简明英汉词典

challenge
[5tFAlindV]
n.
挑战
vt.
向...挑战

美国传统词典[双解]

challenge
chal.lenge
AHD:[ch2l“…nj]
D.J.[6t.#l*nd9]
K.K.[6t.#l*nd9]
n.(名词)

(1)

A call to engage in a contest, fight, or competition:
挑战:提出挑战、竞赛或竞争:
a challenge to a duel.
挑战要求决斗

(2)

An act or statement of defiance; a call to confrontation:
对抗:反对的言论或举动;公然对抗:
a challenge to the government's authority.
公然对抗政府权威

(3)

A demand for explanation or justification; a calling into question:
质疑:要求解释或证明为正当;质疑:
a challenge to a theory.
对一项理论质疑

(4)

A sentry's call to an unknown party for proper identification.
口令,暗号:哨兵大声向一群不认识的人索要身份证明

(5)

A test of one's abilities or resources in a demanding but stimulating undertaking:
挑战:在要求高但振奋人心的事业中对人的能力与才智的考验:
a career that offers a challenge.
大有作为的事业

(6)

A claim that a vote is invalid or that a voter is unqualified.
选举无效的声明:声称某一投票无效或某一投票人不合格

(7)

Law A formal objection to the inclusion of a prospective juror in a jury.
【法律】 宣布反对:正式对某位预期的陪审员列入陪审团表示异议

(8)

Immunology The induction or evaluation of an immune response in an organism by administration of a specific antigen to which it has been sensitized.
【免疫学】 激发:对某有机体注入使它敏感化的特定抗原以诱导或评价它的免疫反应
v.(动词)
chal.lengedchal.leng.ingchal.leng.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To call to engage in a contest, fight, or competition:
挑战:提出挑战、竞赛或竞争:
challenged me to a game of chess.
以下棋向我挑战

(2)

To invite with defiance; dare:
公然挑战;公然反抗:
challenged him to contradict her.See Synonyms at defy
挑动他去反对她参见 defy

(3)

To take exception to; call into question; dispute:
表示异议;质疑;争议:
a book that challenges established beliefs.
对确定的信念表示异议的书籍

(4)

To order to halt and be identified, as by a sentry.
验明身份:(被哨兵)命令停止前进并查明身份

(5)

Law To take formal objection to (a prospective juror).
【法律】 提出反对:(对预期的陪审员)正式表示反对

(6)

To question the qualifications of (a voter) or validity of (a vote).
对(投票人的)资格或(选票的)有效性质疑

(7)

To have due claim to; call for:
正式要求;需要:
events that challenge our attention.
引起我们注意的事件

(8)

To summon to action, effort, or use; stimulate:
运用,激励:要求行动,努力去做,或发挥作用;激励:
a problem that challenges the imagination.
运用想象力的问题

(9)

Immunology To induce or evaluate an immune response in (an organism) by administering a specific antigen to which it has been sensitized.
【免疫学】 测试:对某有机体注入使它敏感化的特定抗原以诱导或评价它的免疫反应
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To make or give voice to a challenge.
回应挑战

(2)

To begin barking upon picking up the scent. Used of hunting dogs.
吠叫:猎犬嗅到兽迹时发出吠叫。用于猎狗

语源

(1)

Middle English chalenge
中古英语 chalenge

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin calumnia [trickery, false accusation] * see calumny
源自 拉丁语 calumnia [耍花招,虚假指责] *参见 calumny

(4)

V., from Middle English chalengen
动词,源自 中古英语 chalengen

(5)

from Old French chalangier
源自 古法语 chalangier

(6)

from Latin calumni3o}
源自 拉丁语 calumni3o}

(7)

from calumnia [calumny]
源自 calumnia [诽谤]

继承用法

challengeable
adj.(形容词)

现代英汉词典

challenge
[5tFAlIndV]
vt.
-lenged, -lenging

(1)

向…挑战;邀请比赛
He challenged me to play another tennis game.
他向我挑战要我跟他再打一场网球。
I challenged him to a game of chess.
我邀他跟我下棋。
Their school challenged ours to a football match.
他们学校向我们学校挑战,要进行足球比赛。

(2)

盘问(姓名、事由)

(3)

质询(某人某事的合法性、正确性)
I did not think he was right, so I challenged him.
我认为他是不对的,因此向他提出质询。

(4)

刺激某人去努力克服困难,去竞争;考验(某人的能力)

词性变化

challenge
n.

(1)

挑战;邀请比赛
This examination is a real challenge.
这次考试是一次真正的挑战。

(2)

盘问;置疑

(3)

有挑战性

(4)

质询(合法性)

现代英汉综合大辞典

challenge
[5tFAlindV]
n.

(1)

挑战; 挑战书; 邀请比赛; 要求决斗

(2)

要求, 需要; 鞭策

(3)

盘问; 口令; 质问, 驳斥

(4)

难题

(5)

【律】(对某陪审员)要求回避, 表示反对, 拒绝

(6)

【医】(用接触致病性传染物所进行的)免疫性试验

(7)

要求飞机[船只]回答的信号
challenge cup [flag]
优胜杯[旗]
accept [take] a challenge
应战
face the challenge
遇到问题, 面向挑战
issue the challenge
提出任务
meet the challenge
满足要求; 完成任务
offer the challenge
提出任务; 展现前景 A sentry gave the challenge, “
Who goes there?”
哨兵喝问: “什么人?”
The challenge today is not merely to improve the material standards of living.
今天的要求不仅在于改进物质生活的标准。

词性变化

challenge
[5tFAlindV]
vt.

(1)

向...挑战

(2)

要求, 引起

(3)

向...发出盘问口令

(4)

对...表示异议, 非难, 怀疑

(5)

【律】对(陪审员等)表示反对, 要求回避

(6)

[美]不承认(投票人有投票资格)
challenge sb. to a duel
向某人要求决斗
challengesb.to fight
向某人挑战
challenge attention
要求人们必须注意
challengethe wisdom of a procedure
怀疑处理的方法是否明智
challengesb.'s right to vote
对某人的投票表示异议

challenge
[5tFAlindV]
vi.

(1)

提出挑战

(2)

表示异议, 反对

(3)

(猎犬嗅到兽迹时)吠叫challengeable
adj.

继承用法

challenger
[`tFAlIndVE(r)]
n.

(1)

挑战者, 反对者, 提出异议者

(2)

盘问(口令)者, 质问者

(3)

【律】要求陪审员回避者

(4)

询问器

(5)

(取代旧设备的)置换设备

习惯用语

beyond challenge
无与伦比, 无可非议

fling down a challenge
(戏剧性地)提出挑战; 应付某种复杂的局面

peremptory challenge
【律】不述理由而要求陪审员回避

rise to the challenge
接受挑战, 迎战; 迎着困难

take a challenge lying down
对挑战俯首屈服, 被困难吓倒

challenge to the array
【律】对陪审团的组成表示反对或提出异议, 要求全体陪审员回避或更换

challenge to the poll(s)
【律】要求某些陪审员回避

特殊用法

environmental challenge
环境要求; 环境挑战

foreign capital challenge
外资攻势

challenge for the ball
抢球

用法词典

challenge
来自古法语 chalange

英文相关词典

challenge
confront    dare    defy    dispute    doubt    question    

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

challenge
询问

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

challenge
挑战

美国传统词典

challenge
chal.lenge
AHD:[ch2l“…nj]
D.J.[6t.#l*nd/]
K.K.[6t.#l*nd/]
n.

(1)

A call to engage in a contest, fight, or competition:
a challenge to a duel.

(2)

An act or statement of defiance; a call to confrontation:
a challenge to the government's authority.

(3)

A demand for explanation or justification; a calling into question:
a challenge to a theory.

(4)

A sentry's call to an unknown party for proper identification.

(5)

A test of one's abilities or resources in a demanding but stimulating undertaking:
a career that offers a challenge.

(6)

A claim that a vote is invalid or that a voter is unqualified.

(7)

Law A formal objection to the inclusion of a prospective juror in a jury.

(8)

Immunology The induction or evaluation of an immune response in an organism by administration of a specific antigen to which it has been sensitized.
v.
chal.lenged, chal.leng.ing, chal.leng.es
v.tr.

(1)

To call to engage in a contest, fight, or competition:
challenged me to a game of chess.

(2)

To invite with defiance; dare:
challenged him to contradict her.See Synonyms at defy

(3)

To take exception to; call into question; dispute:
a book that challenges established beliefs.

(4)

To order to halt and be identified, as by a sentry.

(5)

Law To take formal objection to (a prospective juror).

(6)

To question the qualifications of (a voter) or validity of (a vote).

(7)

To have due claim to; call for:
events that challenge our attention.

(8)

To summon to action, effort, or use; stimulate:
a problem that challenges the imagination.

(9)

Immunology To induce or evaluate an immune response in (an organism) by administering a specific antigen to which it has been sensitized.
v.intr.

(1)

To make or give voice to a challenge.

(2)

To begin barking upon picking up the scent. Used of hunting dogs.

语源

(1)

Middle English chalenge

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin calumnia [trickery, false accusation] * see calumny

(4)

V., from Middle English chalengen

(5)

from Old French chalangier

(6)

from Latin calumni3o}

(7)

from calumnia [calumny]

继承用法

challengeable
adj.

英汉船舶大词典

challenge
n.质问

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

challenge
复杂问题,难题;急待解决的问题

英汉电信大词典

challenge
n.询问,质问

英汉法学大词典

challenge
v.回避 ,申请回避 ;n.回避 ,申请回避

英汉航海大词典

challenge
n.前景

英汉航空大词典

challenge
n.任务,问题

英汉化学大词典

challenge
n.挑战,批判分析,评论;vt.挑战,向...提出挑战,询问,解决困难

英汉海运大词典

challenge
挑战任务问题询问

基本词义

challenge
挑战任务问题询问

英汉经贸大词典

challenge
n.前景

英汉计算机大词典

challenge
n.挑战(批判分析,评论);vt.挑战(向...提出挑战,询问

英汉心理学大词典

challenge
挑战

英汉医学大词典

challenge
n.激发

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