简明英汉词典

catch one's breath
v.
喘息, 屏息

现代英汉词典

catch
[kAtF]
vt., vi.
caught, catching

(1)

捕捉;捉住
The cat catches mice.
猫捉老鼠。
The police caught the released prisoner stealing a bicycle.
释放犯偷自行车时被警察当场抓住。
She threw the ball and I caught it.
她扔出了球,我接住了它。

(2)

捕获;猎获;诱入陷阱
A rabbit was caught in a snare.
用陷阱猎获兔子。

(3)

无意中发现
Mother caught me stealing.
母亲发现我偷东西。

(4)

及时赶上
The police had to drive very quickly in order to catch the train.
警察只好把车开得很快,以便赶上那趟火车。
'Do you always catch such an early train?' asked the inspector.
`你总是赶这样的早班车吗?'检查官问道。
to catch the train
赶上火车

(5)

受感染;染患
If you go out without a mouth mask, you'll probably catch your death of cold.
如果你外出不带口罩,很可能就要患重感冒。
to catch a cold
患感冒
I'm afraid I've caught a chill.
我怕我是着凉了。
You'll catch (a) cold if you don't put a sweater on.
你不穿上运动衫会感冒的。

(6)

绊住;钩住;缠住
A nail caught her skirts.
钉子钩住了她的裙子。

(7)

打(中);打倒
The ball caught him on the head.
球打在了他的头上。

(8)

吸引;迷住
to catch a person's eye
引起某人的注意
I'd like another drink, try to catch the waiter's eye.
我想再来一杯,看着服务员,想引起他的注意。

(9)

偶然碰见;发觉
I caught him doing it.
他做这事时被我撞见了。
I caught a glimpse of the Town Hall clock as we drove quickly past.
就在我们快速驶过市政厅时,我瞥见了那里的大钟。
I only caught a glimpse of the thief, so I can't really describe him.
那个小偷我仅仅看到了一眼,所以我实在无法描绘他的模样。

(10)

着火;发动(车子);生效
The fire caught quickly.
火燃烧得很快。

(11)

听到;领会
I don't quite catch on.
我不很理解。
Sorry, I didn't catch what you said. Could you please say it again?
对不起,我没听清楚你说的话,请你再讲一遍好吗?
Did you catch my idea?
你懂得我的意思吗?
Jack's always the last to catch on my joke.
杰克总是最后一个弄明白我的笑话。
The catch on this door seems to be broken. It won't open.
这扇门的门扣好象断了,门打不开了。
I'm sorry, I can't quite catch the drift of what you're saying.
很抱歉,我没能弄清你说话的意思。
I didn't catch the last two words.
最后两字我没听清楚。
Did you catch my idea?
你懂得我的意见吗?

(12)

当棒球接手

习惯用语

catch one's breath
喘气;吓一跳;(由惊吓)暂时停止呼吸

词性变化

catch
n.

(1)

抓住;稳稳地接住;接球

(2)

捕获物(量);(值得)获得的物(人); 很好的结婚对象
Her husband was a good catch. They say he's very rich.
她丈夫是个好对象,人们说他很富有。

(3)

挂钩;锁环
The catch on that door is broken.
那门上的挂钩断了。

(4)

诡计;难人的问题; 蹊跷
That new car is very cheap; there must be a catch in it somewhere!
那辆新车这么便宜,里面一定有蹊跷!
That question looks easy, but there's a catch in it.
那个问题看起来容易,但这里面有蹊跷。

常用词组

catch on
流行(地);变得风行(地)
The new folk song caught on really quickly.
这首新民歌流行得真快。

catch out
发觉某人的过失;发觉某人的错误;找破绽
He was caught out.
他的错误被发觉了。

catch up

(1)

(常与with连用)赶上
You'll have to work harder to catch up with the top students in your class.
要赶上班上最优秀的同学你得更加用功才行。
When she caught up with them, she saw that they had sat down and were going through the contents of the bag.
当她赶上时,看到他们已坐下正在仔细查看包里的东西。
You start first, walk on and I'll catch up with you later.
你们先动身,往前走,我等一会儿会赶上你们的。

(2)

加紧弥补
I have to catch up on my work so I can't come out.
我要把工作补上,不能出去了。

基本词义

breath
[breW]
n.

(1)

呼吸;气息
a deep breath
深呼吸
Let me get my breath back.
让我喘口气。
How long can you hold your breath?
你能屏住气多长时间?
I need time to get my breath after all this running.
我跑了这么多路需要有时间让呼吸恢复正常。
After all that running I have no breath left.
跑了那么多路是我透不过气来。
The whole hall held its breath to waif for the announcement of the winner of the first prize. (喻)
整个大厅都屏息等待着宣布一等奖的获得者。
Let's go out for a breath of fresh air. (喻)
让我们到外面去呼吸点新鲜空气。
Take a deep breath, and then you may feel relaxed.
深深地吸一口气,那样你会觉得轻松的。

(2)

气味;香味

(3)

微风
hardly a breath of air
几乎没有一点风
It's really sultry. There isn't a breath of air/wind.
真的闷热得很,一点儿风也没有。

(4)

迹象
a breath of spring in the air
春天的气息

(5)

瞬间;片刻

习惯用语

catch one's breath
屏息;歇一口气

hold one's breath
屏息

take breath
歇息

take one's breath away
目瞪口呆;大为惊讶
The original picture of the unknown ancient painter took my breath away.
那幅不知名古代画家的真迹使我惊讶不止。

waste one's breath
白费口舌

现代英汉综合大辞典

breath
[breW]
n.

(1)

气息, 呼吸

(2)

呼吸力; 生命; 呼吸作用

(3)

一口气; 一阵微风

(4)

微音; 低语

(5)

气味; 香气; 蒸气; 烟雾

(6)

一瞬间; 极短时间

(7)

迹象; 示意

(8)

【语】无声音, 气音

(9)

琐事, 小事

(10)

[美俚]洋葱
be short of breath
上气不接下气
have foul breath
口臭
a hard and jerky breath
急促的呼吸
breath test
[英]呼气测醉试验
He drew in a breath of fresh country air.
他吸一口农村新鲜空气。
There is not a breath of wind.
一点风也没有。
The breath of slander nevertouched him.
从来没有人对他造谣中伤。

继承用法

breath-test
vt.
对...作呼气测醉试验

习惯用语

above one's breath
大声, 说出声

at a breath
一口气

bate one's breath
(因恐惧或激动)屏息, 连大气也不敢出

below one's breath
低声地

under one's breath
低声地

catch one's breath
恢复呼吸, 歇一口气

draw a breath
深深地吸一口气

take a breath
深深地吸一口气

draw a long breath
深深地吸一口气

take a long breath
深深地吸一口气

draw one's first breath
出生, 出世

draw one's last breath
断气, 咽气

fetch one's breath
缓过气来; 苏醒过来

gasp for breath

(1)

呼吸十分困难, 上气不接下气

(2)

(对某人的言行等)感到大为吃惊

gather a breath
缓一口气

get one's breath
恢复正常(呼吸)

recover one's breath
恢复正常(呼吸)

get one's breath again
恢复正常(呼吸)

recover one's breath again
恢复正常(呼吸)

give up the breath

hold one's breath

(1)

(因恐惧或激动)屏息, 暂时停止呼吸

(2)

屏息以待, 非常紧张地等待着

keep one's breath

(1)

(因恐惧或激动)屏息, 暂时停止呼吸

(2)

屏息以待, 非常紧张地等待着

in a breath

(1)

一瞬间

(2)

齐声地, 一口气

in one breath
同时, 齐声地

in the same breath
同时; 相提并论

keep one's breath to cool one's porridge
保持缄默, 不要白费口舌

save one's breath to cool one's porridge
保持缄默, 不要白费口舌

spare one's breath to cool one's porridge
保持缄默, 不要白费口舌

knock the breath out of
使吓一跳

lose one's breath
喘不过气来

not a breath of
一点儿没有

out of breath
喘不过气来

pant for breath

put out of breath
使某人喘不过气来, 使(某人)上气不接下气

put sb. out of breath
使某人喘不过气来, 使(某人)上气不接下气

scant of breath
呼吸困难

second breath

(1)

【体】二度呼吸

(2)

一股新的精力

short of breath
呼吸困难, 呼吸短促, 喘不过气来

slip one's breath
[口]断气, 死

slip one's wind
[口]断气, 死

spend one's breath (=waste one's breath)
白说, 白费口舌

stop sb.'s breath
闷死某人

take breath
歇一歇; 喘口气

take one's breath away
使某人大为惊讶或感动

to the last breath
至死

with bated breath
屏息地; 小声地; 焦急地

with one's bad breath
心怀恶意

with the last breath
临终时; 最后

yield (up) the breath
[古]断气, 死

breath of life

(1)

生气, 活气

(2)

(对于某人[物])不可少的东西, 象空气一样的东西

breath of one's nostrils

(1)

生气, 活气

(2)

(对于某人[物])不可少的东西, 象空气一样的东西

英汉中医大词典

catch one's breath
n.喘息,歇口气让呼吸正常,屏息

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