简明英汉词典

caterpillar
[5kAtEpilE]
n.
毛虫

美国传统词典[双解]

caterpillar
cat.er.pil.lar
AHD:[k2t“…r-p1l”…r, k2t“…-]
D.J.[6k#t*7pil*, 6k#t*-]
K.K.[6k#t+7p!l+, 6k#t*-]
n.(名词)

(1)

The wormlike, often brightly colored, hairy or spiny larva of a butterfly or moth.
毛虫:蝴蝶或蛾子的蠕虫状,多为浅颜色的多毛或带刺的幼虫

(2)

Any of various insect larvae similar to those of the butterfly or moth.
毛虫:任何一种类似于蝴蝶或蛾子幼虫的各类昆虫的幼虫

语源

(1)

Middle English catirpel, catirpeller
中古英语 catirpel, catirpeller

(2)

probably alteration of Old North French *catepelose
可能为 古法国北方方言 *catepelose的变化

(3)

cate [cat] from Latin cattus
cate [猫] 源自 拉丁语 cattus

(4)

pelose [hairy] from Latin pil?s * see pilose
pelose [多毛的] 源自 拉丁语 pil?s *参见 pilose

注释
It seems that the larvae of moths and butterflies are popularly seen as resembling other, larger animals. Consider the Italian dialect word gatta, “cat, caterpillar”; the German dialect term tüfelskatz, “caterpillar” (literally “devil's cat”); the French word chenille, “caterpillar” (from a Vulgar Latin diminutive, .cano, of canis, “dog”); and last but not least, our own word caterpillar, which appears probably to have come through Northern French from the Old French term chatepelose, meaning literally “hairy cat.” Our word caterpillar is first recorded in English in 1440 in the form catyrpel. Catyr, the first part of catyrpel, may indicate the existence of an English word .cater, meaning “tomcat,” otherwise attested only in caterwaul. Cater would be cognate with Middle High German kater and Dutch kater. The latter part of catyrpel seems to have become associated with the word piller, “plunderer.” By giving the variant spelling -ar, Johnson's Dictionary set the spelling caterpillar with which we are familiar today.
似乎蛾子和蝴蝶的幼虫经常会被看成与其它较大动物相似。意大利方言中gatta, 一字,“猫,毛虫”; 日耳曼方言中tüfelskatz 一字“毛虫”(直译为“邪恶的猫”); 法语词chenille, “毛虫”(来自民间拉丁语小词缀, canicula, 源自 canis ,是“狗”的意思); 最后但并非不重要的一点,英语中caterpillar 一词, 可能是来源于从法国北部传来的古法语词汇chatepelose, 字面意思是“多毛的猫”。caterpillar 一字于1440年最早记录在英语中, 以catyrpel的形式出现。 Catyr是 catyrpel 的第一部分, 可能指明英语词cater 的存在, 意指“雄猫”,否则只能存在于caterwaul一词中。 Cater可能与中世纪高地德语 kater 和荷兰语 kater 有关。 catyrpel 一词的后一部分似乎与 piller 一词有关,意思是“强盗”。 约翰逊的词典 给出了不同的拼写- ar, 从而形成了我们今天所熟悉的 caterpillar

基本词义

Caterpillar
Cat.er.pil.lar
AHD:[k2t“…r-p1l”…r, k2t“…-]
D.J.[6k#t*7pil*, 6k#t*-]
K.K.[6k#t+7p!l+, 6k#t*-]
NONE(无词性)
A trademark used for a tractor equipped with continuous chain treads.
一种用于履带式拖拉机的商标

现代英汉词典

caterpillar
[5kAtEpIlE(r)]
n.

(1)

毛虫;(蛾和蝴蝶的)幼虫

(2)

履带车

现代英汉综合大辞典

caterpillar
[5kAtEpilE]
n.

(1)

【动】毛虫, 鳞翅目幼虫

(2)

【机】链轨, 履带车; 坦克车; 履带拖拉机

(3)

环状轨道

特殊用法

cotton leaf caterpillar
棉小造桥虫

eastern tent caterpillar
东方天幕毛虫

processionary caterpillar
列队毛虫

saddleback caterpillar
鞍背刺蛾毛虫

walnut caterpillar
胡桃毛虫

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

caterpillar
履带

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

caterpillar
履带

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

caterpillar
链轨, 履带

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

caterpillar
毛虫

美国传统词典

caterpillar
cat.er.pil.lar
AHD:[k2t“…r-p1l”…r, k2t“…-]
D.J.[6k#t*7pil*, 6k#t*-]
K.K.[6k#t+7p!l+, 6k#t*-]
n.

(1)

The wormlike, often brightly colored, hairy or spiny larva of a butterfly or moth.

(2)

Any of various insect larvae similar to those of the butterfly or moth.

语源

(1)

Middle English catirpel, catirpeller

(2)

probably alteration of Old North French *catepelose

(3)

cate [cat] from Latin cattus

(4)

pelose [hairy] from Latin pil?s * see pilose

注释
It seems that the larvae of moths and butterflies are popularly seen as resembling other, larger animals. Consider the Italian dialect word gatta, “cat, caterpillar”; the German dialect term tüfelskatz, “caterpillar” (literally “devil's cat”); the French word chenille, “caterpillar” (from a Vulgar Latin diminutive, .cano, of canis, “dog”); and last but not least, our own word caterpillar, which appears probably to have come through Northern French from the Old French term chatepelose, meaning literally “hairy cat.” Our word caterpillar is first recorded in English in 1440 in the form catyrpel. Catyr, the first part of catyrpel, may indicate the existence of an English word .cater, meaning “tomcat,” otherwise attested only in caterwaul. Cater would be cognate with Middle High German kater and Dutch kater. The latter part of catyrpel seems to have become associated with the word piller, “plunderer.” By giving the variant spelling -ar, Johnson's Dictionary set the spelling caterpillar with which we are familiar today.

基本词义

Caterpillar
Cat.er.pil.lar
AHD:[k2t“…r-p1l”…r, k2t“…-]
D.J.[6k#t*7pil*, 6k#t*-]
K.K.[6k#t+7p!l+, 6k#t*-]
NONE
A trademark used for a tractor equipped with continuous chain treads.

[名词委审定]英汉动物学名词(1996)

caterpillar
单边刺形骨针

[名词委审定]英汉昆虫学名词(2000)

caterpillar

(1)

(2)

毛蟲

英汉船舶大词典

caterpillar
n.履带车

英汉电信大词典

caterpillar
n.履带传动

英汉纺织大词典

caterpillar
n.毛虫关纱疵

英汉航空大词典

caterpillar
n.履带,履带车

英汉化学大词典

caterpillar
n.接取装置,履带,引出装置,环状轨道,履带式拖拉机;adj.履带式的

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

caterpillar
履带拖拉机

英汉计算机大词典

caterpillar
n.履带(链轨,履带车;adj.履带式的

英汉机械大词典

caterpillar
n.履带传动,链轨;n.履带式的

英汉农牧林大词典

caterpillar
n.链轨,履带拖拉机

英汉冶金大词典

caterpillar
n.覆带车,覆带给料式矫直机

英汉医学大词典

caterpillar
n.毛虫,小毛虫

英汉中医大词典

caterpillar
n.毛虫

英汉造纸大词典

caterpillar
n.履带传动,链轨,履带式车辆

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004