简明英汉词典

cause
[kC:z]
n.
原因, 导致某事发生的人或事, 动机, 理由, 根据, 目标, 理想, 事业
vt.
引起, 惹起, 使(发生), 促成

美国传统词典[双解]

cause
cause
AHD:[k?z]
D.J.[k%8z]
K.K.[k%z]
n.(名词)

(1)

The producer of an effect, result, or consequence.
缘故,原因:一种影响、结果或后果的制造者

(2)

The one, such as a person, an event, or a condition, that is responsible for an action or a result.
起因:对某种行为或结果的发生产生作用的人、事或条件

(3)

A basis for an action or a response; a reason:
理由,动机,根据:行为或反应的基础;原因:
The doctor's report gave no cause for alarm.
医生的报告没有给出发警报的根据

(4)

A goal or principle served with dedication and zeal:
目标,理想:以献身精神和热情追求的目标和原则:
“the cause of freedom versus tyranny”(Hannah Arendt)
“反对暴政的自由理想”(汉娜·阿伦特)

(5)

The interests of a person or group engaged in a struggle:
利益:参与斗争的人或集团的利益:
“The cause of America is in great measure the cause of all mankind”(Thomas Paine)
“美国所争取的利益大抵上就是全人类所争取的利益”(托马斯·佩恩)

(6)

Law
【法律】

(7)

A ground for legal action.
诉因:法律诉讼的根据

(8)

A lawsuit.
诉讼

(9)

A subject under debate or discussion.
辩论或讨论中的主题
v.tr.(及物动词)
causedcaus.ingcaus.es

(1)

To be the cause of or reason for; result in.
成为…的原因;导致

(2)

To bring about or compel by authority or force:
造成…,促使…:利用权威或武力促成或强迫:
The moderator invoked a rule causing the debate to be ended.
仲裁人引用了一项规则使辩论终止

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Latin causa [reason, purpose]
源自 拉丁语 causa [原因,目的]

继承用法

causable
adj.(形容词)

causeless
adj.(形容词)

causer
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

causereasonoccasionantecedent

(2)

These nouns denote what brings about or is associated with an effect or result. A
这些名词意指带来或关于某种影响或结果的原因。

(3)

cause is an agent or condition that permits the occurrence of an effect or necessarily or ineluctably leads to a result:
Cause 是允许一种效果的发生或必然、必要导致结果发生的动因或条件:
“He is not only dull in himself, but the cause of dullness in others” (Samuel Foote).
“他不仅仅是自己愚蠢,而且是引起他人愚蠢的原因” (塞缪尔·福特)。

(4)

Reason refers to what explains the occurrence or nature of an effect:
Reason 是指解释某种效果的发生或性质的措辞:
There was no obvious reason for the accident.
这场事故没有明显的缘由。

(5)

Occasion is a situation that permits or stimulates existing causes to come into play:
Occasion 是一种允许或激发既存原因发生作用的情形:
“Such were the causes; but the immediate occasion of his departure . . . was the favorable opportunity . . . of migrating in a pleasant way” (Thomas De Quincey).
“这就是原因;但使得他离开的直接动因…是能够舒服地移居的诱人机会。” (托马斯·德·昆西)。

(6)

Antecedent refers to what has gone before and implies a relationship—but not necessarily a causal one—with what ensues:
Antecedent 指先发生并且暗示着与后继者之间的关系—虽不必然是因果关系—的原因:
Some of the antecedents of World War II lie in economic conditions in Europe following World War I.
第二次世界大战的某些前因在于第一次世界大战后的经济情况

现代英汉词典

cause
[kC:z]
n.

(1)

原因;导致某事发生的人、事等
The heavy rain was the cause of the flood.
大雨是导致洪水产生的原因。

(2)

动机;理由;根据
There is no cause for anxiety.
不必焦虑。
There is no cause for concern, for the windstorm was not too serious.
那场风暴不太厉害,没必要担心。

(3)

目标;理想;主义
fight for the cause of world peace
为世界和平而战
She has made up her mind to fight for the cause of peace all her life.
她已下定决心为和平事业奋斗终身。

词性变化

cause
vt.
caused, causing
引起;使;促成
The heavy rain caused the flood.
大雨引起了洪水。
The wound isn't serious, but may cause some discomfort.
伤口并不严重,但可能会引起一些不舒适。

现代英汉综合大辞典

cause
[kC:z]
n.

(1)

原因, 起因

(2)

理由, 缘故, 根椐, 动机

(3)

理想; 目标, 事业

(4)

【律】诉讼事由; 案件程序

(5)

主张, 主义
cause and effect
因果
probable cause
可能性很大的原因;【律】相信被告有罪的合理基础
show cause
【律】提出正当理由
The First Cause
【哲】第一推动力; 第一原因;【宗】上帝, 造物主
without (due) cause
无缘无故
cause of action
起诉原因; 在法庭上要求对方赔偿的权利
There is no cause for anxiety.
不必焦虑。
Our cause is a just one.
我们的事业是正义的(事业)。

词性变化

cause
[kC:z]
vt.

(1)

使发生, 引起

(2)

使遭受, 给...带来

(3)

致使, 促使
What caused his failure?
什么使得他失败了?
His absence caused me much trouble.
他的缺席给我带来了许多麻烦。
Necessity caused me to come.
我不得不来。

继承用法

causeless
[`kR:zlIs]
adj.

causer
[`kR:zE(r)]
n.

习惯用语

give cause for
引起; 成为...的原因

have cause for
有理由...

in the cause of
为...而...

(a) lost cause
已注定的败局; 没希望的事

make common cause with
与...同心(协力), 与...采取一致行动

plead one's cause
辩护, 分辩; 声援

特殊用法

adequate cause
充分动因

assignable cause
非机遇原因

chance cause
机会成因; 偶然原因

concurrent causes
并存原因

efficient cause
近因; 直接发生效果的原因, 动力因

external cause
外因

first cause
原动力; 主要原因

formal cause
形式原因

immanent cause
内在原因

immediate cause
直接原因

initial cause of succession
演替的最初原因

internal cause
内因

major cause of failure
断裂的主要原因

occasional cause
偶然原因

physical causes
实质因素

proxima cause
近因(保险用语)

proximate cause
近因(保险用语)

remote cause
远因

sufficient cause
充分理由

unavoidable cause
不可避免的原因

underlying cause of death
主要死因; 基本死因

参考词汇
cause     reason    
都含“原因”的意思。

(1)

cause 指“产生结果的原因” 或“使某事发生的原因”, 如:
Carelessness is the cause of his failure.
粗心是他失败的原因。

(2)

reason 指“根据事实、情况或产生的结果,推导出结论的理由或道理”, 如:
The reason for the flood was all that heavy rain.
那场大雨是发生洪水的原因。

用法词典

cause
来自拉丁语 causa 原因,理由

参考词汇

(1)

cause,reason,justification,ground这组同义词的一般含义是“原因”或“理由”

(2)

cause用于表示具有明显因果关系的原因。reason有时能与cause换用,但上下文必须有能够查得出的或可以解释得出的因果关系。如果某“结果”是不言而喻的,也可以用reason表示“原因”
Was the noise a cause of the illness,or were the complaints about noise merely a symptom?
噪音是病因呢,还是对噪音的抱怨仅仅是一种症状呢?
Every effect must have an adequate cause.
每一种结果都必须有充分的原因。

(3)

reason通常含有“理由”的意思
They are trying to find out the reason (or cause) of the terrible fire.
他们正在努力查寻那次可怕的火灾的原因。
The airport was built during the war,but for some reason it could not be used then.
这个飞机场是在大战期间建造的,但是由于某种原因当时没有能够使用。
The reason for this is that this plane is also a bicycle.
其原因是,这架飞机又是一辆自行车。
…,but I do not turn for protection to dreary cliches about respect for elders—as if mere age were a reason for respect.…
…但我不会为了维护自己而求助于尊重长辈之类的陈词滥调—似乎只要年老就是受到尊重的理由。

(4)

justification所表示的“理由”的内涵是“正当”或辩解
In the young there is a justification for this feeling.
在年轻人中有这种感觉是有理由的。
What' your justification for being late?
你迟到的理由是什么?
You have no justification for deserting your wife and children.
你没有理由抛妻弃子。

(5)

ground 所表示的“理由”包含着坚实的依据
On what ground do you suspect him?
你怀疑他的理由是什么?
The youngster has been excused by the law on the ground of his youth.
这个青年由于年轻而受到法律的赦免。

英文相关词典

cause
basis    interest    motive    reason    consequence    effect    outcome    result    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

cause
引起;导致

[七国语言]英汉数学大词典

cause
原因

[七国语言]英汉物理大词典

cause
原因

美国传统词典

cause
cause
AHD:[k?z]
D.J.[k%8z]
K.K.[k%z]
n.

(1)

The producer of an effect, result, or consequence.

(2)

The one, such as a person, an event, or a condition, that is responsible for an action or a result.

(3)

A basis for an action or a response; a reason:
The doctor's report gave no cause for alarm.

(4)

A goal or principle served with dedication and zeal:
“the cause of freedom versus tyranny”(Hannah Arendt)

(5)

The interests of a person or group engaged in a struggle:
“The cause of America is in great measure the cause of all mankind”(Thomas Paine)

(6)

Law

(7)

A ground for legal action.

(8)

A lawsuit.

(9)

A subject under debate or discussion.
v.tr.
caused, caus.ing, caus.es

(1)

To be the cause of or reason for; result in.

(2)

To bring about or compel by authority or force:
The moderator invoked a rule causing the debate to be ended.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Latin causa [reason, purpose]

继承用法

causable
adj.

causeless
adj.

causer
n.

参考词汇

(1)

cause, reason, occasion, antecedent

(2)

These nouns denote what brings about or is associated with an effect or result. A

(3)

cause is an agent or condition that permits the occurrence of an effect or necessarily or ineluctably leads to a result:
“He is not only dull in himself, but the cause of dullness in others” (Samuel Foote).

(4)

Reason refers to what explains the occurrence or nature of an effect:
There was no obvious reason for the accident.

(5)

Occasion is a situation that permits or stimulates existing causes to come into play:
“Such were the causes; but the immediate occasion of his departure . . . was the favorable opportunity . . . of migrating in a pleasant way” (Thomas De Quincey).

(6)

Antecedent refers to what has gone before and implies a relationship—but not necessarily a causal one—with what ensues:
Some of the antecedents of World War II lie in economic conditions in Europe following World War I.

英汉船舶大词典

cause
n.原因,缘故

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

CAUSE
= College And University Systems Exchange,高等院校系统交换

英汉法学大词典

cause
案件 ,动因,起因,使,事业,引起,原因,源,约因,造成,致

英汉航海大词典

cause
n.原因

英汉航空大词典

cause
n.起因,原因

英汉化学大词典

cause
n.原因,事业;vt.引起,成为...的原因,给...带来

英汉海运大词典

cause
造成,引起,原因

基本词义

cause
造成,引起原因

英汉经贸大词典

cause
n.原因

英汉计算机大词典

cause
n.原因(事业);vt.引起(成为...的原因,给...带来)

英汉心理学大词典

cause
原因

英汉冶金大词典

cause
n.原因,起因

英汉中医大词典

cause
n.根源,原因,起因

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004