简明英汉词典

bureaucracy
[bjuE5rCkrEsi]
n.
官僚, 官僚作风, 官僚机构

美国传统词典[双解]

bureaucracy
bu.reauc.ra.cy
AHD:[by?-r?k“r…-s?]
D.J.[bju6r%kr*si8]
K.K.[bj&6r$kr*si]
n.(名词)
【复数】 bu.reauc.ra.cies

(1)

Administration of a government chiefly through bureaus or departments staffed with nonelected officials.
行政系统:主要通过有未经挑选的官员的政府机关局或处进行的行政管理

(2)

The departments and their officials as a group:
官僚:部门和其官员作为一整体的总称:
promised to reorganize the federal bureaucracy.
发誓整顿联邦官僚作风

(3)

Management or administration marked by diffusion of authority among numerous offices and adherence to inflexible rules of operation:
官僚主义:一种以在众多机构中拥有权威地位,并且固守着不变规则办事为特点的处理或管理:
“knew something about bureaucracy and those nameless, faceless forces that can crush the life's blood from the individual”(Rollene W. Saal)
“了解一些关于官僚主义和那些无名的、无特征的,并能够将生命的原动力从个体中挤压出来的力量的情况”(罗里尼W.萨尔)

(4)

An administrative system in which the need or inclination to follow complex procedures impedes effective action:
官僚制度:一套行政制度,需要或倾向于一个复杂的过程从而阻碍有效行动的行政制度:
innovative ideas that get bogged down in red tape and bureaucracy.
陷入繁文缛节和官僚制度中的创新方法

语源

(1)

French bureaucratie
法语 bureaucratie

(2)

bureau [office] * see bureau
bureau [办公室] *参见 bureau

(3)

-cratie [rule] from Old French * see -cracy
-cratie [规则,规章] 源自 古法语 *参见 -cracy

现代英汉词典

bureaucracy
[bjJ5rRkrEsI]
n.
-cies

(1)

官员

(2)

(公司的)管理人员

(3)

官僚政治;官僚机构

现代英汉综合大辞典

bureaucracy
[bjuE5rCkrEsi]
n.

(1)

官僚主义; 官僚政治, 官僚机构

(2)

[集合词]官僚

美国传统词典

bureaucracy
bu.reauc.ra.cy
AHD:[by?-r?k“r…-s?]
D.J.[bju6r%kr*si8]
K.K.[bj&6r$kr*si]
n.
pl. bu.reauc.ra.cies

(1)

Administration of a government chiefly through bureaus or departments staffed with nonelected officials.

(2)

The departments and their officials as a group:
promised to reorganize the federal bureaucracy.

(3)

Management or administration marked by diffusion of authority among numerous offices and adherence to inflexible rules of operation:
“knew something about bureaucracy and those nameless, faceless forces that can crush the life's blood from the individual”(Rollene W. Saal)

(4)

An administrative system in which the need or inclination to follow complex procedures impedes effective action:
innovative ideas that get bogged down in red tape and bureaucracy.

语源

(1)

French bureaucratie

(2)

bureau [office] * see bureau

(3)

-cratie [rule] from Old French * see -cracy

[名词委审定]英汉心理学名词(1999)

bureaucracy
官僚机构

英汉船舶大词典

bureaucracy
n.官僚机构

英汉航海大词典

bureaucracy
n.官僚机构

英汉化学大词典

bureaucracy
n.官僚主义

英汉经贸大词典

bureaucracy
n.官僚机构,官僚主义

英汉计算机大词典

bureaucracy
n.官僚主义

英汉能源大词典

bureaucracy
n.官僚主义

英汉贸易大词典

bureaucracy
官僚权力,官僚制度

现代商务英汉大词典

bureaucracy
官僚权力,官僚制度

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