简明英汉词典

by
[bai]
prep.
在附近, 在旁边, 经, 由, 依据, 按照, 通过, 用
adv.

(1)

通过, 经过, 附近

(2)

[域] Belarus, 白俄罗斯

美国传统词典[双解]

by
by 1
AHD:[bo]
D.J.[bai]
K.K.[ba!]
prep.(介词)

(1)

Close to; next to:
接近;靠近:
the window by the door.
靠近门的窗户

(2)

With the use or help of; through:
借助于;通过:
We came by the back road.
我们从后面的小路而来

(3)

Up to and beyond; past:
超过:超出和在前面;超出:
We drove by the house.
我们驶过了这所房屋

(4)

In the period of; during:
在…期间;在…中间:
sleeping by day.
在白天睡觉

(5)

Not later than:
不迟于:
by 5:30 p.m.
不迟于下午 5:30

(6)

In the amount of:
以…计的:
letters by the thousands.
数以千计的信件

(7)

To the extent of:
达到…程度:
shorter by two inches.
短了两英寸

(8)

According to:
按照,根据:
played by the rules.
按规则比赛

(9)

With respect to:
相关,就…来说:
siblings by blood.
嫡系亲属

(10)

In the name of:
以…的名义:
swore by the Bible to tell the truth.
对圣经发誓说真话

(11)

Through the agency or action of:
被:通过某种行为或动作:
was killed by a bullet.
被子弹击毙

(12)

Used to indicate a succession of specified individuals, groups, or quantities:
一个一个地:用于表示一系列的特定个体、组或数量:
One by one they left. They were persuaded little by little.
他们一个接一个地离去了。他们渐渐被说服了

(13)

Used in multiplication and division:
乘,除:用于乘法和除法:
Multiply 4 by 6 to get 24.
4乘6得24

(14)

Used with measurements:
用于度量:
a room 12 by 18 feet.
12英尺宽,18英尺长的房间

(15)

Used to express direction with points of the compass:
用于表示某一范围内的方位:
south by southeast.
东南偏南
adv.(副词)

(1)

On hand; nearby:
旁边:手边;就近的:
Stand by.
站在旁边

(2)

Aside; away:
一边;搁置:
We put it by for later.
我们把它放置一边,以后再说

(3)

Up to, alongside, and past:
超出,沿着,过去:
The car raced by.
汽车奔驰而过

(4)

Into the past:
流逝:
as years go by.
随着年月流逝

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English boe * see ambhi
源自 古英语 boe *参见 ambhi

基本词义

by
by 2
AHD:[bo]
D.J.[bai]
K.K.[ba!]
n.(名词)
Variant of bye
bye的变体

现代英汉词典

by
[baI]
prep.

(1)

在近处;在旁边
standing by the window
站在窗户旁边
a table by the bed
床边的桌子

(2)

经;由;从
to enter by the door
由门进去

(3)

经过…旁
He walked by me.
他从我旁边走过。

(4)

不迟于
By tomorrow he'll be here.
他明天就到这儿。

(5)

被;由
written by Shakespeare
莎士比亚写的

(6)

根据;按照
to play by the rules
按规则比赛

(7)

相差
His horse won by a nose.
他的马以一鼻之差取胜。

(8)

以…方式
She earned money by writing.
她靠写作挣钱。
We went by air.
我们乘飞机走。

(9)

表示相(乘)除(以计算面积)
a room 15 feet by 20 feet
一间长20英尺宽15英尺的房间
to divide X by Y
用Y除X

(10)

逐一;连续
The animals went in 2 by 2.
动物两个两个地走进去。

(11)

(指动物)由…所生

词性变化

by
adv.

(1)

通过
Please let me by.
请让我过去。

(2)

附近
Do it when nobody is by.
等附近没人时再做。

习惯用语

by and by
不久以后;不一会儿

by and large
全盘;总的来说

现代英汉综合大辞典

by
[bai]
prep.

(1)

在...旁, 靠近

(2)

从...旁边经过; 在...身边

(3)

(方向)偏于

(4)

沿; 经, 由

(5)

[表示交通工具等]乘, 坐

(6)

在(白天、夜晚等的)情况下

(7)

不迟于; 到...时(为止)

(8)

[表示方法、手段]靠, 用, 通过

(9)

由于

(10)

[表示数量, 程度]按...计算; 根据, 按

(11)

被, 由

(12)

相差

(13)

[表示面积]对, 比

(14)

逐一

(15)

[表示关系]就...来说

(16)

对, 对待

(17)

对着...(发誓)

(18)

用...去乘[除]
He sat down just by the door.
他正坐在门的旁边。
I go by the house every day.
我每天路过那所房子。
She'll return by Shanghai.
她将经上海回来。
I came back by bus.
我是乘公共汽车回来的。
The ship sailed north by east.
船沿着向北偏东的方向驶去。
They marched by night.
他们夜里进军。
He had finished the work by ten o'clock this morning.
到今天上午十点钟, 他已完成了这项工作。
He saluted her by raising his hat.
他举起帽子向她致意。
They sold apples by catty.
他们按斤卖苹果。
Nine divided by three is three.
九除以三得三。
He lives in a room 5m by 4m.
他住在一间长五米宽四米的房间里。
The children went in two by two.
孩子们两个两个地进去。
He did well by me.
他待我好。

词性变化

by
adv.

(1)

在近旁

(2)

经过, (岁月等)流过

(3)

(搁)在一边; 存放

(4)

[美口][与 call, come, stop 等连用]请来玩玩[聊聊]
stand by
站在一旁
pass by
从旁边经过
in days gone by
昔日
put your work by for a minute
把你的工作稍搁片刻
These oranges were put by for the winter.
这些桔子被储存起来留冬天吃。

继承用法

by-alley
n.
侧卷

by-and-by
n.
(不远的)将来

by-bidder
[-9bIdE(r)]
n.
(=by-bidding)受雇在拍卖时出价帮拍卖人提高价钱的人

by-blow
[`baIblEJ]
n.
间接的一击; 私生子

by-catch
n.
副渔获物

by-channel
n.
支渠

by-chute
n.
通过斜槽; 用泻物架

by-effect
n.
附加的作用; 未预料的效果; 副作用by-election

词性变化

by
n.
[英]补缺选举

by-end
[`baIend]
n.

(1)

私下的目的

(2)

(诗歌等的)片断

by-fellow
n.
二等研究员

byland
n.
半岛

by-lane
[`baIleIn]
n.
小巷

bylaw
[5baIlC:]
n.
附则, 细则; 地方法; 会章, 社章

by-line
[5baIlaIn]
n.

(1)

副业

(2)

(铁路干线的)支线

(3)

文章标题下用by标出作者姓名的一行

by motive
n.
隐蔽的动机, 暗中的计算

byname
[`baIneIm]
n.
别名; 绰号

bypass
[5baIpB:s; (?@) 5baIpAs]
n.

(1)

(通常为避免车辆拥挤而筑的迂回的)旁道

(2)

【电】分路迂回

(3)

(煤气等的)旁管
vt.

(1)

绕过

(2)

为...加设旁道; 使...通过旁道

(3)

忽视; 回避; 越过

by-past
adj.
过去的

bypath
[5baIpB:s]
n.
小道

by-pit
n.
副通风井

by-place
n.
穷乡僻壤, 偏僻处

byplay
[5baIpleI]
n.
【戏】(主题以外)穿插的演出; 枝节故事

by-plot
n.
副情节

byproduct
n.
副产品

byroad
[5baIrEJd]
n.
小路

by-room
n.
侧室, 私室

bystander
[5baIstAndE(r)]
n.
旁观者, 局外人

by-talk
n.
闲话, 杂谈

by-time
n.
闲暇

byword
[5baIw\:d]
n.

(1)

俗话

(2)

笑柄

(3)

浑名

(4)

口头禅

bywork
[`baIw\:k]
n.
副业; 兼职; 业余工作

习惯用语

by and again
时时, 常常

by and by
不久以后; 不一会儿; 连续不断地; 立刻; 马上

by and large

(1)

总的说来, 基本上

(2)

【航海】不管吃风不吃风(船照常行驶)

by oneself

(1)

单独

(2)

独自, 没有人帮助

by the by(e)
顺便提一下

用法词典

by
来自中古英语by,bi,be

英文相关词典

by
at    beside    near    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

by
用;在旁边

美国传统词典

by
by 1
AHD:[bo]
D.J.[bai]
K.K.[ba!]
prep.

(1)

Close to; next to:
the window by the door.

(2)

With the use or help of; through:
We came by the back road.

(3)

Up to and beyond; past:
We drove by the house.

(4)

In the period of; during:
sleeping by day.

(5)

Not later than:
by 5:30 p.m.

(6)

In the amount of:
letters by the thousands.

(7)

To the extent of:
shorter by two inches.

(8)

According to:
played by the rules.

(9)

With respect to:
siblings by blood.

(10)

In the name of:
swore by the Bible to tell the truth.

(11)

Through the agency or action of:
was killed by a bullet.

(12)

Used to indicate a succession of specified individuals, groups, or quantities:
One by one they left. They were persuaded little by little.

(13)

Used in multiplication and division:
Multiply 4 by 6 to get 24.

(14)

Used with measurements:
a room 12 by 18 feet.

(15)

Used to express direction with points of the compass:
south by southeast.
adv.

(1)

On hand; nearby:
Stand by.

(2)

Aside; away:
We put it by for later.

(3)

Up to, alongside, and past:
The car raced by.

(4)

Into the past:
as years go by.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English boe * see ambhi

基本词义

by
by 2
AHD:[bo]
D.J.[bai]
K.K.[ba!]
n.
Variant of bye

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

By
【WIN】由,保存者,步长

英汉法学大词典

by
prep.由,通过

英汉环境大词典

by
n.十亿年

英汉航空大词典

by
n.不迟于,到...时为

英汉化学大词典

by
prep.被,凭,在...旁边

英汉海运大词典

by
附带的,支节的旁边的 按照由,经

基本词义

by
附带的,支节的旁边的按照由,经在旁,依照,按偏(罗经用语)迎风使帆

基本词义

by
在旁,经,由,依照,按,偏(罗经用语),迎风使,)

英汉计算机大词典

by
prep.被(凭,在...旁边

英汉建筑大词典

by
n.在旁边,沿,经

航空英语缩写词典

BY
BRITANNIA AIRWAYS LTD. 不列坦尼航空公司

英汉中医大词典

by
n.靠近,在...一旁,根据

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