简明英汉词典

certain
[5sE:tEn]
adj.
确定的, 某一个, 无疑的, 必然的, 可靠的
pron.
某几个, 某些

美国传统词典[双解]

certain
cer.tain
AHD:[s?r“tn]
D.J.[6s*8tn]
K.K.[6s)tn]
adj.(形容词)

(1)

Definite; fixed:
确定的;固定的:
set aside a certain sum each week.
每周存入一定数额的存款

(2)

Sure to come or happen; inevitable:
一定会来的,必定发生的;不可避免的:
certain success.
必然的成功

(3)

Established beyond doubt or question; indisputable:
无疑的:确定而不容怀疑或疑问的;不容争辩的:
What is certain is that every effect must have a cause.
每一个结果都有一个原因,这是确定无疑的

(4)

Capable of being relied on; dependable:
能被依赖的;靠得住的:
a quick and certain remedy.
快捷而可靠的治疗方法

(5)

Having or showing confidence; assured.
有信心的,显示信心的;确定的

(6)

Not specified or identified but assumed to be known:
可想而知的:没有确定或辨别的但假定已知道的:
a certain popular teacher; felt that certain breeds did not make good pets.
的确是个受欢迎的老师;感觉上有些饲养的方式并没有培育出优良的宠物来

(7)

Named but not known or previously mentioned:
某位的:有姓名但不被知道或前面未提到的:
a certain Ms. Johnson.
一位约翰逊女士

(8)

Perceptible; noticeable:
可觉察的;引人注目的:
a certain cozy charm; kept a certain air of mystery about him.
一种可感知的令人舒服的魅力;他保持一种引人注目的神秘气息

(9)

Not great; calculable:
不大的;可计算的:
to a certain degree; a certain delay in the schedule.
在一定程度上;安排上的一定的延误
pron.(代词)
An indefinite but limited number; some:
某些,一些:一个不确定但有限的数目;有些:
Certain of the products are faulty.
有些产品是不合格的

习惯用语

for certain
Without doubt; definitely.
毫无疑问地;肯定地

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *cert3s
源自 俗拉丁语 *cert3s

(4)

from Latin certus [past participle of] cernere [to determine] * see krei-
源自 拉丁语 certus [] cernere的过去分词 [决定] *参见 krei-

参考词汇

(1)

certaininescapableinevitablesureunavoidable

(2)

The central meaning shared by these adjectives is “impossible to avoid or evade”:
这些形容词共有的一个中心意思为“不可能避免或躲避”:
certain death;
必定的死亡;
an inescapable conclusion;
不可逃避的结局;
an inevitable result;
必然的结果;
sudden but sure regret;
突然的但肯定的后悔;
an unavoidable accident. See also Synonyms at sure
不能避免的事故 参见同义词 sure

用法
Although certain appears to be an absolute term, it is frequently qualified by adverbs, as in fairly certain or quite certain. In an earlier survey, a majority of the Usage Panel accepted the construction
尽管certain 像一个独立的词, 它也经常被副词的限定,如相当确定 或 非常肯定。 据以前的调查,多数用法专题使用小组成员接受这一结构
Nothing could be more certain.
没有比这更确定的了

现代英汉词典

certain
[5s\:t(E)n]
adj.

(1)

确实的;无疑的
The evidence is certain and the facts are clear.
证据确凿,事实清楚。
I am certain he told me to come at two o'clock.
我肯定他告诉我两点来。
There's no certain cure for this illness at present.
现在这种病尚无确实可靠的疗法。

(2)

一定的;确信的;必然的
I'm certain she saw me.
我确信她看到我了。
We are certain of victory.
我们一定会获得胜利。
Are you certain that you'll get there in time?
你有把握及时赶到那里吗?
The right party are certain to be victorious.
正义的一方一定会胜利。
She's certain to do well in the examination.
这次考试她肯定考得好。

词性变化

certain
pron.

(1)

某个
a lady of a certain age
某个年龄的女士

(2)

有些;一些
Certain plants will not grow in this country.
有些植物在这个国家不能生长。
People who smoke cannot travel in certain parts of the train.
吸烟的人不能在火车的某些地方走动。

现代英汉综合大辞典

certain
[5sE:tEn]
adj.

(1)

[只作表语]确凿的, 无疑的

(2)

可靠的

(3)

[只作表语, 后跟动词不定式或 of, that]一定的, 必然的, 有把握的, 确信的; 一定会来到或发生的

(4)

[只作定语]某, 某一(些); 相当的, 一定程度的; 一些, 有点儿, 某种
for a certain reason
为了某种理由
a certain Smith
某个叫 史密斯的人
a person of certain age
一位不太年轻, 也不太老(约在40岁左右)的人
It is certain that two and two makes four.
二加二等于四是确定无疑的。
We are certain of success.
我们确信会成功。
He is certain to come.
他一定会来的。
I am certain that you'll succeed.
我确信你会成功。
There is no certain cure for this disease.
这种病没有可靠的医疗药物。
The soldiers faced certain death.
士兵们勇敢地面对必然来临的死亡。
There was a certain coldness in her attitude towards me.
她对我的态度有点冷淡。

词性变化

certain
[5sE:tEn]
pron.
某几个, 某些
certain of his friends
他的某些朋友

继承用法

certainness
n.

习惯用语

be certain of
确信, 深信

be certain to
必然; 一定

be not certain whether...
不能确定是否...

for certain
肯定地, 确凿地

make certain (of, that)
把...弄清楚, 把...弄确实, 保证

参考词汇
sure    

用法词典

certain
(cert 确实的)

英文相关词典

certain
definite    particular    positive    some    special    sure    doubtful    uncertain    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

certain
确实的;某个

美国传统词典

certain
cer.tain
AHD:[s?r“tn]
D.J.[6s*8tn]
K.K.[6s)tn]
adj.

(1)

Definite; fixed:
set aside a certain sum each week.

(2)

Sure to come or happen; inevitable:
certain success.

(3)

Established beyond doubt or question; indisputable:
What is certain is that every effect must have a cause.

(4)

Capable of being relied on; dependable:
a quick and certain remedy.

(5)

Having or showing confidence; assured.

(6)

Not specified or identified but assumed to be known:
a certain popular teacher; felt that certain breeds did not make good pets.

(7)

Named but not known or previously mentioned:
a certain Ms. Johnson.

(8)

Perceptible; noticeable:
a certain cozy charm; kept a certain air of mystery about him.

(9)

Not great; calculable:
to a certain degree; a certain delay in the schedule.
pron.
An indefinite but limited number; some:
Certain of the products are faulty.

习惯用语

for certain
Without doubt; definitely.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Vulgar Latin *cert3s

(4)

from Latin certus [past participle of] cernere [to determine] * see krei-

参考词汇

(1)

certain, inescapable, inevitable, sure, unavoidable

(2)

The central meaning shared by these adjectives is “impossible to avoid or evade”:
certain death;
an inescapable conclusion;
an inevitable result;
sudden but sure regret;
an unavoidable accident. See also Synonyms at sure

用法
Although certain appears to be an absolute term, it is frequently qualified by adverbs, as in fairly certain or quite certain. In an earlier survey, a majority of the Usage Panel accepted the construction
Nothing could be more certain.

英汉船舶大词典

certain
n.肯定

英汉法学大词典

certain
adj.必然 ,肯定

英汉航空大词典

certain
n.确实击落的飞机,确凿的

英汉化学大词典

certain
adj.是确实的,是确信的,确定的

英汉计算机大词典

certain
adj.是确实的(是确信的,确定的

英汉机械大词典

certain
adj.必然的

英汉心理学大词典

certain
确凿的

英汉中医大词典

certain
n.可靠的,一定的,某种

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