简明英汉词典

chalk
[tFC:k]
n.
粉笔, 白垩
vt.
用粉笔写, 和以白垩

美国传统词典[双解]

chalk
chalk
AHD:[ch?k]
D.J.[t.%8k]
K.K.[t.%k]
n.(名词)

(1)

A soft, compact calcite, CaCO3, with varying amounts of silica, quartz, feldspar, or other mineral impurities, generally gray-white or yellow-white and derived chiefly from fossil seashells.
白垩:一种松软的方解石粉块,CaCO3,含有不等量的硅石、石英、长石或其它矿物杂质,通常为灰白色或黄白色,从贝类化石中制得

(2)

A piece of chalk or chalklike substance in crayon form, used for marking on a blackboard or other surface.
粉笔:一支粉笔或带颜色的粉笔状物,用以在黑板上或其他物体表面作标记

(3)

Games A small cube of chalk used in rubbing the tip of a billiard or pool cue to increase its friction with the cue ball.
【游戏】 擦抹于球杆顶端的粉块:用来擦弹子球棒梢或落袋台球棒梢以增加其与球的摩擦的一小方块白垩

(4)

A mark made with chalk.
用粉笔做的标记

(5)

Chiefly British A score or tally.
【多用于英国】 分数或比分
v.tr.(及物动词)
chalkedchalk.ingchalks

(1)

To mark, draw, or write with chalk:
用粉笔标记、画或写:
chalked my name on the blackboard.
用粉笔将我的名字写在黑板上

(2)

To rub or cover with chalk, as the tip of a billiard cue.
擦抹粉块:以白垩擦或覆盖,如弹子棒梢

(3)

To make pale; whiten.
使变苍白;使变白

(4)

To treat (soil, for example) with chalk.
用白垩处理(如土壤)

常用词组

chalk up

(1)

To earn or score:
挣得或得分:
chalk up points.
得分

(2)

To credit or ascribe:
把…归于或归功:
Chalk that up to experience.
把那事归于经验问题

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English cealk
源自 古英语 cealk

(3)

from Latin calx calc- [lime] * see calx
源自 拉丁语 calx calc- [莱姆树] *参见 calx

继承用法

chalkiness
n.(名词)

chalky
adj.(形容词)

现代英汉词典

chalk
[tFC:k]
n.

(1)

白垩

(2)

粉笔
The teacher wrote on the blackboard with a piece of chalk.
老师用一支粉笔在黑板上写字。

词性变化

chalk
vt.
用粉笔写,用粉笔画

chalk up

(1)

记下(比赛)分数
New world records in the track and field events are chalked up from time to time in the past few years.
近几年来经常出现新的世界田径纪录。

(2)

归咎于;记下(分数、货帐等)

现代英汉综合大辞典

chalk
[tFC:k]
n.

(1)

白垩, 粉笔, 石灰石

(2)

用粉笔划出的记号; 粉笔画

(3)

[英]记分, 记录

(4)

[美俚]牛奶
chalk line
(田径)场上白线

词性变化

chalk
[tFC:k]
vt.

(1)

用粉笔写[画]

(2)

用白垩粉擦

(3)

使苍白

(4)

打...的图样

(5)

[英]往(田里)施白垩

继承用法

chalkboard
[`tFR:kbR:d]
n.
黑板; 粉板

chalk-plant
n.
丝石竹属

chalkrail
n.
黑板下放粉笔的横木条

chalkstone
[`tFR:kstEJn]
n.

(1)

白垩的团块

(2)

【医】垩石; 痛风石
chalk and talk
注入式教学法

chalkware
n.
白垩所作并加以彩饰的各种鸟、花、小动物等

chalklike
adj.

习惯用语

(as) different as chalk and [from] cheese (=as like as chalk and [to] cheese, no more alike than chalk and cheese)
本质上完全不同; 外貌相似实质不同

by a long chalk (=by (long) chalks)
[口]在很大程度上, 远远地, 相差很多

come up to (the) chalk

(1)

【体】站到起跑线上, 按比赛规则就位, 准备开始; 重新开始

(2)

[转]言归正题, 不旁敲侧击

(3)

[转]遵守规则; 践约

(4)

[转]符合要求, 称职; 不负期望

know chalk from cheese
有判断力, 精明, 机敏, 老练

make sb. walk a chalk
使人服从命令

not by a long chalk
[口]绝不, 差得远, 完全没有

not know chalk from cheese
不辨黑白, 不知好歹

not make chalk of one and cheese of the other
一视同仁, 毫无偏袒, 大公无私, 公平待遇

stump [walk] one's chalks
[俚]跑开, 逃走[亡], 移开, 不告而别

walk the chalk (=walk a chalk line)
[俚]笔直地走(表示没醉); 严格遵守公共秩序, 循规蹈矩

chalk it up
公布于众; 记在帐上

chalk one up
获得一项好处[便宜]

chalk out
打图样, 设计, 标出

chalk up
用粉笔记下(分数, 货帐等); 归咎于; 得分

特殊用法

activated chalk
活性碳酸钙

black chalk
一种用于制绘图铅笔的硬黑土

cement-stabilized chalk
水泥稳固白垩

ground chalk
重质碳酸钙

ground-and-washed chalk
重质碳酸钙

hard chalk
硬白垩

lithographic chalk
【刷】石印石

lower chalk
低强度白垩

magnesian chalk
镁质白垩

oil chalk
油粉笔

phosphatic chalk
磷质白垩

precipitated chalk
沉淀白垩

prepared chalk
研细白垩; 沉降白垩; 精制粉笔

red chalk
红铅粉

用法词典

chalk
来自古英语 cealc<拉丁语 calx 石灰石

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

chalk
上白垩纪;白垩

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

chalk
白垩

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

chalk
粉笔

[七国语言]英汉化学大词典

chalk
白垩

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

chalk
粉笔

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

chalk
白垩

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

chalk
白垩

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

chalk
白垩

美国传统词典

chalk
chalk
AHD:[ch?k]
D.J.[t.%8k]
K.K.[t.%k]
n.

(1)

A soft, compact calcite, CaCO3, with varying amounts of silica, quartz, feldspar, or other mineral impurities, generally gray-white or yellow-white and derived chiefly from fossil seashells.

(2)

A piece of chalk or chalklike substance in crayon form, used for marking on a blackboard or other surface.

(3)

Games A small cube of chalk used in rubbing the tip of a billiard or pool cue to increase its friction with the cue ball.

(4)

A mark made with chalk.

(5)

Chiefly British A score or tally.
v.tr.
chalked, chalk.ing, chalks

(1)

To mark, draw, or write with chalk:
chalked my name on the blackboard.

(2)

To rub or cover with chalk, as the tip of a billiard cue.

(3)

To make pale; whiten.

(4)

To treat (soil, for example) with chalk.

常用词组

chalk up

(1)

To earn or score:
chalk up points.

(2)

To credit or ascribe:
Chalk that up to experience.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English cealk

(3)

from Latin calx calc- [lime] * see calx

继承用法

chalkiness
n.

chalky
adj.

[名词委审定]英汉地质学名词(1993)

chalk
白垩

英汉船舶大词典

chalk
n.白垩

英汉地质大词典

chalk
n.白垩;n.白垩统

英汉纺织大词典

chalk
n.白垩

英汉环境大词典

chalk
n.白垩,粉笔

英汉航空大词典

chalk
n.白垩,粉笔

英汉化学大词典

chalk
n.白垩,碳酸钙,粉笔;vt.垩化,用白垩涂白,用粉笔写,粉化

英汉海运大词典

chalk
白垩(底质)粉笔白垩

基本词义

chalk
白垩(海图图式)白垩岩底

基本词义

chalk
粉笔,白垩

基本词义

chalk
白垩(底质)粉笔

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

chalk
粉笔

英汉经贸大词典

chalk
n.粉笔;vt.垩化,用白垩涂白,用粉笔写,粉化

英汉计算机大词典

chalk
n.粉笔;vt.垩化(用白垩涂白,用粉笔写

英汉机械大词典

chalk
n.白垩,石灰石

英汉建筑大词典

chalk
n.粉笔,石灰石

英汉农牧林大词典

chalk
n.白垩

英汉冶金大词典

chalk
n.白垩

英汉医学大词典

chalk
n.白尘粉,白垩

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