简明英汉词典

chaperon
[5FApErEun]
n.
女伴
vt.
伴护

美国传统词典[双解]

chaperon
chap.er.on 或 chap.er.one
AHD:[sh2p“…-r?n”]
D.J.[6.#p*7roun]
K.K.[6.#p*7ron]
n.(名词)

(1)

A person, especially an older or married woman, who accompanies a young unmarried woman in public.
年长女伴:在社交场合陪伴未婚少女的年长妇女或已婚妇女

(2)

An older person who attends and supervises a social gathering for young people.
年长监护者:青年社交聚会时在场监护的年长者

(3)

A guide or companion whose purpose is to ensure propriety or restrict activity:
行为监督人:导师或伴护人,其目的为确使行为得体和限制活动:
“to see and feel the rough edges of the society . . . without the filter of official chaperones”(Philip Taubman)
“去看看和体验社会的风雨冲击…而没有官方监督人的保护”(菲利普·陶布曼)
v.tr.(及物动词)
chaper.onedchaper.on.ingchaper.ones
To act as chaperon to or for.See Synonyms at accompany
陪伴,护送参见 accompany

语源

(1)

French
法语

(2)

from chaperon [hood]
源自 chaperon [罩]

(3)

from Old French [diminutive of] chape [cape, head covering] * see chape
源自 古法语 [] chape的小后缀 [斗篷头罩] *参见 chape

继承用法

chaperonage
AHD:[-r?”n1j] (名词)

注释
The chaperon at a high-school dance seems to have little relationship to what was first signified by the English word chaperon, “a hood for a hawk,” and not even that much to what the word later meant, “a protectress of a young single woman.” The sense “hood for a hawk,” recorded in a Middle English text composed before 1400, reflects the original meaning of the Old French word chaperon, “hood, headgear.” In order to understand why our chaperon came to have the sense “protectress,” we need to know that in French the verb chaperonner, meaning “to cover with a hood,” was derived from chaperon and that this verb subsequently developed the figurative sense “to protect.” Under the influence of the verb sense the French noun chaperon came to mean “escort,” a meaning that was borrowed into English, being found first in a work published in 1720. In its earlier use English chaperon referred to a person, commonly an older woman, who accompanied a young unmarried woman in public to protect her. The English verb chaperon, “to be a chaperon,” is first recorded in Jane Austen's Sense and Sensibility, begun in 1796 as a sketch called “Elinor and Marianne” and published as a novel in 1811.
中学舞会上的年长监护者似乎与英语词chaperon 的最初含义关系极微,(当时其意为“鹰的羽冠”), 与后来该词的意思“年轻单身女子的伴护人”,关系也不甚大。“鹰的羽冠”的意思,最初见于作于1400年以前的一个中古英语文本,反映了这个古法语词chaperon 的最初的“羽冠”的含义。 为了理解为什么我们所用的chaperon 一词具有了“女伴护人”的意思, 我们需要知道法语中表示“覆以羽冠”意思的动词chaperonner 是从 chaperon 派生出来的, 这个词后来逐渐发展具有了“保护”的意思。 受动词意义的影响,法语名词chaperon 也有了“伴护”的含义, 英语借用了这个含义,首见于1720年发表的一部作品。在早期用法上,英语词chaperon 是指一个在社交场合陪伴并保护一名未成婚少女的人,尤指年长妇女。 英语动词chaperon “做伴护人”, 最初见于简·奥斯丁的理智与情感 , 此作品开始是1796年动笔的一部名为“艾利诺和马利恩”的文学速写,1811年作为一部小说出版

现代英汉词典

chaperon
[5FApErEJn]
n.
监护人

词性变化

chaperon
vt.
-oned, -oning
当监护人;陪伴(未婚少女);伴随 (亦作: chaperone)

美国传统词典

chaperon
chap.er.on or chap.er.one
AHD:[sh2p“…-r?n”]
D.J.[6.#p*7roun]
K.K.[6.#p*7ron]
n.

(1)

A person, especially an older or married woman, who accompanies a young unmarried woman in public.

(2)

An older person who attends and supervises a social gathering for young people.

(3)

A guide or companion whose purpose is to ensure propriety or restrict activity:
“to see and feel the rough edges of the society . . . without the filter of official chaperones”(Philip Taubman)
v.tr.
chaper.oned, chaper.on.ing, chaper.ones
To act as chaperon to or for.See Synonyms at accompany

语源

(1)

French

(2)

from chaperon [hood]

(3)

from Old French [diminutive of] chape [cape, head covering] * see chape

继承用法

chaperonage
AHD:[-r?”n1j] n.

注释
The chaperon at a high-school dance seems to have little relationship to what was first signified by the English word chaperon, “a hood for a hawk,” and not even that much to what the word later meant, “a protectress of a young single woman.” The sense “hood for a hawk,” recorded in a Middle English text composed before 1400, reflects the original meaning of the Old French word chaperon, “hood, headgear.” In order to understand why our chaperon came to have the sense “protectress,” we need to know that in French the verb chaperonner, meaning “to cover with a hood,” was derived from chaperon and that this verb subsequently developed the figurative sense “to protect.” Under the influence of the verb sense the French noun chaperon came to mean “escort,” a meaning that was borrowed into English, being found first in a work published in 1720. In its earlier use English chaperon referred to a person, commonly an older woman, who accompanied a young unmarried woman in public to protect her. The English verb chaperon, “to be a chaperon,” is first recorded in Jane Austen's Sense and Sensibility, begun in 1796 as a sketch called “Elinor and Marianne” and published as a novel in 1811.

[名词委审定]英汉昆虫学名词(2000)

chaperon

(1)

唇基

(2)

唇基片,頭楯(唇基)

英汉农牧林大词典

chaperon
n.唇基

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