简明英汉词典

burst
[bE:st]
v.
爆裂, 炸破, 急于, 爆发
n.
突然破裂, 爆发, 脉冲

美国传统词典[双解]

burst
burst
AHD:[b?rst]
D.J.[b*8st]
K.K.[b)st]
v.(动词)
burstburst.ingbursts
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To come open or fly apart suddenly or violently, especially from internal pressure.
爆裂,炸破:突然或剧烈的开裂或炸开,尤指由内部压力而引起的

(2)

To explode.
使爆炸

(3)

To be or seem to be full to the point of breaking open:
充满,塞满:把…填入到一个开口处:
The sacks were bursting with grain.
麻袋里装满了谷子

(4)

To emerge, come forth, or arrive suddenly:
突然地出现、发生或到达:
burst out of the door.
突然出现在门边

(5)

To come apart or seem to come apart because of overwhelming emotion:
爆发:由于不可抑制的情感而爆发或好象要爆发:
thought his heart would burst with happiness.
猜想他心中的快乐快要爆发出来

(6)

To give sudden utterance or expression:
突然…:突然地发声或表达:
burst out laughing; burst into tears.
突然大笑起来;突然哭起来
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To cause to burst:
使爆炸:
burst the balloon.See Synonyms at break
汽球爆炸参见 break

(2)

To exert strong pressure in order to force (something) open.
冲破,胀破:为了迫使(某物)打开而施加强大的压力

(3)

Computer Science To separate (a continuous form or printout) into individual sheets.
【计算机科学】 分帧,分页,分隔:把(连续的表格或打印输出文件)分成单独的页
n.(名词)

(1)

A sudden outbreak or outburst; an explosion.
爆炸,爆裂:突然的炸开或裂开;爆炸

(2)

The result of bursting, especially the explosion of a projectile or bomb on impact or in the air.
爆炸:爆炸的结果,尤其指导弹或炸弹击中目标或在空中爆炸

(3)

The number of bullets fired from an automatic weapon by one pull of the trigger.
点射:由于扣动扳机而从自动武器中射出的一定数量的子弹

(4)

A volley of bullets fired from an automatic weapon:
连发射击:从自动武器中射出的连发子弹:
The machine gunner fired a quick burst.
机关枪快速连发射击

(5)

An abrupt, intense increase; a rush:
突进:突然的大幅度增长;突发:
a burst of speed; wind blowing in fitful bursts.
速度猛增;阵阵劲吹的风

语源

(1)

Middle English bursten
中古英语 bursten

(2)

from Old English berstan
源自 古英语 berstan

现代英汉词典

burst
[5b\:st]
vt., vi.
burst, bursting

(1)

爆炸;胀裂

(2)

突然而起;闯入
She burst through the door.
她突然闯进门。

(3)

充满;满盈
I am bursting with joy.
我高兴得不得了。

词性变化

burst
n.
突发;猝起
a burst of laughter
突发的笑声

常用词组

burst out
迸发;突然发作;突然…起来:
They burst out laughing.
他们突然大笑起来。

现代英汉综合大辞典

burst
[bE:st]
vi.
(burst)

(1)

爆炸; 爆裂; 胀破; 冲破; 溃决

(2)

突然发生, 突然发作; 忽然出现

(3)

(芽、蕾等)绽开

(4)

充满
burst with anger
勃然大怒
burst into tears
放声大哭
burst into the room
闯入房间

词性变化

burst
[bE:st]
vt.

(1)

使裂开; 使破裂; 突破; 冲破

(2)

使充满
The river has burst its banks.
河水冲破了堤。
He burst the door open.
他突然把门推开。

burst
[bE:st]
n.

(1)

突然破裂; 爆炸

(2)

破裂处

(3)

突发; 一阵迸发;【军】点射; 连发射击

(4)

破裂[度]

(5)

定向信号, 相位信号

(6)

无线电脉冲, 脉冲猝发

(7)

正弦波群, 短脉波群

(8)

区间, 分层; 分区间

(9)

轮胎充气耐压极限; 耐破度
the burst of a bomb
炸弹的爆炸
a burst of anger
发怒
a burst of gunfire
一阵炮火
a burst of speed
速度的突然增加

继承用法

burst-up
n.
[俗]破产

习惯用语

at a burst
一阵; 一口气; 一举; 一下

at one burst
一阵; 一口气; 一举; 一下

be bursting to do
渴望, 急着要做(某事)

be bursting to do sth.
渴望, 急着要做(某事)

go burst
[口]破产, 失败

go on the burst
[俚]闹饮

in sudden bursts

(1)

忽冷忽热地工作

(2)

一阵一阵地

burst away
急速四散

burst forth

(1)

突然爆发出; 喷出

(2)

突然出现

(3)

大声喊叫, 突然说出

(4)

忽然跳出

burst in
闯入; 突然出现; 突然...起来; 突然发作

burst into
闯入; 突然出现; 突然...起来; 突然发作

burst in upon

(1)

打断(谈话等)

(2)

突然出现; 突然到达

burst oneself
(过劳)伤身

burst open
推开; 忽然打开; 裂开

burst out
大呼; 惊叫; 冲出; 突然发作

burst out of

(1)

冲出; 用力解脱

(2)

长得过大或过胖而不适于

burst through
冲开; 冲破; 拨开

burst up

(1)

硬裂, 爆炸

(2)

(使)垮台, (使)失败, (使)破产

burst upon

(1)

突然来到

(2)

(思想)突然出现

(3)

袭击

burst on

(1)

突然来到

(2)

(思想)突然出现

(3)

袭击

burst with

(1)

显示富足

(2)

几乎装不下, 充满

特殊用法

aerial burst
空中爆炸

air hose burst
空气软管爆裂

alarm tone burst
告警猝发音

alternating burst
(P A L制)逐行倒相的色同步信号

atomic surface burst
地面核爆炸

central burst
中心开裂

color burst
基准彩色副载波群; 色同步(信号); 彩色脉冲串, 彩色定向(信号)脉冲

colo(u)r sync burst
色同步信号

colo(u)r synchronizing burst
色同步脉冲群

concussion burst
撞裂

contained underground burst
封闭式地下爆炸 cosmic γ-

ray burst
宇宙γ射线爆

error burst
错误群, 错误猝发, (数据传输中的)错误位之间的数据组

floor burst
【采矿】底板突出

forging burst
锻件内裂

gaseous burst
【摄】气爆搅动

graze burst
【军】瞬发

ionospheric D scatter meteor burst
电离层D散射流星中断

laser burst
激光脉冲

neutron burst
中子爆发

noise burst
噪声脉冲串

nuclear burst
核爆炸

pillar burst
矿柱压碎

pilot burst
导频色同步信号

pulse burst
脉冲群

reference carrier burst
基准载波脉冲群

rock burst
岩层突裂

shear burst
【采矿】切力突出

short burst
短脉冲群; 场同步脉冲宽度, 慢扫描电视中场逆程

solar burst
太阳爆发

star burst
星爆式(文字显字)

subcarrier burst
副载波色同步信号(脉冲群)

surface burst
水面[地面]爆炸

tone burst
猝发音, 猝发声列; 声脉冲群

tyre burst
爆胎

underwater burst
水下爆炸

burst of light
光猝发

参考词汇
break    

英文相关词典

burst
broken    exploded    

[七国语言]英汉地质大词典

burst
破裂, 爆炸

[七国语言]英汉地理大词典

burst
断裂, 破裂

[七国语言]英汉电子大词典

burst
色同步定向信号

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

burst
破裂

[七国语言]英汉建筑大词典

burst
破裂

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

burst
爆炸

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

burst
释放

[七国语言]英汉物理大词典

burst
宇宙线爆发

[七国语言]英汉信息大词典

burst
段, 组

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

burst
爆炸

英汉双解计算机词典

burst

脉冲串,猝[突]发串;【动】分段,分组;[丛发;撕开]
1.In data communication, a sequence of signals counted as one unit in accordance with some specific criterion or measure.
在数据通信中,按照某种特定准则和量度作为一个单位来计数的一个信号序列。 2.In printing,to separate continuous-form paper into discrete sheets using a burster. | 在印刷技术中,用裁纸器将连续形式的纸分割成单张纸。 3.In a TDMA system, a discrete group of digits transmitted by a single earth station. | 在时分多址系统中,由地面站传送的一个分立数字组。

美国传统词典

burst
burst
AHD:[b?rst]
D.J.[b*8st]
K.K.[b)st]
v.
burst, burst.ing, bursts
v.intr.

(1)

To come open or fly apart suddenly or violently, especially from internal pressure.

(2)

To explode.

(3)

To be or seem to be full to the point of breaking open:
The sacks were bursting with grain.

(4)

To emerge, come forth, or arrive suddenly:
burst out of the door.

(5)

To come apart or seem to come apart because of overwhelming emotion:
thought his heart would burst with happiness.

(6)

To give sudden utterance or expression:
burst out laughing; burst into tears.
v.tr.

(1)

To cause to burst:
burst the balloon.See Synonyms at break

(2)

To exert strong pressure in order to force (something) open.

(3)

Computer Science To separate (a continuous form or printout) into individual sheets.
n.

(1)

A sudden outbreak or outburst; an explosion.

(2)

The result of bursting, especially the explosion of a projectile or bomb on impact or in the air.

(3)

The number of bullets fired from an automatic weapon by one pull of the trigger.

(4)

A volley of bullets fired from an automatic weapon:
The machine gunner fired a quick burst.

(5)

An abrupt, intense increase; a rush:
a burst of speed; wind blowing in fitful bursts.

语源

(1)

Middle English bursten

(2)

from Old English berstan

[名词委审定]英汉电工名词(1998)

burst
猝发

[名词委审定]英汉林学名词(1989)

burst
耐破度

[名词委审定]英汉水利科技名词(定义版, 1997)

burst

(1)

猝发

(2)

紊流边界层中,低速带流体由壁面向外喷射,上层高速流体朝壁面冲入、扫掠,此过程重复发生、间歇出现而为紊流提供主要能量的物理过程。

[名词委审定]英汉医学名词(四, 心血管病学等, 1996)

burst
阵发快速

英汉船舶大词典

burst
n.爆破,破裂;n.胀破

英汉电力大词典

burst
n.爆破,破裂,溃决

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

burst
字符组;分段[页];脉冲串;实[爆,突,猝]发

英汉电信大词典

burst
n.猝发,短脉冲串

英汉地质大词典

burst
n.爆炸,突出,爆喷

英汉纺织大词典

burst
n.分段,分片

英汉广播大词典

burst
n.色同步信号

英汉环境大词典

burst
n.爆炸,突出,爆喷

英汉航空大词典

burst
n.爆裂,炸破;n.爆炸,爆发

英汉化学大词典

burst
n.破裂,爆炸,爆破,突现,爆裂,脉冲,炸点;vt.爆炸,打开,碰撞,喷出,爆裂

英汉海运大词典

burst
破裂,胀破,爆破劈开挣断(链子)爆发

基本词义

burst
炸裂挣裂(链子)挣断无线电脉冲突发

基本词义

burst
(由于内部胀力引起的)炸裂挣裂(链子)挣断无线电脉冲突发破裂,胀破,爆破劈开挣断(链子)爆发

英汉计算机大词典

burst
vt.爆炸(打开,碰撞;n.爆炸(突然出现,强行进入

英汉机械大词典

burst
n.冲积,震动

英汉建筑大词典

burst
vt.爆炸,破裂,裂口

英汉农牧林大词典

burst
n.爆破,破裂,爆发

英汉汽车大词典

burst
n.爆裂,爆破,爆炸,冲积,震动,爆炸;n.爆破;n.爆炸

英汉消防大词典

burst
①猝发 ②短脉冲群 ③闪光 ④爆炸<破>裂 ⑤定向信号 ⑥破裂, 裂缝 ⑦【矿】突出 ⑧(复)脱落块

英汉冶金大词典

burst
n.爆炸,拉断;n.中心裂纹

英汉医学大词典

burst
n.爆裂,突然发作

英汉中医大词典

burst
n.胀破,暴裂

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