简明英汉词典

break the ice
v.
打破沉默

美国传统词典[双解]

break
break
AHD:[br3k]
D.J.[breik]
K.K.[brek]
v.(动词)
broke[br?k] bro.ken[br?“k…n] break.ingbreaks
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To cause to separate into pieces suddenly or violently; smash.
打破,击碎:使突然或猛烈地分裂成碎片;使碎裂

(2)

To divide into pieces, as by bending or cutting:
掰碎,砍碎:把…分成碎片,如通过折断或切开:
break crackers for a baby.
替一个婴儿把饼干掰碎

(3)

To snap off or detach:
折断,分开:使…喀嚓一声折断:使脱离:
broke a twig from the tree.
从树上折断一根小树枝

(4)

To fracture a bone of:
折断…的骨头:
I broke my leg.
我摔断了腿

(5)

To fracture (a bone):
折断(一根骨头):
I broke my femur.
我摔断大腿骨

(6)

To crack without separating into pieces.
损坏但不裂成碎片

(7)

To destroy the completeness of (a group of related items):
分离,拆散:破坏(一组有关联物体的)完整:
broke the set of books by giving some away.
把一套书拆散,取其中数本送人

(8)

To exchange for smaller monetary units:
兑开大额钞票:
break a dollar.
兑开一美元

(9)

To vary or disrupt the uniformity or continuity of:
中断,停止:改变或中断…的单一性或连续性:
a plain that was broken by low hills; caught the ball without breaking stride.
一片被低矮的山丘阻隔的平原;没有改变步伐就接到球

(10)

Electricity To open:
【电学】 中断,停止:
break a circuit.
中断电路

(11)

To force or make a way through; puncture or penetrate:
刺穿,贯穿:强行冲破,开辟道路;刺:
The blade barely broke the skin.
那把刀刃仅仅刺破皮肤

(12)

To part or pierce the surface of:
分开,穿过:分开或刺破…表面:
a dolphin breaking water.
一头跃出水面的海豚

(13)

To cause to burst.
使…爆裂

(14)

To force one's way out of; escape from:
挣脱,脱逃:强行越出:从…逃离:
break jail.
越狱

(15)

To find an opening or flaw in:
在…中找出破绽:
They couldn't break my alibi.
他们不能证明我案发时不在现场的辩解不实

(16)

To find the solution or key to; uncover the basic elements and arrangement of:
破解,解决:找到…的解决办法或答案;揭开…的基本成分或暴露…的排列方式:
break a code; break a spy ring.
破译密码;破坏间谍网

(17)

To make known, as news:
泄露,透露:告知,如消息:
break a story.
透露一则新闻

(18)

To surpass or outdo:
超过,胜过:
broke the league's home-run record.
打破联盟的本垒打纪录

(19)

To overcome (a force or resistance):
克服(武力或抗拒):
break the sound barrier.
克服音速障碍

(20)

To put an end to by force or strong opposition, especially to end (a strike) by means other than negotiation.
终止,结束:动用武力或通过激烈的反对使…结束,尤指通过谈判以外的方式结束(罢工)

(21)

To lessen in force or effect:
减少,变小:在力量或效果方面减弱:
break a fall.
使瀑布水量变少

(22)

To render useless or inoperative:
使…无用,损坏:
We accidentally broke the radio.
我们不小心弄坏了收音机

(23)

To weaken or destroy, as in spirit or health; overwhelm with adversity:
使虚弱,使绝望,使困窘:使虚弱或损坏,如在精神,健康方面:通过逆境、厄运来制服:
“For a hero loves the world till it breaks him”(William Butler Yeats)
“因为英雄深爱世人,直到世人令他绝望”(威廉·巴特勒·耶茨)

(24)

To cause the ruin or failure of (an enterprise, for example):
破产,失败:使(例如一家企业)垮台,失败:
Indiscretion broke both marriage and career.
鲁莽轻率使他的婚姻和事业都失败了

(25)

To reduce in rank; demote.
使降职,使…降级

(26)

To cause to be without money or go into bankruptcy.
使破产

(27)

To fail to fulfill; cancel:
不能履行:取消:
break an engagement; break one's vacation plans.
解除婚约;取消假期计划

(28)

To fail to conform to; violate:
不服从;破坏:
break the speed limit.
超速

(29)

Law To invalidate (a will) by judicial action.
【法律】 通过法律手续使(遗嘱)无效

(30)

To give up (a habit).
放弃(习惯)

(31)

To cause to give up a habit:
使放弃习惯:驯服:
They managed to break themselves of smoking.
他们设法戒了烟

(32)

To train to obey; tame:
训练使服从;驯服:
The horse was difficult to break.
那匹马很难被制服
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To become separated into pieces or fragments.
分裂成碎片

(2)

To become cracked or split.
破裂,分裂

(3)

To become unusable or inoperative:
无用,无效,故障:
The television broke.
电视机坏了

(4)

To give way; collapse.
屈服;崩溃

(5)

To burst:
破裂了:
The blister has finally broken.
水疱终于破了

(6)

To become punctured or penetrated.
刺穿,贯穿

(7)

To intrude on:
闯入,侵入:
They broke in upon a heady conversation.
他们打断了一场热烈的谈话

(8)

To filter in or penetrate:
渗进,刺进:
Sunlight broke into the room.
阳光射进房间

(9)

To become fractured.
折断了

(10)

To scatter or disperse; part:
分散;分开:
The clouds broke after the storm.
暴风雨过后,云层分开了

(11)

Games To make the opening shot that scatters the grouped balls in billiards or pool.
【游戏】 开球:打台球时开球破局

(12)

Sports To separate from a clinch in boxing.
【体育运动】 拳击时,双方抱持后拆散

(13)

To move away or escape suddenly.
突然离开,逃走

(14)

To come forth or begin from a state of latency; come into being or emerge:
出现,显现:从隐伏的状态中显露出来,形成,出现:
A storm was breaking over Miami. Crocuses broke from the soil.
迈阿密上空暴风雨大作。藏红花破土而出

(15)

To emerge above the surface of water.
冒出水面

(16)

To become known or noticed:
为人所知:
The big story broke on Friday.
这个重要新闻在星期五传开了

(17)

To change direction suddenly.
突然改变方向

(18)

Baseball To curve near or over the plate:
【棒球】 使曲线飞行:从本垒板附近或上面呈曲线飞行:
The pitch broke away from the batter.
投出的球偏离了击球员

(19)

To change suddenly from one tone quality or musical register to another:
变化音调:突然改变音质或声区:
My voice broke to a whisper.
我的声音变成了喁喁细语

(20)

Linguistics To undergo breaking.
【语言学】 发生割裂

(21)

To change to a gait different from the one set. Used of a horse.
指马突然改变步态

(22)

To interrupt or cease an activity:
中断,停止:中断或停止一项活动:
We'll break for coffee at ten.
我们会在10点钟休息一下,喝点咖啡

(23)

To discontinue an association, an agreement, or a relationship:
打断,中止:中止交往、协议、联系:
The partners broke over a financial matter. One hates to break with an old friend.
合伙人在财政问题上分裂了。人们不愿意和老朋友断绝关系

(24)

To diminish or discontinue abruptly:
突然减弱,突然中断:
The fever is breaking.
一下子就退烧了

(25)

To diminish in or lose physical or spiritual strength; weaken or succumb:
衰弱,绝望:在精神或健康方面垮掉;变弱:
Their good cheer broke after repeated setbacks.
他们的热诚在接二连三的挫折之后消失殆尽

(26)

To decrease sharply in value or quantity:
锐减:在价值或数量方面锐减:
Stock prices broke when the firm suddenly announced layoffs.
当公司突然宣布裁员时,股票价格便大跌

(27)

To come to an end:
结束:
The cold spell broke yesterday.
寒流昨天就结束了

(28)

To collapse or crash into surf or spray:
碎开,散开:迸溅成碎浪或水花:
waves that were breaking along the shore.
沿着海岸迸溅的波浪

(29)

Informal To take place or happen; proceed:
【非正式用语】 发生;发展:
Things have been breaking well for them.
他们的事情进展很顺利

(30)

To break dance.
跳霹雳舞
n.(名词)

(1)

The act or an occurrence of breaking.
破裂,折断

(2)

The result of breaking, as a crack or separation.
破裂处:如裂缝,裂口

(3)

A beginning or an opening:
开始,敞开:
the break of day; a break in the clouds.
天破晓了;云层的空隙

(4)

A sudden movement; a dash:
急冲,猛跑:
The dog made a break toward the open field.
狗向田野冲去

(5)

An escape:
逃跑:
a prison break.
越狱

(6)

An interruption or a disruption in continuity or regularity:
中断,打断:指连续性和常规性的打断:
television programming without commercial breaks.
没有插商业广告的电视节目

(7)

A pause or an interval, as from work:
暂停,休息:工作时的间歇:
a coffee break.
喝咖啡的间歇

(8)

A sudden or marked change.
突变

(9)

A violation:
破坏:
a security break.
破坏安全

(10)

An often sudden piece of luck, especially good luck:
好运:突然来到的运气,尤指好运:
finally got the big break in life.
一生中最后走了好运

(11)

Informal
【非正式用语】

(12)

An allowance or indulgence; accommodating treatment:
津贴:津贴;予人方便的待遇:
The boss gave me a break because I'd been sick.
因为生病,老板给了我方便

(13)

A favorable price or reduction:
优惠的价格,打折:
a tax break for charitable contributions.
为慈善赠品提供的优惠税额

(14)

A severing of ties:
断绝联系:
made a break with the past; a break between the two families.
不再受往事的羁绊;两个家庭关系的断绝

(15)

Informal A faux pas.
【非正式用语】 失礼:指在社交上有失检点的行为、话语

(16)

A sudden decline in prices.
价格暴跌

(17)

A caesura.
韵脚中断

(18)

Printing
【印刷术】

(19)

The space between two paragraphs.
断纸:段落之间的空白处

(20)

A series of three dots ( . . . ) used to indicate an omission in a text.
省略号:三个点(…),用来表示文本的省略

(21)

The place where a word is or should be divided at the end of a line.
行尾的单词移行处

(22)

Electricity Interruption of a flow of current.
【电学】 电流的断路

(23)

Geology A marked change in topography such as a fault or deep valley.
【地质学】 断层:地形上的显著变化,如断层,深谷

(24)

Nautical The point of discontinuity between two levels on the deck of a ship.
【航海】 间断面:船甲板的两层之间的中断点

(25)

Music
【音乐】

(26)

The point at which one register or a tonal quality changes to another.
换音点,改调点

(27)

The change itself.
换音,改调

(28)

A solo jazz cadenza played during the pause between the regular phrases or choruses of a melody.
独奏华彩段:在正常的乐句间或乐曲的合唱部分间的暂停时刻表演的爵士乐独奏华彩段

(29)

A change in a horse's gait to one different from that set by the rider.
马的步态改变:指马改变骑手制定的步态

(30)

Sports The swerving of a ball from a straight path of flight, as in baseball or cricket.
【体育运动】 曲线飞行:棒球或板球运动中球的曲线飞行

(31)

Sports The beginning of a race.
【体育运动】 起跑

(32)

Sports The separation after a clinch in boxing.
【体育运动】 拳击中扭抱后分开

(33)

Games The opening shot that scatters the grouped balls in billiards or pool.
【游戏】 开球破局:打台球时第一杆把聚在一起的球打散

(34)

Games A run or unbroken series of successful shots, as in billiards or croquet.
【游戏】 连续得分:打台球或槌球时一次连续得分

(35)

Sports Games Failure to score a strike or a spare in a given bowling frame.
【体育运动】 【游戏】 滚球的失误

(36)

Also brake A high horse-drawn carriage with four wheels.
也作 brake 四轮马车

(37)

Break dancing.
霹雳舞

常用词组

break down

(1)

To cause to collapse; destroy:
使崩溃;毁坏:
break down a partition; broke down our resolve.
捣毁一堵隔墙;丧失了我们的决心

(2)

To become or cause to become distressed or upset.
变得或使痛苦,烦躁

(3)

To have a physical or mental collapse.
使健康、精神崩溃

(4)

To give up resistance; give way:
放弃抵抗;屈服:
broke down and bought a new car; prejudices that break down slowly.
不再坚持,买了一辆新的小轿车;慢慢放弃了的偏见

(5)

To fail to function; cease to be useful, effective, or operable:
失效;没用了:
The elevator broke down.
电梯出毛病了

(6)

To render or become weak or ineffective:
使…变弱,变得无效:
Opposition to the king's rule gradually broke down his authority.
对国王统治的反抗逐渐削弱了他的权威

(7)

To divide into or consider in parts; analyze.
给…分类;分析

(8)

To be divisible; admit of analysis:
成为可分的;可进行分析:
The population breaks down into three main groups.
人口可分成三个主要的群族

(9)

To decompose or cause to decompose chemically.
从化学上分解,使从化学上分解

(10)

Electricity To undergo a breakdown.
【电学】 击穿

break in

(1)

To train or adapt for a purpose.
驯服,习惯于:为一目的而训练或使…适应

(2)

To loosen or soften with use:
用惯,穿惯:通过使用使…松软:
break in new shoes.
把一双新鞋穿得合脚

(3)

To enter premises forcibly or illegally:
强行进入,非法进入:
a prowler who was trying to break in.
企图非法闯入的小偷

(4)

To interrupt a conversation or discussion.
打断谈话,打断讨论

(5)

To intrude.
闯入

break into

(1)

To interrupt:
打断:
“No one would have dared to break into his abstraction”(Alan Paton)
“没有人胆敢打断他的臆想”(艾伦·佩顿)

(2)

To begin suddenly:
突然开始:
The horse broke into a wild gallop. The child broke into a flood of tears.
那匹马开始狂奔。那个孩子突然放声大哭

(3)

To enter (a field of activity):
进入(一个活动领域):
broke into broadcast journalism at an early age.
早年就进入了广播新闻界

break off

(1)

To separate or become separated, as by twisting or tearing.
扯断,断裂:通过扭曲,撕扯分开

(2)

To stop suddenly, as in speaking.
说话时突然打住

(3)

To discontinue (a relationship).
断绝(关系)

(4)

To cease to be friendly.
不再友好,绝交

break out

(1)

To become affected with a skin eruption, such as pimples.
出皮疹:被皮疹感染,如丘疹

(2)

To develop suddenly and forcefully:
猛地爆发:
Fighting broke out in the prison cells.
牢房里发生斗殴

(3)

To ready for action or use:
把…准备好供使用:
Break out the rifles!
准备好来福枪!

(4)

To bring forth for consumption:
拿出…供消费:
Let's break out the champagne.
我们开一瓶香槟吧

(5)

To emerge or escape.
出现或逃走

(6)

To be separable or classifiable into categories, as data.
可分开归入各种类别,如数据

(7)

To isolate (information) from a large body of data.
分隔:从大量数据中把(信息)离析出来

break through
To make a sudden, quick advance, as through obstruction or opposition.
突破,穿过:冲破障碍突然、迅速地前进

break up

(1)

To separate into pieces; divide:
把…分裂成碎片;分开:
break up a chocolate bar.
把一块长条巧克力弄碎

(2)

To interrupt the uniformity or continuity of:
打破…的统一性或连贯性:
An impromptu visit broke up the long afternoon.
突然的造访打破了漫长的午后时光

(3)

To scatter; disperse:
分散:
The crowd broke up after the game.
比赛结束后人群四面散开

(4)

To bring or come to an end:
使…结束;结束:
Guards broke up the fight. The marriage broke up.
警卫们结束了这场打斗。婚姻破裂了

(5)

Informal To burst or cause to burst into laughter.
【非正式用语】 爆发出大笑,使…爆发出大笑

习惯用语

break a leg
Used to wish someone, such as an actor, success in a performance.
用来祝愿某人(如演员)演出成功

break bread
To eat together.
一道用餐

break camp
To pack up equipment and leave a campsite.
打好背包,离开露营地

break cover
To emerge from a protected location or hiding place:
离开隐蔽处:从安全的地方或隐蔽的地方露出:
The platoon broke cover and headed down the road.
一群人从暗处走出来,沿着大路前进

break even
To gain an amount equal to that invested, as in a commercial venture.
收支相抵:获得与投资相等的利润,如在商业冒险中

break new ground
To advance beyond previous achievements:
更好成绩:在以前取得的成绩上更进一步:
a company that broke new ground in the field of computers.
在计算机领域取得新进展的公司

break (one's) neck
To make the utmost possible effort.
竭尽全力:尽最大可能的努力

break rank或

break ranks

(1)

To fall into disorder, as a formation of soldiers.
秩序混乱,如士兵的队列

(2)

To fail to conform to a prevailing or expected pattern or order:
不符合,不相称:不符合盛行的或所期望的模式或秩序:
“Architectural experts have criticized the plaza in the past because it breaks rank with the distinctive fa?ades of neighboring Fifth Avenue blocks, whose buildings are flush with the sidewalk”(Sharon Churcher)
“建筑专家们过去一直批评那个广场,因为它与邻近的第五大街街区别具一格的建筑物正面不相称。这个街区的建筑物与人行道齐平”(沙伦·丘彻)

break (someone's) heart
To disappoint or dispirit severely.
极为失望或沮丧

break (someone's) service【体育运动】
To win a game, as in tennis, served by one's opponent.
网球中接发球得分

break the ice

(1)

To make a start.
开始

(2)

To relax a tense or unduly formal atmosphere or social situation.
打破僵局:缓和紧张或过分正式的气氛、场合

break wind
To expel intestinal gas.
放屁

语源

(1)

Middle English breken
中古英语 breken

(2)

from Old English brecan * see bhreg-
源自 古英语 brecan *参见 bhreg-

参考词汇

(1)

breakcrackfractureburstsplitsplintershattershiversmash

(2)

These verbs are compared as they mean to separate or cause to separate into parts or pieces.
这些动词在表示使分裂成碎片时可以进行比较。

(3)

Break is the most general and like the other members of the set implies either the sudden application of force or the build-up of internal stress:
Break 最普通,正如这组动词中其它词一样,含有突然用力或内部压力的聚积的意思:
a window broken by vandals;
被故意打碎的一扇窗;
broke her leg;
她折断了腿;
a delicate chair that will break under a great weight. To
一张会在重压下破碎的精致椅子。

(4)

crack is to break, often with a sharp snapping sound, without dividing into parts:
crack 是使破裂,常带有啪的一声,并不裂成碎片:
I cracked the platter when I knocked it against the table.
我把盘子撞到桌子,它被碰裂了。
The foundation of the house cracked during the earthquake.
地震时那幢房子的地基裂开了。
The soil cracked from the drought.
土壤干裂了。

(5)

Fracture applies to a break or crack in a rigid body:
Fracture 用于指坚硬躯壳的折断、裂损:
fractured her skull in the accident;
在事故中她的头盖骨破裂了;
a vertebra that fractured in the fall.
摔断了的脊椎骨。

(6)

Burst implies a sudden coming apart, especially from internal pressure, and the dispersion of contents:
Burst 含有突然分开的意思,尤指由于内部压力,各自分散开:
The child burst the balloon with a pin.
那个孩子用别针把气球戳破了。
Her appendix burst.
她的阑尾破了。

(7)

Split refers to a division into sections longitudinally or along the direction of the grain:
Split 指竖向或顺着纹理分裂成几个部分:
split the log with an ax;
用斧子劈开木头;
frost that caused the rock to split.
使岩石裂开的冰冻。

(8)

Splinter implies splitting into long, thin, sharp pieces:
Splinter 指裂成又长又细尖锐碎片:
The tree was struck by lightning and splintered.
那棵树被闪电劈裂了。
Repeated blows splintered the door. To
不断的敲击把门都打裂了。

(9)

shatter is to break into many loose scattered pieces:
shatter 指碎成许多松散的小片:
The bottle will shatter if you drop it.
如果你把瓶子掉到地上,它就会裂成小碎片。
An exploding gas main shattered the tiles in the courtyard.
爆炸的煤气主要管线把院子里的瓦片都震碎了。

(10)

Shiver is a term rarely encountered outside literary contexts; like shatter, it indicates sudden force that causes fragmentation:
Shiver 很少用于文学作品之外;正如shatter, 表示使成为碎片的突发力量:
“Every statue was hurled from its niche . . . every painted window [was] shivered to atoms” (John Lothrop Motley).
“每一尊雕像都从壁龛上被推了下来…每一扇彩画的窗户 震得粉碎” (约翰·洛斯罗普·莫特利)。
“The panels shivering in, like potsherds” (Thomas Carlyle).
“窗格震碎了,象陶器的碎片” (汤姆斯·卡莱尔)。

(11)

Smash stresses force of blow or impact and suggests complete destruction:
Smash 强调打击的力量,指完全的摧毁:
My glasses slipped from my hand and smashed on the floor.
我的眼镜从手中滑下去,在地板上摔得粉碎。
The boat was smashed on the rocks. See also Synonyms at demote, opportunity
那艘船在岩石上摔得粉碎 参见同义词 demoteopportunity

现代英汉词典

break
[breIk]
vt., vi.
broke, broken, breaking

(1)

打破;碰破;折断;打碎
The stone broke the window.
石头打坏了窗子。
The cup broke on the floor.
杯子摔碎在地板上了。
You'll break your neck if you aren't more careful! (喻)
你如果不加倍小心,你会摔死的!

(2)

分裂;裂开
The newly-published chronicle breaks down into eight major parts.
这部新出版的编年史分成八大部分。

(3)

毁坏;弄坏;损坏
He broke his wristwatch.
他把他的手表弄坏了。

(4)

(突然用力)变成;成为
The prisoner broke loose.
犯人脱逃了。

(5)

擦破
to break the skin
擦破皮肤

(6)

违背;违犯;不遵守
to break the law
犯法
He always breaks faith with his clients.
他对顾客总是不守信用。
It took all the members of the section the whole day to break the back of the job.
全组人员干了一整天才把工作的最主要部分完成了。
If smeone breaks a rule, the problem goes before the whole group.
如果有人违反了制度,就把问题提交给全体成员解决。

(7)

He broke into the shop
他闯入商店。

(8)

驯服;制服
to break a horse
驯服一匹马

(9)

超过;超越
to break a record in sports
打破运动记录

(10)

泄露;发布;透露
to break the news
发布消息

(11)

中断
Let's break for a meal.
让我们休息一下去吃饭吧。

(12)

结束;停止
to break the silence
打破沉寂

(13)

突然发生,突然出现
as day breaks
拂晓时
Day breaks.; Day dawns.
天亮了。

(14)

衰退;减弱
His health broke.
他的健康衰退。

(15)

突变
His voice broke when he was 15.
他15岁时嗓音突然变了。

(16)

破译(密码)
She broke their code.
她破译了他们的密码。

习惯用语

break the back of
完成主要的或最艰难的部分
It took all the members of the section the whole day to break the back of the job.
全组人员干了一整天才把工作的最主要部分完成了。

break camp
拔营

break cover
跳出躲藏处

break the ice
打破冷场

break new ground
有新发现
The scheme says nothing new; it doesn't break new ground.
这个方案没有新意,它没有提出新的见解。

break step
步伐紊乱

break wind
放屁

词性变化

break
n.

(1)

破;破裂;破隙
a break in the clouds
云朵间的一线青天

(2)

暂停;休息
a coffee break
饮咖啡的小憩
Let's have a break.
让我们休息一会儿。
After a short break the play continued.
休息片刻后,戏继续开演。
We've been doing experiments 24 hours without a break.
我们的实验已连续不断地进行了二十四小时。

(3)

突变
a break from the past
一反过去的做法
A break anywhere in the circuit may cause the lights in the neighbourhood to go out.
电路上任一处断路,都会使这一带的电灯熄灭。
The cold weather broke at the beginning of April.
寒冷的天气到四月初开始变暖了。

(4)

破晓
at day-break
破晓时

(5)

〈台球〉连续击球得分

(6)

〈网球〉接发球得分

(7)

机会;运气
Give him a break.
给他一次机会。

常用词组

break away

(1)

逃走;逃脱
The robbery suspect broke away from the lockup.
抢劫嫌疑犯从拘留所逃脱了。
Modern music like jazz has broken away from the old traditional rules. (喻)
现代音乐如爵士乐摆脱了旧的传统规则。

(2)

断裂;开裂
A large piece of ice broke away from the main block.
一大块冰从整个大冰块上断裂开来。

break down

(1)

破坏;拆散
The Congressmen of the Republican tried to break down the opposition from their opponents to their proposal. (喻)
共和党的议员们试图使他们的反对派不再反对他们的提案。
Chemicals in the body break our food down into useful substances.
人体中的化学元素把食物分解成有用的物质。
break down old conventions
打破旧框框
The robbers broke the door down.
强盗们把门砸开了。
The peace talks are said to have broken down. (喻)
据说和谈破裂了。

(2)

制服;被制服

(3)

(机器)损坏
Our truck broke down outside town.
我们的卡车在城外抛锚了。
The car broke down halfway to the destination.
汽车在到达目的地的中途抛锚了。
The car broke down halfway to the camp.
车子在去营地的半路上抛锚了。
The 8 o'clock train broke down at Ferngreen station and was taken off the line.'
8点钟的那趟车因在芬格林车站出了故障而被取消了。

(4)

失败;破裂
Their opposition broke down.
他们的反对意见打消了。

(5)

精神崩溃;失去控制
He broke down and wept.
他不禁失声痛哭。

(6)

起化学变化
Food is broken down by chemicals.
化学物质引起食物转化。

(7)

细分;分类

break even
不赚不赔;收支平衡

break in

(1)

闯入;强行进入
The burglar broke in and stole my money.
夜窃贼破门而入,偷了我的钱。

(2)

打断;插嘴
It's her usual habit to break in with some ideas of her own.
他常常打断别人的话来发表自己的观点。
Don't break in when the adventurer is telling his own story.
冒险家讲他自己的经历时,别打断他。
Children shouldn't break in on adults' conversation.
小孩子不要打断大人们的谈话。
The telephone ring broke in on/upon my thoughts.
电话铃声打断了我的思路。

(3)

训练;驯养;使(某人)熟悉工作
The engineering doctor from abroad only broke in with us last month.
从国外回来的工程博士是上个月才开始和我们一道工作的。

break into

(1)

闯入
The thieves broke into the office and stole some money.
小偷闯入办公室,偷了一些钱。
The bandits broke into the jewelry and stole near all the valuable necklaces.
土匪们闯进了珠宝店盗走了几乎所有值钱的项链。

(2)

打断;插话

(3)

突然…起来
to break into song
突然唱起歌来
The crowd broke into cheers and the drunk bowed.
观众们爆发出一阵欢呼,醉汉鞠了一躬。
The car windows broke into pieces when the two cars crashed into each other.
两辆车相撞时车上的窗玻璃破裂成碎片。
The new waitress dropped the dish on the floor, and it broke into fragments.
新来的女服务员把菜盘子掉在地上,摔成了碎片。

(4)

勉强动用
to break into one's savings
勉强动用存款

break of
除去(某人的)习性
They broke him of his addiction.
他们除去他吸毒的瘾。
Doctors keep trying to break him of smoking the drug.
医生多次设法使他戒毒。

break out

(1)

逃脱;逃出
to break out of prison
越狱而逃

(2)

突然发生
Fire broke out in the kitchen.
厨房突然发生了火灾。
It was almost midnight that a fire broke out in the neighbourhood.
昨天快半夜了这儿附近发生了火灾。
World War II broke out in 1939.
第二次世界大战是1939年爆发的。
His back broke out in spots.
他背上出现了许多斑点。
She broke out in curses in her dream.
她在梦中大声咒骂起来。
The fire broke out in the basement.
地下室着了火。
Hostilities have broken out between the two countries.
两国之间爆发了战争。

break through
突破
After the storm the sun broke through the clouds.
风暴过后太阳冲破了云层。
At last, those physicians and specialists broke through in their fight against heart disease.
那些内科医生和专家们终于在同心脏病的斗争中取得了突破。
The guerrillas soon broke through.
游击队很快就突围了。

break up

(1)

分裂

(2)

结束;解散
The crowd started to break up when the night fell.
天快黑时人群开始散开了。
The ice will break up when the warm weather comes.
天气转暖,冰层就会破裂。
Their marriage broke up.
他们的婚姻破裂了。
The police broke up the fighting crowd.
警察驱散了打架的人群。
He may break up under all this pressure.
在这么大的压力下他可能会崩溃。
Break it up!
别打啦!
The company top meeting didn't break up until midnight.
公司高层会议到半夜才结束。
The police broke up the fight among the two black gangs.
警察驱散了两个黑帮间的殴斗。

(3)

(学校)开始放假
When will you break up this winter?
今年冬季你们什么时候放假?

(4)

使发笑;逗乐;使苦恼
That joke really broke me up.
那个笑话可把我逗乐了。

基本词义

ice
[aIs]
n.

(1)

She put some ice in her drink.
他往饮料里加了点冰。
There is ice on the lake in winter.
冬天湖上有冰。

(2)

一份冰淇淋
Three ices, please.
请拿三份冰淇淋。

(3)

冰毒(毒品)

习惯用语

break the ice
打破僵局;着手做

词性变化

ice
vt., vi.
iced, icing

(1)

(常与over, up连用)结冰
The lake iced over during the night.
湖水夜里结冰了。
The pond iced over during the night.
水池在夜间结冰了。

(2)

冷藏;冰镇
iced drinks
冷饮

现代英汉综合大辞典

ice
[ais]
n.

(1)

(2)

(=icecream)冰淇淋

(3)

冰状物; (糕点上的) 糖霜; (不含乳脂肪的)冰冻甜食

(4)

(态度的)冷若冰霜

(5)

[俚]钻石

(6)

贿赂
artificial ice
人造冰
two ices
两份冰淇淋

词性变化

ice
vt.

(1)

冰冻; 冷藏

(2)

使结冰

(3)

加糖衣于 (糕点)上
ice a bottle of beer
冰冻一瓶啤酒
ice the decision [game]
[美口]保证胜利
The pond was iced over.
水池结冰了。

ice
vi.

(1)

结冰; 冰冻

(2)

被冰覆盖(up)
ice over [up]
结成冰, 被冰层复盖
The windshield has iced up.
挡风玻璃上结了冰。

继承用法

iceblink
[`aIsblINk]
n.
(冰原上的)反光, 冰光

iceboat
[`aIsbEJt]
n.
冰上滑行船; 破冰船, 破冰设备

icebound
adj.

(1)

冰冻住的

(2)

冻在冰中而不能行驶的

icebox
[5aIsbRks]
n.

(1)

冰箱

(2)

[俚]单人牢房

(3)

[美俚]严寒地带

(4)

供演员上台前培养感情的后台小房间; 供球员上场前做准备运动的地方

icebreaker
[5aIsbrekE(r)]
n.

(1)

破冰船, 破冰机

(2)

基本收费

ice-canoe
n.
滑冰艇, 冰上小艇

ice-cold
[`aIs`kEJld]
adj.

(1)

冰冷的

(2)

冷若冰霜的; 无感情的

icecream
n.
冰淇淋

ice-crusher
n.
碎冰机, 破冰船

ice-cutter
n.
碎冰器; 破冰船

icefall
[`aIsfR:l]
n.
冰瀑, 冰崩, 悬在崖上的冰块

ice-fish
n.
银鱼

ice-free
[5aIsfri:]
adj.
不冻冰的, 无冰的

icehouse
[`aIshaJs]
n.

(1)

冰室, 冰库, 冰屋

(2)

制冰厂

icejam
n.

(1)

流水壅塞

(2)

阻塞, 僵局

ice-laid
adj.
冰碛的

ice-lolly
n.
[英]冰棒, 冰棍

iceman
[`aIsmAn]
n.
[英]制冰人, 卖冰人, 运冰人; 冰上旅游家, 善于在冰上行走的人

ice-manufacture
n.
制冰

ice-master
n.
冰原领航人

ice-out
n.
水面冰块融化

ice-paper
n.
透明纸(制图用)

ice-pound
n.
冰舱

ice-raft
n.
冰漂搬运

icescape
[`aIsskeIp]
n.
冰景

ice-skate
vi.
溜冰

ice-skater
n.
溜冰人

ice-skating
n.
溜冰

ice-slide
n.
冰滑道

icestone
n.
天然的冰晶石

ice-tray
n.
(冰箱内)制冰块的盘子

ice-up
vi.
结冰

icer
n.
给冷藏货车装冰的机器; 给冷藏集装箱加冰的工人

习惯用语

as chaste as ice
像冰一样坚贞

as cold as ice
冰冷; 冷若冰霜

be made of ice

(1)

是冰做的

(2)

冷若冰霜

break the ice
打破沉默, 首先发言; 打破僵局, 消除隔阂, 在某种微妙的事情上采取初步措施; 着手做(危险、困难的事情)

cut not much ice with sb.
(对...)无效; 没有影响; 没有意义

cut not much ice
(对...)无效; 没有影响; 没有意义

cut no ice with sb.
(对...)无效; 没有影响; 没有意义

cut no ice
(对...)无效; 没有影响; 没有意义

on ice
成功或实现的机会很大; 在狱中; 储备; 搁置; 暂缓

on thin ice
如履薄冰, 处境极其危险; 站不住脚

put...on ice
[美俚]把...忘掉; 把...搁置; 杀死; 有把握把...握在手中

skate over thin ice

(1)

处在风险中; 处在需要慎重从事的情况下

(2)

巧妙地处理难题; 机智地应付危机

skate on thin ice

(1)

处在风险中; 处在需要慎重从事的情况下

(2)

巧妙地处理难题; 机智地应付危机

straight off the ice
立刻; 立即; 新鲜的(食物)

ice over
结冰; 由冰层复盖

ice up
结上一层冰, 由冰层复盖

特殊用法

acicular ice
针状冰

anchor ice
锚冰

automatic ice
自动人造冰

autumn ice
秋冰

barrier ice
陆架冰

black ice
黑冰

blue ice
纯洁冰

brine ice
冰盐水

cake ice
块冰, 小块冰

block ice
块冰, 小块冰

can ice
罐冰; 模制冰

carbon dioxide ice
干冰, 固体二氧化碳

chemical ice
添加化学保藏剂的冰(用于保藏鲜鱼)

coast ice
固定冰

coconut ice
椰子饯

commercial ice
市售冰

confluence ice
汇流冰

consolidated ice
密集厚冰

cracked ice
碎冰, 碎冰机破碎的冰(块)

crushed ice
碎冰, 碎冰机破碎的冰(块)

cream ice
奶油状冰, 海绵冰

crystal ice
冰晶, 透明的冰

custard ice
蛋黄奶油冰淇淋

drift ice
流冰

eutectic ice
低共溶冰, 易溶冰

fast ice
固定冰

firn ice
冻雪冰

flake ice
片冰, 冰屑

floating ice
漂冰

floe ice
流冰, 浮冰

flooding ice
冰泉, 喷水冰层

foliated ice
片状冰

frazil ice
水内冰

fresh ice
新冰

germicidal ice
加杀菌剂的冰

glacial ice
流动冰

glare ice
光滑冰

glaze ice
雨凇

glimmer ice
闪光冰

granular ice
粒状冰

grape ice
冰冻葡萄汁

grease ice
油脂状冰

ground ice
地下冰

hummocked ice
堆积冰

lily-pad ice
莲叶冰

manufactured ice
人造冰

milky ice
乳浊冰(不透明冰)

one-year ice
一龄冰

open ice
稀疏冰

paleocrystic ice
古结晶冰

penitent ice
残余冰

piedmont ice
山麓冰

polar-cap ice
极地冰帽

pore ice
孔隙冰

present ice
现代冰川

pressure ice
起伏冰

rafted pack ice
筏形流冰群, 多层流冰群

rotten ice
蜂窝冰

rubber ice
松冰

salt ice
加盐碎冰, 冰盐混合物

satin ice
针状冰, 纤维状冰

sea ice
海冰

shaved ice
刨冰(屑)

sheet ice
片状冰

shelf ice
陆架冰

shell ice
壳冰

slack ice
屑冰

slice ice
片状冰屑, 刨冰

sludge ice
松软冰, 海绵冰

slush ice
部分融化的碎冰

snowdrift ice
吹雪冰

stone ice
矿冰

stranded ice
搁浅冰

subsoil ice
地下冰

young ice
新冰

美国传统词典

break
break
AHD:[br3k]
D.J.[breik]
K.K.[brek]
v.
broke[br?k] bro.ken[br?“k…n] break.ing, breaks
v.tr.

(1)

To cause to separate into pieces suddenly or violently; smash.

(2)

To divide into pieces, as by bending or cutting:
break crackers for a baby.

(3)

To snap off or detach:
broke a twig from the tree.

(4)

To fracture a bone of:
I broke my leg.

(5)

To fracture (a bone):
I broke my femur.

(6)

To crack without separating into pieces.

(7)

To destroy the completeness of (a group of related items):
broke the set of books by giving some away.

(8)

To exchange for smaller monetary units:
break a dollar.

(9)

To vary or disrupt the uniformity or continuity of:
a plain that was broken by low hills; caught the ball without breaking stride.

(10)

Electricity To open:
break a circuit.

(11)

To force or make a way through; puncture or penetrate:
The blade barely broke the skin.

(12)

To part or pierce the surface of:
a dolphin breaking water.

(13)

To cause to burst.

(14)

To force one's way out of; escape from:
break jail.

(15)

To find an opening or flaw in:
They couldn't break my alibi.

(16)

To find the solution or key to; uncover the basic elements and arrangement of:
break a code; break a spy ring.

(17)

To make known, as news:
break a story.

(18)

To surpass or outdo:
broke the league's home-run record.

(19)

To overcome (a force or resistance):
break the sound barrier.

(20)

To put an end to by force or strong opposition, especially to end (a strike) by means other than negotiation.

(21)

To lessen in force or effect:
break a fall.

(22)

To render useless or inoperative:
We accidentally broke the radio.

(23)

To weaken or destroy, as in spirit or health; overwhelm with adversity:
“For a hero loves the world till it breaks him”(William Butler Yeats)

(24)

To cause the ruin or failure of (an enterprise, for example):
Indiscretion broke both marriage and career.

(25)

To reduce in rank; demote.

(26)

To cause to be without money or go into bankruptcy.

(27)

To fail to fulfill; cancel:
break an engagement; break one's vacation plans.

(28)

To fail to conform to; violate:
break the speed limit.

(29)

Law To invalidate (a will) by judicial action.

(30)

To give up (a habit).

(31)

To cause to give up a habit:
They managed to break themselves of smoking.

(32)

To train to obey; tame:
The horse was difficult to break.
v.intr.

(1)

To become separated into pieces or fragments.

(2)

To become cracked or split.

(3)

To become unusable or inoperative:
The television broke.

(4)

To give way; collapse.

(5)

To burst:
The blister has finally broken.

(6)

To become punctured or penetrated.

(7)

To intrude on:
They broke in upon a heady conversation.

(8)

To filter in or penetrate:
Sunlight broke into the room.

(9)

To become fractured.

(10)

To scatter or disperse; part:
The clouds broke after the storm.

(11)

Games To make the opening shot that scatters the grouped balls in billiards or pool.

(12)

Sports To separate from a clinch in boxing.

(13)

To move away or escape suddenly.

(14)

To come forth or begin from a state of latency; come into being or emerge:
A storm was breaking over Miami. Crocuses broke from the soil.

(15)

To emerge above the surface of water.

(16)

To become known or noticed:
The big story broke on Friday.

(17)

To change direction suddenly.

(18)

Baseball To curve near or over the plate:
The pitch broke away from the batter.

(19)

To change suddenly from one tone quality or musical register to another:
My voice broke to a whisper.

(20)

Linguistics To undergo breaking.

(21)

To change to a gait different from the one set. Used of a horse.

(22)

To interrupt or cease an activity:
We'll break for coffee at ten.

(23)

To discontinue an association, an agreement, or a relationship:
The partners broke over a financial matter. One hates to break with an old friend.

(24)

To diminish or discontinue abruptly:
The fever is breaking.

(25)

To diminish in or lose physical or spiritual strength; weaken or succumb:
Their good cheer broke after repeated setbacks.

(26)

To decrease sharply in value or quantity:
Stock prices broke when the firm suddenly announced layoffs.

(27)

To come to an end:
The cold spell broke yesterday.

(28)

To collapse or crash into surf or spray:
waves that were breaking along the shore.

(29)

Informal To take place or happen; proceed:
Things have been breaking well for them.

(30)

To break dance.
n.

(1)

The act or an occurrence of breaking.

(2)

The result of breaking, as a crack or separation.

(3)

A beginning or an opening:
the break of day; a break in the clouds.

(4)

A sudden movement; a dash:
The dog made a break toward the open field.

(5)

An escape:
a prison break.

(6)

An interruption or a disruption in continuity or regularity:
television programming without commercial breaks.

(7)

A pause or an interval, as from work:
a coffee break.

(8)

A sudden or marked change.

(9)

A violation:
a security break.

(10)

An often sudden piece of luck, especially good luck:
finally got the big break in life.

(11)

Informal

(12)

An allowance or indulgence; accommodating treatment:
The boss gave me a break because I'd been sick.

(13)

A favorable price or reduction:
a tax break for charitable contributions.

(14)

A severing of ties:
made a break with the past; a break between the two families.

(15)

Informal A faux pas.

(16)

A sudden decline in prices.

(17)

A caesura.

(18)

Printing

(19)

The space between two paragraphs.

(20)

A series of three dots ( . . . ) used to indicate an omission in a text.

(21)

The place where a word is or should be divided at the end of a line.

(22)

Electricity Interruption of a flow of current.

(23)

Geology A marked change in topography such as a fault or deep valley.

(24)

Nautical The point of discontinuity between two levels on the deck of a ship.

(25)

Music

(26)

The point at which one register or a tonal quality changes to another.

(27)

The change itself.

(28)

A solo jazz cadenza played during the pause between the regular phrases or choruses of a melody.

(29)

A change in a horse's gait to one different from that set by the rider.

(30)

Sports The swerving of a ball from a straight path of flight, as in baseball or cricket.

(31)

Sports The beginning of a race.

(32)

Sports The separation after a clinch in boxing.

(33)

Games The opening shot that scatters the grouped balls in billiards or pool.

(34)

Games A run or unbroken series of successful shots, as in billiards or croquet.

(35)

Sports Games Failure to score a strike or a spare in a given bowling frame.

(36)

Also brake A high horse-drawn carriage with four wheels.

(37)

Break dancing.

常用词组

break down

(1)

To cause to collapse; destroy:
break down a partition; broke down our resolve.

(2)

To become or cause to become distressed or upset.

(3)

To have a physical or mental collapse.

(4)

To give up resistance; give way:
broke down and bought a new car; prejudices that break down slowly.

(5)

To fail to function; cease to be useful, effective, or operable:
The elevator broke down.

(6)

To render or become weak or ineffective:
Opposition to the king's rule gradually broke down his authority.

(7)

To divide into or consider in parts; analyze.

(8)

To be divisible; admit of analysis:
The population breaks down into three main groups.

(9)

To decompose or cause to decompose chemically.

(10)

Electricity To undergo a breakdown.

break in

(1)

To train or adapt for a purpose.

(2)

To loosen or soften with use:
break in new shoes.

(3)

To enter premises forcibly or illegally:
a prowler who was trying to break in.

(4)

To interrupt a conversation or discussion.

(5)

To intrude.

break into

(1)

To interrupt:
“No one would have dared to break into his abstraction”(Alan Paton)

(2)

To begin suddenly:
The horse broke into a wild gallop. The child broke into a flood of tears.

(3)

To enter (a field of activity):
broke into broadcast journalism at an early age.

break off

(1)

To separate or become separated, as by twisting or tearing.

(2)

To stop suddenly, as in speaking.

(3)

To discontinue (a relationship).

(4)

To cease to be friendly.

break out

(1)

To become affected with a skin eruption, such as pimples.

(2)

To develop suddenly and forcefully:
Fighting broke out in the prison cells.

(3)

To ready for action or use:
Break out the rifles!

(4)

To bring forth for consumption:
Let's break out the champagne.

(5)

To emerge or escape.

(6)

To be separable or classifiable into categories, as data.

(7)

To isolate (information) from a large body of data.

break through
To make a sudden, quick advance, as through obstruction or opposition.

break up

(1)

To separate into pieces; divide:
break up a chocolate bar.

(2)

To interrupt the uniformity or continuity of:
An impromptu visit broke up the long afternoon.

(3)

To scatter; disperse:
The crowd broke up after the game.

(4)

To bring or come to an end:
Guards broke up the fight. The marriage broke up.

(5)

Informal To burst or cause to burst into laughter.

习惯用语

break a leg
Used to wish someone, such as an actor, success in a performance.

break bread
To eat together.

break camp
To pack up equipment and leave a campsite.

break cover
To emerge from a protected location or hiding place:
The platoon broke cover and headed down the road.

break even
To gain an amount equal to that invested, as in a commercial venture.

break new ground
To advance beyond previous achievements:
a company that broke new ground in the field of computers.

break (one's) neck
To make the utmost possible effort.

break rankor

break ranks

(1)

To fall into disorder, as a formation of soldiers.

(2)

To fail to conform to a prevailing or expected pattern or order:
“Architectural experts have criticized the plaza in the past because it breaks rank with the distinctive fa?ades of neighboring Fifth Avenue blocks, whose buildings are flush with the sidewalk”(Sharon Churcher)

break (someone's) heart
To disappoint or dispirit severely.

break (someone's) serviceSports
To win a game, as in tennis, served by one's opponent.

break the ice

(1)

To make a start.

(2)

To relax a tense or unduly formal atmosphere or social situation.

break wind
To expel intestinal gas.

语源

(1)

Middle English breken

(2)

from Old English brecan * see bhreg-

参考词汇

(1)

break, crack, fracture, burst, split, splinter, shatter, shiver, smash

(2)

These verbs are compared as they mean to separate or cause to separate into parts or pieces.

(3)

Break is the most general and like the other members of the set implies either the sudden application of force or the build-up of internal stress:
a window broken by vandals;
broke her leg;
a delicate chair that will break under a great weight. To

(4)

crack is to break, often with a sharp snapping sound, without dividing into parts:
I cracked the platter when I knocked it against the table.
The foundation of the house cracked during the earthquake.
The soil cracked from the drought.

(5)

Fracture applies to a break or crack in a rigid body:
fractured her skull in the accident;
a vertebra that fractured in the fall.

(6)

Burst implies a sudden coming apart, especially from internal pressure, and the dispersion of contents:
The child burst the balloon with a pin.
Her appendix burst.

(7)

Split refers to a division into sections longitudinally or along the direction of the grain:
split the log with an ax;
frost that caused the rock to split.

(8)

Splinter implies splitting into long, thin, sharp pieces:
The tree was struck by lightning and splintered.
Repeated blows splintered the door. To

(9)

shatter is to break into many loose scattered pieces:
The bottle will shatter if you drop it.
An exploding gas main shattered the tiles in the courtyard.

(10)

Shiver is a term rarely encountered outside literary contexts; like shatter, it indicates sudden force that causes fragmentation:
“Every statue was hurled from its niche . . . every painted window [was] shivered to atoms” (John Lothrop Motley).
“The panels shivering in, like potsherds” (Thomas Carlyle).

(11)

Smash stresses force of blow or impact and suggests complete destruction:
My glasses slipped from my hand and smashed on the floor.
The boat was smashed on the rocks. See also Synonyms at demote, opportunity

英汉航海大词典

break the ice
vi.打破沉默,着手做一项须慎重处理的事

英汉化学大词典

break the ice
vi.打破沉默,着手做一项须慎重处理的事

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