简明英汉词典

burden
[5bE:dn]
n.
担子, 负担
v.
负担

美国传统词典[双解]

burden
bur.den 1
AHD:[b?r“dn]
D.J.[6b*8dn]
K.K.[6b)dn]
n.(名词)

(1)

Something that is carried.
担子:背负的东西

(2)

Something that is emotionally difficult to bear.
感情负担:使人感情上难以承受的东西

(3)

A source of great worry or stress; weight:
负担,重任:担忧或压抑的源泉;重负:
The burden of economic sacrifice rests on the workers of the plant.
经济上做出牺牲的负担落到工厂的工人们身上

(4)

A responsibility or duty:
责任,义务:
The burden of organizing the campaign fell to me.
组织这次活动的责任落到了我头上

(5)

Nautical
【航海】

(6)

The amount of cargo that a vessel can carry.
负载:船能够负载货物的数量

(7)

The weight of the cargo carried by a vessel at one time.
负载量,吨位:船一次可以装载货物的重量
v.tr.(及物动词)
bur.denedbur.den.ingbur.dens

(1)

To weigh down; oppress.
重压;压抑

(2)

To load or overload.
装载或超载

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English byrthen * see bher- 1
源自 古英语 byrthen *参见 bher- 1

参考词汇

(1)

burdenafflictioncrosstrialtribulation

(2)

The central meaning shared by these nouns is “something that is onerous or troublesome”:
这些名词的中心意思是“繁重或麻烦的事情”:
the burden of a guilty conscience;
犯罪意识的重负;
indebtedness that is an affliction;
一种不幸的负债;
illness that is her cross;
她的毛病是脾气暴躁;
sitting still, a trial to the very young;
长期地坐着,令这个年轻人很伤脑筋;
domestic tribulations.
家庭负担。

基本词义

burden
bur.den 2
AHD:[b?r“dn]
D.J.[6b*8dn]
K.K.[6b)dn]
n.(名词)

(1)

A principal or recurring idea; a theme:
主题,主旨:主要的或反复出现的思想;主题:
“The burden of what he said was to defend enthusiastically the conservative aristocracy”(J.A. Froude)See Synonyms at substance
“他所说的主题是热衷地保护守旧的贵族”(J.A.弗劳德)参见 substance

(2)

Music
【音乐】

(3)

The chorus or refrain of a composition.
副歌:歌曲中的副歌或叠句

(4)

The drone of a bagpipe.
苏格兰风笛的低音部分

(5)

Archaic The bass accompaniment to a song.
【古语】 歌曲的低音伴奏

语源
Variant of bourdon
bourdon的变体

现代英汉词典

burden
[5b\:d(E)n]
n.

(1)

负荷;负担;重载
He could not carry the burden alone.
他一人挑不起这副担子。

(2)

重任

(3)

要点;主题;主旨
the burden of the story
小说的主题

词性变化

burden
vt.
使负重担;使麻烦

现代英汉综合大辞典

burden
[5bE:dn]
n.

(1)

担子; 负担; 责任; 义务

(2)

负荷; 重载, 荷载, 装料

(3)

船的载货量; 装载量; 吨位[数]

(4)

重点; 要点

(5)

(船只的)净登记吨位

(6)

配料比

(7)

最小的抵抗线

(8)

制造费用

(9)

【矿】应被炸药除去的岩石与土堆

(10)

【音】叠句; 重唱句; 低音部的伴奏[唱]
A donkey can carry a heavy burden.
驴子能负重载。
Too much praise is a burden.
太多的赞扬是一种负担。

词性变化

burden
[5bE:dn]
vt.
使负担; 给予麻烦
burden a horse with a load
让马驮东西

继承用法

burdened
adj.

(1)

负荷的

(2)

有负担的; 负担沉重的

(3)

(两船相遇时)有义务让路的

burdener
n.

burdenless
adj.

习惯用语

A burden of one's own choice is not felt.
自愿挑担不嫌重; 自己的孩子背着不嫌沉。

bear the burden and heat of the day
吃苦耐劳;完成责任

lay down life's burden
[婉] 死

theburden of proof
【律】提供证据的责任

the white man's burden
“白人的使命”, “白人的担子”(帝国主义分子向外扩张时, 借口对有色民族的责任)

burden with
使负重担(如债务、捐税等), 麻烦

特殊用法

absorbed burden
已分摊间接费用

ambient pollution burden
环境污染负荷

applied burden
已分摊成本或费用

atmosphere pollution burden
大气污染负荷

blast furnace burden
高炉[鼓风炉]配[装]料

blow-in burden
开炉配[装]料

body burden

(1)

体重

(2)

体内放射性负荷

(3)

有机体中放射性同位素含量

cold burden
冷料

coke burden
焦炭配料

departmental burden
部门间接费

departmental overhead
部门间接费

economic burden
经济负担

expense burden
费用负荷

factory burden
间接制造费, 工厂间接费

fiscal burden
财政负担

full standard burden
全标准间接费

furnace burden
炉料

general burden
一 般间接费

heavy burden
重(装)料, 重负荷料

inflexible burden
固定间接费

joint burden
共同负担

light burden
轻料, 轻负荷

machine burden
机器制造费用

manufacturing burden
制造费用

pollutant burden
污染物负荷

rated burden
额定负载

reversed burden of proof
反面举证责任

secondary burden
车间管理费

shop burden
工厂负荷

skeletal uranium burden
铀在骨骼中的含量

tax burden
税(收)负(担)

tax bearing
税(收)负(担)

ton(s) burden

(1)

装载量, 吨(重量), 载重量

(2)

[英]净登记吨位, (容积)吨

total boby burden
(核子)全身积存量

unabsorbed burden
未分摊[配]成本及费用

under-absorbed burden
少分配的成本及费用

burden of a radioisotope
放射性同位素的含量

英文相关词典

burden
charge    load    task    lighten    reduce    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

burden
负担;重担

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

burden
炉料, 装入料

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

burden
表土

美国传统词典

burden
bur.den 1
AHD:[b?r“dn]
D.J.[6b*8dn]
K.K.[6b)dn]
n.

(1)

Something that is carried.

(2)

Something that is emotionally difficult to bear.

(3)

A source of great worry or stress; weight:
The burden of economic sacrifice rests on the workers of the plant.

(4)

A responsibility or duty:
The burden of organizing the campaign fell to me.

(5)

Nautical

(6)

The amount of cargo that a vessel can carry.

(7)

The weight of the cargo carried by a vessel at one time.
v.tr.
bur.dened, bur.den.ing, bur.dens

(1)

To weigh down; oppress.

(2)

To load or overload.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English byrthen * see bher- 1

参考词汇

(1)

burden, affliction, cross, trial, tribulation

(2)

The central meaning shared by these nouns is “something that is onerous or troublesome”:
the burden of a guilty conscience;
indebtedness that is an affliction;
illness that is her cross;
sitting still, a trial to the very young;
domestic tribulations.

基本词义

burden
bur.den 2
AHD:[b?r“dn]
D.J.[6b*8dn]
K.K.[6b)dn]
n.

(1)

A principal or recurring idea; a theme:
“The burden of what he said was to defend enthusiastically the conservative aristocracy”(J.A. Froude)See Synonyms at substance

(2)

Music

(3)

The chorus or refrain of a composition.

(4)

The drone of a bagpipe.

(5)

Archaic The bass accompaniment to a song.

语源
Variant of bourdon

[名词委审定]英汉电工名词(1998)

burden

(1)

负荷

(2)

用于互感器。

英汉船舶大词典

burden
n.负担,负荷

英汉电信大词典

burden
n.负荷,重担

英汉地质大词典

burden
n.负荷,表土,炉料

英汉法学大词典

burden
n.负担

英汉航海大词典

burden
n.制造费用,负担

英汉环境大词典

burden
n.负荷

英汉航空大词典

burden
n.装载量

英汉化学大词典

burden
n.负重,担子,装载量,炉料,负担,负荷;vt.加载于,装载,装货上车,麻烦

英汉海运大词典

burden
负担,义务,责任载重吨,总载重量(满载排水量与空载排水量之差)(英国)登记吨位

基本词义

burden
装载量,载重量〈英〉净登记吨位荷重制造费用装货上(船)

基本词义

burden
装载量,载重量装货上(船)

基本词义

burden
负担,义务责任登记吨位(常指净吨位)

英汉经贸大词典

burden
n.制造费用

英汉计算机大词典

burden
n.负重(担子,装载量;vt.加载于(装载,装货上车

英汉机械大词典

burden
n.配料,负荷

英汉建筑大词典

burden
n.覆盖岩层,泥砂,爆破岩层

最新会计师英汉大词典

burden
负荷,负载(量),间接费用,装载量

英汉农牧林大词典

burden
n.装载量,载重量,荷重

英汉贸易大词典

burden
间接费用,配料表,负荷,负担,船舶载重量,装载量,总费用

现代商务英汉大词典

burden
间接费用,配料表,负荷,负担,船舶载重量,装载量,总费用

英汉冶金大词典

burden
n.负载,重担

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