charged with electricity.
电子带负电荷。
He was charged with an important mission.
他承担了一项重要使命。
Please charge these purchases to my account.
请将这些购货价款记在我的账上。
I charge you not to forget what l have said.
我告诫你不要忘记我所说的话。

词性变化

charge
vi.

(1)

冲锋

(2)

收费, 要价
charge high [low]
索价高[低]
Charge !
冲锋!
Do they charge for the use of the telephone?
打电话收不收费?

charge
n.

(1)

电[载, 负]荷; (容器的)定量装载物; 装填(量); 炉料; (一次)装炉量; (一定量的)炸药; (火箭)燃料

(2)

主管, 负责, 委托, 管理; 受照料者

(3)

费用, 价钱, 代价, 捐税

(4)

控告, 指责

(5)

冲锋, 突然猛攻

(6)

[美俚]快感, 刺激

(7)

训令, 指示, 嘱咐

(8)

充气; 充电; 装料
a positive charge
正电荷
a dynamite charge
炸药包
young charges
被照料的孩子
free of charge
免费
bring a charge of treason against sb.
指控某人叛国罪
This ward is in [under]the charge of Dr Green.
这间病房是由格林大夫负责的。
Mary was(put)in charge of the baby.
玛丽负责照料这个婴儿。

继承用法

charge-a-plate
[`tFB:dVE9pleIt]
n.
赊货牌

charge-in
n.
进料

charge-independent
adj.
电荷独立[不变, 恒定]的

charge-reader
n.
电荷计算装置

charge-sheet
n.
警察局档案, 案件记录

charge-symmetric
adj.
电荷对称的

charge-volume
n.
电荷容积

习惯用语

a reversed charge
由受话人缴纳的电话费

at one's own charge(s)
自费, 用自己的钱

bring a charge home to
证明(某人)有罪, 判决(某人)有罪

bring a charge of sth. against sb.
指控某人犯...罪

lay a charge of sth. against sb.
指控某人犯...罪

carrying charge

(1)

与房地产有关的费用

(2)

(分期付款购货的)附加价格

cover charge
(某些国家餐馆或夜总会的)附加费, 服务费

dismiss a charge
【律】驳回指控

give sb. charge over
委托某人照管; 授权某人管理

give sb. charge of
委托某人照管; 授权某人管理

give sb. in charge
把某人送交警察, 把某人交警察看押

give sb. in charge to
把某人送交警察, 把某人交警察看押

have (the) charge of
负责..., 主管...

in charge

(1)

主管, 负责, 掌管

(2)

在...管辖之下, 由...照顾

(3)

在拘留中

in charge of

(1)

负全责, 经管, 照顾

(2)

在...掌管之下, 由...经管

in full charge
负责; 勇猛向前

in the charge of sb.
由某人负责, 由某人照料[管理]

lay sth. to sb.'s charge
指控某人犯某罪; 把某事归咎于某人

make a charge against
指控, 非难

on a charge of
因...罪, 因...嫌疑

on the charge of
因...罪, 因...嫌疑

open to the charge of
有...之嫌, 易受...的非难

prefer a charge against sb.
(对某人)提出控告

prefer a charge
(对某人)提出控告

put down to sb.'s charge
把...记在某人帐上

return to the charge
再发起冲锋, 重新进攻; [喻]重新进行抨击, 重新提出讨论

reverse the charge(s)
向受话人收取电话费

swear a charge against sb.
控告某人并发誓该项控告属实

swear an accusation against sb.
控告某人并发誓该项控告属实

take charge

(1)

负责(照料, 保管等); 掌管, 接办

(2)

失去控制, 出了毛病

take in charge

(1)

负责照料, 引为己责

(2)

由警察拘留

take charge of
负责, 看管

under the charge of
在...看管[负责]之下

charge for trouble
手续费

charge of quarters
内务轮值

charge off

(1)

把...当损耗处理, 对...扣除损耗费

(2)

归因于...; 认为...是由于

charge oneself with
承担(工作), 接受(任务)

charge (up) to

(1)

把...记入(帐册等)

(2)

把...归咎于

charge with

(1)

控告(某人)犯(某罪)

(2)

[通常用被动态]给(枪、炮等)装上(弹药)

(3)

使承担

charges forward
运费等货到后由收货人[收票人]交付

特殊用法

abandonment charges
废弃费用

absorption charge
吸收电荷

accelerating charge
(内燃机)加速进气

acceptance charge
承兑费

accrued charge
应计费用

activity charge
(由于存款帐户平均余额过低而向存户收取的)帐户手续费

additional charge
补充装料; 附加费

admission charge
入场票价

advance charge
预付款

after charge
附加费率

agreed charge
协定费用(货物)

alkali charge
用碱量

all-in charge
费用总数

amortization charge
折旧提成

annual maintenance charge
年度维修费用

apparent charge
表观电荷, 视电荷

assignable indirect charge
可分配间接费用

assignment charge
转让费

associate charge
附加费

assortment charge
分类费用

atomic charge
原子电荷; 原子装料

background charge
背景电荷

baling charges
打包费

ball charge
(球磨机)装球量

bank service charges
银行服务费

bare charge
裸装药; 裸电荷

battery boost charge
蓄电池升压充电

basic charge
碱性炉料; 底料

bed charge
底料

berth charge
卧铺费

Bessemer charge
酸性转炉炉料

blast furnace charge
鼓风炉[高炉]装料

blast-hole charge
炮眼装药

blasting charge
爆破装药

body charge
体电荷

booking charge
售票手续费

boosting charge
升压充电, 急充电

bound charge
束缚电荷

brokerage charge
佣金费用

bulk charge
容积充电

bunched charge
聚束电荷

burden charge
间接费用

bursting charge
爆裂药

cancellation charges
注销费

capacitor charge
电容器充电

capital charges
资本支出

carriage charges
运输费

carrying charge
保管费; 持有财产所带来的费用(如税款等); (分期付款购货等的)附加价格

cast charge
发射剂(固体火箭燃料)

cavity charge
【军】空心装药

cleaning tank charges
洗舱费

cold charge
低温装料

collection charge
托收手续费; 代收票据费

combustible charge
可燃混合物的装料

commission charge
手续费

condenser charge
电容(器)充电; 电容器(的)电荷

constant voltage charge
恒压充电

constant-potential charge
恒压充电

contingency charge
临时费用

counter charge
反控诉, 反指责

cover charge
(某些国家中饭店等的)附加费, 服务费

converter charge
转[吹]炉炉料

crating charge
装箱费

crucible charge
坩埚装料

cupola charge
冲天炉炉料

custody charge
保管费

customs charges
报关费

customs clearing charges
结关费

dead charges
间接费用

deck charge
分段装药法

deferred charges
延期费; 预付 款; 滚存[递延]费用; 递延借项

delivery charges
送货到户费

demurrage charges
滞期费(车、船)

dense charge
紧密炉料

departmental charge
车间费用(指车间间接费用); 分部费用

depreciation charge
折旧费

depth charge
深水炸弹

direct charges
可变费用; 直接费 用

direct-current resonance charge
直流谐振充电

discharging charge
卸货费用

discount charge
贴现费用

distributed charge
分布电荷

distribution charge
商业费用

diversion charge
变更卸货港费用

dock charge
入坞费, 码头费

donor charge
施主电荷

double charge
双倍收费

dynamic charge
动态电荷

effective nuclear charge
有效核电荷

electric power charge
动力电费

electron charge
电子电荷

electro-static charge
静电装料

elementary charge
元电荷

equalization charge
平衡税

equalizing charge
均衡充电

equivalent charge
当量电荷

equivalent space charge
等效空间电荷

exchange charge
外汇[托收]手续费

extra charge
附加负载; 附加费

extra charges on heavy lifts
超重货物附加费

facility charge
设备费

fair charge
合理冲撞

feed charge
装料

ferric charge
含铁料

fictitious charge
虚设电荷

financial charge
财务费用, 财政支出

finder charge
试验荷载

fiscal charges
财务支出

fixed charges
固定支出, 固定费用

fixed debt charge
确定公债费

flat interest charge
粗利率

force on charge
磁力

formal charge
形式电荷

forwarding charges
转运费

free electric charge
自由电[磁]荷

free magnetic charge
自由电[磁]荷

freight charge
货运费

fuel charge
燃料供送

full charge
完全装料; 全负荷

furnace charge
炉内装料

further charge
追补价款

graduated charge
阶段充气

handling charges
装卸费

heavy charge
重质原料

high-density high-conductivity charge
高密度高导热性炉料

hire charge (wagon)
货车租费

horizontal charge
平放锭料

hotel charges
旅馆费

hot-metal charge
熔融金属料, 铁水

ignition charge
引火药

image charge
镜像电荷

incidental charges
从属[杂项, 非经常性]费用

incoming charge
进料(费用)

indirect charge
间接费

inducing charge
施感电荷

inductive charge
感应电荷

initial charge
初始进料, 首次加料

inspection charges
检验费

installation charge
装机费用

intake charge
进气, 充气

interface charge
界面电荷

interim charges
临时费

intrinsic charge
本征电荷

investigation charge
调查费

inward charges
入港费

ionic charge
离子电荷

iron charge
铁料

joint charges
联合运输费用

kiln charge
窑干装载量

labour charge
工资费用

landing charges
起货费, 卸 货费用

late charge
到期货价迟延付款 费

left-luggage charges
寄存行李费

loading charges
装船费用

locked-in charge
锁定电荷

magnetic charge
磁荷

mail (carrying) charges
邮递费

maintenance charge
维持费

malt charge
装麦芽

mechanical charge
机械加料器

melting charge
熔融料

metal charge
金属(装入)料

micellar charge
胶束电荷

mileage charges
按英里程计算的运费

minimum charge
(客货)起码价费

molten charge
热[熔液]装料

national treasury charge
国库负担

negative (stored) charge
负(存储)电荷

net charge
净电荷

net freight charge
运费净数

no charge
免收费用

no credit charges
不赊欠

non-cash charges
非现金支出[费用]

non-recurring charge
临时[非经常]费用

nuclear charge
核电荷

on-carriage charges
(铁路运输契约所未包括的) 额外运输里程的费用

on-line charge
本航线费用

opening charge
开立信用证手续费, 开发信用状手续费

operating charges
运营费

optimum charge
最佳装药

option charge
选港费

oscillating charge
振荡电荷

over charge
过载, 超载; 过量充电

overhead charges
企业一般管理费, 经常开支

packing charges
包装费

period charge
期间费用

period depreciaton charge
每期折旧费用

permanent annual charge
为支付债务而按年提取的预算资金

photogenerated charge
光生电荷

picture charge
电荷象

pig-iron charge
生铁料

point electric charge
点电荷

point-of-zero charge
零点电荷

polarization charge
极化电荷

port charge
港口费

positive charge
正电荷

power-compacted charge
团块炉料, 压成炉料

pressed charge
压制燃料(固体火箭燃料)

primed charge
起爆炸药(包)

priming charge
(机器的)起动注油

prior carriage charges
先付运费

processing charge
加工费

product charge
生产费用

professional charges
公费

public charge
接受政府救济的人, 靠公费维持生活的人

quick charge
快速充电(强电流短时间充电)

raw charge
原料

reactivity charge
反应性余额, 剩余反应性

remittance charge
汇费

rent charge
地租税, 租费

repair charge
修理[缮]费

residual charge
剩余电荷

returning charge
返回料

revenue charge
营业支出

rim charge
边料

running charge
运转费

satchel charge
炸药包

sediment charge
泥沙(相对)含量

seed charge
投种

selling charges
销售费

service charge
劳务费, 手续费

shipping charge
运送费, 装船费用

shunting charge
调车费

sintering charge
烧结料

sleeper charges
卧车费

smelting charge
熔炉装料

social insurance charges
社会保险费

space charge
空间电荷

special lighter charge
上岸费

specific charge
荷质比

spent charge
废炉料; 馏锌渣

spiral charge
螺旋形锭料(区域熔炼用)

spurious charge
乱真电荷, 寄生电荷

starting charge
(区域熔炼)始料

stevedoring charge
卸吊费

sticky charge
粘性装药

storage charges (=godown charges )
栈租, 仓租

stored charge
累积[存储]电荷; 电位起伏

stowage charges
(轮船)理仓费

stratified charge
分层进气

sue and labour charges
施救费用

sundry charges
杂费, 杂项费用

surplus charge
公积[盈余]抵冲项目

tapered charge
递减充电

terminal charges
装卸费, 终点码头费

test charge
检验电荷

thermal charge
热荷, 熵

toll charge
通行税, 道路税, 养路费

top charge
炉顶装料式

transfer charges
中转费, 移入成本

transhipment charges
中转费

transport charges
运输费

travel charge
差旅费

trimming charges
平舱费

true magnetic charge
真磁荷

turbo -electric charge
静电

unburned charge
未燃烧混合物

under charge
充电不足

uniform charge
平均充气

unit charge
单位电荷; 每千瓦·小时的电费

unit electrostatic charge
单位静电荷, 单位电量

unloading charge
卸货费

valency charge
价电荷

valuation charge
从价运费[收费]

volume charge
体(积)电荷

wagon detention charge
货车留滞费

warehouse charges
仓库费

wax-oil charge
蜡-油进料

without charge
不计价, 免费

wreck removing charges
清除航道费用

young charges
被照料的孩子

zero charge
零电荷

charge for checking
寄存费

charge for trouble
手续费

charge of briquettes
团块炉料

charge of rupture
破坏载荷

charge of surety
安全[容许]载荷

charge of trucks
货车装载

charges on bills for collection
代收票据手续费

charge on real estate
征收地产税

参考词汇
charge     accuse    
都含“控告”、“谴责”的意思。

(1)

charge 指“因犯较大错误或重大罪行而进行正式法律控诉”, 如:
The police are going to charge him with murder.
警察要控告他杀人。

(2)

accuse 指“当面指控或指责, 不一定诉诸法庭”, 如:
They accused him of taking bribes.
他们指控他受贿。
exonerate     pardon    

用法词典

charge
来自古法语 chargier<拉丁语carricare 装车
参考词汇

(1)

charge,accuse这两个动词都有“指控”,“控告”的意思。

(2)

charge 在表示“指控”时,仍然包含着这个动词的基本含义—“使承担责任或任务”,同时强调被指控者的过错相当严重,而且,要将这种过错郑重宣布。
I won't charge you this time. But you'd not do it again!
这一次我就不告发你了,不过你最好别再这么干了!
The police charged the driver with careless driving.
警察指控那个司机开车粗心。

(3)

注:charge 可用于对罪行很重的人指控,也可用于对于一般过错的人的指控。

(4)

accuse 通常表示直接而严厉地指出某人的过错。这两个词的常用搭配是to accuse somebody of doing something, 和 to charge … with …
Dimitri apologized to Aleko for haveing accused him.
迪米特利指责了阿列科,因此他向阿列科道了歉。
His neighbour accused him of playing the musical instrument too loudly.
他的邻居指责他的乐器弹奏得太响了。

英文相关词典

charge
accuse    attack    bid    blame    command    complain    denounce    direct    fill    impeach    indict    load    order    rate    rush at    stuff    discharge    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

charge
电荷, 负荷, 装药

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

charge
电荷

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

charge
充电;装料

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

charge
责任;填满;装载

[七国语言]英汉化学大词典

charge
电荷;填充;充电

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

charge
炉料, 装入料

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

charge
装药

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

charge
装药

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

charge
装药

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

charge

[七国语言]英汉数学大词典

charge
电荷

[七国语言]英汉物理大词典

charge
充电

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

charge
充电, 电荷

[七国语言]英汉冶金大词典

charge
料批

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

charge
充电

美国传统词典

charge
charge
AHD:[ch?rj]
D.J.[t.$8d/]
K.K.[t.$d/]
v.
charged, charg.ing, charg.es
v.tr.

(1)

To impose a duty, responsibility, or obligation on:
charged him with the task of watching the young swimmers.

(2)

To set or ask (a given amount) as a price:
charges ten dollars for a haircut.

(3)

To hold financially liable; demand payment from:
charged her for the balance due.

(4)

To postpone payment on (a purchase) by recording as a debt:
paid cash for the stockings but charged the new coat.

(5)

To load to capacity; fill:
charge a furnace with coal.

(6)

To saturate; impregnate:
The atmosphere was charged with tension.

(7)

To load (a gun or other firearm) with a quantity of explosive:
charged the musket with powder.

(8)

To instruct or urge authoritatively; command:
charged her not to reveal the source of information.

(9)

Law To instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence.

(10)

To make a claim of wrongdoing against; accuse or blame:
The police charged him with car theft. Critics charged the writer with a lack of originality.

(11)

To put the blame for; attribute or impute:
charged the accident to the driver's inexperience.

(12)

To attack violently:
The troops charged the enemy line.

(13)

Electricity

(14)

To cause formation of a net electric charge on or in (a conductor, for example).

(15)

To energize (a storage battery) by passing current through it in the direction opposite to discharge.

(16)

To excite; rouse:
a speaker who knows how to charge up a crowd.

(17)

To direct or put (a weapon) into position for use; level.

(18)

Heraldry To place a bearing on.
v.intr.

(1)

To rush forward in or as if in a violent attack:
dogs trained to charge at intruders; children charging through the house.

(2)

To demand or ask payment:
did not charge for the second cup of coffee.

(3)

To postpone payment for a purchase.

(4)

Accounting To consider or record as a loss. Often used with off.
n.

(1)

Abbr. chg.

(2)

Expense; cost.

(3)

The price asked for something:
no charge for window-shopping.

(4)

A weight or burden; a load:
a freighter relieved of its charge of cargo.

(5)

The quantity that a container or apparatus can hold.

(6)

A quantity of explosive to be set off at one time.

(7)

An assigned duty or task; a responsibility:
The commission's charge was to determine the facts.

(8)

One that is entrusted to another's care or management:
the baby sitter's three young charges.

(9)

Supervision; management:
the scientist who had overall charge of the research project.

(10)

Care; custody:
a child put in my charge.

(11)

An order, a command, or an injunction.

(12)

Law Instruction given by a judge to a jury about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence.

(13)

A claim of wrongdoing; an accusation:
a charge of murder; pleaded not guilty to the charges.

(14)

A rushing, forceful attack:
repelled the charge of enemy troops; the charge of a herd of elephants.

(15)

The command to attack:
The bugler sounded the charge.

(16)

Abbr. chg.A debt or an entry in an account recording a debt:
Are you paying cash or is this a charge?

(17)

Abbr. chg.A financial burden, such as a tax or lien.

(18)

Symbol q Physics

(19)

The intrinsic property of matter responsible for all electric phenomena, in particular for the force of the electromagnetic interaction, occurring in two forms arbitrarily designated negative and positive.

(20)

A measure of this property.

(21)

The net measure of this property possessed by a body or contained in a bounded region of space.

(22)

Informal A feeling of pleasant excitement; a thrill:
got a real charge out of the movie.

(23)

Heraldry A bearing or figure.

习惯用语

in charge

(1)

In a position of leadership or supervision:
the security agent in charge at the airport.

(2)

Chiefly British Under arrest.

in charge of
Having control over or responsibility for:
You're in charge of making the salad.

语源

(1)

Middle English chargen [to load]

(2)

from Old French chargier

(3)

from Late Latin carric3e

(4)

from Latin carrus [cart]

(5)

[of Celtic origin] * see kers-

参考词汇

(1)

charge, freight, imbue, impregnate, permeate, pervade, saturate, suffuse

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to cause to be filled with a particular mood or tone”:
an atmosphere charged with excitement;
a pause freighted with meaning;
poetry imbued with grace;
a spirit impregnated with lofty ideals;
optimism that permeates a group;
letters pervaded with gloom;
a novel saturated with imagination;
a heart suffused with love. See also Synonyms at care, price

[名词委审定]英汉电工名词(1998)

charge
炉料

[名词委审定]英汉电子学名词(1993)

charge
充电

[名词委审定]英汉机械工程名词(一, 定义版, 2000)

charge

(1)

装料量

(2)

放入单个试验筛或试验用套筛中的试样或部分试样。

[名词委审定]英汉煤炭科技名词(定义版, 1996)

charge

(1)

装药

(2)

装在炮眼或待爆硐室内,包括起爆药卷的炸药。

[名词委审定]英汉铁道科技名词(1997)

charge
充量

英汉船舶大词典

charge
n.充填,电荷,进料

英汉电力大词典

charge
n.装料,充气,注水

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

charge
电荷;充电;负荷;收费;责任;指控[GHRG]

英汉电信大词典

charge
n.电荷,充电

英汉地质大词典

charge
n.负载,炉料,炸药包

英汉法学大词典

charge
n.控告 ,抵押 ,费,费用,负担,告诉,告诉,控,收费,索价,责令,指控,罪名

英汉航海大词典

charge
n.费用

英汉航空大词典

charge
n.费用,价钱;n.负载,负荷;n.征收,要价

英汉化学大词典

charge
n.进料,电荷,装料,充电,费用,装,负荷,充气,嫌疑;vt.负担,填充,要价,委托,指责,突击

英汉海运大词典

charge
充液,充气,充电,充填,装料费用,税费,运费电荷负荷借记,抵押,照管指控,责备义务

基本词义

charge
电荷负荷充填充气充电充液费用充填充气充电充液

基本词义

charge
费用,税费,运费填充,装,充气,进料充电,电荷

基本词义

charge
费用,税费,运费充填,充气,充电电荷,负荷借记,抵押指控照管,装料充电责备

基本词义

charge
费用,税费,运费填充,装,充气,进料充电,电荷

英汉经贸大词典

charge
n.费用

英汉计算机大词典

charge
vt.负担(填充,要价;n.电荷(费用,义务

英汉机械大词典

charge
n.负载,装载

英汉建筑大词典

charge
n.电荷,负荷,装载量

最新会计师英汉大词典

charge
借记,费用,按揭,把…记入帐册,索价,要价

英汉农牧林大词典

charge
n.进料,装料,充电

英汉汽车大词典

charge
n.充电;n.充电,充气

英汉贸易大词典

charge
要价,索价,借记,费用

英汉消防大词典

charge
【消】①(化学灭火器中的)灭火剂 ②(给灭火器或水带)加压(力)

英汉心理学大词典

charge
电荷

现代商务英汉大词典

charge
要价,索价,借记,费用

英汉冶金大词典

charge
n.装药量,炉料

英汉仪器仪表术语词典

charge
充量[ 在进气过程中充入气缸的新鲜空气或可燃混合气。(IGJ)]

英汉医学大词典

charge
n.充电,电荷

英汉中医大词典

charge
n.主管,掌管

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