简明英汉词典

caricature
[7kArikE5tjuE]
n.
讽刺画, 漫画, 讽刺描述法, 歪曲(或拙劣)的模仿
vt.
画成漫画讽刺

美国传统词典[双解]

caricature
car.i.ca.ture
AHD:[k2r“1-k…-ch?r”, -ch…r]
D.J.[6k#rik*7t.u*r, -t.*]
K.K.[6k#r!k*7t.&r, -t.+]
n.(名词)

(1)

A representation, especially pictorial or literary, in which the subject's distinctive features or peculiarities are deliberately exaggerated to produce a comic or grotesque effect.
漫画,讽刺文章:一种表述,尤指用图画表述或用文字表述,其中主题的显著特征或特质被有意夸张以产生一种滑稽的或荒诞的效果

(2)

The art of creating such representations.
漫画手法:创造漫画或讽刺文章的艺术

(3)

A grotesque imitation or misrepresentation:
滑稽模仿:一种荒诞的模仿或歪曲:
The trial was a caricature of justice.
这次审判是对正义的滑稽模仿
v.tr.(及物动词)
car.i.ca.turedcar.i.ca.tur.ingcar.i.ca.tures
To represent or imitate in an exaggerated, distorted manner.
把…画成漫画:以夸张,歪曲的方式表述或模仿

语源

(1)

French
法语

(2)

from Italian caricatura
源自 意大利语 caricatura

(3)

from caricare [to load, to exaggerate]
源自 caricare [装货,夸张]

(4)

from Late Latin carric3e
源自 后期拉丁语 carric3e

(5)

from Latin carrus [a Gallic type of wagon] * see kers-
源自 拉丁语 carrus [一种高卢式运货马车] *参见 kers-

继承用法

caricaturist
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

caricatureburlesqueparodytravestysatirelampoon

(2)

These nouns denote artistic forms in which someone or something is imitated in an amusing and generally critical manner. A
这些名词都表示各种艺术形式,其中某人或某物被以一种令人发笑的,通常是批判的方式模仿。

(3)

caricature grossly exaggerates a distinctive or striking feature, as of a person or group, with intent to ridicule.
Caricature 极端地夸张某一显著或突出的特征,如一个人或一个群体的引人注目的特征,意图进行嘲讽。

(4)

Burlesque, which usually denotes a stage work, suggests outlandish mimicry and broad comedy to provoke laughter. Parody, travesty, and satire generally apply to written works.
Burlesque 通常指一部舞台作品,含有为激发笑声的奇异的模仿和粗俗的喜剧的意思。Parody,travesty 和 satire 通常指文章。

(5)

Parody is writing that employs the manner and style of a well-known work or writer for a ludicrous effect. A
Parody 是指为取得荒唐效果而采用知名作品或知名作者的风格写出的文章。

(6)

travesty is a harshly distorted imitation.
Travesty 是拙劣的歪曲模仿。

(7)

Satire usually involves holding up to ridicule the follies and vices of a people or time. A
Satire 通常与嘲笑一个民族或一个时代的愚昧和瑕疵有关。

(8)

lampoon is a malicious but broadly humorous satire.
Lampoon 是挖苦的但有粗俗幽默的讽刺文

注释
The history of the word caricature takes us back through the centuries to a time when the Romans occupied Gaul, offering the blessings of civilization to the Gauls but also borrowing from them as well. One such borrowing, the Gaulish word .karros, meaning “a wagon or cart,” became Latin carrus, “a Gallic type of wagon.” This Latin word has continued to roll through the English language, giving us car, career, cargo, carry, and charge, among others. Caricature, another offspring of carrus, came to us via French from Italian, in which caricatura, the source of the French word, was derived from Italian caricare, “to load, burden, or exaggerate.” Caricare in turn came from Late Latin carric3, “to load,” derived from the Romans' Gaulish borrowing carrus.
Caricature 一词的历史可上溯到很多世纪以前当古罗马人占领高卢的时候。 古罗马人给高卢人带去文明开化的好处,同时也从高卢人那里有所借鉴。其中一个借用语,即意为“运货马车或畜拉车”的高卢语词karros , 演变成拉丁语carrus ,意为“一种高卢式运货马车”。 这一拉丁词语在英语中继续发展,使我们得到了car,career,cargo,carry 和 charge 等诸多词汇。 Caricature 是 carrus 的另一产物, 从意大利语经法语而演变过来的。演变过程中,做为法语词源的caricatura 是从意大利语,即意为“装货,使负重荷或夸张”的 caricare 衍生而来。 反过来,Caricare 源自后期拉丁语 carricare ,意为“装货”, 而它又衍生自古罗马人从高卢语中借来的carrus

现代英汉词典

caricature
[kArIkE5tjJE(r)]
n.

(1)

漫画;讽刺画
Magazines often contain caricatures of well-known film stars.
杂志上经常刊登有关著名电影明星的漫画。

(2)

(对别人声音、姿态的)滑稽模仿; 笨拙的模仿

(3)

漫画手法;漫画艺术;模仿技巧

词性变化

caricature
vt.
-tured, -turing
用漫画表现;使滑稽化

现代英汉综合大辞典

caricature
[7kArikE5tjuE]
n.

(1)

漫画, 讽刺画[文]

(2)

漫画手法, 漫画艺术

(3)

滑稽可笑的模仿, 歪曲讽刺模仿, 笨拙的模仿

词性变化

caricature
[7kArikE5tjuE]
vt.
把...画成漫画; 作讽刺画或描述

继承用法

caricaturable
adj.
适于被讽刺的, 具有被讽刺的形态的 -ral

词性变化

caricature
[7kArikE5tjuE]
adj.
讽刺画[文]的, 滑稽的

习惯用语

make a caricature of
把某人物画成漫画或讽刺画

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

caricature
漫画

美国传统词典

caricature
car.i.ca.ture
AHD:[k2r“1-k…-ch?r”, -ch…r]
D.J.[6k#rik*7t.u*r, -t.*]
K.K.[6k#r!k*7t.&r, -t.+]
n.

(1)

A representation, especially pictorial or literary, in which the subject's distinctive features or peculiarities are deliberately exaggerated to produce a comic or grotesque effect.

(2)

The art of creating such representations.

(3)

A grotesque imitation or misrepresentation:
The trial was a caricature of justice.
v.tr.
car.i.ca.tured, car.i.ca.tur.ing, car.i.ca.tures
To represent or imitate in an exaggerated, distorted manner.

语源

(1)

French

(2)

from Italian caricatura

(3)

from caricare [to load, to exaggerate]

(4)

from Late Latin carric3e

(5)

from Latin carrus [a Gallic type of wagon] * see kers-

继承用法

caricaturist
n.

参考词汇

(1)

caricature, burlesque, parody, travesty, satire, lampoon

(2)

These nouns denote artistic forms in which someone or something is imitated in an amusing and generally critical manner. A

(3)

caricature grossly exaggerates a distinctive or striking feature, as of a person or group, with intent to ridicule.

(4)

Burlesque, which usually denotes a stage work, suggests outlandish mimicry and broad comedy to provoke laughter. Parody, travesty, and satire generally apply to written works.

(5)

Parody is writing that employs the manner and style of a well-known work or writer for a ludicrous effect. A

(6)

travesty is a harshly distorted imitation.

(7)

Satire usually involves holding up to ridicule the follies and vices of a people or time. A

(8)

lampoon is a malicious but broadly humorous satire.

注释
The history of the word caricature takes us back through the centuries to a time when the Romans occupied Gaul, offering the blessings of civilization to the Gauls but also borrowing from them as well. One such borrowing, the Gaulish word .karros, meaning “a wagon or cart,” became Latin carrus, “a Gallic type of wagon.” This Latin word has continued to roll through the English language, giving us car, career, cargo, carry, and charge, among others. Caricature, another offspring of carrus, came to us via French from Italian, in which caricatura, the source of the French word, was derived from Italian caricare, “to load, burden, or exaggerate.” Caricare in turn came from Late Latin carric3, “to load,” derived from the Romans' Gaulish borrowing carrus.

电子邮件: 版权所有 一切网及原始资料出版社Copyright © 2004