简明英汉词典

burn out
v.
烧坏, 烧掉, 烧尽

美国传统词典[双解]

burn
burn 1
AHD:[b?rn]
D.J.[b*8n]
K.K.[b)n]
v.(动词)
burned或 burnt [b?rnt] burn.ingburns
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To cause to undergo combustion.
烧:使经历燃烧

(2)

To destroy with fire:
烧毁:用火烧毁:
burned the trash; burn a house down.
焚毁垃圾;烧毁房屋

(3)

To consume (fuel or energy, for example):
燃尽:耗尽(例如燃料或能量):
burned all the wood that winter.
那个冬天烧完了所有的木柴

(4)

Physics To cause to undergo nuclear fission or fusion.
【物理学】 使裂变或聚变:使遭受核裂变或聚变

(5)

To damage or injure by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent:
灼伤:被火、强热、辐射、电或腐蚀性物质损坏或伤害:
burned the toast; burned my skin with the acid.
烤糊了的面包;酸液灼伤了我的皮肤

(6)

To execute or kill with fire:
烧死:被火窒息或烧死:
burning heretics at the stake.
在火刑柱上烧死异端邪说者

(7)

To execute by electrocution.
处电刑:用电刑处死

(8)

To make or produce by fire or heat:
烧制,烧成:用火或热量来制造或生产:
burn a hole in the rug.
在地毯上烧出个洞

(9)

To dispel; dissipate:
驱散;消除:
The sun burned off the fog.
阳光驱散了雾气

(10)

To use as a fuel:
当作燃料使用:
a furnace that burns coal.
以煤作燃料的火炉

(11)

To metabolize (glucose, for example) in the body.
代谢:体内的新陈代谢(例如葡萄糖)

(12)

To impart a sensation of intense heat to:
刺激:给予一种强热的感觉:
The chili burned my mouth.
干辣椒使我的嘴里发热

(13)

To irritate or inflame, as by chafing or sunburn.
发热:因摩擦或日晒而发热或变红

(14)

To let (oneself or a part of one's body) become sunburned.
晒黑:使(某人或其身体的一部分)晒黑

(15)

To brand (an animal).
烙印,烙上:(在动物身上)打烙印

(16)

To harden or impart a finish to by subjecting to intense heat; fire:
烧制:通过施加强热使变硬或使完美;火烧:
burn clay pots in a kiln.
在窑里烧制陶器

(17)

To make angry:
使发怒:
That remark really burns me.
那次评论的确激怒了我

(18)

To defeat in a contest, especially by a narrow margin.
险胜:尤其指在竟争中以很小的优势击败对手

(19)

To inflict harm or hardship on; hurt:
使困难:使受伤害或使困难;伤害:
“Huge loan losses have burned banks in recent years”(Christian Science Monitor)
“近年来巨额贷款的损失一直使几家银行发展困难”(基督教科学箴言报)

(20)

To swindle or deceive; cheat:
欺诈;欺骗:
We really got burned on the used car we bought.
我们买了旧车,确实被欺骗了
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To undergo combustion.
燃烧

(2)

To admit of burning:
点燃:
Wood burns easily.
木头容易点燃

(3)

To consume fuel:
消耗燃料:
a rocket stage designed to burn for three minutes before being jettisoned.
设计成在被抛弃之前可以燃烧三分钟的火箭的级

(4)

Physics To undergo nuclear fission or fusion.
【物理学】 受核裂变或聚变

(5)

To emit heat or light by or as if by fire:
发烧,发热:用火或类似的东西使放出热量或光:
campfires burning in the dark; the sun burning brightly in the sky.
在黑暗中发光的营火;天空中发出耀眼光芒的太阳

(6)

To become dissipated or to be dispelled by or as if by heat:
驱散:被或仿佛被热气驱散:
The fog burned off as the sun came up.
太阳升起来驱散了雾气

(7)

To give off light; shine:
发光;闪烁:
a light burning over the door.
从门内射出的灯光

(8)

To be destroyed, injured, damaged, or changed by or as if by fire:
烧毁:用火或类似的东西来毁坏、伤害、损害或改变:
a house that burned to the ground; eggs that burned and stuck to the pan.
被烧毁的房屋;烤焦了粘在平锅上的鸡蛋

(9)

To be very hot; bake:
烤:变得非常热;烤:
a desert burning under the midday sun.
被正午的太阳炙烤着的沙漠

(10)

To feel or look hot:
发热:感觉热或看上去热:
a child burning with fever.
因发烧而发热的孩子

(11)

To impart a sensation of heat:
感到热:给予热的感觉:
a liniment that burns when first applied.
第一次使用时就感到炽热的擦剂

(12)

To become irritated or painful, as by chafing or inflammation:
烫痛:因摩擦或炙烤而变得炽热或疼痛:
eyes burning from the smoke.
被烟熏痛的眼睛

(13)

To become sunburned or windburned.
被风吹日晒

(14)

To be consumed with strong emotion, especially:
激动,渴望:被强烈的情绪所耗尽,尤指:

(15)

To be or become angry:
变得恼怒:
an insult that really made me burn.
的确使我恼怒的侮辱

(16)

To be very eager:
渴望:
was burning with ambition.
怀着雄心壮志渴望着

(17)

To penetrate by or as if by intense heat or flames:
烧穿,穿透:用强热或火焰等穿透:
enemy ground radar burning through the fighters' electronic jammers; a look that burned into them.
穿透了战士们的电子干扰装置的敌方地面雷达;看穿他们的眼光

(18)

To be vividly or painfully present:
涌现,浮现:生动或痛苦地存在:
shame burning in my heart.
羞愧在我心中燃烧

(19)

To suffer punishment or death by or as if by fire:
受煎熬:通过火或其他类似的东西来惩罚或致死:
souls burning in hell.
地狱中受煎熬的灵魂

(20)

To be electrocuted.
被电击,处电刑
n.(名词)

(1)

An injury produced by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent.
烧伤,烫伤,灼伤:因火焰、高温、辐射、电击或腐蚀性物质而造成的伤害

(2)

A burned place or area:
被烧的地方,燃烧区:
a cigarette burn in the tablecloth.
桌布上被香烟燃坏的地方

(3)

The process or result of burning:
燃烧:燃烧的过程或结果:
The fire settled down to a steady burn.
大火被控制到一个稳定的状况

(4)

A stinging sensation:
刺痛感:
the burn of alcohol on an open wound.
酒精涂在裂开伤口上的刺痛感

(5)

A sunburn or windburn.
风吹日晒

(6)

Aerospace A firing of a rocket.
【太空学】 火箭上的点火装置

(7)

A swindle.
欺骗

常用词组

burn out

(1)

To stop burning from lack of fuel.
烧尽,烧光:因缺乏燃料而停止燃烧

(2)

To wear out or make or become inoperative as a result of heat or friction:
烧坏:因为热或摩擦而耗尽或变得不能工作:
The short circuit burned out the fuse.
短路烧坏了导线

(3)

To cause (a property owner or a resident) to have to evacuate the premises because of fire:
烧掉…的家,烧火把…赶出:因为火灾而使得(财产所有者或居民)不得不疏散财产或从地产中撤离:
The shopkeeper was burned out by arsonists.
店主被纵火犯逐出商店

(4)

To make or become exhausted, especially as a result of long-term stress:
使疲惫不堪:使变得或变得精疲力尽,尤指因长期地压迫:
“Hours are long, stress is high, and many recruits drop out or burn out”(Robert J. Samuelson)
“时间长,压力大,许多新会员已弃权或疲倦不堪”(罗伯特J.塞缪尔森)

burn up

(1)

To make angry:
使生气,使发怒:
Their rudeness really burns me up.
他们的无礼真的让我生气

(2)

To travel over or through at high speed:
飞驰,飞奔:以高速跨越或穿过:
drag racers burning up the track.
正在跑道上飞驰的高速赛车

习惯用语

burn (one's) bridges
To eliminate the possibility of return or retreat.
破釜沉舟:消除返回或撤退的可能性

burn the candle at both ends或

burn one's candle at both ends
To exhaust oneself or one's resources by leading a hectic or extravagant life.
耗费精力:通过令人兴奋的或奢侈的生活来耗尽某人的精力或财力

burn the midnight oil
To work or study very late at night.
熬夜:工作或学习到深夜

to burn
In great amounts:
大量,许多:
They had money to burn.
他们有很多钱

语源

(1)

Middle English burnen
中古英语 burnen

(2)

from Old English beornan [to be on fire,]
源自 古英语 beornan [着火]

(3)

and from b?rnan [to set on fire] * see g wher-
并源自 b?rnan [置于火上烧烤] *参见 g wher-

参考词汇

(1)

burnscorchsingesearcharparch

(2)

These verbs mean to injure or alter by means of intense heat or flames.
这些动词的意思是通过高温或火焰的方式伤害或使改变。

(3)

Burn, the most general, applies to the effects of exposure to a source of heat or to something that can produce a similar effect:
Brun 最常见的用法是用来形容接触一个热源,或其它能产生相似效果的东西作用之后的结果:
burned the rug with a cigarette;
香烟烧了地毯;
left the onions on the stove and burned them;
把洋葱放在炉子上烤;
burned my fingers by handling dry ice.
拿干冰时灼伤了我的手指。

(4)

Scorch usually refers to contact with flame or heated metal and involves superficial burning that discolors or damages the texture of something:
Scorch 通常指与火焰或加热的金属有关的,还包括改变物体颜色或损伤其纹理的表层烧烤:
afraid that the iron might scorch the sheet;
害怕熨斗会烫坏被单;
trees that were scorched in a forest fire.
被森林大火烧焦的树木。

(5)

Singe specifies superficial burning by brief exposure to flame and especially the deliberate removal of projections such as bristles or feathers from a carcass, such as a plucked fowl, before cooking:
Singe 专指短暂暴露于火焰上造成表面灼伤,尤指小心除去肉体上的如羽毛或鬃毛的突出物(如烹饪前的拔过毛的家禽):
a grease fire that singed my eyelashes;
油焰燎着了我的睫毛;
singed the Thanksgiving turkey, then roasted it.
用火燎去感恩节火鸡上的细毛,然后再烤。

(6)

Sear applies to surface burning of organic tissue, as by branding or cauterizing:
Sear 用于有机组织的表面烤灼,比如用打烙印或炙烤的方法:
Sear the lamb over high heat before lowering the flame and adding liquid. To
在减小火焰和加水之前把羊肉放在大火上烤一下。

(7)

char is most often to reduce a substance to carbon or charcoal by means of fire:
char 最常用于以火烧的方式来产生煤或木炭的替代品:
The timbers of the house were charred by the raging fire.
房屋的木材被熊熊大火烧成了木炭。

(8)

Parch in this sense emphasizes the drying and often fissuring of a surface from exposure to flame, the sun, or hot wind:
Parch 在这个意义上强调因暴露于火中、阳光下或热风中而使得表面干裂:
The torrid rays of the sun parched the soil.
太阳的热辐射使土壤干裂了。

基本词义

burn
burn 2
AHD:[b?rn]
D.J.[b*8n]
K.K.[b)n]
n.Scots (名词)【苏格兰】
A small stream; a brook.
小溪:一种小溪流;小河

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English burna * see bhreu-
源自 古英语 burna *参见 bhreu-

现代英汉综合大辞典

burn
[bE:n]
vt.
(burnt [bE:nt], burned)

(1)

烧; 点燃

(2)

烧毁; 烧焦; 烧伤; 烫着

(3)

烙; 烧灼

(4)

烧制

(5)

晒黑

(6)

使(喉咙等)辣得难受

(7)

激起...的愤怒(或欲望等); [俚]使恼怒

(8)

[俚]用电刑处死

(9)

[俚]被骗

(10)

消耗; 浪费; 挥霍

(11)

在铁器内温(酒等)

(12)

【化】使燃烧; 利用(铀等的核能)
burn a candle
点蜡烛
burn one's mouth
烫痛了嘴
burn clay into bricks
把粘土烧成砖
burn one's face in the sun
晒黑了脸
burn one's money
把钱挥霍掉
He burned his tongue with red pepper.
他的舌头被红辣椒辣得好难受。
He was burned by that phony stock deal.
他上了那个假股票买卖的当。

词性变化

burn
[bE:n]
vi.

(1)

燃烧; 点着

(2)

发热; 放光

(3)

烧毁; 烧焦; 烫伤; 烫痛

(4)

晒黑或因热而褪色

(5)

激动; 激怒; 渴望

(6)

[俚]被电刑处死; 下地狱; 该死

(7)

(游戏中)接近隐藏的东西或者猜中答案

(8)

【化】氧化

(9)

【核】核子分裂和结合
The murderer was sentenced to burn.
杀人犯被判处电极刑。
You may burn for that sin.
为了那种罪过, 你(死后)要下地狱的。
The street lights burnt all night.
路灯通夜亮着。

burn
[bE:n]
n.

(1)

烧伤, 灼伤; 火(或高温等)毁伤处

(2)

烤焙; 烙印

(3)

晒黑

(4)

[美](森林等中故意或偶然)烧成的空地

(5)

宇宙飞行火箭发动机在飞行中的起动

(6)

[苏]小河; 小溪; 小川
brush burn
(皮肤)擦伤
flash burn
(原子弹等的)闪光烧伤
She died of the burns that she received in the fire.
她死于火灾中所受的灼伤。

继承用法

burn-back
n.
炉衬烧损[减薄]; (焊接)烧接 burned-out

词性变化

burn
[bE:n]
adj.
消耗尽的, 用尽的; 因过度使用而损坏的

burn-in
n.
烧[烙]上, 老化, 预烧

burn-off
n.
(焊)熔化, 焊[烧]穿

burn-on
n.
(铸)粘砂, 焊上[补]

burnout
[`b\:naJt]
n.

(1)

毁灭性的火

(2)

烧毁[断]

(3)

被火烧或因其它因素而失去有机物质的土壤

(4)

燃尽; 燃尽时刻; 熄火

(5)

燃耗

(6)

竭尽

burn-through
n.
烧毁[穿]

burnup
n.

(1)

燃耗

(2)

(火箭, 卫星的)烧毁

习惯用语

There you burn!

(1)

(捉迷藏)我可抓到你了

(2)

(解决问题时说)答案快找到了!

burn away

(1)

继续燃烧

(2)

逐渐烧完; 烧光; 烧毁

burn down
全部焚毁; 火势减弱

burn for
切望获得; 渴望

burn in
长时间置于高热炉窑中使色彩图饰可以持久; 给...留下不可磨灭的印象

burn into

(1)

(酸类)侵蚀

(2)

留下不可磨灭的印象

(3)

烧上, 烙上; 留下

burn itself out
烧尽; 烧完

burn itself away
烧尽; 烧完

burn low
火力弱

burn off

(1)

(晨雾等)消散

(2)

烧去; 烫去

(3)

渐渐烧完

burn on

(1)

焊合

(2)

以铅焊铅

(3)

焚烧

burn oneself out
耗尽精力, 精疲力竭

burn out

(1)

(使)烧坏, 烧光, 烧尽

(2)

【宇】燃料用尽; 熄灭; 用火把...赶走

burn to
因烧焦而粘附于器皿的里边

burn together
熔合

burn up

(1)

烧完; 烧尽; 烧光

(2)

[俗]使生气; 激怒

(3)

烧旺起来

(4)

进入地球大气层就着火燃烧而毁灭

burn with
被...充满; 被...所煎熬; 急于

Burn you!
该死的!

特殊用法

air burn
烧焦; 过热点

belly burn
腹溃, 破肚(变质鱼)

chemical burn
化学烧伤

clean burn
烧除, 全烧

controlled burn
控制的燃烧

dark burn
(荧光物质)疲劳, 烧暗(荧光屏效率降低)

die burn
烧伤(焊接缺陷)

electric burn
电烧伤

electron burn
(荧光屏)电子烧[斑]伤, 用电子束烧穿

freezer burn
冷冻食品表面干燥变硬, (冷)冻灼(伤)

heart burn
胃烧灼痛

image burn
图象烧伤

ion burns
离子斑伤

kiln burn
窑干褐变

leaf burn
叶焦[烧]病

mat burn
被垫子擦伤

raster burn
屏面烧伤

salt burn
盐灼(盐度过浓), 盐烧

scan burns
扫描[光栅]烧伤

second-degree burn
二度烧伤

shed burn
棚焦(烟)

stack burn
定量包装食品(冷却不够)的腐熟

target burn
靶面烧毁(受到电子或离子束的打击)

thermal burn
热灼伤

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

burn out
烧断, 烧尽

[七国语言]英汉原子能大词典

burn out
烧毁, 燃完

美国传统词典

burn
burn 1
AHD:[b?rn]
D.J.[b*8n]
K.K.[b)n]
v.
burnedor burnt [b?rnt] burn.ing, burns
v.tr.

(1)

To cause to undergo combustion.

(2)

To destroy with fire:
burned the trash; burn a house down.

(3)

To consume (fuel or energy, for example):
burned all the wood that winter.

(4)

Physics To cause to undergo nuclear fission or fusion.

(5)

To damage or injure by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent:
burned the toast; burned my skin with the acid.

(6)

To execute or kill with fire:
burning heretics at the stake.

(7)

To execute by electrocution.

(8)

To make or produce by fire or heat:
burn a hole in the rug.

(9)

To dispel; dissipate:
The sun burned off the fog.

(10)

To use as a fuel:
a furnace that burns coal.

(11)

To metabolize (glucose, for example) in the body.

(12)

To impart a sensation of intense heat to:
The chili burned my mouth.

(13)

To irritate or inflame, as by chafing or sunburn.

(14)

To let (oneself or a part of one's body) become sunburned.

(15)

To brand (an animal).

(16)

To harden or impart a finish to by subjecting to intense heat; fire:
burn clay pots in a kiln.

(17)

To make angry:
That remark really burns me.

(18)

To defeat in a contest, especially by a narrow margin.

(19)

To inflict harm or hardship on; hurt:
“Huge loan losses have burned banks in recent years”(Christian Science Monitor)

(20)

To swindle or deceive; cheat:
We really got burned on the used car we bought.
v.intr.

(1)

To undergo combustion.

(2)

To admit of burning:
Wood burns easily.

(3)

To consume fuel:
a rocket stage designed to burn for three minutes before being jettisoned.

(4)

Physics To undergo nuclear fission or fusion.

(5)

To emit heat or light by or as if by fire:
campfires burning in the dark; the sun burning brightly in the sky.

(6)

To become dissipated or to be dispelled by or as if by heat:
The fog burned off as the sun came up.

(7)

To give off light; shine:
a light burning over the door.

(8)

To be destroyed, injured, damaged, or changed by or as if by fire:
a house that burned to the ground; eggs that burned and stuck to the pan.

(9)

To be very hot; bake:
a desert burning under the midday sun.

(10)

To feel or look hot:
a child burning with fever.

(11)

To impart a sensation of heat:
a liniment that burns when first applied.

(12)

To become irritated or painful, as by chafing or inflammation:
eyes burning from the smoke.

(13)

To become sunburned or windburned.

(14)

To be consumed with strong emotion, especially:

(15)

To be or become angry:
an insult that really made me burn.

(16)

To be very eager:
was burning with ambition.

(17)

To penetrate by or as if by intense heat or flames:
enemy ground radar burning through the fighters' electronic jammers; a look that burned into them.

(18)

To be vividly or painfully present:
shame burning in my heart.

(19)

To suffer punishment or death by or as if by fire:
souls burning in hell.

(20)

To be electrocuted.
n.

(1)

An injury produced by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent.

(2)

A burned place or area:
a cigarette burn in the tablecloth.

(3)

The process or result of burning:
The fire settled down to a steady burn.

(4)

A stinging sensation:
the burn of alcohol on an open wound.

(5)

A sunburn or windburn.

(6)

Aerospace A firing of a rocket.

(7)

A swindle.

常用词组

burn out

(1)

To stop burning from lack of fuel.

(2)

To wear out or make or become inoperative as a result of heat or friction:
The short circuit burned out the fuse.

(3)

To cause (a property owner or a resident) to have to evacuate the premises because of fire:
The shopkeeper was burned out by arsonists.

(4)

To make or become exhausted, especially as a result of long-term stress:
“Hours are long, stress is high, and many recruits drop out or burn out”(Robert J. Samuelson)

burn up

(1)

To make angry:
Their rudeness really burns me up.

(2)

To travel over or through at high speed:
drag racers burning up the track.

习惯用语

burn (one's) bridges
To eliminate the possibility of return or retreat.

burn the candle at both endsor

burn one's candle at both ends
To exhaust oneself or one's resources by leading a hectic or extravagant life.

burn the midnight oil
To work or study very late at night.

to burn
In great amounts:
They had money to burn.

语源

(1)

Middle English burnen

(2)

from Old English beornan [to be on fire,]

(3)

and from b?rnan [to set on fire] * see g wher-

参考词汇

(1)

burn, scorch, singe, sear, char, parch

(2)

These verbs mean to injure or alter by means of intense heat or flames.

(3)

Burn, the most general, applies to the effects of exposure to a source of heat or to something that can produce a similar effect:
burned the rug with a cigarette;
left the onions on the stove and burned them;
burned my fingers by handling dry ice.

(4)

Scorch usually refers to contact with flame or heated metal and involves superficial burning that discolors or damages the texture of something:
afraid that the iron might scorch the sheet;
trees that were scorched in a forest fire.

(5)

Singe specifies superficial burning by brief exposure to flame and especially the deliberate removal of projections such as bristles or feathers from a carcass, such as a plucked fowl, before cooking:
a grease fire that singed my eyelashes;
singed the Thanksgiving turkey, then roasted it.

(6)

Sear applies to surface burning of organic tissue, as by branding or cauterizing:
Sear the lamb over high heat before lowering the flame and adding liquid. To

(7)

char is most often to reduce a substance to carbon or charcoal by means of fire:
The timbers of the house were charred by the raging fire.

(8)

Parch in this sense emphasizes the drying and often fissuring of a surface from exposure to flame, the sun, or hot wind:
The torrid rays of the sun parched the soil.

基本词义

burn
burn 2
AHD:[b?rn]
D.J.[b*8n]
K.K.[b)n]
n.Scots
A small stream; a brook.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English burna * see bhreu-

英汉船舶大词典

burn out
n.烧毁,烧尽

英汉电力大词典

burn out
n.烧断

英汉广播大词典

burn out
n.灰度损失

英汉航海大词典

burn out
vt.烧光,烧坏

英汉化学大词典

burn out
n.停止燃烧,燃完,烧毁

英汉海运大词典

burn out
烧坏烧完烧断,熔断停止燃烧,歇火

基本词义

burn out
烧坏,烧完,烧断,熔断停止燃烧,歇火

英汉计算机大词典

burn out
vt.停止燃烧(燃完,烧毁

英汉建筑大词典

burn out
n.烧坏,熔蚀,媳火

英汉能源大词典

burn out
n.停止燃烧,燃完,烧毁

英汉消防大词典

burn out
①烧光,烧尽 ②(热处理炉子的)熄火

英汉冶金大词典

burn out
n.烧除,烧尽

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