简明英汉词典

chafe
[tFeif]
v.
(将皮肤等)擦热, 擦破, 使恼火

美国传统词典[双解]

chafe
chafe
AHD:[ch3f]
D.J.[t.eif]
K.K.[t.ef]
v.(动词)
chafedchaf.ingchafes
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To wear away or irritate by rubbing.
摩擦:通过摩擦来磨薄或剌激

(2)

To annoy; vex.
惹怒;使烦恼

(3)

To warm by rubbing, as with the hands.
摩擦生热:摩擦以生热,尤指用手摩擦
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To rub and cause irritation or friction:
摩擦:摩擦并引起剌激或摩擦:
The high collar chafed against my neck.
高领摩擦我的脖子

(2)

To become worn or sore from rubbing.
擦伤,擦疼:因摩擦而磨损或擦疼

(3)

To feel irritated or impatient:
恼怒,不耐烦:感觉恼怒或不耐烦:
chafed at the delay.
因迟延而感到恼火
n.(名词)

(1)

Warmth, wear, or soreness produced by friction.
摩擦所产生的热、擦损或擦痛

(2)

Annoyance; vexation.
恼怒;焦躁

语源

(1)

Middle English chafen
中古英语 chafen

(2)

from Old French chaufer [to warm]
源自 古法语 chaufer [使温暖]

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *calef3e
源自 俗拉丁语 *calef3e

(4)

alteration of Latin calefacere
拉丁语 calefacere的变化

(5)

cal?e [to be warm] * see kel- 1
cal?e [使温暖的] *参见 kel- 1

(6)

facere [to make] * see dh?-
facere [做] *参见 dh?-

参考词汇

(1)

chafeabradeexcoriatefretgall

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to wear down or rub away a surface by or as if by scraping”:
这些动词共有的一个中心意思是“以或似以刮擦的方式磨掉或擦去表面”:
chafed my skin;
擦伤我的皮肤;
a swift stream abrading boulders;
激流磨蚀着砾石;
an excoriated elbow;
擦破的肘部;
rope that fretted a groove in the post;
在柱子上磨出槽来的绳子;
his heel galled by an ill-fitting shoe.
不合脚的鞋擦伤了他的脚跟。

现代英汉词典

chafe
[tFeIf]
vt., vi.
chafed, chafing

(1)

擦痛;擦伤
Her shoes chafed the skin on her feet.
鞋子擦痛了她脚上的皮肤。
Her skin chafes easily.
她的皮肤很容易擦伤。

(2)

擦热

(3)

使焦躁;使烦躁;激怒
The clients chafed at the delay.
顾客们因被耽搁而感到心烦意乱。
The loud noise from the nearby factory chafed him.
附近工厂的噪声使他烦燥。

词性变化

chafe
n.
擦痛;擦伤

现代英汉综合大辞典

chafe
[tFeif]
vt.

(1)

擦热(双手或皮肤)

(2)

擦伤

(3)

惹怒, 使焦躁
She chafed her cold hands.
她揉搓冰冷的双手使之暖和。
A stiff collar may chafe your neck.
硬的衣领会擦伤你的脖子。
The loud noise chafed him.
吵闹声使他烦躁。

词性变化

chafe
[tFeif]
vi.

(1)

(动物)擦身体; (河流)冲洗(崖岸等)(against, on)

(2)

颠簸

(3)

擦伤[痛]

(4)

发怒, 焦躁(at)
The foaming waves chafe against the rocky shore.
汹涌的波涛猛烈地冲击着礁岸。

chafe
[tFeif]
n.

(1)

摩擦, 擦伤

(2)

焦躁, 发怒

(3)

马鞍环套皮
in a chafe
发火, 愤怒

习惯用语

chafe at
生...气, 因...烦躁

chafe at the bit
(马)焦躁; (人)不耐烦(想加快速度)

chafe under
为...生气; 发躁

英文相关词典

chafe
anger    annoy    disturb    heat    irritate    rub    vex    warm    

美国传统词典

chafe
chafe
AHD:[ch3f]
D.J.[t.eif]
K.K.[t.ef]
v.
chafed, chaf.ing, chafes
v.tr.

(1)

To wear away or irritate by rubbing.

(2)

To annoy; vex.

(3)

To warm by rubbing, as with the hands.
v.intr.

(1)

To rub and cause irritation or friction:
The high collar chafed against my neck.

(2)

To become worn or sore from rubbing.

(3)

To feel irritated or impatient:
chafed at the delay.
n.

(1)

Warmth, wear, or soreness produced by friction.

(2)

Annoyance; vexation.

语源

(1)

Middle English chafen

(2)

from Old French chaufer [to warm]

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *calef3e

(4)

alteration of Latin calefacere

(5)

cal?e [to be warm] * see kel- 1

(6)

facere [to make] * see dh?-

参考词汇

(1)

chafe, abrade, excoriate, fret, gall

(2)

The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to wear down or rub away a surface by or as if by scraping”:
chafed my skin;
a swift stream abrading boulders;
an excoriated elbow;
rope that fretted a groove in the post;
his heel galled by an ill-fitting shoe.

英汉化学大词典

chafe
vt.磨损,摩擦,卡住,恼火;n.磨损,滞塞

英汉海运大词典

chafe
擦伤,擦损擦损,擦破,摩擦

基本词义

chafe
擦伤,擦损

基本词义

chafe
摩擦,擦伤

英汉计算机大词典

chafe
vt.磨损(摩擦,卡住;n.磨损(滞塞)

英汉机械大词典

chafe
n.摩擦,擦热

英汉建筑大词典

chafe
n.靡损,冲洗

英汉汽车大词典

chafe
n.摩擦,擦热,磨损

英汉心理学大词典

chafe
惹怒

英汉中医大词典

chafe
n.刺激,擦

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