简明英汉词典

breach
[bri:tF]
n.
违背, 破坏, 破裂, 裂口
vt.
打破, 突破

美国传统词典[双解]

breach
breach
AHD:[br?ch]
D.J.[bri8t.]
K.K.[brit.]
n.(名词)

(1)

An opening, a tear, or a rupture.
裂口:口子、裂缝或破口

(2)

A gap or rift, especially in or as if in a solid structure such as a dike or fortification.
突破口:豁口或缺口,尤指位于或好象位于壕沟或要塞等坚固结构中的

(3)

A violation or infraction, as of a law, a legal obligation, or a promise.
破坏,违犯,不履行:破坏或违反一法规、法律责任或一誓言

(4)

A breaking up or disruption of friendly relations; an estrangement.
决裂:结束或断决友好关系;脱离关系

(5)

A leap of a whale from the water.
鲸跃:鲸体出水面的一跃

(6)

The breaking of waves or surf.
冲击:海浪或激浪的拍击
v.(动词)
breachedbreach.ingbreach.es
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To make a hole or gap in; break through.
在…打洞,在…打一个缺口;突破

(2)

To break or violate (an agreement, for example).
破坏或违反(例如协定)
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To leap from the water:
跃出水面:
waiting for the whale to breach.
等待鲸跃出水面

语源

(1)

Middle English breche
中古英语 breche

(2)

from Old English br?c * see bhreg-
源自 古英语 br?c *参见 bhreg-

参考词汇

(1)

breachinfractionviolationtransgressiontrespassinfringement

(2)

These nouns denote an act or instance of breaking a law or regulation or failing to fulfill a duty, obligation, or promise.
这些名词都表示破坏法律、规定或未履行义务、责任、誓言的行为或事例。

(3)

Breach and
Breach

(4)

infraction are the least specific:
infraction 最普通:
Revealing the secret would be a breach of trust. Infractions of the rules will not be tolerated. A
泄露秘密是对信任的破坏。违反规则不会被容忍。

(5)

violation is an infraction committed willfully and with complete lack of regard for legal, moral, or ethical considerations:
violation 是故意地破坏,完全无视法律、道德或伦理:
She failed to appear for the rehearsal, in flagrant violation of her contract.
她没有参加排练,公然违反合同。

(6)

Transgression refers most often to a violation of divine or moral law:
Transgression 多指违反神律或道德法:
“The children shall not be punished for the father's transgression” (Daniel Defoe). As it refers to the breaking of a statute,
“孩子们不应由于父亲的过失而受惩罚” (丹尼尔·笛福)。该词指破坏法令,

(7)

trespass implies willful intrusion on another's rights, possessions, or person:
trespass 却含有侵犯他人的权力、财产或侵害他人人身的意思:
“In the limited and confined sense [trespass] signifies no more than an entry on another man's ground without a lawful authority” (William Blackstone).
“从限定的意义上来说, 意味着非法进入他人的领地” (威廉·布莱克斯通)。

(8)

Infringement is most frequently used specifically to denote encroachment on another's rights, such as those granted by a copyright:
Infringement 常用来特指侵害他人的权力,如受版权保护的权力:
“Necessity is the plea for every infringement of human freedom” (William Pitt the Younger).
“迫不得已是每一次侵犯人身自由的借口” (小威廉·皮特)

现代英汉词典

breach
[bri:tF]
n.

(1)

(常与of连用)违背;不履行;破坏
in breach of contract
违反契约
Your company is in breach of the contract.
你们公司违反了合同。

(2)

缺口;破口

词性变化

breach
vt.

(1)

违背;不履行

(2)

突破;攻破

现代英汉综合大辞典

breach
[bri:tF]
n.

(1)

破坏, 违反, 违背, 不履行; (对他人权利等的)侵犯

(2)

(友好关系的)破裂, 绝交, 毁约; 不和

(3)

缺口; 裂口; 伤口;【航海】波浪的碎溅;【军】突破, 突破口

(4)

(鲸)跳出水面

(5)

小溪, 小海峡
breach of discipline
违反纪律
breach of the peace
破坏治安
breach of promise
不履行诺言,【律】毁弃婚约
breach of prison
越狱
A trivial misunderstanding caused a breach between them.
小小的误会引起了他们之间的不和。

词性变化

breach
[bri:tF]
vt.

(1)

攻破, 突破, 使有缺口

(2)

违约; 违反; 破坏
breach the line of encirclement
突破包围圈
breach an agreement
违反协议

breach
[bri:tF]
vi.
(鲸)跳出水面

习惯用语

heal the breach
调停; 使和解

make a breach in (the wall)
攻破(城墙)

more honoured in the breach than in the observance

(1)

(法令, 习语等) 遵守不如不遵守好

(2)

破坏的多而遵守的少

slip one's breach

step into the breach
充当临时代理人

stand in the breach
承受最厉害的攻击, 首当其冲

throw oneself into the breach
承受最厉害的攻击, 首当其冲

throw oneself into the breach
挺身担当重任

fling oneself into the breach
挺身担当重任

特殊用法

breach of arrest
【军】越禁闭罪

breach of arrestment
【律】擅自处理已查封的财产

breach of close
【律】非法侵入他人的私有土地

breach of duty
失职, 玩忽职守

breach of faith
【律】违约; 失信

breach of privilege
对议会权力的侵犯

breach of trust
【律】受托人违反信托约定; 背信, 违约

英文相关词典

breach
break    falling-out    gap    quarrel    

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

breach
缺口

英汉双解计算机词典

breach

破坏,违反
Any successful and repeatable defeat of a computer's security controls which could result in a penetration of the system.
对计算机安全控制的成功而重复的破坏,其结果可能是侵入该系统。

美国传统词典

breach
breach
AHD:[br?ch]
D.J.[bri8t.]
K.K.[brit.]
n.

(1)

An opening, a tear, or a rupture.

(2)

A gap or rift, especially in or as if in a solid structure such as a dike or fortification.

(3)

A violation or infraction, as of a law, a legal obligation, or a promise.

(4)

A breaking up or disruption of friendly relations; an estrangement.

(5)

A leap of a whale from the water.

(6)

The breaking of waves or surf.
v.
breached, breach.ing, breach.es
v.tr.

(1)

To make a hole or gap in; break through.

(2)

To break or violate (an agreement, for example).
v.intr.
To leap from the water:
waiting for the whale to breach.

语源

(1)

Middle English breche

(2)

from Old English br?c * see bhreg-

参考词汇

(1)

breach, infraction, violation, transgression, trespass, infringement

(2)

These nouns denote an act or instance of breaking a law or regulation or failing to fulfill a duty, obligation, or promise.

(3)

Breach and

(4)

infraction are the least specific:
Revealing the secret would be a breach of trust. Infractions of the rules will not be tolerated. A

(5)

violation is an infraction committed willfully and with complete lack of regard for legal, moral, or ethical considerations:
She failed to appear for the rehearsal, in flagrant violation of her contract.

(6)

Transgression refers most often to a violation of divine or moral law:
“The children shall not be punished for the father's transgression” (Daniel Defoe). As it refers to the breaking of a statute,

(7)

trespass implies willful intrusion on another's rights, possessions, or person:
“In the limited and confined sense [trespass] signifies no more than an entry on another man's ground without a lawful authority” (William Blackstone).

(8)

Infringement is most frequently used specifically to denote encroachment on another's rights, such as those granted by a copyright:
“Necessity is the plea for every infringement of human freedom” (William Pitt the Younger).

[名词委审定]英汉计算机名词(第二版, 2002)

breach
违背

英汉船舶大词典

breach
n.不履行,激浪,裂口;n.违约

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

breach
违反,破坏

英汉地质大词典

breach
n.深沟,小海峡,激浪

英汉法学大词典

breach
n.违背法律 ,违犯,违约行为

英汉航海大词典

breach
n.违反

英汉航空大词典

breach
n.破孔,裂口

英汉化学大词典

breach
n.破坏,违犯,绝交,破口,堤坝决口;vt.攻破,冲破,突破

英汉海运大词典

breach
破口,裂口违约,不履行波浪的碎溅,冲击船的波浪,激浪

基本词义

breach
破口,裂口

基本词义

breach
破口,裂口违约,不履行波浪的碎溅,冲击船的波浪,激浪

基本词义

breach
违犯,违背,破坏大浪,波涛,碎浪,激浪破口,裂口

基本词义

breach
违犯,违背,破坏破口,裂口大浪,波涛碎浪,波浪的碎溅冲击船的波浪,激浪

英汉经贸大词典

breach
n.违反

英汉计算机大词典

breach
n.破坏(违犯,绝交;vt.攻破(冲破,突破)

英汉建筑大词典

breach
n.裂缝,堤坝决口,小溪

英汉农牧林大词典

breach
n.破坏,违反,缺口

英汉消防大词典

breach
【消】①破口<为穿过水带线和抢救出入, 物品而在墙上等处开的口> ②开破口 ③违背, 违反 ④破裂

英汉心理学大词典

breach
破坏

英汉医学大词典

breach
n.突出疝

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