简明英汉词典

bumpkin
[5bQmpkin]
n.
土包子, 乡巴佬

美国传统词典[双解]

bumpkin
bump.kin 1
AHD:[b?mp“k1n, b?m“-]
D.J.[6b(mpkin, 6b(m-]
K.K.[6b(mpk!n, 6b(m-]
n.(名词)
An awkward, unsophisticated person; a yokel.
粗人,乡下佬:一个笨拙的,未经世故的人;乡下佬

语源

(1)

Perhaps from Flemish boomken [shrub] [diminutive of] boom [tree] * see bheu-
可能源自 佛兰芒语 boomken [灌木] [] boom的小后缀 [树] *参见 bheu-

(2)

or from Middle Dutch bommekijn [diminutive of] bomme [barrel]
或源自 中古荷兰语 bommekijn [] bomme的小后缀 [筒,筒状物]

注释
The term bumpkin may at one time have been directed at an entire people rather than that segment of the population living in a rural area. The first recorded appearance of the word in 1570 is glossed by the Latin word Batavus, “Dutchman,” thus making plausible the suggestion that bumpkin may come from either the Middle Dutch word bommekijn, “little barrel,” or the Flemish word boomken, “shrub.” The connection would be between a squat object and the short, rotund figure of the Dutchman in the popular imagination. Any bumpkin would surely prefer this etymology to another suggestion that bumpkin is a derivative of bum, “the rear end.”
单词bumpkin 有一个时期意指住在乡下的所有人而不是其中的一部分, 这个词于1570年第一次出现是用拉丁词Batavus “荷兰人”注解的。 使得下面这个解释似乎是说得通的,即bumpkin 有可能起源于中古荷兰词语 bommekijn “小圆桶”的意思,或起源于法兰德斯语 boomken “灌木”的意思。 这两者之间的联系在一般的想象中就如同一个矮胖的物体同圆胖的荷兰人间的关系。而任何一个乡下人都确信无疑这个词源有另一个解释,即bumphin 是从 bum 演变而来的,该词的意思是“尾部末梢”

基本词义

bumpkin
bump.kin 2
AHD:[b?mp“k1n, b?m“-]
D.J.[6b(mpkin, 6b(m-]
K.K.[6b(mpk!n, 6b(m-]
n.Nautical (名词)【航海】
A short spar projecting from the deck of a ship, used to extend a sail or secure a block or stay.
短桅:船中板上突出的短桅,用来起航或稳住滑轮或停船

语源
Probably from Dutch boomken [diminutive of] boom [tree] * see boom 2
可能源自 荷兰语 boomken [] boom的小后缀 [树] *参见 boom2

现代英汉词典

bumpkin
[5bQmpkIn]
n.
粗人;乡巴佬

现代英汉综合大辞典

bumpkin
[5bQmpkin]
n.
[贬]粗人, 乡下佬, 土包子

继承用法

bumpkinish
adj.

bumpkinly
adj.

美国传统词典

bumpkin
bump.kin 1
AHD:[b?mp“k1n, b?m“-]
D.J.[6b(mpkin, 6b(m-]
K.K.[6b(mpk!n, 6b(m-]
n.
An awkward, unsophisticated person; a yokel.

语源

(1)

Perhaps from Flemish boomken [shrub] [diminutive of] boom [tree] * see bheu-

(2)

or from Middle Dutch bommekijn [diminutive of] bomme [barrel]

注释
The term bumpkin may at one time have been directed at an entire people rather than that segment of the population living in a rural area. The first recorded appearance of the word in 1570 is glossed by the Latin word Batavus, “Dutchman,” thus making plausible the suggestion that bumpkin may come from either the Middle Dutch word bommekijn, “little barrel,” or the Flemish word boomken, “shrub.” The connection would be between a squat object and the short, rotund figure of the Dutchman in the popular imagination. Any bumpkin would surely prefer this etymology to another suggestion that bumpkin is a derivative of bum, “the rear end.”

基本词义

bumpkin
bump.kin 2
AHD:[b?mp“k1n, b?m“-]
D.J.[6b(mpkin, 6b(m-]
K.K.[6b(mpk!n, 6b(m-]
n.Nautical
A short spar projecting from the deck of a ship, used to extend a sail or secure a block or stay.

语源
Probably from Dutch boomken [diminutive of] boom [tree] * see boom 2

英汉航海大词典

bumpkin
n.西葫芦

英汉海运大词典

bumpkin
前桅帆滑车的伸出梁

基本词义

bumpkin
前桅帆滑车的伸出梁前桅帆滑车的伸出架

英汉机械大词典

bumpkin
n.粗人

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