简明英汉词典

by reason of
adv.
由于, 因为

美国传统词典[双解]

reason
rea.son
AHD:[r?“z…n]
D.J.[6ri8z*n]
K.K.[6riz*n]
n.(名词)

(1)

The basis or motive for an action, a decision, or a conviction.See Usage Note at because See Usage Note at why
原因:某个行动、决定或判决的基础或动机参见 because参见 why

(2)

A declaration made to explain or justify an action, a decision, or a conviction:
理由:解释或证明某行动、决定或判决的说明:
inquired about her reason for leaving.
询问她离开的理由

(3)

An underlying fact or cause that provides logical sense for a premise or an occurrence:
充分理由:给一个前提或事件提供逻辑判断力的基本事实或原因:
There is reason to believe that the accused did not commit this crime.
有充分的理由相信被告没有犯这项罪行

(4)

The capacity for logical, rational, and analytic thought; intelligence.
理智,理性:进行逻辑推理、理性思维或分析判断的能力;智力

(5)

Good judgment; sound sense.
判断力:良好的判断力;可靠的理智

(6)

A normal mental state; sanity:
正常神态:正常的精神状态;神志清楚:
He has lost his reason.
他已神志不清了

(7)

Logic A premise, usually the minor premise, of an argument.
【逻辑学】 前提:某个论证的前提,常指小前提
v.(动词)
rea.sonedrea.son.ingrea.sons
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To use the faculty of reason; think logically.
推论:运用推理判断的能力;作逻辑思考

(2)

To talk or argue logically and persuasively.
辩论:逻辑严密且很有说服力地谈论或辩论

(3)

Obsolete To engage in conversation or discussion.
【废语】 商谈:参与某个谈话或讨论
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To determine or conclude by logical thinking:
推断:用逻辑思维来决定或推论:
reasoned out a solution to the problem.
分析推断出解决这个问题的办法

(2)

To persuade or dissuade (someone) with reasons.
说服:用理由来劝告或说服(某人)做或不做某事

习惯用语

by reason of
Because of.
因为

in reason
With good sense or justification; reasonably.
合乎情理地:具有良好情理或证明的;合情合理地

within reason
Within the bounds of good sense or practicality.
合理地:在良好的情理和现实范围之内地

with reason
With good cause; justifiably.
正当地:有充足理由地;正当地

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French raison
源自 古法语 raison

(3)

from Latin rati?} rati?n-
源自 拉丁语 rati?} rati?n-

(4)

from ratus [past participle of] r?ro [to consider, think] * see ar-
源自 ratus [] r?ro的过去分词 [考虑,思考] *参见 ar-

继承用法

reasoner
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

reasonintuitionunderstandingjudgment

(2)

These nouns refer to the intellectual faculty by means of which human beings seek or attain knowledge or truth.
这些名词都指人类通过追求或获取知识或真理的方式而得到的智力。

(3)

Reason is the power to think rationally and logically and to draw inferences:
Reason 是指通过理性且逻辑地思考并作出推理的能力:
“the rationalist whose reason is not sufficient to teach him those limitations of the powers of conscious reason” (Friedrich August von Hayek).
“理性主义者的理智不足以告诉他们有意识的理性力量是有一些缺陷的” (弗雷德里希·奥古斯特·冯·海因克)。
“Mere reason is insufficient to convince us of its [the Christian religion's] veracity” (David Hume).
“仅仅是理性还不足以使我们信服它的 真实性” (大卫·休漠)。

(4)

Intuition is perception or comprehension, as of truths or facts, without the use of the rational process:
Intuition 是对诸如真理或事实的洞察力或理解力,而不牵扯理性的过程:
“Because of their age-long training in human relations—for that is what feminine intuition really is—women have a special contribution to make to any group enterprise” (Margaret Mead).
“因为她们在人际关系中多年的磨炼-而那正是女性直觉所在-女人们对任何一个群体的事业都做出了自己特殊的贡献” (玛格丽特·米德)。

(5)

Understanding is the faculty by which one understands, often together with the comprehension resulting from its exercise:
Understanding 是某人理解认知的能力,常带有从运用中获得的理解力之意:
“So long as the human heart is strong and the human reason weak, Royalty will be strong because it appeals to diffused feeling, and Republics weak because they appeal to the understanding” (Walter Bagehot).
“只要是人的情感力量强大而理性虚弱,王权政体就会强大,因为它要的是散布的情感,而共和政体便会虚弱,因为它需要理解” (瓦尔特·白哲诗)。
“The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding” (Louis D. Brandeis).
“对自由最大的危险潜藏于热情、善意但没有良好理解力的人们的隐伏的侵蚀中” (路易斯·D·布兰代斯)。

(6)

Judgment is the ability to assess situations or circumstances and draw sound conclusions:
Judgment 是对形势或环境的估计并作出正确结论的能力:
“my salad days,/When I was green in judgment” (Shakespeare).
“我那青春年少的时期/那时我的判断力还很稚嫩” (莎士比亚)。
“At twenty years of age, the will reigns; at thirty, the wit; and at forty, the judgment” (Benjamin Franklin).See also Synonyms at cause, mind, think
“二十岁的时候,主导是意志;三十岁时,是智慧;四十岁时,则是判断力” (本杰明·富兰克林)参见同义词 causemindthink

现代英汉综合大辞典

reason
[5ri:zn]
n.

(1)

理由, 原因

(2)

理智, 理性, 思考力; 清醒的头脑

(3)

道理, 情理, 常识

(4)

(德国古典哲学中的)理性

(5)

【逻】(小)前提, 论据
the reason for being late
来晚的原因
use reason to solve problems
用理智来解决问题
listen to reason
听从明智的劝告

词性变化

reason
[5ri:zn]
vi.

(1)

推理[论]; 思考

(2)

争辩; 劝说(with)
reason with sb. for [against] sth.
因赞成[反对]...同某人讲道理[辩论]

reason
[5ri:zn]
vt.

(1)

推论, 推理

(2)

同...讲道理(into, out of)

(3)

辩论, 讨论

(4)

想出[到]; 思索
reason sb. out of his prejudice
说服某人消除成见
reason sb. into accepting a proposal
说服某人接受建议
reason whether it is right
讨论这是否正确

继承用法

reasonless
[`ri:zEnlIs]
adj.

习惯用语

as reason was
根据情理

be restored to reason
恢复理智

bereft of reason

(1)

失去理智

(2)

失掉知觉

bring (a person)to reason
开导某人; 使明白[听从]道理

by reason of
由于

by reason of the fair eyes of sb.
为了某人的缘故

by reason that
由于

come to reason
清醒过来; 恢复理性, 觉悟过来; 醒悟

for no other reason than that
只是因为...

for reasons of
因为

for a reason of state
以国家的利益为理由(指执政者的借口)

give reasons for
陈述理由, 解释

have reason
有道理; 有理性

have reason for [to do] sth.
有做某事的理由[根据]

hear [listen to] reason
服从道理, 听从忠告

in (all) reason
合乎情理; 在道理上

It stands to reason (that) .... ...
是合乎情理的。

lose one's reason
失去理智, 发疯

out of all reason
无道理的, 不合理的

render [give, yield] reason [a reason]
[口]陈述理由, 解释, 说明自己的行为

see reason (to do sth.)
认为有(做某事的)理由; 看出...的理由

the [a] woman's reason
不成其为理由的“理由”, 讲不出道理的“理由”

There is reason in ....
(某事)有道理。

there is every reason(to do sth.)
有充分的理由(做某事)

with reason
合乎情况, 有理由

with or without reason
无论有理与否; 无论合乎情况与否

reason out (a conclusion)
推论出(一个结论)

reason sb. down
说服某人

reason sb. into sth.
说服某人干某事

reason sb. out of
劝人不要...

reason with
(以理)说服, 规劝

参考词汇
cause    

美国传统词典

reason
rea.son
AHD:[r?“z…n]
D.J.[6ri8z*n]
K.K.[6riz*n]
n.

(1)

The basis or motive for an action, a decision, or a conviction.See Usage Note at because See Usage Note at why

(2)

A declaration made to explain or justify an action, a decision, or a conviction:
inquired about her reason for leaving.

(3)

An underlying fact or cause that provides logical sense for a premise or an occurrence:
There is reason to believe that the accused did not commit this crime.

(4)

The capacity for logical, rational, and analytic thought; intelligence.

(5)

Good judgment; sound sense.

(6)

A normal mental state; sanity:
He has lost his reason.

(7)

Logic A premise, usually the minor premise, of an argument.
v.
rea.soned, rea.son.ing, rea.sons
v.intr.

(1)

To use the faculty of reason; think logically.

(2)

To talk or argue logically and persuasively.

(3)

Obsolete To engage in conversation or discussion.
v.tr.

(1)

To determine or conclude by logical thinking:
reasoned out a solution to the problem.

(2)

To persuade or dissuade (someone) with reasons.

习惯用语

by reason of
Because of.

in reason
With good sense or justification; reasonably.

within reason
Within the bounds of good sense or practicality.

with reason
With good cause; justifiably.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French raison

(3)

from Latin rati?} rati?n-

(4)

from ratus [past participle of] r?ro [to consider, think] * see ar-

继承用法

reasoner
n.

参考词汇

(1)

reason, intuition, understanding, judgment

(2)

These nouns refer to the intellectual faculty by means of which human beings seek or attain knowledge or truth.

(3)

Reason is the power to think rationally and logically and to draw inferences:
“the rationalist whose reason is not sufficient to teach him those limitations of the powers of conscious reason” (Friedrich August von Hayek).
“Mere reason is insufficient to convince us of its [the Christian religion's] veracity” (David Hume).

(4)

Intuition is perception or comprehension, as of truths or facts, without the use of the rational process:
“Because of their age-long training in human relations—for that is what feminine intuition really is—women have a special contribution to make to any group enterprise” (Margaret Mead).

(5)

Understanding is the faculty by which one understands, often together with the comprehension resulting from its exercise:
“So long as the human heart is strong and the human reason weak, Royalty will be strong because it appeals to diffused feeling, and Republics weak because they appeal to the understanding” (Walter Bagehot).
“The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding” (Louis D. Brandeis).

(6)

Judgment is the ability to assess situations or circumstances and draw sound conclusions:
“my salad days,/When I was green in judgment” (Shakespeare).
“At twenty years of age, the will reigns; at thirty, the wit; and at forty, the judgment” (Benjamin Franklin).See also Synonyms at cause, mind, think

英汉航海大词典

by reason of
prep.由于,因为

英汉环境大词典

by reason of
n.凭着,由于

英汉化学大词典

by reason of
prep.由于,因为,凭....的理由

英汉经贸大词典

by reason of
n.凭着,由于

英汉能源大词典

by reason of
n.凭着,由于

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