简明英汉词典

break off
v.
中断, 折断, 突然停止, 脱落, 暂停, 断绝, 解除

美国传统词典[双解]

break
break
AHD:[br3k]
D.J.[breik]
K.K.[brek]
v.(动词)
broke[br?k] bro.ken[br?“k…n] break.ingbreaks
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To cause to separate into pieces suddenly or violently; smash.
打破,击碎:使突然或猛烈地分裂成碎片;使碎裂

(2)

To divide into pieces, as by bending or cutting:
掰碎,砍碎:把…分成碎片,如通过折断或切开:
break crackers for a baby.
替一个婴儿把饼干掰碎

(3)

To snap off or detach:
折断,分开:使…喀嚓一声折断:使脱离:
broke a twig from the tree.
从树上折断一根小树枝

(4)

To fracture a bone of:
折断…的骨头:
I broke my leg.
我摔断了腿

(5)

To fracture (a bone):
折断(一根骨头):
I broke my femur.
我摔断大腿骨

(6)

To crack without separating into pieces.
损坏但不裂成碎片

(7)

To destroy the completeness of (a group of related items):
分离,拆散:破坏(一组有关联物体的)完整:
broke the set of books by giving some away.
把一套书拆散,取其中数本送人

(8)

To exchange for smaller monetary units:
兑开大额钞票:
break a dollar.
兑开一美元

(9)

To vary or disrupt the uniformity or continuity of:
中断,停止:改变或中断…的单一性或连续性:
a plain that was broken by low hills; caught the ball without breaking stride.
一片被低矮的山丘阻隔的平原;没有改变步伐就接到球

(10)

Electricity To open:
【电学】 中断,停止:
break a circuit.
中断电路

(11)

To force or make a way through; puncture or penetrate:
刺穿,贯穿:强行冲破,开辟道路;刺:
The blade barely broke the skin.
那把刀刃仅仅刺破皮肤

(12)

To part or pierce the surface of:
分开,穿过:分开或刺破…表面:
a dolphin breaking water.
一头跃出水面的海豚

(13)

To cause to burst.
使…爆裂

(14)

To force one's way out of; escape from:
挣脱,脱逃:强行越出:从…逃离:
break jail.
越狱

(15)

To find an opening or flaw in:
在…中找出破绽:
They couldn't break my alibi.
他们不能证明我案发时不在现场的辩解不实

(16)

To find the solution or key to; uncover the basic elements and arrangement of:
破解,解决:找到…的解决办法或答案;揭开…的基本成分或暴露…的排列方式:
break a code; break a spy ring.
破译密码;破坏间谍网

(17)

To make known, as news:
泄露,透露:告知,如消息:
break a story.
透露一则新闻

(18)

To surpass or outdo:
超过,胜过:
broke the league's home-run record.
打破联盟的本垒打纪录

(19)

To overcome (a force or resistance):
克服(武力或抗拒):
break the sound barrier.
克服音速障碍

(20)

To put an end to by force or strong opposition, especially to end (a strike) by means other than negotiation.
终止,结束:动用武力或通过激烈的反对使…结束,尤指通过谈判以外的方式结束(罢工)

(21)

To lessen in force or effect:
减少,变小:在力量或效果方面减弱:
break a fall.
使瀑布水量变少

(22)

To render useless or inoperative:
使…无用,损坏:
We accidentally broke the radio.
我们不小心弄坏了收音机

(23)

To weaken or destroy, as in spirit or health; overwhelm with adversity:
使虚弱,使绝望,使困窘:使虚弱或损坏,如在精神,健康方面:通过逆境、厄运来制服:
“For a hero loves the world till it breaks him”(William Butler Yeats)
“因为英雄深爱世人,直到世人令他绝望”(威廉·巴特勒·耶茨)

(24)

To cause the ruin or failure of (an enterprise, for example):
破产,失败:使(例如一家企业)垮台,失败:
Indiscretion broke both marriage and career.
鲁莽轻率使他的婚姻和事业都失败了

(25)

To reduce in rank; demote.
使降职,使…降级

(26)

To cause to be without money or go into bankruptcy.
使破产

(27)

To fail to fulfill; cancel:
不能履行:取消:
break an engagement; break one's vacation plans.
解除婚约;取消假期计划

(28)

To fail to conform to; violate:
不服从;破坏:
break the speed limit.
超速

(29)

Law To invalidate (a will) by judicial action.
【法律】 通过法律手续使(遗嘱)无效

(30)

To give up (a habit).
放弃(习惯)

(31)

To cause to give up a habit:
使放弃习惯:驯服:
They managed to break themselves of smoking.
他们设法戒了烟

(32)

To train to obey; tame:
训练使服从;驯服:
The horse was difficult to break.
那匹马很难被制服
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To become separated into pieces or fragments.
分裂成碎片

(2)

To become cracked or split.
破裂,分裂

(3)

To become unusable or inoperative:
无用,无效,故障:
The television broke.
电视机坏了

(4)

To give way; collapse.
屈服;崩溃

(5)

To burst:
破裂了:
The blister has finally broken.
水疱终于破了

(6)

To become punctured or penetrated.
刺穿,贯穿

(7)

To intrude on:
闯入,侵入:
They broke in upon a heady conversation.
他们打断了一场热烈的谈话

(8)

To filter in or penetrate:
渗进,刺进:
Sunlight broke into the room.
阳光射进房间

(9)

To become fractured.
折断了

(10)

To scatter or disperse; part:
分散;分开:
The clouds broke after the storm.
暴风雨过后,云层分开了

(11)

Games To make the opening shot that scatters the grouped balls in billiards or pool.
【游戏】 开球:打台球时开球破局

(12)

Sports To separate from a clinch in boxing.
【体育运动】 拳击时,双方抱持后拆散

(13)

To move away or escape suddenly.
突然离开,逃走

(14)

To come forth or begin from a state of latency; come into being or emerge:
出现,显现:从隐伏的状态中显露出来,形成,出现:
A storm was breaking over Miami. Crocuses broke from the soil.
迈阿密上空暴风雨大作。藏红花破土而出

(15)

To emerge above the surface of water.
冒出水面

(16)

To become known or noticed:
为人所知:
The big story broke on Friday.
这个重要新闻在星期五传开了

(17)

To change direction suddenly.
突然改变方向

(18)

Baseball To curve near or over the plate:
【棒球】 使曲线飞行:从本垒板附近或上面呈曲线飞行:
The pitch broke away from the batter.
投出的球偏离了击球员

(19)

To change suddenly from one tone quality or musical register to another:
变化音调:突然改变音质或声区:
My voice broke to a whisper.
我的声音变成了喁喁细语

(20)

Linguistics To undergo breaking.
【语言学】 发生割裂

(21)

To change to a gait different from the one set. Used of a horse.
指马突然改变步态

(22)

To interrupt or cease an activity:
中断,停止:中断或停止一项活动:
We'll break for coffee at ten.
我们会在10点钟休息一下,喝点咖啡

(23)

To discontinue an association, an agreement, or a relationship:
打断,中止:中止交往、协议、联系:
The partners broke over a financial matter. One hates to break with an old friend.
合伙人在财政问题上分裂了。人们不愿意和老朋友断绝关系

(24)

To diminish or discontinue abruptly:
突然减弱,突然中断:
The fever is breaking.
一下子就退烧了

(25)

To diminish in or lose physical or spiritual strength; weaken or succumb:
衰弱,绝望:在精神或健康方面垮掉;变弱:
Their good cheer broke after repeated setbacks.
他们的热诚在接二连三的挫折之后消失殆尽

(26)

To decrease sharply in value or quantity:
锐减:在价值或数量方面锐减:
Stock prices broke when the firm suddenly announced layoffs.
当公司突然宣布裁员时,股票价格便大跌

(27)

To come to an end:
结束:
The cold spell broke yesterday.
寒流昨天就结束了

(28)

To collapse or crash into surf or spray:
碎开,散开:迸溅成碎浪或水花:
waves that were breaking along the shore.
沿着海岸迸溅的波浪

(29)

Informal To take place or happen; proceed:
【非正式用语】 发生;发展:
Things have been breaking well for them.
他们的事情进展很顺利

(30)

To break dance.
跳霹雳舞
n.(名词)

(1)

The act or an occurrence of breaking.
破裂,折断

(2)

The result of breaking, as a crack or separation.
破裂处:如裂缝,裂口

(3)

A beginning or an opening:
开始,敞开:
the break of day; a break in the clouds.
天破晓了;云层的空隙

(4)

A sudden movement; a dash:
急冲,猛跑:
The dog made a break toward the open field.
狗向田野冲去

(5)

An escape:
逃跑:
a prison break.
越狱

(6)

An interruption or a disruption in continuity or regularity:
中断,打断:指连续性和常规性的打断:
television programming without commercial breaks.
没有插商业广告的电视节目

(7)

A pause or an interval, as from work:
暂停,休息:工作时的间歇:
a coffee break.
喝咖啡的间歇

(8)

A sudden or marked change.
突变

(9)

A violation:
破坏:
a security break.
破坏安全

(10)

An often sudden piece of luck, especially good luck:
好运:突然来到的运气,尤指好运:
finally got the big break in life.
一生中最后走了好运

(11)

Informal
【非正式用语】

(12)

An allowance or indulgence; accommodating treatment:
津贴:津贴;予人方便的待遇:
The boss gave me a break because I'd been sick.
因为生病,老板给了我方便

(13)

A favorable price or reduction:
优惠的价格,打折:
a tax break for charitable contributions.
为慈善赠品提供的优惠税额

(14)

A severing of ties:
断绝联系:
made a break with the past; a break between the two families.
不再受往事的羁绊;两个家庭关系的断绝

(15)

Informal A faux pas.
【非正式用语】 失礼:指在社交上有失检点的行为、话语

(16)

A sudden decline in prices.
价格暴跌

(17)

A caesura.
韵脚中断

(18)

Printing
【印刷术】

(19)

The space between two paragraphs.
断纸:段落之间的空白处

(20)

A series of three dots ( . . . ) used to indicate an omission in a text.
省略号:三个点(…),用来表示文本的省略

(21)

The place where a word is or should be divided at the end of a line.
行尾的单词移行处

(22)

Electricity Interruption of a flow of current.
【电学】 电流的断路

(23)

Geology A marked change in topography such as a fault or deep valley.
【地质学】 断层:地形上的显著变化,如断层,深谷

(24)

Nautical The point of discontinuity between two levels on the deck of a ship.
【航海】 间断面:船甲板的两层之间的中断点

(25)

Music
【音乐】

(26)

The point at which one register or a tonal quality changes to another.
换音点,改调点

(27)

The change itself.
换音,改调

(28)

A solo jazz cadenza played during the pause between the regular phrases or choruses of a melody.
独奏华彩段:在正常的乐句间或乐曲的合唱部分间的暂停时刻表演的爵士乐独奏华彩段

(29)

A change in a horse's gait to one different from that set by the rider.
马的步态改变:指马改变骑手制定的步态

(30)

Sports The swerving of a ball from a straight path of flight, as in baseball or cricket.
【体育运动】 曲线飞行:棒球或板球运动中球的曲线飞行

(31)

Sports The beginning of a race.
【体育运动】 起跑

(32)

Sports The separation after a clinch in boxing.
【体育运动】 拳击中扭抱后分开

(33)

Games The opening shot that scatters the grouped balls in billiards or pool.
【游戏】 开球破局:打台球时第一杆把聚在一起的球打散

(34)

Games A run or unbroken series of successful shots, as in billiards or croquet.
【游戏】 连续得分:打台球或槌球时一次连续得分

(35)

Sports Games Failure to score a strike or a spare in a given bowling frame.
【体育运动】 【游戏】 滚球的失误

(36)

Also brake A high horse-drawn carriage with four wheels.
也作 brake 四轮马车

(37)

Break dancing.
霹雳舞

常用词组

break down

(1)

To cause to collapse; destroy:
使崩溃;毁坏:
break down a partition; broke down our resolve.
捣毁一堵隔墙;丧失了我们的决心

(2)

To become or cause to become distressed or upset.
变得或使痛苦,烦躁

(3)

To have a physical or mental collapse.
使健康、精神崩溃

(4)

To give up resistance; give way:
放弃抵抗;屈服:
broke down and bought a new car; prejudices that break down slowly.
不再坚持,买了一辆新的小轿车;慢慢放弃了的偏见

(5)

To fail to function; cease to be useful, effective, or operable:
失效;没用了:
The elevator broke down.
电梯出毛病了

(6)

To render or become weak or ineffective:
使…变弱,变得无效:
Opposition to the king's rule gradually broke down his authority.
对国王统治的反抗逐渐削弱了他的权威

(7)

To divide into or consider in parts; analyze.
给…分类;分析

(8)

To be divisible; admit of analysis:
成为可分的;可进行分析:
The population breaks down into three main groups.
人口可分成三个主要的群族

(9)

To decompose or cause to decompose chemically.
从化学上分解,使从化学上分解

(10)

Electricity To undergo a breakdown.
【电学】 击穿

break in

(1)

To train or adapt for a purpose.
驯服,习惯于:为一目的而训练或使…适应

(2)

To loosen or soften with use:
用惯,穿惯:通过使用使…松软:
break in new shoes.
把一双新鞋穿得合脚

(3)

To enter premises forcibly or illegally:
强行进入,非法进入:
a prowler who was trying to break in.
企图非法闯入的小偷

(4)

To interrupt a conversation or discussion.
打断谈话,打断讨论

(5)

To intrude.
闯入

break into

(1)

To interrupt:
打断:
“No one would have dared to break into his abstraction”(Alan Paton)
“没有人胆敢打断他的臆想”(艾伦·佩顿)

(2)

To begin suddenly:
突然开始:
The horse broke into a wild gallop. The child broke into a flood of tears.
那匹马开始狂奔。那个孩子突然放声大哭

(3)

To enter (a field of activity):
进入(一个活动领域):
broke into broadcast journalism at an early age.
早年就进入了广播新闻界

break off

(1)

To separate or become separated, as by twisting or tearing.
扯断,断裂:通过扭曲,撕扯分开

(2)

To stop suddenly, as in speaking.
说话时突然打住

(3)

To discontinue (a relationship).
断绝(关系)

(4)

To cease to be friendly.
不再友好,绝交

break out

(1)

To become affected with a skin eruption, such as pimples.
出皮疹:被皮疹感染,如丘疹

(2)

To develop suddenly and forcefully:
猛地爆发:
Fighting broke out in the prison cells.
牢房里发生斗殴

(3)

To ready for action or use:
把…准备好供使用:
Break out the rifles!
准备好来福枪!

(4)

To bring forth for consumption:
拿出…供消费:
Let's break out the champagne.
我们开一瓶香槟吧

(5)

To emerge or escape.
出现或逃走

(6)

To be separable or classifiable into categories, as data.
可分开归入各种类别,如数据

(7)

To isolate (information) from a large body of data.
分隔:从大量数据中把(信息)离析出来

break through
To make a sudden, quick advance, as through obstruction or opposition.
突破,穿过:冲破障碍突然、迅速地前进

break up

(1)

To separate into pieces; divide:
把…分裂成碎片;分开:
break up a chocolate bar.
把一块长条巧克力弄碎

(2)

To interrupt the uniformity or continuity of:
打破…的统一性或连贯性:
An impromptu visit broke up the long afternoon.
突然的造访打破了漫长的午后时光

(3)

To scatter; disperse:
分散:
The crowd broke up after the game.
比赛结束后人群四面散开

(4)

To bring or come to an end:
使…结束;结束:
Guards broke up the fight. The marriage broke up.
警卫们结束了这场打斗。婚姻破裂了

(5)

Informal To burst or cause to burst into laughter.
【非正式用语】 爆发出大笑,使…爆发出大笑

习惯用语

break a leg
Used to wish someone, such as an actor, success in a performance.
用来祝愿某人(如演员)演出成功

break bread
To eat together.
一道用餐

break camp
To pack up equipment and leave a campsite.
打好背包,离开露营地

break cover
To emerge from a protected location or hiding place:
离开隐蔽处:从安全的地方或隐蔽的地方露出:
The platoon broke cover and headed down the road.
一群人从暗处走出来,沿着大路前进

break even
To gain an amount equal to that invested, as in a commercial venture.
收支相抵:获得与投资相等的利润,如在商业冒险中

break new ground
To advance beyond previous achievements:
更好成绩:在以前取得的成绩上更进一步:
a company that broke new ground in the field of computers.
在计算机领域取得新进展的公司

break (one's) neck
To make the utmost possible effort.
竭尽全力:尽最大可能的努力

break rank或

break ranks

(1)

To fall into disorder, as a formation of soldiers.
秩序混乱,如士兵的队列

(2)

To fail to conform to a prevailing or expected pattern or order:
不符合,不相称:不符合盛行的或所期望的模式或秩序:
“Architectural experts have criticized the plaza in the past because it breaks rank with the distinctive fa?ades of neighboring Fifth Avenue blocks, whose buildings are flush with the sidewalk”(Sharon Churcher)
“建筑专家们过去一直批评那个广场,因为它与邻近的第五大街街区别具一格的建筑物正面不相称。这个街区的建筑物与人行道齐平”(沙伦·丘彻)

break (someone's) heart
To disappoint or dispirit severely.
极为失望或沮丧

break (someone's) service【体育运动】
To win a game, as in tennis, served by one's opponent.
网球中接发球得分

break the ice

(1)

To make a start.
开始

(2)

To relax a tense or unduly formal atmosphere or social situation.
打破僵局:缓和紧张或过分正式的气氛、场合

break wind
To expel intestinal gas.
放屁

语源

(1)

Middle English breken
中古英语 breken

(2)

from Old English brecan * see bhreg-
源自 古英语 brecan *参见 bhreg-

参考词汇

(1)

breakcrackfractureburstsplitsplintershattershiversmash

(2)

These verbs are compared as they mean to separate or cause to separate into parts or pieces.
这些动词在表示使分裂成碎片时可以进行比较。

(3)

Break is the most general and like the other members of the set implies either the sudden application of force or the build-up of internal stress:
Break 最普通,正如这组动词中其它词一样,含有突然用力或内部压力的聚积的意思:
a window broken by vandals;
被故意打碎的一扇窗;
broke her leg;
她折断了腿;
a delicate chair that will break under a great weight. To
一张会在重压下破碎的精致椅子。

(4)

crack is to break, often with a sharp snapping sound, without dividing into parts:
crack 是使破裂,常带有啪的一声,并不裂成碎片:
I cracked the platter when I knocked it against the table.
我把盘子撞到桌子,它被碰裂了。
The foundation of the house cracked during the earthquake.
地震时那幢房子的地基裂开了。
The soil cracked from the drought.
土壤干裂了。

(5)

Fracture applies to a break or crack in a rigid body:
Fracture 用于指坚硬躯壳的折断、裂损:
fractured her skull in the accident;
在事故中她的头盖骨破裂了;
a vertebra that fractured in the fall.
摔断了的脊椎骨。

(6)

Burst implies a sudden coming apart, especially from internal pressure, and the dispersion of contents:
Burst 含有突然分开的意思,尤指由于内部压力,各自分散开:
The child burst the balloon with a pin.
那个孩子用别针把气球戳破了。
Her appendix burst.
她的阑尾破了。

(7)

Split refers to a division into sections longitudinally or along the direction of the grain:
Split 指竖向或顺着纹理分裂成几个部分:
split the log with an ax;
用斧子劈开木头;
frost that caused the rock to split.
使岩石裂开的冰冻。

(8)

Splinter implies splitting into long, thin, sharp pieces:
Splinter 指裂成又长又细尖锐碎片:
The tree was struck by lightning and splintered.
那棵树被闪电劈裂了。
Repeated blows splintered the door. To
不断的敲击把门都打裂了。

(9)

shatter is to break into many loose scattered pieces:
shatter 指碎成许多松散的小片:
The bottle will shatter if you drop it.
如果你把瓶子掉到地上,它就会裂成小碎片。
An exploding gas main shattered the tiles in the courtyard.
爆炸的煤气主要管线把院子里的瓦片都震碎了。

(10)

Shiver is a term rarely encountered outside literary contexts; like shatter, it indicates sudden force that causes fragmentation:
Shiver 很少用于文学作品之外;正如shatter, 表示使成为碎片的突发力量:
“Every statue was hurled from its niche . . . every painted window [was] shivered to atoms” (John Lothrop Motley).
“每一尊雕像都从壁龛上被推了下来…每一扇彩画的窗户 震得粉碎” (约翰·洛斯罗普·莫特利)。
“The panels shivering in, like potsherds” (Thomas Carlyle).
“窗格震碎了,象陶器的碎片” (汤姆斯·卡莱尔)。

(11)

Smash stresses force of blow or impact and suggests complete destruction:
Smash 强调打击的力量,指完全的摧毁:
My glasses slipped from my hand and smashed on the floor.
我的眼镜从手中滑下去,在地板上摔得粉碎。
The boat was smashed on the rocks. See also Synonyms at demote, opportunity
那艘船在岩石上摔得粉碎 参见同义词 demoteopportunity

现代英汉综合大辞典

break
[breik]
vt.
(broke [brEuk]; broken [5brEukEn])

(1)

毁坏, 损坏

(2)

打破, 撞破; 折断; 撕开

(3)

违反, 违背; 破坏; 破除; 取消, 解除

(4)

挖掘; 开垦, 翻(土), 梳(麻); 闯入; 越(狱), 突围, 打开(局面等), 开创(新路等)

(5)

使中止; 打断, 截断, 妨碍; 搅乱; 戒除; 放弃

(6)

兑开(大额钞票); 拆开(整体); 解开(难题, 链条等)

(7)

制服; 训练; 驯(兽); 制止; 阻止; 破获(案件); 破解(密码)

(8)

泄; 泄露

(9)

使衰败; 使破产, 免职, 降职; 葬送(前途)

(10)

打破, 超过(记录)

(11)

挫败, 压倒, 削弱

(12)

驳倒, 使(证据、辩辞等)不能成立

(13)

(棒球)投(变化球), (拳击)制止(扭抱)

(14)

【律】非法侵入

(15)

使(股票等)猛跌价

(16)

以大肆渲染而开始
break a cup
打坏一个杯子
break one's promise
食言
break the law
违反法律
break a strike
使罢工停止
break the tie
打破不分胜负的局面
break the case
破获案件
break the news to sb.
向某人泄露消息
The railway communication is broken.
铁路交通断绝了。
Trees break the force of the wind.
树使风力减弱。
The captain was broken for neglect of duty.
上尉因玩忽职守而被降职。
The prism broke the light into all the colors of the rainbow.
棱镜把光分解成虹的各种色彩。

词性变化

break
[breik]
vi.

(1)

破裂, 碎; 损坏; 折断; 坏掉

(2)

受干扰; 受挫折; (军队等)溃败; (疮)溃烂

(3)

闯入(into); 逃出(from, out of); 摆脱, 分离; 决裂

(4)

突然发生, 突变; (消息)突然传出

(5)

(霜、雾等)消散; (天)破晓, 放晴

(6)

破产, 倒闭; (信用、名誉等)扫地

(7)

(健康等)垮掉, 变弱; (抵抗等)崩溃; 屈服

(8)

(花)发芽, 长(蕾)

(9)

折拢, 弯起, 折开

(10)

(工作中)稍作休息

(11)

发生, 发展, 进展

(12)

[美](证券)行市暴跌

(13)

突然转向; (舰艇等)突现于水面

(14)

[美]突然跑起来; 猛冲(for); (波浪)冲击(over, on, against)

(15)

(奶酥)在制造黄油时分成流汁和脂肪

(16)

(棒球)曲行, 投歪

(17)

(从扭抱中)放开, 分开

(18)

跳霹雳舞
A piece of china breaks easily.
瓷器容易打碎。
Dawn began to break.
东方欲晓。
The story broke in a morning paper.
消息在一家晨报上透露出来了。
The storm broke.
风暴突然开始了。
The heat-wave broke.
热浪消散了。
His health is broken.
他的身体垮了。
The bank broke.
这家银行倒闭了。
Things are breaking right for us.
情况正朝着有利于我们的方向发展。

break
[breik]
n.

(1)

破裂; 损坏; 裂口, 折断

(2)

(天气的)突变; 破晓

(3)

中止, 停顿, (电视广播节目等的)暂停; (工间, 课间的)休息

(4)

决裂, 绝交

(5)

[口]闯进; 猛冲; 奔, 跑; 突破; (飞机失速后的)突然下降

(6)

[美俚]失策, 失败; (市价等的)暴跌

(7)

语言无礼, 举止不当

(8)

[俚]运气, [口]机会

(9)

(台球)连得分数; (球的)反跳, 屈折

(10)

【音】急剧变调

(11)

【电】断线, 断路(器)

(12)

【矿】断层;【刷】断开处; 连接符号“-”

(13)

(从扭抱中)分开

(14)

开垦地; (谷物的)舂

(15)

(赛马等的)起跑

(16)

大型四轮马车

(17)

(曲线的)折点, 拐点

(18)

渗透点; 静接点

(19)

荧光屏上的脉冲光影 ⑵

(20)

【航空】急剧压坡度; 飞机坠落, 机翼下沉 ⑵

(21)

换密日期⑵

(22)

毛皮露底; (皮鞋)头帮上的褶纹; 绒面褶纹 ⑵

(23)

(酒类等的)混浊性凝结物
a break of the bridge
桥的破损处
a break in the clouds
云朵间的一线青天
a break in the weather
天气的突变
have a break
休息一会儿
break from the past
和过去决裂
She's won too. What's a break!
她也赢了, 真是好运气。
Give him a break.
给他一个改过的机会吧!
He made a break for the gate.
他向门口跑去。

继承用法

breakaway
n.

(1)

脱离

(2)

(牛、羊等)狂奔

(3)

离群之兽

(4)

起跑

词性变化

break
[breik]
adj.

(1)

脱离的

(2)

【剧】容易拆除的(布景等)

breakback
n.
(工作部件的)弹回安全器

breakfinder
n.
炮眼壁探缝器

breakfrequency
n.
拐点频率

breakfront
[`breIkfrQnt]
adj.
(橱柜等)凸肚的
n.
凸肚型橱[书]柜

breakhead
n.
船头用的破冰装置

break-in
n.

(1)

闯入

(2)

【军】突破

(3)

插入, 嵌入, 挤, 打断[坏]

(4)

滚动, 碾平

(5)

试车, 试运转, 磨[跑, 走]合

breakmark
n.
灰点(绸缎疵点)

breakneck
[5breIknek]
adj.
危险的

break-of-bulk
n.
货物分卸

break-off
n.
破坏, 断开

breakout
[5breIkaJt]
n.

(1)

爆发

(2)

越狱

(3)

【军】突围

break-over
n.
转折, (报刊文章)转页刊登的部分, 穿[导]通,【地质】圆脊

break-point
n.
断[分割, 转折, 停止]点, 转效点

break-promise
n.
不守信用的人; 失信者

breakstone
n.
碎石

breakup
[5breIkQp]
n.

(1)

解散, 崩溃

(2)

停止, 终止

(3)

分手, 绝交

(4)

分离, 中断, 断开, 缺口; 分[瓦]解, 溶化, 蜕[裂]变; 馏分组成

breakwater
[5breIkwC:tE(r)]
n.
防洪堤

breakweather
n.
[澳]临时性的掩蔽所

breakwind
n.

(1)

[澳]土人住的茅屋

(2)

防风墙[林, 设备], 挡风(罩)

breakable
[5breIkEb(E)l]
adj.
易破的; 脆的
n.
易碎物

breakability
n.

习惯用语

a bad break
失言; 丢人; 倒霉, 不幸

a good break
好机会; 好运气

a luck break
好机会; 好运气

an even break
[美俚]条件均等的机会

get the breaks
[美俚]交好运, 碰到有利的机会

give sb. a break
给某人一个(改正错误的)机会

make a (bad) break
失言, 失态, 随便说话; 犯错误

make a break for it
[口](趁人不注意时)偷跑, 逃跑

make a break of
(台球赛中)连续得分

make a (clean) break with
与...绝交

The breaks were against us.
[美俚]命运跟我们作对。

without a break
继续不断地, 不停顿地

break away

(1)

抢先开始

(2)

突然离开; 逃走

(3)

突然改变

(4)

脱离; 放弃; 革除

(5)

拆除, 拆毁

(6)

(云、雾等)消散

break back

(1)

【体】突然反向行进扰乱对方防御

(2)

(板球)大幅度转变方向

(3)

向后溜走

break dancing
霹雳舞(60年代起源于美国纽约贫民区, 后在地面摇滚舞基础上揉合体操、杂技和芭蕾舞动作, 80年代流行)

break down

(1)

失败; 落空

(2)

毁掉; 拆除; 损坏; 瓦解; 崩溃

(3)

失去控制

(4)

分为细目

(5)

克服; 征服

(6)

【化】改变...的化学成分

(7)

打倒在地上; 粉碎

(8)

哭泣

(9)

态度软化; 招供

break forth
突然发出, 迸发

break from
挣脱; 突然离去

break in

(1)

训练; 驯养

(2)

闯入; 破门而入

(3)

打断; 插嘴

(4)

开始使用

break in on

(1)

闯入

(2)

恍然大悟; 忽然想起

(3)

打断(谈话); 打扰; 妨碍

break in upon

(1)

闯入

(2)

恍然大悟; 忽然想起

(3)

打断(谈话); 打扰; 妨碍

break into

(1)

闯入; 潜入; 破门而入

(2)

进入(新行业)

(3)

插入; 打断

(4)

开始(某种活动)

(5)

突然加快(步伐或速度)

(6)

突然...起来

(7)

占用...时间

(8)

兑开(大面值的钞票或硬币)

(9)

动用(留作紧急时使用的物品)

break it up

(1)

[口]散开! 别打架了! 别吵架了!

(2)

[美俚]鼓掌

break of
使免于; 戒去; 治愈

break off

(1)

突然停止; 暂停; 休息一下

(2)

折断; 绝交

(3)

离开正路

(4)

因顶头风而改变航向

break off from
戒除; 放弃; 和...绝交

break off with
与...断绝交往

break open
以暴力启开

break out

(1)

发生; 爆发

(2)

发疹

(3)

逃出; 突围

(4)

准备使用

(5)

由贮藏处取出使用

(6)

【航海】准备起锚

(7)

打开; 启开(货物等)

(8)

突然说出[发出, 做出]

(9)

悬挂(旗, 帆等)

break out in

(1)

突然布满

(2)

突然发作

break out of
摆脱(束缚等)

break over

(1)

溢出

(2)

违犯

(3)

(浪涛)冲击; 扑打

(4)

(笑声, 掌声, 骂声等)阵阵袭向, 冲向

break short off
突然中止

break through

(1)

突破

(2)

从后面出现

(3)

(在科学研究上)有重大发现

(4)

克服; 打破

break up

(1)

停止

(2)

散开

(3)

分成小块; 拆开; 分解

(4)

衰弱; (精神)崩溃

(5)

解散

(6)

使哄堂大笑

(7)

打断; 破坏

(8)

断交; 绝交; 破裂

(9)

(天气)突然变化

(10)

使苦恼

(11)

结束, (学校期末)放假

break up into
分解成; 分割成

break upon
显露; 突然出现

break with

(1)

与...绝交

(2)

打破

特殊用法

automatic break
自动断开

back break
(爆破孔的)背面裂断

baseline break
基线中断

bead break
珠断(拉制玻璃纤维出现玻璃珠时的断裂)

body break
辊身折断

bottom break
【植】基出枝;【采矿】底部断裂

chain break
通道中断

circuit loop break
(在靠近一对绝缘子处的)线路断开

clean break

(1)

无火花断路

(2)

(果冻)光洁的断面

cloud break
【气】云的破裂

cold break
冷淀物, 冷却残渣

control break
【自】控制改变

corner break
隅裂(钢锭 缺陷)

cross breaks
横折, 折纹

crown break
外胎顺轮周破裂

crystalline break
晶体断口

curve break
曲线转折点

diagonaly body break
辊身对角折断

double break
双断

edge break
边折(带钢缺陷)

fast break
快攻

fine break
细(粉)碎系统

fire break
防火间距

glass break
玻璃状断口

half-moon break
(钢轨)底裂

hammer break
【电】锤形衔铁断路器

hot break
加热消蚀

impulse spring break
脉动簧断开

instantaneous break
瞬时切断

irregular break
不平整断口

isochromatid break
等点断裂

isolocus break
等位断裂

light break
光间歇

line break
输送管线断裂

mercury break
水银断续器

mid-day break
午休

middle break
中断

multiple break
多重断开

neck break
颈折断

potential break
潜在断裂

price break
价格间断

protracted break
长时受力损坏

quick break
快速断开

rough break
粗糙断口, 不平滑断口

score break
断痕

service break
发球员输掉发球的一局

staggered breaks
交叉切断

station break
电台间歇

stem break
【植】茎变色, 变褐

sticker break
粘结条痕(带钢热处理缺陷)

stratigraphic break
地层间断

string break
字串断开, 断串, 字串段落

tape break
磁带断裂

upper break
上部缺失

vertical body break
辊身沿轴线垂直面折断

vibrating break
振动断续器

water break
水膜残迹(洗涤餐具、金属等硬表面物件, 因效果不良, 经漂清后在其外表上残存有小水珠的现象)

wipe break
断路器

wood stick break
木制绝缘子

break of load
负荷的中断

break of oil
油加热后沉淀

break of picture sequence
图象时序破坏

break of service
接发球得分

参考词汇
break     burst     crack     crush     fracture     smash    
都含“破环”、“破裂”的意思。

(1)

break 指“物体部分或整个碎裂、折断或毁坏”, 如:
If you break that vase you'll have to pay for it.
假如你打碎那花瓶, 你得赔偿。

(2)

burst 指“由于内部压力而猛然破裂”, 多用作不及物动词, 如:
He watched the bombs bursting in air.
他看 见炸弹在空中爆炸。

(3)

crack 指“裂开”、“破裂”, 如:
The nut shell is very strong, I can't crack it.
核桃壳很硬, 我不能弄破它。

(4)

crush 指“外部巨大的压力造成物体压碎或压变形”, 如:
Eggs crush easily.
鸡蛋容易压碎。

(5)

smash 指“沉重的打击使某物完全成为碎片”, 如:
They smashed the enemy's defences.
他们摧毁了敌人的防卫工事。

(6)

fracture 指“折断”、“断裂”, 也指“(外科)挫伤”、“骨折”, 如:
He fell from a tree and his leg fractured in three places.
他从树上掉下来, 腿三处骨折。

美国传统词典

break
break
AHD:[br3k]
D.J.[breik]
K.K.[brek]
v.
broke[br?k] bro.ken[br?“k…n] break.ing, breaks
v.tr.

(1)

To cause to separate into pieces suddenly or violently; smash.

(2)

To divide into pieces, as by bending or cutting:
break crackers for a baby.

(3)

To snap off or detach:
broke a twig from the tree.

(4)

To fracture a bone of:
I broke my leg.

(5)

To fracture (a bone):
I broke my femur.

(6)

To crack without separating into pieces.

(7)

To destroy the completeness of (a group of related items):
broke the set of books by giving some away.

(8)

To exchange for smaller monetary units:
break a dollar.

(9)

To vary or disrupt the uniformity or continuity of:
a plain that was broken by low hills; caught the ball without breaking stride.

(10)

Electricity To open:
break a circuit.

(11)

To force or make a way through; puncture or penetrate:
The blade barely broke the skin.

(12)

To part or pierce the surface of:
a dolphin breaking water.

(13)

To cause to burst.

(14)

To force one's way out of; escape from:
break jail.

(15)

To find an opening or flaw in:
They couldn't break my alibi.

(16)

To find the solution or key to; uncover the basic elements and arrangement of:
break a code; break a spy ring.

(17)

To make known, as news:
break a story.

(18)

To surpass or outdo:
broke the league's home-run record.

(19)

To overcome (a force or resistance):
break the sound barrier.

(20)

To put an end to by force or strong opposition, especially to end (a strike) by means other than negotiation.

(21)

To lessen in force or effect:
break a fall.

(22)

To render useless or inoperative:
We accidentally broke the radio.

(23)

To weaken or destroy, as in spirit or health; overwhelm with adversity:
“For a hero loves the world till it breaks him”(William Butler Yeats)

(24)

To cause the ruin or failure of (an enterprise, for example):
Indiscretion broke both marriage and career.

(25)

To reduce in rank; demote.

(26)

To cause to be without money or go into bankruptcy.

(27)

To fail to fulfill; cancel:
break an engagement; break one's vacation plans.

(28)

To fail to conform to; violate:
break the speed limit.

(29)

Law To invalidate (a will) by judicial action.

(30)

To give up (a habit).

(31)

To cause to give up a habit:
They managed to break themselves of smoking.

(32)

To train to obey; tame:
The horse was difficult to break.
v.intr.

(1)

To become separated into pieces or fragments.

(2)

To become cracked or split.

(3)

To become unusable or inoperative:
The television broke.

(4)

To give way; collapse.

(5)

To burst:
The blister has finally broken.

(6)

To become punctured or penetrated.

(7)

To intrude on:
They broke in upon a heady conversation.

(8)

To filter in or penetrate:
Sunlight broke into the room.

(9)

To become fractured.

(10)

To scatter or disperse; part:
The clouds broke after the storm.

(11)

Games To make the opening shot that scatters the grouped balls in billiards or pool.

(12)

Sports To separate from a clinch in boxing.

(13)

To move away or escape suddenly.

(14)

To come forth or begin from a state of latency; come into being or emerge:
A storm was breaking over Miami. Crocuses broke from the soil.

(15)

To emerge above the surface of water.

(16)

To become known or noticed:
The big story broke on Friday.

(17)

To change direction suddenly.

(18)

Baseball To curve near or over the plate:
The pitch broke away from the batter.

(19)

To change suddenly from one tone quality or musical register to another:
My voice broke to a whisper.

(20)

Linguistics To undergo breaking.

(21)

To change to a gait different from the one set. Used of a horse.

(22)

To interrupt or cease an activity:
We'll break for coffee at ten.

(23)

To discontinue an association, an agreement, or a relationship:
The partners broke over a financial matter. One hates to break with an old friend.

(24)

To diminish or discontinue abruptly:
The fever is breaking.

(25)

To diminish in or lose physical or spiritual strength; weaken or succumb:
Their good cheer broke after repeated setbacks.

(26)

To decrease sharply in value or quantity:
Stock prices broke when the firm suddenly announced layoffs.

(27)

To come to an end:
The cold spell broke yesterday.

(28)

To collapse or crash into surf or spray:
waves that were breaking along the shore.

(29)

Informal To take place or happen; proceed:
Things have been breaking well for them.

(30)

To break dance.
n.

(1)

The act or an occurrence of breaking.

(2)

The result of breaking, as a crack or separation.

(3)

A beginning or an opening:
the break of day; a break in the clouds.

(4)

A sudden movement; a dash:
The dog made a break toward the open field.

(5)

An escape:
a prison break.

(6)

An interruption or a disruption in continuity or regularity:
television programming without commercial breaks.

(7)

A pause or an interval, as from work:
a coffee break.

(8)

A sudden or marked change.

(9)

A violation:
a security break.

(10)

An often sudden piece of luck, especially good luck:
finally got the big break in life.

(11)

Informal

(12)

An allowance or indulgence; accommodating treatment:
The boss gave me a break because I'd been sick.

(13)

A favorable price or reduction:
a tax break for charitable contributions.

(14)

A severing of ties:
made a break with the past; a break between the two families.

(15)

Informal A faux pas.

(16)

A sudden decline in prices.

(17)

A caesura.

(18)

Printing

(19)

The space between two paragraphs.

(20)

A series of three dots ( . . . ) used to indicate an omission in a text.

(21)

The place where a word is or should be divided at the end of a line.

(22)

Electricity Interruption of a flow of current.

(23)

Geology A marked change in topography such as a fault or deep valley.

(24)

Nautical The point of discontinuity between two levels on the deck of a ship.

(25)

Music

(26)

The point at which one register or a tonal quality changes to another.

(27)

The change itself.

(28)

A solo jazz cadenza played during the pause between the regular phrases or choruses of a melody.

(29)

A change in a horse's gait to one different from that set by the rider.

(30)

Sports The swerving of a ball from a straight path of flight, as in baseball or cricket.

(31)

Sports The beginning of a race.

(32)

Sports The separation after a clinch in boxing.

(33)

Games The opening shot that scatters the grouped balls in billiards or pool.

(34)

Games A run or unbroken series of successful shots, as in billiards or croquet.

(35)

Sports Games Failure to score a strike or a spare in a given bowling frame.

(36)

Also brake A high horse-drawn carriage with four wheels.

(37)

Break dancing.

常用词组

break down

(1)

To cause to collapse; destroy:
break down a partition; broke down our resolve.

(2)

To become or cause to become distressed or upset.

(3)

To have a physical or mental collapse.

(4)

To give up resistance; give way:
broke down and bought a new car; prejudices that break down slowly.

(5)

To fail to function; cease to be useful, effective, or operable:
The elevator broke down.

(6)

To render or become weak or ineffective:
Opposition to the king's rule gradually broke down his authority.

(7)

To divide into or consider in parts; analyze.

(8)

To be divisible; admit of analysis:
The population breaks down into three main groups.

(9)

To decompose or cause to decompose chemically.

(10)

Electricity To undergo a breakdown.

break in

(1)

To train or adapt for a purpose.

(2)

To loosen or soften with use:
break in new shoes.

(3)

To enter premises forcibly or illegally:
a prowler who was trying to break in.

(4)

To interrupt a conversation or discussion.

(5)

To intrude.

break into

(1)

To interrupt:
“No one would have dared to break into his abstraction”(Alan Paton)

(2)

To begin suddenly:
The horse broke into a wild gallop. The child broke into a flood of tears.

(3)

To enter (a field of activity):
broke into broadcast journalism at an early age.

break off

(1)

To separate or become separated, as by twisting or tearing.

(2)

To stop suddenly, as in speaking.

(3)

To discontinue (a relationship).

(4)

To cease to be friendly.

break out

(1)

To become affected with a skin eruption, such as pimples.

(2)

To develop suddenly and forcefully:
Fighting broke out in the prison cells.

(3)

To ready for action or use:
Break out the rifles!

(4)

To bring forth for consumption:
Let's break out the champagne.

(5)

To emerge or escape.

(6)

To be separable or classifiable into categories, as data.

(7)

To isolate (information) from a large body of data.

break through
To make a sudden, quick advance, as through obstruction or opposition.

break up

(1)

To separate into pieces; divide:
break up a chocolate bar.

(2)

To interrupt the uniformity or continuity of:
An impromptu visit broke up the long afternoon.

(3)

To scatter; disperse:
The crowd broke up after the game.

(4)

To bring or come to an end:
Guards broke up the fight. The marriage broke up.

(5)

Informal To burst or cause to burst into laughter.

习惯用语

break a leg
Used to wish someone, such as an actor, success in a performance.

break bread
To eat together.

break camp
To pack up equipment and leave a campsite.

break cover
To emerge from a protected location or hiding place:
The platoon broke cover and headed down the road.

break even
To gain an amount equal to that invested, as in a commercial venture.

break new ground
To advance beyond previous achievements:
a company that broke new ground in the field of computers.

break (one's) neck
To make the utmost possible effort.

break rankor

break ranks

(1)

To fall into disorder, as a formation of soldiers.

(2)

To fail to conform to a prevailing or expected pattern or order:
“Architectural experts have criticized the plaza in the past because it breaks rank with the distinctive fa?ades of neighboring Fifth Avenue blocks, whose buildings are flush with the sidewalk”(Sharon Churcher)

break (someone's) heart
To disappoint or dispirit severely.

break (someone's) serviceSports
To win a game, as in tennis, served by one's opponent.

break the ice

(1)

To make a start.

(2)

To relax a tense or unduly formal atmosphere or social situation.

break wind
To expel intestinal gas.

语源

(1)

Middle English breken

(2)

from Old English brecan * see bhreg-

参考词汇

(1)

break, crack, fracture, burst, split, splinter, shatter, shiver, smash

(2)

These verbs are compared as they mean to separate or cause to separate into parts or pieces.

(3)

Break is the most general and like the other members of the set implies either the sudden application of force or the build-up of internal stress:
a window broken by vandals;
broke her leg;
a delicate chair that will break under a great weight. To

(4)

crack is to break, often with a sharp snapping sound, without dividing into parts:
I cracked the platter when I knocked it against the table.
The foundation of the house cracked during the earthquake.
The soil cracked from the drought.

(5)

Fracture applies to a break or crack in a rigid body:
fractured her skull in the accident;
a vertebra that fractured in the fall.

(6)

Burst implies a sudden coming apart, especially from internal pressure, and the dispersion of contents:
The child burst the balloon with a pin.
Her appendix burst.

(7)

Split refers to a division into sections longitudinally or along the direction of the grain:
split the log with an ax;
frost that caused the rock to split.

(8)

Splinter implies splitting into long, thin, sharp pieces:
The tree was struck by lightning and splintered.
Repeated blows splintered the door. To

(9)

shatter is to break into many loose scattered pieces:
The bottle will shatter if you drop it.
An exploding gas main shattered the tiles in the courtyard.

(10)

Shiver is a term rarely encountered outside literary contexts; like shatter, it indicates sudden force that causes fragmentation:
“Every statue was hurled from its niche . . . every painted window [was] shivered to atoms” (John Lothrop Motley).
“The panels shivering in, like potsherds” (Thomas Carlyle).

(11)

Smash stresses force of blow or impact and suggests complete destruction:
My glasses slipped from my hand and smashed on the floor.
The boat was smashed on the rocks. See also Synonyms at demote, opportunity

英汉船舶大词典

break off
n.突然停,中断,突然停止,弄断,折断

英汉地质大词典

break off
n.破裂,岩层矿脉中断

英汉法学大词典

break off
v.中断 ,中止,断绝

英汉航海大词典

break off
vt.突然停止,弄断

英汉航空大词典

break off
脱落,折断

英汉化学大词典

break off
n.破坏,断开

英汉海运大词典

break off
突然改变航向突然停止(讲话等),使脱落断绝,中断,暂停因顶风而改航向

基本词义

break off
突然停止(讲话等)使脱落断绝暂停

基本词义

break off
因顶风而改航向,中断,突停

英汉机械大词典

break off
n.打断,折断

英汉能源大词典

break off
n.破坏,断开

英汉汽车大词典

break off
n.打断,折断,拆掉

英汉冶金大词典

break off
n.折断

英汉中医大词典

break off
n.突然中止,中断

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