简明英汉词典

bylaw
[5baIlC:]
n.
次要法规,(社,团制定的)规章制度

美国传统词典[双解]

bylaw
by.law
AHD:[bo“l?”]
D.J.[6bai7l%8]
K.K.[6ba!7l%]
n.(名词)

(1)

A law or rule governing the internal affairs of an organization.
章程:一种法规或规则,用于管理一个组织的内部事务

(2)

A secondary law.
附则:非主要的规则

语源

(1)

Middle English bilawe [body of local regulations] ; akin to Danish by-lag [township ordinance]
中古英语 bilawe [地方法规体制] ;类似于 丹麦语 by-lag [镇区的法令]

(2)

Old Norse btr [settlement] * see bheu-
古斯堪的纳维亚语 btr [解决] *参见 bheu-

(3)

Old Norse *lagu [law] * see legh-
古斯堪的纳维亚语 *lagu [法律] *参见 legh-

注释
A casual glance at the word bylaw might make one think that the element by- means “secondary, subsidiary,” especially since bylaw can mean “a secondary law.” It is possible that by-, as in byway, has influenced bylaw in the sense “secondary law”; however, bylaw existed long before the sense in question. The word is first recorded in 1283 with the meaning “a body of customs or regulations, as of a village, manor, religious organization, or sect.” By- in this word comes from Old Norse, as may the word bylaw, and is related to if not identical with the element -by in the names of many places, such as Whitby, where Scandinavians settled when they invaded England during the early Middle Ages. We get the sense of this -by if we compare the related word entered as b?r, b÷r, bt, in the standard dictionary of Old Icelandic, meaning “a town or village” in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark and “a farm or landed estate” in Iceland. We thus see why bylaw would mean “a body of customs of a village or manor” and why we use the word to mean “a law or rule governing the internal affairs of an organization.”
随意瞟一眼单词bylaw 可能会使人想起前缀 by- ,意为“第二位的,次要的”, 因为bylaw 意为“附属的法规”。 可能因为前缀by- 位于 byway 中, 它影响了bylaw “附属法规”这一意义; 然而bylaw 一词在上述意义产生之前早已存在。 该词最初是在1283年以“一种习俗或规章体系,如村庄、县邑、宗教组织或派系之中”这种含义记载的。前缀By- 来自古斯堪的纳维亚语中, 正如bylaw 一词在许多地名之中与后缀 -by 若不是完全一致,就是彼此相关, 如惠特比,这是斯堪的纳维亚人在中世纪早期侵入英格兰之后的定居地。如果我们将古冰岛标准字典中的相关词b?r, b÷r, btr (在挪威、瑞典和丹麦这些国家中意为“城镇或村庄”而在冰岛意为“农场或庄园”)加以比较,就会得出后缀 -by 的含义。 我们因而可以明白为什么bylaw 一词意为“村庄或县邑的习俗体系” 以及我们为什么使用其“一种法规或规则,用于管理一个组织的内部事务”这一意义

现代英汉词典

bylaw
[5baIlC:]
n.
(市镇、铁路部门等制定的)地方法 (亦作: byelaw)

现代英汉综合大辞典

by
[bai]
prep.

(1)

在...旁, 靠近

(2)

从...旁边经过; 在...身边

(3)

(方向)偏于

(4)

沿; 经, 由

(5)

[表示交通工具等]乘, 坐

(6)

在(白天、夜晚等的)情况下

(7)

不迟于; 到...时(为止)

(8)

[表示方法、手段]靠, 用, 通过

(9)

由于

(10)

[表示数量, 程度]按...计算; 根据, 按

(11)

被, 由

(12)

相差

(13)

[表示面积]对, 比

(14)

逐一

(15)

[表示关系]就...来说

(16)

对, 对待

(17)

对着...(发誓)

(18)

用...去乘[除]
He sat down just by the door.
他正坐在门的旁边。
I go by the house every day.
我每天路过那所房子。
She'll return by Shanghai.
她将经上海回来。
I came back by bus.
我是乘公共汽车回来的。
The ship sailed north by east.
船沿着向北偏东的方向驶去。
They marched by night.
他们夜里进军。
He had finished the work by ten o'clock this morning.
到今天上午十点钟, 他已完成了这项工作。
He saluted her by raising his hat.
他举起帽子向她致意。
They sold apples by catty.
他们按斤卖苹果。
Nine divided by three is three.
九除以三得三。
He lives in a room 5m by 4m.
他住在一间长五米宽四米的房间里。
The children went in two by two.
孩子们两个两个地进去。
He did well by me.
他待我好。

词性变化

by
adv.

(1)

在近旁

(2)

经过, (岁月等)流过

(3)

(搁)在一边; 存放

(4)

[美口][与 call, come, stop 等连用]请来玩玩[聊聊]
stand by
站在一旁
pass by
从旁边经过
in days gone by
昔日
put your work by for a minute
把你的工作稍搁片刻
These oranges were put by for the winter.
这些桔子被储存起来留冬天吃。

继承用法

by-alley
n.
侧卷

by-and-by
n.
(不远的)将来

by-bidder
[-9bIdE(r)]
n.
(=by-bidding)受雇在拍卖时出价帮拍卖人提高价钱的人

by-blow
[`baIblEJ]
n.
间接的一击; 私生子

by-catch
n.
副渔获物

by-channel
n.
支渠

by-chute
n.
通过斜槽; 用泻物架

by-effect
n.
附加的作用; 未预料的效果; 副作用by-election

词性变化

by
n.
[英]补缺选举

by-end
[`baIend]
n.

(1)

私下的目的

(2)

(诗歌等的)片断

by-fellow
n.
二等研究员

byland
n.
半岛

by-lane
[`baIleIn]
n.
小巷

bylaw
[5baIlC:]
n.
附则, 细则; 地方法; 会章, 社章

by-line
[5baIlaIn]
n.

(1)

副业

(2)

(铁路干线的)支线

(3)

文章标题下用by标出作者姓名的一行

by motive
n.
隐蔽的动机, 暗中的计算

byname
[`baIneIm]
n.
别名; 绰号

bypass
[5baIpB:s; (?@) 5baIpAs]
n.

(1)

(通常为避免车辆拥挤而筑的迂回的)旁道

(2)

【电】分路迂回

(3)

(煤气等的)旁管
vt.

(1)

绕过

(2)

为...加设旁道; 使...通过旁道

(3)

忽视; 回避; 越过

by-past
adj.
过去的

bypath
[5baIpB:s]
n.
小道

by-pit
n.
副通风井

by-place
n.
穷乡僻壤, 偏僻处

byplay
[5baIpleI]
n.
【戏】(主题以外)穿插的演出; 枝节故事

by-plot
n.
副情节

byproduct
n.
副产品

byroad
[5baIrEJd]
n.
小路

by-room
n.
侧室, 私室

bystander
[5baIstAndE(r)]
n.
旁观者, 局外人

by-talk
n.
闲话, 杂谈

by-time
n.
闲暇

byword
[5baIw\:d]
n.

(1)

俗话

(2)

笑柄

(3)

浑名

(4)

口头禅

bywork
[`baIw\:k]
n.
副业; 兼职; 业余工作

习惯用语

by and again
时时, 常常

by and by
不久以后; 不一会儿; 连续不断地; 立刻; 马上

by and large

(1)

总的说来, 基本上

(2)

【航海】不管吃风不吃风(船照常行驶)

by oneself

(1)

单独

(2)

独自, 没有人帮助

by the by(e)
顺便提一下

美国传统词典

bylaw
by.law
AHD:[bo“l?”]
D.J.[6bai7l%8]
K.K.[6ba!7l%]
n.

(1)

A law or rule governing the internal affairs of an organization.

(2)

A secondary law.

语源

(1)

Middle English bilawe [body of local regulations] ; akin to Danish by-lag [township ordinance]

(2)

Old Norse btr [settlement] * see bheu-

(3)

Old Norse *lagu [law] * see legh-

注释
A casual glance at the word bylaw might make one think that the element by- means “secondary, subsidiary,” especially since bylaw can mean “a secondary law.” It is possible that by-, as in byway, has influenced bylaw in the sense “secondary law”; however, bylaw existed long before the sense in question. The word is first recorded in 1283 with the meaning “a body of customs or regulations, as of a village, manor, religious organization, or sect.” By- in this word comes from Old Norse, as may the word bylaw, and is related to if not identical with the element -by in the names of many places, such as Whitby, where Scandinavians settled when they invaded England during the early Middle Ages. We get the sense of this -by if we compare the related word entered as b?r, b÷r, bt, in the standard dictionary of Old Icelandic, meaning “a town or village” in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark and “a farm or landed estate” in Iceland. We thus see why bylaw would mean “a body of customs of a village or manor” and why we use the word to mean “a law or rule governing the internal affairs of an organization.”

英汉船舶大词典

bylaw
n.附则,社团章程

英汉地质大词典

bylaw
n.附则,细则

英汉法学大词典

bylaw
公司章程 ,细则

英汉航海大词典

bylaw
n.细则

英汉环境大词典

bylaw
n.章程,规则,说明书

英汉航空大词典

bylaw
n.细则,附则

英汉海运大词典

bylaw
地方规则,社团章则,附则

基本词义

bylaw
地方法则,社团章则,附则地方规则,

英汉经贸大词典

bylaw
n.细则

英汉计算机大词典

bylaw
n.附则(法规,地方法)

英汉能源大词典

bylaw
n.附则,法规,地方法

英汉贸易大词典

bylaw
细则

现代商务英汉大词典

bylaw
细则

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