简明英汉词典

calm
[kB:m]
adj.
(天气、海洋等)静的, 平静的, 镇静的, 沉着的
v.
(使)平静, (使)镇定, 平息

美国传统词典[双解]

calm
calm
AHD:[k?m]
D.J.[k$8m]
K.K.[k$m]
adj.(形容词)
calm.ercalm.est

(1)

Nearly or completely motionless; undisturbed:
平稳的,无波的:几乎或完全不动的;未受干扰的:
the calm surface of the lake.
平静的湖面

(2)

Not excited or agitated; composed:
镇静的,沉着的:未激动或未激怒的;安定的:
The President was calm throughout the global crisis.
在这全球危机整个过程中,总统一直保持平静
n.(名词)

(1)

An absence or cessation of motion; stillness.
静止:运动的消失或停止;静止

(2)

Serenity; tranquillity; peace.
宁静;平静;安宁

(3)

A condition of no wind or a wind with a speed of less than 1 mile (2 kilometers) per hour, according to the Beaufort scale.
无风状态:无风或按蒲氏划分标准风速低于每小时1英里(2公里)的状态
v.tr.intr.(及物动词和不及物动词)
calmedcalm.ingcalms
To make or become calm or quiet:
使平稳,使安静:使或变为平稳或安静:
A warm bath will calm you. After the storm, the air calmed.
洗个热水澡,会使你平静下来的。暴风雨之后,空气变得安静了

语源

(1)

Middle English calme
中古英语 calme

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Old Italian calmo
源自 古意大利语 calmo

(4)

from Late Latin cauma [heat of the day, resting place in the heat of the day]
源自 后期拉丁语 cauma [白天的热量,在尚有白日余温的休息地方]

(5)

from Greek kauma [burning heat]
源自 希腊语 kauma [燃烧热]

(6)

from kaiein [to burn]
源自 kaiein [燃烧]

(7)

N., from Middle English calme
名词,源自 中古英语 calme

(8)

from Italian calma
源自 意大利语 calma

(9)

from Vulgar Latin *calma
源自 俗拉丁语 *calma

(10)

from Late Latin
源自 后期拉丁语

继承用法

calmly
adv.(副词)

calmness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

calmtranquilplacidserenehalcyonpeaceful

(2)

These adjectives denote absence of excitement or disturbance.
这些形容词表明没有激动兴奋或未被打扰。

(3)

Calm implies freedom from emotional agitation:
Calm 隐含远离情感冲动之意:
calm acceptance of the inevitable.
平静地接受这不可避免的事实。

(4)

Tranquil suggests a more enduring calm:
Tranquil 意味着一种更需忍耐的平静:
hoped for a more tranquil life in the country.
希求置身乡村的那种更为平静的生活。

(5)

Placid suggests a pleasant, often phlegmatic calm:
Placid 意味着一种愉快的、常是迟钝的平静:
“Not everyone shared his placid temperament. Several cursed the delays” (Samuel G. Freedman).
“并非每个人都象他那样迟钝地忍耐。好几个人诅咒这次的延误” (塞缪尔G·弗里德曼)。

(6)

Serene denotes a lofty, even spiritual repose:
Serene 表明一种高超的、甚至是高尚的镇静:
remained serene in the midst of turbulence.
在这沸沸扬扬中保持镇静。

(7)

Halcyon suggests happy tranquillity:
Halcyon 意味着一种愉快的宁静:
halcyon days of youth.
那愉快而宁静的年轻岁月。

(8)

Peaceful implies undisturbed serenity:
Peaceful 意指未被打破的镇静:
“I am . . . peaceful as old age tonight” (Robert Browning).
“今晚,我如步入老年那样平静” (罗伯特·勃朗宁)

现代英汉词典

calm
[kB:m; (?@) kB:lm]
adj.
平静的
The sea was calm after the storm.
经过这场风暴后,大海平静下来了。
After the storm it became calm again.
暴风雨过后,天气又恢复平静无风。
The sea was calm at the beginning of our voyage.
我们出海时,海上风平浪静。
He was calm when I told him the bad news.
当我告诉他这个坏消息时,他很平静。

词性变化

calm
n.

(1)

平静无风(的天气)

(2)

和平安宁(的时代)

calm
vt,vi.
(常与down连用) 使安静
The nurse calmed the lillte boy by giving him some candy.
保育员给那小男孩一些糖果,使他安静下来了。
The mother calmed her child.
母亲使孩子安静下来。
It was difficult to calm down the football fans.
要使足球迷们平静下来是很困难的。

现代英汉综合大辞典

calm
[kB:m]
adj.

(1)

(海洋, 天气等)平静的, 安静的, 无风浪的

(2)

(人)沉着的, 镇静的

(3)

[俚]若无其事的, 厚脸皮的
a calm voice
平静的说话声
After the storm it was calm.
暴风雨过后风平浪静。

词性变化

calm
[kB:m]
n.

(1)

安静, 平静, 风平浪静

(2)

镇静, 镇定

(3)

【矿】灰青炭质页岩
flat calm
风平浪静

calm
[kB:m]
vt.
使镇定, 使平静
The mother calmed her child.
母亲使孩子安静下来。

calm
[kB:m]
vi.
镇定下来, 平静下来
The crying child soon calmed down.
哭闹的小孩不多一会就安静下来。

继承用法

calmative
[`kAlmEtIv,`kB:mE-]
adj.
【医】镇静的

词性变化

calm
[kB:m]
n.
【医】镇静剂

calmbelt
n.
无风带

calmly
[`kB:mlI]
adv.

calmness
n.

习惯用语

keep calm!
安静! 保持镇静!

calm before the storm
暴风雨前的平静

calm down
使平息, 使平静

特殊用法

central calm
中心无风区[稳静区]

equatorial calms
赤道无风带

参考词汇
calm     peaceful     quiet     still    
都含 “平静的”意思。

(1)

calm主要用于气候、海洋“ 风平浪静的”, 也可指人表示“安静的”、“镇静的”, 如:
The sky is blue, and the sea is calm.
天空碧兰, 海上风平浪静。
Although she was frightened, she answered with a calm voice.
虽然她害怕, 但还是用平静的声音回答。

(2)

peaceful指“和平的”表示“ 没有骚扰和战争的”, 如:
a peaceful environment
和平环境。

(3)

quiet 指“ 没有吵闹声的”、“ 没有噪音的”,它强调“声音很低、很少” 或“全然无声”, 如:
He had a quiet life.
他过着宁静的生活。

(4)

still 指“没声音的”、“没动静的”, 如:
the still hours before dawn
黎明前的寂静时刻。
noisy     stirring     stormy    

用法词典

calm
来自古法语 calme<意大利语 calma

英文相关词典

calm
peaceful    quiet    serene    still    tranquil    excited    storm    stormy    

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

calm
无风, 静

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

calm
镇定;冷静;平静的;风平浪静

美国传统词典

calm
calm
AHD:[k?m]
D.J.[k$8m]
K.K.[k$m]
adj.
calm.er, calm.est

(1)

Nearly or completely motionless; undisturbed:
the calm surface of the lake.

(2)

Not excited or agitated; composed:
The President was calm throughout the global crisis.
n.

(1)

An absence or cessation of motion; stillness.

(2)

Serenity; tranquillity; peace.

(3)

A condition of no wind or a wind with a speed of less than 1 mile (2 kilometers) per hour, according to the Beaufort scale.
v.tr.intr.
calmed, calm.ing, calms
To make or become calm or quiet:
A warm bath will calm you. After the storm, the air calmed.

语源

(1)

Middle English calme

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Old Italian calmo

(4)

from Late Latin cauma [heat of the day, resting place in the heat of the day]

(5)

from Greek kauma [burning heat]

(6)

from kaiein [to burn]

(7)

N., from Middle English calme

(8)

from Italian calma

(9)

from Vulgar Latin *calma

(10)

from Late Latin

继承用法

calmly
adv.

calmness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

calm, tranquil, placid, serene, halcyon, peaceful

(2)

These adjectives denote absence of excitement or disturbance.

(3)

Calm implies freedom from emotional agitation:
calm acceptance of the inevitable.

(4)

Tranquil suggests a more enduring calm:
hoped for a more tranquil life in the country.

(5)

Placid suggests a pleasant, often phlegmatic calm:
“Not everyone shared his placid temperament. Several cursed the delays” (Samuel G. Freedman).

(6)

Serene denotes a lofty, even spiritual repose:
remained serene in the midst of turbulence.

(7)

Halcyon suggests happy tranquillity:
halcyon days of youth.

(8)

Peaceful implies undisturbed serenity:
“I am . . . peaceful as old age tonight” (Robert Browning).

[名词委审定]英汉大气科学名词(1996)

calm

(1)

0级风

(2)

曾称“静风”。 蒲福风级的零级风, 风速为0—0.2m/s。

[名词委审定]英汉药学名词(1999)

calm

英汉船舶大词典

calm
n.安静,道氏0级海况,静;n.镇定

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

CALM
= Computer-Aided Layout of Masks,计算机辅助掩模电路图设计; = Computer-Aided Learning Model, 计算机辅助学习模型

英汉地质大词典

calm
n.平静,灰青软页岩

英汉环境大词典

calm
n.无风,零级风

英汉航空大词典

calm
n.静风的,无风的

英汉化学大词典

calm
adj.平静的;n.平静,灰青炭质页岩

英汉海运大词典

calm
蒲氏零级风道氏零级浪静稳,平稳无风无浪

基本词义

calm
蒲氏零级风,道氏零级浪,静稳,平稳,无风无浪无风

英汉计算机大词典

calm
adj.平静的;n.平静(灰青炭质页岩)

英汉建筑大词典

calm
n.平静的

英汉农牧林大词典

calm
n.无风

英汉消防大词典

calm
【气】无风

英汉中医大词典

calm
n.胼胝,骨痂

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