简明英汉词典

by turns
adv.
轮流, 交替

美国传统词典[双解]

turn
turn
AHD:[t?rn]
D.J.[t*8n]
K.K.[t)n]
v.(动词)
turnedturn.ingturns
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To cause to move around an axis or a center; cause to rotate or revolve.
使旋转,转动:使绕着一个轴或中心移动;使转动或旋转

(2)

To cause to move around in order to achieve a result, such as opening, closing, tightening, or loosening:
转动:使转动以达到某种结果,如打开、关闭、拧紧或拧松:
turn the key; turn a screw.
转动钥匙;拧动螺丝钉

(3)

To alter or control the functioning of (a mechanical device, for example) by the use of a rotating or similar movement:
扭动,旋动:通过旋转或类似动作改变或控制(如机械装置)的功能:
Please turn the iron to a hotter setting.
请把熨斗旋动到更热

(4)

To perform or accomplish by rotating or revolving:
翻,翻转:通过转动或旋转来执行或完成:
turn a somersault.
翻筋斗

(5)

To change the position of so that the underside becomes the upper side:
翻转:改变…的位置而使下面的成为上面的:
turn the steak; turn a page.
翻转牛排;翻一页书

(6)

To spade or plow (soil) to bring the undersoil to the surface.
翻耕,翻土:翻(土)或犁(土),从而把下面的泥土翻到表面上来

(7)

To reverse and resew the material of (a collar, for example).
翻修:用翻料或重缝的方法修整(如领子)

(8)

To revolve in the mind; meditate on; ponder.
盘算;反复思考;考虑

(9)

To give a rounded form to (wood, for example) by rotating against a cutting tool.
车削:在切割工具上旋转而使(如木头)成为圆形

(10)

To give a rounded shape to (clay, for example) by rotating and shaping with the hands or tools.
使成形,使成圆形:用手或工具旋转和定型而使(例如粘土)成为圆形

(11)

To give a rounded form to:
使成圆形:
turn a heel in knitting a sock.
编织短袜时把脚的后跟织成圆形

(12)

To give distinctive, artistic, or graceful form to:
使变得形式优美,使变得形状匀称:给予独特,艺术,优雅的形式:
“They know precisely how to turn a dramatic line or phrase that is guaranteed to make the evening news”(William Safire)
“他们当然知道如何写出适合晚间新闻的文采优美的词句”(威廉·萨菲尔)

(13)

To change the position of by traversing an arc of a circle; pivot:
绕过,转动:绕过一段圆弧改变位置;使绕枢轴转动:
turned his chair toward the speaker.
转动椅子面向说话人

(14)

To cause (a scale) to move up or down so as to register weight:
称重:使(秤台)上下移动以记录重量:
Even a feather will turn a delicate scale.
一台精密的天平能称出即使是一片羽毛的重量

(15)

To fold, bend, or twist (something).
使折叠,使弯曲,使扭曲

(16)

To change the position or disposition of by folding, bending, or twisting:
翻,翻转:通过折叠、弯曲成扭曲而改变位置或姿式:
Turn the design right side up on all your jacket buttons. Turn the hat inside out.
把你外套上的纽扣的图案翻转正了。把帽子的里面翻出来

(17)

To make a bend or curve in:
弄弯:把…弄弯把…弄成曲线:
He could turn a bar of steel.
他能把一根钢棒弄弯

(18)

To blunt or dull (the edge of a cutting instrument).
弄钝,弄卷刃(切割工具的刃)

(19)

To injure by twisting:
扭伤:因扭曲而弄伤:
turn an ankle.
扭伤了脚踝

(20)

To upset or make nauseated:
使作呕,使恶心:
That story turns my stomach.
这个故事令我作呕

(21)

To change the direction or course of:
使…改变方向,使改变路程:
turn the car to the left.
把车朝左拐

(22)

To divert or deflect:
使转向,使改变方向:
turn a stampede.
使群众分心

(23)

To reverse the course of; cause to retreat:
使撤退;使掉头:
“Then turn your forces from this paltry siege/And stir them up against a mightier task”(Shakespeare)
“那么把你的军队调离这足取的围攻/而鼓动他们去完成更艰巨的任务”(莎士比亚)

(24)

To make a course around or about:
迂回,绕过,拐过:
turn a corner.
绕过拐角

(25)

To change the purpose, intention, or content of by persuasion or influence:
转变,改变:通过劝说或施加影响而改变目的、意图或倾向:
His speech turned my thinking.
他的演说改变了我的想法

(26)

To change the order or disposition of; unsettle:
使混乱,使迷乱;使错乱:
“Sudden prosperity had turned [his] head” (Macaulay)
“飞来的横财使[他的] 脑筋不太正常” (麦考利)

(27)

To set in a specified way or direction by or as if by rotating or pivoting; point:
转动:通过或好象通过旋转或绕枢轴旋转而放在一定的方向或形态;指向:
turn the antenna east.
把触角转向东

(28)

To present in a specified direction by or as if by rotating or pivoting:
朝向,转弯:通过或好象旋转或绕枢轴转动而使出现在某一方向:
turn one's face to the wall.
将脸转向墙

(29)

To aim or focus; train:
瞄准或聚焦于;使对着:
turn one's gaze to the sky.
抬眼凝视天空

(30)

To devote or apply (oneself, for example) to something:
致力于,投身于:使(如自己)投身或致力于某事:
She turned herself to music.
她致力于音乐

(31)

To cause to act or go against; make antagonistic:
使反对,使敌对;使…成为敌人:
News of the scandal turned public opinion against the candidate.
关于丑闻的报道使公众舆论都反对候选人

(32)

To cause to go in a specific direction; direct:
引导,指导:使向某一特定方向运动;引导:
They turned their way back.
他们掉头向回走

(33)

To send, drive, or let go:
驱赶,打发,放走:
turn the bully out of the bar; turned the dog loose.
把这个恶棍赶出酒吧;把狗放开

(34)

To pour, let fall, or otherwise release (contents) from or into a receptacle:
倒,倾倒:倾倒或用其他方法把容器中的东西倒出或倒入容器:
Turn the dough onto a floured board.
把生面团倒在撒了面粉的板上

(35)

To cause to take on a specified character, nature, identity, or appearance; change or transform. Used with to or into :
改变:使具有特定的性质、本质、身份或外形;改变或使变成。与to 或 into 连用:
water that had been turned to ice; turn a rundown house into a show place.
已变成冰的水;把一所破旧的房子改变成一个表演场所

(36)

To make sour; ferment:
使变酸;使变质:
Lack of refrigeration turned the milk.
没有电冰箱会使牛奶变质

(37)

To affect or change the color of:
使变色,使颜色改变:
Autumn turns the green leaves golden.
秋天使绿叶变成了金黄色

(38)

To exchange; convert. Used with to or into :
交换;转换。与to 或 into 连用:
turns her singing talent into extra money.
把她的歌唱天赋转换成外块

(39)

To keep in circulation; sell and restock:
周转:使流通;出卖然后再进货:
We turned a great deal of merchandise during the holidays.
在假期中我们周转大量的商品

(40)

To get by buying and selling:
赚取,挣得:通过买和卖而挣得:
turn a fair profit.
赢利情况不错

(41)

Slang To perform (an act of prostitution):
【俚语】 进行(卖淫活动):
turning tricks.
卖淫
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To move around an axis or a center; rotate or revolve.
旋转,周转:绕轴心或中心移动;旋转或周转

(2)

To have a sensation of revolving or whirling, especially as a result of dizziness or giddiness.
晕旋:有回旋或旋转的感觉,尤指是头晕或旋转的结果

(3)

To change position from side to side or back and forth:
翻转,转动:从一面到另一面或从前到后地改变位置:
I tossed and turned all night.
我整夜辗转反侧

(4)

To progress through pages so as to arrive at a given place:
翻书,翻页:翻动书页以到达特定地方:
Please turn to page 361.
请翻到361页

(5)

To operate a lathe.
开动车床

(6)

To be formed on a lathe:
车削:在车床上加工:
a softwood that turns easily.
极易车削的软木

(7)

To direct one's way or course:
转向:朝一个方向或路线走:
The truck turned into the service station. We turned off the highway at the first exit.
卡车朝加油站驶去。我们在第一个出口离开了高速公路

(8)

To change or reverse one's way, course, or direction:
转变,变化:改变或背离自己的道路,行程或方向:
Too tired to go farther, we turned toward home.
我们已筋疲力尽,再也走不动了,只有掉头回家

(9)

To have a specific reaction or effect, especially when adverse.
转变,转折:产生相反作用或特定的结果,尤指相反的情况

(10)

To change one's actions or attitudes adversely; become hostile or antagonistic:
反对,敌对:相反地改变自己的行动或态度;变得敌对或反对:
The once servile peasants turned against the cruel king.
曾一度臣服的农民起来反对残暴的国王

(11)

To attack suddenly and violently with no apparent motive:
突然袭击:没有明显动机地突然和猛烈地袭击:
The tiger turned on the animal trainer.
老虎突然向训兽员袭击

(12)

To channel one's attention, interest, or thought toward or away from something:
转移,转变:改变自己的注意力、兴趣或想法而转向或背离某物:
“In the spring a young man's fancy lightly turns to thoughts of love”(Tennyson)
“在春天,年轻人的想象力很容易转移到关于爱情的遐想上去了”(坦尼森)

(13)

To devote or apply oneself to something, as to a field of study:
致力于:从事或献身于某事,如一门学问:
Unsuccessful in mathematics, the student turned to biology.
在数学上一无所成,这个学生转而从事生物学的研究

(14)

To convert to a religion.
改变信仰

(15)

To switch one's loyalty from one side or party to another.
背离,脱离:将自己对一方或一党的忠诚转向中另一方或另一党

(16)

To have recourse to a person or thing for help, support, or information.
依赖,求助:向某人或其它求助、请求支持或打听消息

(17)

To depend on something for success or failure; hinge:
成败的要素,关键:
“The election would turn not on ideology but on competence”(George F. Will)
“选举将取决于竞争力而非空论”(乔治F.威尔)

(18)

To change so as to be; become:
变为;成为:
His hair turned gray. I am a lawyer turned novelist.
他的头发变得花白了。我是个从律师改业的小说家

(19)

To change; become transformed. Used with to or into :
改变;变成。与to 或 into 连用:
The sky turned to pink at dawn. The night turned into day.
天空在黎明时分变成了粉红色。黑夜变成了白天

(20)

To reach and pass (a certain age, for example):
到达或过了(例如,一定的年龄):
My niece has turned three.
我的侄女三岁了

(21)

To become sour:
变酸:
The milk turned because we did not refrigerate it.
牛奶变酸了,因为我们没有它放到冰箱里

(22)

To change color:
变色:
The leaves have turned.
叶已经变色了

(23)

To be stocked and sold:
进货并销售:
This merchandise will turn easily.
这种商品很容易脱手

(24)

To become dull or blunt by bending back. Used of the edge of a cutting instrument.
使变钝:因向后弯曲而变钝。用于切割工具的刃
n.(名词)

(1)

The act of turning or the condition of being turned; rotation or revolution.
转动,旋转:转动的动作或被转动的状况;转动或旋转

(2)

A change of direction, motion, or position:
转向,转弯:改变方向、动作成立置:
Make a left turn at the corner.
在拐角处向左转弯

(3)

A place, as in a road or path, where a change in direction occurs; a curve:
转弯处,转折点:方向出现变化的地点,如公路或小路上;弯曲:
a sharp turn in the road.
公路上的一个急转弯

(4)

A departure or deviation, as in a trend:
转变:偏离或背离,如某一趋势的:
a strange turn of events.
事件的奇怪转变

(5)

A point marking the end of one period of time and the beginning of the next:
转变时期,交替时期:标志着一个时期的结束和下一个时期的开始的时间:
the turn of the century.
世纪交替的时期

(6)

A chance or an opportunity.
机会,机遇

(7)

One of a series of such opportunities accorded people in succession or in scheduled order:
次序:依次轮流或按时间表的顺序排列的一系列机会中的一次:
waiting for her next turn at bat.
在棒球比赛中等练她的下一次击球机会

(8)

A period of participation:
回合:
a turn at wrestling.
摔跤运动的一个回合

(9)

An attack of illness or severe nervousness.
疾疾或紧张情绪的侵袭

(10)

Informal A momentary shock or scare:
【非正式用语】 一惊,一吓:瞬间的吃惊或恐惧:
I had quite a turn when I first heard the crash.
当我刚听到撞车时着实吓了一跳

(11)

A characteristic mood, style, or habit; a natural inclination:
天性,禀性:典型的情绪、风格成习惯;自然的倾向:
a curious and speculative turn of mind.
生性好奇,爱冒险

(12)

A propensity or an adeptness:
天赋,禀赋:
a turn for carpentry.
有做木工的天赋

(13)

A distinctive, graceful, or artistic expression or arrangement of words:
措辞:与众不同的、优雅的或艺术性的表达方式或词语安排:
the poetic turn of a phrase.
诗意的词句

(14)

A movement or development in a particular direction:
变化,转向:向特定方向的运动或发展:
a turn for the worse.
变得更糟

(15)

A variation of a given kind or type:
变动:给定的种类或类型的变动:
“His muse occasionally takes a humorous and satirical turn”(Albert C. Baugh)
“他的诗句偶尔会变得幽默而有讽剌意味”(艾伯特C.鲍)

(16)

A deed or an action having a good or bad effect on another:
举动,行为:对另一人有帮助或损害的行为或举动:
“He thought some friend had done him an ill turn”(Stephen Crane)
“他认为有个朋友对他有不利的举动”(斯蒂芬·克兰)

(17)

Advantage or purpose:
利益,目的:
It served his turn.
这对他有利

(18)

A short walk or excursion out and back:
走一圈,兜一圈:外出进行短距离散步或游览然后回来:
took a turn in the park.
在公园里走一圈

(19)

A distortion in shape.
变形:形状扭曲

(20)

The condition of being twisted or wound.
盘绕:被扭曲或盘绕的状况

(21)

A winding of one thing about another.
缠绕:用一物缠绕另一物

(22)

A single wind or convolution, as of wire on a spool.
盘绕一圈:绕一圈或一卷 ,如缠在锭子上的线

(23)

Something that winds or turns around a center axis.
一卷:围绕着轴心绕成一圆圈的东西

(24)

Music A figure or an ornament consisting of four or more notes in rapid succession and including in addition to the principal note the one that is a degree above and the one that is a degree below it.
【音乐】 加音:由一组四个或四个以上的音符,包括上方、下方辅助音绕着主音符或标出的音符构成的装饰音

(25)

A brief theatrical act or stage appearance.
短剧,舞台表演:短小的戏剧或舞台演出

(26)

A transaction on the stock market involving both a sale and a purchase.
股票交易:股票交易市场上的一次交易,涉及买和卖

(27)

South Atlantic U.S. The amount that can be carried in the arms in one load:
【美国南大西洋沿岸】 一捧,一抱:双臂一次所能搬运的量:
a turn of firewood.
一抱柴禾

常用词组

turn away

(1)

To send away; dismiss:
把…打发走;解雇:
turned away the salesperson.
解雇了推销员

(2)

To repel:
驱逐:
The poor location of the condominium turned away many prospective buyers.
公寓房偏僻的位置赶跑了许多很有希望的买主

(3)

To avert; deflect:
挡开;使转向:
turned away all criticism.
挡开了所有的批评

turn back

(1)

To reverse one's direction of motion:
折回,往回走:掉转某人的运动方向:
stopped on the road and had to turn back.
在公路上停了下来,只好往回走

(2)

To drive back and away:
使折回,赶回去:
turned back the uninvited comers.
把不速之客赶了回去

(3)

To halt the advance of:
使停止前进,挡住:
managed to turn back the advancing army.
设法挡住了向前推进的军队

(4)

To fold down:
翻起,折转:
Turn back the corner of the page to save your place in the book.
在书角上折一下来作读到哪里的记号

turn down

(1)

To diminish the speed, volume, intensity, or flow of:
降低,减弱:调低速度、音量、强度或流量:
Turn down the radio, please.
请把收音机的音量调低

(2)

To reject or refuse, as a person, advice, or a suggestion:
拒绝:拒绝某人、建议或忠告:
We politely turned down the invitation.
我们有礼貌地拒绝了邀请

(3)

To fold or be capable of folding down:
翻下:折转或能够被翻下:
turn a collar down; a collar that turns down.
翻下衣领;能翻下的衣领

turn in

(1)

To hand in; give over:
交还;上交:
turned in the final exam.
上交期末考试试卷

(2)

To inform on or deliver:
检举,陈述:
The criminal turned herself in.
罪犯自首了

(3)

To produce:
完成:
turns in a consistent performance every day.
每天的表现都很一致

(4)

Informal To go to bed:
【非正式用语】 上床睡觉:
I turned in early last night.
我昨晚很早就上床睡觉了

turn off

(1)

To stop the operation, activity, or flow of; shut off:
关闭,停止:终止运转、行为或流动;关掉:
turned off the television.
关掉电视

(2)

Slang
【俚语】

(3)

To affect with dislike, displeasure, or revulsion:
讨厌,厌恶:使不喜欢,讨厌或厌恶:
That song really turns me off.
我一点也不喜欢那首歌

(4)

To affect with boredom:
使厌烦:
The play turned the audience off.
这出戏让观众很倒味

(5)

To lose or cause to lose interest; withdraw:
失去或使失去兴趣;撤回:
turning off to materialism.
沦为实利主义

(6)

To cease paying attention to:
不注意:
Unable to leave my seat, I turned off the boring speaker and thought about vacation.
不能离开我的座位,我对那个令人厌烦的讲演者置之不理,开始考虑假期

(7)

To divert; deflect.
分散;转移

(8)

Chiefly British To dismiss (an employee).
【多用于英国】 解雇(员工)

turn on

(1)

To cause to begin the operation, activity, or flow of:
打开,开启:使开始运作、活动或流动:
Turn on the light bulb.
打开电灯

(2)

To begin to display, employ, or exude:
开始展示,显露出,流露出:
turn on the charm.
显露出魅力

(3)

Slang
【俚语】

(4)

To take or cause to take a mind-altering drug, especially for the first time.
开始或使开始吸毒,尤指第一次

(5)

To be or cause to become interested, pleasurably excited, or stimulated. Often used with to :
使兴奋,使刺激:产生或使产生兴趣、兴奋或刺激。通常与to 连用:
My uncle turned me on to jazz. She turned on to surfing this summer.
我叔叔使我对爵士乐发生了兴趣。这个夏季她对滑水发生了兴趣

(6)

To excite or become excited sexually.
(使)激发性欲

turn out

(1)

To shut off:
关上,关掉:
turned out the lights.
关掉了灯

(2)

To arrive or assemble, as for a public event or entertainment:
聚集,召集:聚集或召集,如参加公众活动或娱乐:
A large group of protesters have turned out.
一大群抗议者聚集到了一起

(3)

To produce, as by a manufacturing process; make:
生产:产出,如通过制作过程;制造:
an assembly line turning out cars.
生产小汽车的流水线

(4)

To be found to be, as after experience or trial:
证实:发觉是,如经历或试验之后:
The rookie turned out to be the best hitter on the team.
新手证明是队里最出色的击球员

(5)

To end up; result:
结果;结果:
The cake turned out beautifully.
蛋糕最后做出来很漂亮

(6)

To equip; outfit:
装备;配置:
troops that were turned out beautifully.
装备精良的队伍

(7)

Informal To get out of bed.
【非正式用语】 起床

(8)

To evict; expel:
赶出;使搬走:
The tenants were turned out.
房客都被赶走了

turn over

(1)

To bring the bottom to the top or vice versa; invert.
翻转,翻过来:把底翻到上面或相反面;翻转

(2)

To shift the position of, as by rolling from one side to the other.
翻滚:改变位置,似乎通过从一边到另一边滚动

(3)

To shift one's position by rolling from one side to the other.
翻身:从一边滚向另一边改变位置

(4)

To rotate; cycle:
旋转;转动:
The engine turned over but wouldn't start.
发动机转了一圈,但是没有起动

(5)

To think about; consider:
考虑;思考:
She turned over the problem in her mind.
她仔细考虑了这个问题

(6)

To transfer to another; surrender:
移交;交出:
turned over the illegal funds.
交出了非法资金

(7)

To do business to the extent or amount of:
营业额达:
turn over a million dollars a year.
一年的营业额是一百万美元

(8)

To seem to lurch or heave convulsively:
翻动:似乎在痉挛性地抽动:
My stomach turned over.
我的胃在翻动

turn to
To begin work:
开始工作:
If you quit dawdling and just turn to, the cleaning will be done in a day.
如果你停止闲逛,马上开始工作,清洁工作一天就能做完

turn up

(1)

To increase the speed, volume, intensity, or flow of:
开大,调高:增加速度、音量,强度或流量:
turn up the public-address system.
调高播音系统的音量

(2)

To find:
发现,找到:
She turned up the missing papers under her blotter.
她在记事本下找到了丢失的文件

(3)

To be found:
找到:
The papers will turn up sooner or later.
文件迟早会找到的

(4)

To make an appearance; arrive:
出现;到达:
Several old friends turned up at the reunion.
好几个老朋友出现在聚会上

(5)

To fold or be capable of folding up:
折叠:折叠或能够被折叠:
turning up his cuffs; cuffs that will turn up.
卷起自己的袖口;卷起来的袖口

(6)

To happen unexpectedly:
意外地发生:
Something turned up and I was unable to go.
发生了一点意外,我不能离开

(7)

To be evident:
变得明显:
Her name constantly turns up in art circles.
她的名字经常出现在艺术圈里

习惯用语

at every turn
In every place; at every moment.
处处;时时

by turns
One after another; alternately:
轮流地,交替地:
“From the . . . testimony emerges a man by turns devious and honest, vulgar and gallant, scatterbrained and shrewd”(Life)
“从指证来看,一个人交替地表现为狡猾和诚实,粗鄙和豪侠,浮躁和精明”(生活)

in turn
In the proper order or sequence.
依次地,轮流地

out of turn

(1)

Not in the proper order or sequence.
未按照正当的次序或顺序地

(2)

At an inappropriate time or in an inappropriate manner:
不合时宜地,轻率地:
I may be speaking out of turn, but you might like to know that your attire does not conform to the dress code here.
或许我说话有些不合时宜,但是你可能愿意知道你的衣着与这里的服装规则不相符

to a turn
To a precise degree; perfectly:
正好;恰好:
The roast was done to a turn.
面包烤得恰到好处

turn a blind eye
To refuse to see or recognize something:
熟视无睹:拒绝正视,装作没看见:
turned a blind eye to government corruption.
对于政府的腐败熟视无睹

turn a deaf ear
To refuse to listen to or hear something:
置若罔闻,装作没听见:
turned a deaf ear to the protests.
对抗议置若罔闻

turn a hair
To become afraid or upset:
慌张,不安:变得慌张或不安:
didn't turn a hair during the bank robbery.
在抢劫银行发生的过程中,没有露出丝毫慌张的神色

turn (one's) back on

(1)

To deny; reject.
拒绝;放弃

(2)

To abandon; forsake.
抛弃;丢弃

turn (one's) hand
To apply oneself, as to a task:
着手:从事,如一项工作:
turned her hand to writing the dissertation; was lazy and wouldn't turn his hand.
开始着手写学术论文;很懒,不肯开始工作

turn (one's) head

(1)

To cause to become infatuated.
使变得糊涂

(2)

To cause to become egotistical and conceited:
使变得自负,自高大自:
Success has turned his head.
成功使他变得自高自大

turn over a new leaf
To change, as one's attitude or conduct, for the better.
改过一新:向好的方面转变,如自己的态度成举止

turn tail
To run away.
逃跑,逃走

turn the corner或

turn a corner
To reach and surpass a midpoint or milestone.
到达并超越了终点或里程碑

turn the other cheek
To respond to insult or injury by patiently eschewing retaliation.
逆来顺受:以忍耐对待侮辱和伤害

turn the scales
To offset the balance of a situation.
打破僵局:打破某一形式的平衡状态

turn the tables
To reverse a situation and gain the upper hand.
转败为胜:扭转了局势而处于上风

turn turtle
To capsize or turn upside-down:
倾覆,底朝天翻转:
Our sailboat turned turtle during the squall.
在风暴中我们的帆船翻了个底朝天

turn up (one's) nose
To regard (something) with disdain or scorn:
轻视,看不起:不把…放在眼里,蔑视:
turned up her nose at the food.
她对食物嗤之以鼻

语源

(1)

Middle English turnen
中古英语 turnen

(2)

from Old English turnian, tyrnan
源自 古英语 turnian, tyrnan

(3)

Old French torner
古法语 torner

(4)

both from Latin torn3e [to turn in a lathe]
都源自 拉丁语 torn3e [在车床上旋转]

(5)

from tornus [lathe]
源自 tornus [车床 ]

(6)

from Greek tornos * see ter- 1
源自 希腊语 tornos *参见 ter- 1

参考词汇

(1)

turnrotaterevolvegyratespinwhirlcircleeddyswirl

(2)

These verbs all mean to move or cause to move in a circle.
这些动词的意思都是在圆圈内转动或使转动。

(3)

Turn, the most general, means to move in a circular course:
Turn 最具概括性,意思是沿环形路线移动:
a planet turning on its axis;
行星以自己的轴为中心旋转;
turned and stared at me.
转过身盯着我。

(4)

Rotate usually involves movement around an object's own axis or center:
Rotate 通常涉及物体绕自己的轴或中心旋转的动作:
The top rotated with decreasing speed as the spring wound down.
当发条越来越松时,陀螺也越转越慢。

(5)

Revolve can have the same meaning as rotate, while in certain contexts it is distinguished from rotate as involving orbital movement:
Revolve 的意思与rotate 大致一样,但在特定的语境中,它涉及到在轨道上的运动,因此与 rotate 有所区别:
The earth revolves around the sun.
地球绕太阳公转。

(6)

Gyrate usually refers to revolving in or as if in a spiral course:
Gyrate 一般指螺旋形的或好象是螺旋形的转动:
waltzers gyrating giddily. To spin is to rotate rapidly, often within a narrow compass:
跳华尔兹舞的人快速旋转,令人眼花缭乱。 Spin 的意思是快速旋转,通常在狭窄的范围内:
“He . . . spun round, flung up his arms, and fell on his back, shot through” (John Galsworthy).
“他猛地转过来,张开双臂,仰面倒在地上,被子弹射穿” (约翰·高尔斯华绥)。

(7)

Whirl applies to rapid or forceful revolution or rotation:
Whirl 指迅速或有力的转动或旋转:
whirling snowflakes.
飞旋的雪片。

(8)

Circle refers to circular or approximately circular motion:
Circle 指圆形的或大致成圆形的运动:
sea gulls circling above the ocean.
海鸥在大海上盘旋。

(9)

Eddy usually denotes rapid circular movement like that of a whirlpool:
Eddy 通常暗含象旋涡一样的圆形运动:
Storm clouds eddied overhead.
乌云在头顶翻滚。

(10)

Swirl, often interchangeable with eddy, sometimes connotes a graceful undulation, spiral, or whorl:
Swirl 通常与eddy 可以互换, 有时表示优美的起伏、旋转或螺旋:
The flood waters swirled wildly under the bridge.
滚滚急流在桥下翻滚而过。
The milliner swirled tulle lavishly above the brim of the hat. See also Synonyms at resort
卖帽子的商人将面纱过多地卷在帽沿上 参见同义词 resort

现代英汉综合大辞典

turn
[tE:n]
vt.

(1)

转, 转动, 旋转
turn a wheel
转动轮子
The wheel of history cannot be turned back.
历史的车轮不能倒转。
She turned the key in the lock.
她用钥匙开锁。

(2)

翻, 翻转, 倒转, 倒置, 翻新(衣服等)
turn a page
翻一页
turn a phonograph record
把唱片翻过来
He turned a somersault.
他翻了个筋头。
I had my overcoat turned.
我把大衣翻个面。

(3)

使弯曲, 扭曲; 对折(书页等); 使(刀口[刃])卷起, 使变钝
turn a lead pipe
弯铅管
He turned the edge of the knife.
他使刀口卷刃[变钝]。
He turned his ankle.
他扭伤脚踝。

(4)

使朝向, 转向, 指向, 转移; 劝说; 集中
turn one's steps homewards
转身回家
turn one's head away
把头掉开
T-it more to the right.
把它向右边转动一下。
T-your face this way.
请把脸转到这边。

(5)

把(注意力等)转向; 把...用于; 把...对准
turn one's hand to writing
致力于 写作
turn one's guns on the enemy
把枪口对准敌人
T-your attention to business.
请把注意力集中在事务上。
She turned her thoughts toward home.
她转念思家。

(6)

挡开, 使偏斜
turn a punch
挡住一拳
This metal is thick enough to turn a bullet.
此金属厚得可以挡住子弹。

(7)

使变成; 改变; 使变质[变酸]
The hot weather has turned the milk.
天热使牛奶变质了。
The cold weather turned leaves red.
寒冷天气使树叶变红。

(8)

驱使, 撵, 驱散, 击退
turn sb. out of the door
把某人赶出门
turn the enemy's attack
击退敌人的进攻
He was turned out of the hall for making too much noise.
他因过于喧闹而被赶出会场。

(9)

使倾倒, 使颠倒
turn the contents of one's bag out to the table
把袋里的东西倒在桌上

(10)

兑换; 翻译, 改写
turn coins into paper money
把硬币换成纸币
Can you turn this article into Chinese?
你能把这篇文章译成汉语吗?

(11)

(时刻)超过, 逾
He has turned fifty.
他已经五十岁了。
It has just turned half past two.
现在刚过两点半。

(12)

对...仇视, 使作对, 使回击
turn a son against his father
使儿子仇视父亲

(13)

绕过
turn a street corner
沿街角拐弯

(14)

搅乱(心智), 使(心神)不安, 使冲昏(头脑)
Too much praise turns his head.
过多的赞扬冲昏了他的头脑。

(15)

使作呕, 使恶心
The mere sight of food turned his stomach.
一见食物, 他就想呕吐。
The rotten fish turned my stomach.
臭鱼使我恶心。

(16)

使遭受, 使受到; 使用, 利用
turn money to good use
使金钱得到很好利用。
He can turn his hand to almost everything.
他几乎什么都(学得)会。

(17)

使具有优美形式
a well turned phrase
漂亮的词句
He can turn pretty compliments.
他会说动听的恭维话。

(18)

使(货币、货物)流通, (存货)出清; 赚, 挣
turn a penny
赚一些钱
a turn profit
赚钱, 牟利

(19)

【刷】倒植, 倒排 ⑵⑽【机】车(削), 旋, 为...车外圆, 被车[旋]; 使成圆形
turn a machine part
车机器部件
Let's get the lathe to turn the new piston.
咱们用车床车[加工]新的活塞吧。

词性变化

turn
[tE:n]
vi.

(1)

旋转; 转动, 环绕
The wheels were turning slowly.
轮子在缓慢地转动着。
The earth turns round the sun.
地球绕太阳旋转。

(2)

翻身, 转弯, 翻转
All night long he turned and tossed in bed.
整整一夜他在床上翻来覆去地睡不着。
Now please turn round.
现在请转过身来。
The road turns sharp right.
路向右急转。

(3)

求教, 求助
We often turn to this handbook for information on transistors.
我们常从这本手册查阅有关晶体管的资料。

(4)

翻到, 查阅, 转到
Please turn to page twelve.
请翻到十二页。
The conversation inevitably turned to the changes that had taken place in the village.
话题不可避免地转到谈村子里发生的变化。

(5)

变成, 变得; 变质, 变酸; 改变信仰; 变色
The milk has turned.
牛奶变质了。
Maple leaves have turned crimson .
枫叶已经红了。
The weather suddenly turned cold.
天气突然冷了起来。
This afternoon will be cloudy, turning clear.
今天下午阴转晴。
He later turned Moslem.
他后来改信了伊斯兰教。
At a low temperature, water turns into ice.
水在低温时就结成冰。

(6)

转而反对(against); 发怒, 攻击(on)
Why did they suddenly turn against you?
他们为什么突然转而反对你?

(7)

晕眩; 作呕
My stomach turned at the sight of blood.
我一看见血就想吐。
My head is turning.
我头晕。

(8)

变钝
The knife's edge has turned.
刀变钝了。

(9)

依赖, 取决于
The success of the meeting turns on the weather.
这次集会是否成功取决于天气状况。

(10)

【机】被旋, 被车, 在车床上加工
a metal that turns easily
容易车的金属

(11)

(商品)转手, 易手
n.

(1)

旋转; 转身; 翻转; 转向, 转弯;【军】迂回

(2)

转角, 转弯处; 曲折处

(3)

变化; 转机; 转折点

(4)

形状, 样子; 倾向; 癖性; 气质; 特殊才能

(5)

一个回合, 走一圈; 散步; 行为, 举动

(6)

[英]杂技演员

(7)

轮流, 轮班

(8)

一卷, 一圈; 线匝, 匝数; 圈数

(9)

[pl. ]月经

(10)

【音】回音;【刷】倒头铅字

(11)

[美俚](杂技、广播等的)一个节目

(12)

(对原作的)改动, 改写

(13)

(语言等的)特色; 措词(特征)

(14)

[口]惊吓

(15)

一笔证券交易; 一笔证券交易的获利

(16)

【机】车床; 有旋转把柄的橱门闩

(17)

[古]计谋[策]; 必[需]要
make a turn
拐[转]弯; 转一圈
take two turns
拧[转]两圈
a coil of 500 turns
五百匝的线圈
on the afternoon turn
值下午班
Matters have taken a bad turn.
事情恶化。
I don't like the turn of the sentence.
我可不喜欢这句话的措词。
It gave me quite a turn.
可把我吓了一跳。
It is your turn now.
现在轮到你了。
No one is allowed to get his ticket out of turn.
任何人都不准不按次序买票。

继承用法

turnabout
n.

(1)

转身, 转向; 向后转

(2)

(方针、倾向等)转变

(3)

转到另一边; 变质

(4)

叛徒

(5)

(娱乐场的)转马

(6)

正反面都能穿的衣服

turn-about-face
n.
变节; 改变主意

turnaround
[`t\:nE9raJnd]
n.

(1)

供车辆回旋的空地, 回车场; 回车道

(2)

飞机卸货、加油、检修及再装货所需的时间

(3)

(立场、方针等)转变

turnaway
vt.
离开, 转变...的方向; 不看; 解雇, 不许进入, 不愿接受, 走开, 出发

turnback
n.

(1)

懦夫

(2)

(衣物的)翻新部分

词性变化

turn
[tE:n]
adj.
翻折的

turnbench
[`t\:nbentF]
n.
(可携带的)钟表工人用的车床

turnbuckle
[`t\:n9bQkl]
n.
(松紧)螺套, 松紧螺旋扣, 螺丝接头, 紧线器, 拉线[花篮]螺丝, 拉丝螺干[螺纹套]

turnbutton
n.
旋转式按纽

turncap
[`t\:nkAp]
n.
(烟囱顶)旋转帽, 风帽

turncoat
[5t\:nkEJt]
n.
变节者, 叛徒

turncock
[5t\:nkRk]
n.
(有柄)旋塞

turndown
[`t\:ndaJn]
adj.
(衣领等)可翻折的, 穿时翻下的 n.

(1)

翻折物

(2)

拒绝

(3)

衰落, 萧条

turned-on
[`t\:nd`Cn,-`R:n]
adj.
对时髦事物极敏感的, 好赶时髦的

turnhall
n.
体育馆

turn-in
n.
折进物(如书籍封面沿硬纸板边折进的部分)

turnkey
[5t\:nki:]
n.
监狱看守
adj.
(建筑商等对工程)一揽子承包的, 用户只须转动钥匙即可使用的

turnoff
n.

(1)

岔开, 避开; 断开[路], 切断, 关(闭), 扭闭

(2)

岔道, 支路

(3)

成品

turnon
n.
接通[入], (扭)开, 开启

turnpike
n.

(1)

(旧时的)收税栅

(2)

收税路, 收税高速公路

(3)

公路, 大道; (铁路)跨线桥, 高架桥

turnplate
[`t\:npleIt]
n.
转台[盘]

turnrow
n.
地头

turn-screw
n.
旋凿, 螺丝起子, 传动丝杠

turnsheet
n.
转辙板

turnsick
[`t\:nsIk]
n.
蹒跚病

turn-to-turna.
圈[匝]间的

turn-under
n.

(1)

翻入[折转]到下面的行动

(2)

底面曲线, 弯向下面的曲线(弯度)

习惯用语

a hand's turn
举手之劳, 一臂之力; 一点工作

a turn of fortune's wheel
命运的转变

About turn! (=Right about turn!)
【军】向右转!

at every turn
处处, 到处; 每一次, 经常地

be turned (of)
年在...以上, 年过

by turns
轮流地; 时而...时而...

call the turn
定调子; 发号施令; 操纵, 左右着

do sb. a bad turn
做有损于某人的事, 危害某人

do sb. an ill turn
做有损于某人的事, 危害某人

do sb. a good turn
做有利于某人的事, 为某人效了一次劳

give a new turn to
对...给与新的说法, 给与...另外一种说法

give another turn of the screw
对(某人)施加压力

give sb. another turn of the screw
对(某人)施加压力

give sb. a turn
[口]使某人大吃一惊, 把某人吓了一跳

give sb. quite a turn
[口]使某人大吃一惊, 把某人吓了一跳

go for a turn

(1)

散步

(2)

兜一圈, 玩一玩

in turn
轮流地; 挨个, 依次; 反过来

in one's turn

(1)

(依次)轮到时

(2)

这一回

in the turn of a hand
顷刻之间

Left turn!
【军】向左转!

make a turn
转, 转弯

on the turn
正在转变, 正在变化; 正在好转; (牛奶)变酸

One good turn deserves another.
[谚]以德报德。

out of turn

(1)

不依顺序地

(2)

冒冒失失地, 轻率地

Right turn!
向右转!

serve one's (own) turn (=serve a turn)

(1)

满足个人的需要

(2)

(紧急时)能起作用; 能应急

serve sb. the good turn
(在...方面)对某人有好处

serve sb. the good turn of
(在...方面)对某人有好处

serve sb.'s turn
对某人有用; 适合某人的需要

short turn
短小的节目

star turn

(1)

主要节目, 压轴戏

(2)

引人注目的人物, 大红人

take a turn

(1)

转, 转弯

(2)

散步, 溜达溜达

(3)

(骑马, 乘船)玩一玩, 兜一兜风

(4)

做一会(工作)

(5)

(形势)转变

take a turn for the better
好转, 变好

take a turn for the worse
变坏, 恶化

take turns
依次, 轮班; 轮流

the turn of life
【医】(妇女的)绝经期, 更年期

the turn of the century
一个世纪之末和下一个世纪之初; 世纪初, 世纪末

the turn of the tide
形势的转变

to a turn

(1)

刚好, 恰到好处

(2)

精确地, 尽善尽美

to the turn of a hair
极其精确, 惟妙惟肖

to the turn to a hair
极其精确, 惟妙惟肖

walk a turn
来回地走走

turn about

(1)

转向相反的方向, 掉转方向

(2)

轮流, 更替

(3)

反复思考

turn against

(1)

(使)变成和...敌对

(2)

使(事情)对...不利

turn and rend sb.
突然责骂某人

turn and wind

(1)

(骑马者)把马头掉过来掉过去

(2)

任意支配(某人)

turn around(=turn round)

(1)

转过去, 转身

(2)

改换意见; 改变宗旨; 采取新政策

(3)

(船只)下完乘客[卸完货]开船

turn away

(1)

转过脸去, 背过脸去

(2)

把...打发走, 把...驱逐出去; 解雇

(3)

离开

(4)

避开, 防止

turn back

(1)

转回去, 往回走

(2)

挡回, 使折回

(3)

(to)翻回书页; 回溯到

(4)

折转

turndown
[`t\:ndaJn]

(1)

(使)折起来; (使)翻下来

(2)

调低, 关小(灯光)

(3)

拒绝, 摒弃; 驳回

(4)

转入(另一条路)

(5)

把纸牌面朝下摆着

(6)

(经济等)走下坡, 衰退

turn forth
驱逐, 赶走

turn in

(1)

拐进去; 转身进去

(2)

(使)向里弯曲

(3)

[口]交还; 上缴

(4)

[口]上床, 就寝

(5)

告发; 检举; 出卖

(6)

[口]抛弃, 放弃

(7)

作出, 取得

turn in on oneself
与他人断绝来往; 闭关自守, 采取了孤立主义

turn in upon oneself
与他人断绝来往; 闭关自守, 采取了孤立主义

turn into

(1)

拐入, 进入

(2)

(使)变成, (使)成为

turn it in

(1)

辞去工作; 放弃工作; 停止说(使人不愉快的事情)

(2)

(用于祈使句中)别搞了, 住嘴

turn it up

(1)

辞去工作; 放弃工作; 停止说(使人不愉快的事情)

(2)

(用于祈使句中)别搞了, 住嘴

turn of events
形势的变化

turn of expression
表达方式, 措辞

turn of mind
性情; 气质倾向, 才能

turn of speech
口吻, 说法

turn of speed
行速, 速力

turn off

(1)

关(自来水、电灯、收音机等)

(2)

辞退, 解雇

(3)

(人)转入另一条路, 拐弯; 岔开(路)

(4)

岔开(话题等)

(5)

生产, 制造

(6)

(用车床)削掉, 车出

(7)

处理掉; 抛售

(8)

[俚]绞死

(9)

变质, 变酸, 坏掉

(10)

[口](使)沮丧, (使)不感兴趣

(11)

变成, 转为

(12)

[口]使成婚; 使嫁出

turn on

(1)

拧开(自来水、电灯、收音机)

(2)

要看...而定, 以...为转移

(3)

反对, 攻击; 对...怀敌意

(4)

[口](使)感到兴趣; (使)兴奋激动

(5)

[美俚](使)服用麻醉品; (使)变得兴奋

turn out

(1)

(使)向外弯曲

(2)

关上(自来水、电灯等)

(3)

生产, 制造; 培养出

(4)

驱逐(某人)出去; 解雇(某人)

(5)

翻转[出], 倒空

(6)

出动; 出席, 参加

(7)

[口]起床

(8)

证明是..., 结果是...; 发展为...

(9)

打扮, 装束; 装备

(10)

把(牛、羊等)赶出栏外放牧

turn over

(1)

(使)翻过来; (使)翻倒, (使)打滚

(2)

交给, 移交

(3)

熟思, 再三考虑

(4)

营业额为..., 做(多少钱的)生意

(5)

周转

(6)

(货物等)大量卖出, 有销路

(7)

发动(机器等); 转动

(8)

翻阅(书刊)

(9)

把...接转到下一行

(10)

(胃)恶心; (心)乱跳

turn to

(1)

指向, 转向

(2)

求取于, 依赖

(3)

变成; 结果成为

(4)

着手; 开始工作; 积极行动

turn up

(1)

向上; 向上翻; 使朝上

(2)

开大; 扭亮(灯火等); 加快(速度等)

(3)

翻起, 翻掘

(4)

露面, 来到; 发生, 出现; (东西)被找到

(5)

发现, 找到

(6)

[口]使呕吐

(7)

结果是..., 证明是

(8)

[英]参考, 查阅; 寻找, 查

(9)

拐入, 转入; 转身登上

(10)

杀死

(11)

[英]放弃; 释放; 放松, 放掉

(12)

转速达到, 功率达到

(13)

【航海】(船)抢风转变航向

turn upon

(1)

有赖, 取决于; 随...而定

(2)

突然攻击, 突然责骂; 对...翻脸

特殊用法

ampere turns
安(培)匝(数)

back turn
逆向匝, 反作用匝

backstroke flip turn
仰泳滚翻转身

binding turns
绑匝(绝缘子上绑线)

choking turn
扼流圈

clockwise turn
顺时针方向转动

control turn
控制线匝

counter-ampere turns
反安匝

crawl flip turn
爬泳前滚翻转身

cross over turn
压步转弯

cross ampere turn
交磁安匝

damping turn
阻尼线匝

demagnetizing ampere turns
去磁安匝, 退磁安匝

down turn
经济下降

engine turn
机动雕刻

fractional turn
分级转动

front turn
向前转身

full turn
转体

handstand turn
倒立转体

home turn
最后弯道

hop turn
快转体

horizontal turn
水平转身, 水磨式转身

illegal turn
转身犯规

jobber's turn
中间人的赢利, 赚头

kick turn
踢腿转弯

lateral turn
侧转身, 拉边转身

left turn
左旋

Maxwell turns
麦克斯韦匝

multiple turn
多圈的, 多匝的; 多转的; 多螺线的

negotiate a turn
拐弯道

nonoperating ampere turn
不吸安匝

operating ampere turn
工作安匝

pivot turn
(仰泳)平转身

procedure turn
程序转向

programmed turn
程序转弯

quarter turn
直角转弯

quick turn
转身灵活

release ampere turn
释放安匝

reverse turn
反转

right turn
右旋

rotor turn
转子线匝

rough turn
粗车

round turn
(棉花交易所)买卖双方

sea turn
海雾风

series turn
串(联)绕(组)线圈

sharp turn
急转弯

standing kick turn
原踢腿转弯, 踢转

standing turn with steps round the heel
原地踏步式转弯, 踏转

stock turn
存货周转; (包括买进和卖出的)一次股票周转

toll turn
[英]牲畜市场税

triple turn
转体三周

tumble turn
滚翻转身

work and turn
全张翻版印(刷)

turn of commodity
商品周转

turn of the tide
(海)潮转换

参考词汇
turn     rotate     revolve     spin     whirl    
都含“转动"的意思。

(1)

turn系常用词, 指“绕着一个点转动", 如:
The wheel turns.
轮子转动。

(2)

rotate指“物体绕其中心点转动", 如:
The earth rotates on its axis once every 24 hours.
地球每24小时依其轴心自转一次。

(3)

revolve 可与 rotate互换, 指“环行转动或旋转", 如:
The earth revolves around the sun.
地球围绕着太阳转。

(4)

spin 指“持续旋转", 如:
spin a top
抽陀螺。

(5)

whirl 指“快速、持续地旋转", 如:
The leaves whirled in the wind.
树叶在风中飞舞。

美国传统词典

turn
turn
AHD:[t?rn]
D.J.[t*8n]
K.K.[t)n]
v.
turned, turn.ing, turns
v.tr.

(1)

To cause to move around an axis or a center; cause to rotate or revolve.

(2)

To cause to move around in order to achieve a result, such as opening, closing, tightening, or loosening:
turn the key; turn a screw.

(3)

To alter or control the functioning of (a mechanical device, for example) by the use of a rotating or similar movement:
Please turn the iron to a hotter setting.

(4)

To perform or accomplish by rotating or revolving:
turn a somersault.

(5)

To change the position of so that the underside becomes the upper side:
turn the steak; turn a page.

(6)

To spade or plow (soil) to bring the undersoil to the surface.

(7)

To reverse and resew the material of (a collar, for example).

(8)

To revolve in the mind; meditate on; ponder.

(9)

To give a rounded form to (wood, for example) by rotating against a cutting tool.

(10)

To give a rounded shape to (clay, for example) by rotating and shaping with the hands or tools.

(11)

To give a rounded form to:
turn a heel in knitting a sock.

(12)

To give distinctive, artistic, or graceful form to:
“They know precisely how to turn a dramatic line or phrase that is guaranteed to make the evening news”(William Safire)

(13)

To change the position of by traversing an arc of a circle; pivot:
turned his chair toward the speaker.

(14)

To cause (a scale) to move up or down so as to register weight:
Even a feather will turn a delicate scale.

(15)

To fold, bend, or twist (something).

(16)

To change the position or disposition of by folding, bending, or twisting:
Turn the design right side up on all your jacket buttons. Turn the hat inside out.

(17)

To make a bend or curve in:
He could turn a bar of steel.

(18)

To blunt or dull (the edge of a cutting instrument).

(19)

To injure by twisting:
turn an ankle.

(20)

To upset or make nauseated:
That story turns my stomach.

(21)

To change the direction or course of:
turn the car to the left.

(22)

To divert or deflect:
turn a stampede.

(23)

To reverse the course of; cause to retreat:
“Then turn your forces from this paltry siege/And stir them up against a mightier task”(Shakespeare)

(24)

To make a course around or about:
turn a corner.

(25)

To change the purpose, intention, or content of by persuasion or influence:
His speech turned my thinking.

(26)

To change the order or disposition of; unsettle:
“Sudden prosperity had turned [his] head” (Macaulay)

(27)

To set in a specified way or direction by or as if by rotating or pivoting; point:
turn the antenna east.

(28)

To present in a specified direction by or as if by rotating or pivoting:
turn one's face to the wall.

(29)

To aim or focus; train:
turn one's gaze to the sky.

(30)

To devote or apply (oneself, for example) to something:
She turned herself to music.

(31)

To cause to act or go against; make antagonistic:
News of the scandal turned public opinion against the candidate.

(32)

To cause to go in a specific direction; direct:
They turned their way back.

(33)

To send, drive, or let go:
turn the bully out of the bar; turned the dog loose.

(34)

To pour, let fall, or otherwise release (contents) from or into a receptacle:
Turn the dough onto a floured board.

(35)

To cause to take on a specified character, nature, identity, or appearance; change or transform. Used with to or into :
water that had been turned to ice; turn a rundown house into a show place.

(36)

To make sour; ferment:
Lack of refrigeration turned the milk.

(37)

To affect or change the color of:
Autumn turns the green leaves golden.

(38)

To exchange; convert. Used with to or into :
turns her singing talent into extra money.

(39)

To keep in circulation; sell and restock:
We turned a great deal of merchandise during the holidays.

(40)

To get by buying and selling:
turn a fair profit.

(41)

Slang To perform (an act of prostitution):
turning tricks.
v.intr.

(1)

To move around an axis or a center; rotate or revolve.

(2)

To have a sensation of revolving or whirling, especially as a result of dizziness or giddiness.

(3)

To change position from side to side or back and forth:
I tossed and turned all night.

(4)

To progress through pages so as to arrive at a given place:
Please turn to page 361.

(5)

To operate a lathe.

(6)

To be formed on a lathe:
a softwood that turns easily.

(7)

To direct one's way or course:
The truck turned into the service station. We turned off the highway at the first exit.

(8)

To change or reverse one's way, course, or direction:
Too tired to go farther, we turned toward home.

(9)

To have a specific reaction or effect, especially when adverse.

(10)

To change one's actions or attitudes adversely; become hostile or antagonistic:
The once servile peasants turned against the cruel king.

(11)

To attack suddenly and violently with no apparent motive:
The tiger turned on the animal trainer.

(12)

To channel one's attention, interest, or thought toward or away from something:
“In the spring a young man's fancy lightly turns to thoughts of love”(Tennyson)

(13)

To devote or apply oneself to something, as to a field of study:
Unsuccessful in mathematics, the student turned to biology.

(14)

To convert to a religion.

(15)

To switch one's loyalty from one side or party to another.

(16)

To have recourse to a person or thing for help, support, or information.

(17)

To depend on something for success or failure; hinge:
“The election would turn not on ideology but on competence”(George F. Will)

(18)

To change so as to be; become:
His hair turned gray. I am a lawyer turned novelist.

(19)

To change; become transformed. Used with to or into :
The sky turned to pink at dawn. The night turned into day.

(20)

To reach and pass (a certain age, for example):
My niece has turned three.

(21)

To become sour:
The milk turned because we did not refrigerate it.

(22)

To change color:
The leaves have turned.

(23)

To be stocked and sold:
This merchandise will turn easily.

(24)

To become dull or blunt by bending back. Used of the edge of a cutting instrument.
n.

(1)

The act of turning or the condition of being turned; rotation or revolution.

(2)

A change of direction, motion, or position:
Make a left turn at the corner.

(3)

A place, as in a road or path, where a change in direction occurs; a curve:
a sharp turn in the road.

(4)

A departure or deviation, as in a trend:
a strange turn of events.

(5)

A point marking the end of one period of time and the beginning of the next:
the turn of the century.

(6)

A chance or an opportunity.

(7)

One of a series of such opportunities accorded people in succession or in scheduled order:
waiting for her next turn at bat.

(8)

A period of participation:
a turn at wrestling.

(9)

An attack of illness or severe nervousness.

(10)

Informal A momentary shock or scare:
I had quite a turn when I first heard the crash.

(11)

A characteristic mood, style, or habit; a natural inclination:
a curious and speculative turn of mind.

(12)

A propensity or an adeptness:
a turn for carpentry.

(13)

A distinctive, graceful, or artistic expression or arrangement of words:
the poetic turn of a phrase.

(14)

A movement or development in a particular direction:
a turn for the worse.

(15)

A variation of a given kind or type:
“His muse occasionally takes a humorous and satirical turn”(Albert C. Baugh)

(16)

A deed or an action having a good or bad effect on another:
“He thought some friend had done him an ill turn”(Stephen Crane)

(17)

Advantage or purpose:
It served his turn.

(18)

A short walk or excursion out and back:
took a turn in the park.

(19)

A distortion in shape.

(20)

The condition of being twisted or wound.

(21)

A winding of one thing about another.

(22)

A single wind or convolution, as of wire on a spool.

(23)

Something that winds or turns around a center axis.

(24)

Music A figure or an ornament consisting of four or more notes in rapid succession and including in addition to the principal note the one that is a degree above and the one that is a degree below it.

(25)

A brief theatrical act or stage appearance.

(26)

A transaction on the stock market involving both a sale and a purchase.

(27)

South Atlantic U.S. The amount that can be carried in the arms in one load:
a turn of firewood.

常用词组

turn away

(1)

To send away; dismiss:
turned away the salesperson.

(2)

To repel:
The poor location of the condominium turned away many prospective buyers.

(3)

To avert; deflect:
turned away all criticism.

turn back

(1)

To reverse one's direction of motion:
stopped on the road and had to turn back.

(2)

To drive back and away:
turned back the uninvited comers.

(3)

To halt the advance of:
managed to turn back the advancing army.

(4)

To fold down:
Turn back the corner of the page to save your place in the book.

turn down

(1)

To diminish the speed, volume, intensity, or flow of:
Turn down the radio, please.

(2)

To reject or refuse, as a person, advice, or a suggestion:
We politely turned down the invitation.

(3)

To fold or be capable of folding down:
turn a collar down; a collar that turns down.

turn in

(1)

To hand in; give over:
turned in the final exam.

(2)

To inform on or deliver:
The criminal turned herself in.

(3)

To produce:
turns in a consistent performance every day.

(4)

Informal To go to bed:
I turned in early last night.

turn off

(1)

To stop the operation, activity, or flow of; shut off:
turned off the television.

(2)

Slang

(3)

To affect with dislike, displeasure, or revulsion:
That song really turns me off.

(4)

To affect with boredom:
The play turned the audience off.

(5)

To lose or cause to lose interest; withdraw:
turning off to materialism.

(6)

To cease paying attention to:
Unable to leave my seat, I turned off the boring speaker and thought about vacation.

(7)

To divert; deflect.

(8)

Chiefly British To dismiss (an employee).

turn on

(1)

To cause to begin the operation, activity, or flow of:
Turn on the light bulb.

(2)

To begin to display, employ, or exude:
turn on the charm.

(3)

Slang

(4)

To take or cause to take a mind-altering drug, especially for the first time.

(5)

To be or cause to become interested, pleasurably excited, or stimulated. Often used with to :
My uncle turned me on to jazz. She turned on to surfing this summer.

(6)

To excite or become excited sexually.

turn out

(1)

To shut off:
turned out the lights.

(2)

To arrive or assemble, as for a public event or entertainment:
A large group of protesters have turned out.

(3)

To produce, as by a manufacturing process; make:
an assembly line turning out cars.

(4)

To be found to be, as after experience or trial:
The rookie turned out to be the best hitter on the team.

(5)

To end up; result:
The cake turned out beautifully.

(6)

To equip; outfit:
troops that were turned out beautifully.

(7)

Informal To get out of bed.

(8)

To evict; expel:
The tenants were turned out.

turn over

(1)

To bring the bottom to the top or vice versa; invert.

(2)

To shift the position of, as by rolling from one side to the other.

(3)

To shift one's position by rolling from one side to the other.

(4)

To rotate; cycle:
The engine turned over but wouldn't start.

(5)

To think about; consider:
She turned over the problem in her mind.

(6)

To transfer to another; surrender:
turned over the illegal funds.

(7)

To do business to the extent or amount of:
turn over a million dollars a year.

(8)

To seem to lurch or heave convulsively:
My stomach turned over.

turn to
To begin work:
If you quit dawdling and just turn to, the cleaning will be done in a day.

turn up

(1)

To increase the speed, volume, intensity, or flow of:
turn up the public-address system.

(2)

To find:
She turned up the missing papers under her blotter.

(3)

To be found:
The papers will turn up sooner or later.

(4)

To make an appearance; arrive:
Several old friends turned up at the reunion.

(5)

To fold or be capable of folding up:
turning up his cuffs; cuffs that will turn up.

(6)

To happen unexpectedly:
Something turned up and I was unable to go.

(7)

To be evident:
Her name constantly turns up in art circles.

习惯用语

at every turn
In every place; at every moment.

by turns
One after another; alternately:
“From the . . . testimony emerges a man by turns devious and honest, vulgar and gallant, scatterbrained and shrewd”(Life)

in turn
In the proper order or sequence.

out of turn

(1)

Not in the proper order or sequence.

(2)

At an inappropriate time or in an inappropriate manner:
I may be speaking out of turn, but you might like to know that your attire does not conform to the dress code here.

to a turn
To a precise degree; perfectly:
The roast was done to a turn.

turn a blind eye
To refuse to see or recognize something:
turned a blind eye to government corruption.

turn a deaf ear
To refuse to listen to or hear something:
turned a deaf ear to the protests.

turn a hair
To become afraid or upset:
didn't turn a hair during the bank robbery.

turn (one's) back on

(1)

To deny; reject.

(2)

To abandon; forsake.

turn (one's) hand
To apply oneself, as to a task:
turned her hand to writing the dissertation; was lazy and wouldn't turn his hand.

turn (one's) head

(1)

To cause to become infatuated.

(2)

To cause to become egotistical and conceited:
Success has turned his head.

turn over a new leaf
To change, as one's attitude or conduct, for the better.

turn tail
To run away.

turn the corneror

turn a corner
To reach and surpass a midpoint or milestone.

turn the other cheek
To respond to insult or injury by patiently eschewing retaliation.

turn the scales
To offset the balance of a situation.

turn the tables
To reverse a situation and gain the upper hand.

turn turtle
To capsize or turn upside-down:
Our sailboat turned turtle during the squall.

turn up (one's) nose
To regard (something) with disdain or scorn:
turned up her nose at the food.

语源

(1)

Middle English turnen

(2)

from Old English turnian, tyrnan

(3)

Old French torner

(4)

both from Latin torn3e [to turn in a lathe]

(5)

from tornus [lathe]

(6)

from Greek tornos * see ter- 1

参考词汇

(1)

turn, rotate, revolve, gyrate, spin, whirl, circle, eddy, swirl

(2)

These verbs all mean to move or cause to move in a circle.

(3)

Turn, the most general, means to move in a circular course:
a planet turning on its axis;
turned and stared at me.

(4)

Rotate usually involves movement around an object's own axis or center:
The top rotated with decreasing speed as the spring wound down.

(5)

Revolve can have the same meaning as rotate, while in certain contexts it is distinguished from rotate as involving orbital movement:
The earth revolves around the sun.

(6)

Gyrate usually refers to revolving in or as if in a spiral course:
waltzers gyrating giddily. To spin is to rotate rapidly, often within a narrow compass:
“He . . . spun round, flung up his arms, and fell on his back, shot through” (John Galsworthy).

(7)

Whirl applies to rapid or forceful revolution or rotation:
whirling snowflakes.

(8)

Circle refers to circular or approximately circular motion:
sea gulls circling above the ocean.

(9)

Eddy usually denotes rapid circular movement like that of a whirlpool:
Storm clouds eddied overhead.

(10)

Swirl, often interchangeable with eddy, sometimes connotes a graceful undulation, spiral, or whorl:
The flood waters swirled wildly under the bridge.
The milliner swirled tulle lavishly above the brim of the hat. See also Synonyms at resort

英汉地质大词典

by turns
n.轮流地,交替地,轮番来回地

英汉航海大词典

by turns
prep.轮流地,时而...时而

英汉环境大词典

by turns
n.轮流地,交替地,轮番来回地

英汉化学大词典

by turns
adv.轮流,轮班,交替地

英汉海运大词典

by turns
依次

英汉经贸大词典

by turns
n.轮流地,交替地,轮番来回地

英汉能源大词典

by turns
n.轮流地,交替地,轮番来回地

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