简明英汉词典

brave
[breiv]
adj.
勇敢的

美国传统词典[双解]

brave
brave
AHD:[br3v]
D.J.[breiv]
K.K.[brev]
adj.(形容词)
brav.erbrav.est

(1)

Possessing or displaying courage; valiant.
勇敢的:具有或显出勇气的;勇敢的

(2)

Making a fine display; impressive or showy:
华丽的;令人难忘的或艳丽的:
“a coat of brave red lipstick on a mouth so wrinkled that it didn't even have a clear outline”(Anne Tyler)
“涂在皱得几乎没有清晰轮廓的嘴上的一层艳红色唇膏”(安妮·泰勒)

(3)

Excellent; great:
优秀的;伟大的:
“The Romans were like brothers/In the brave days of old”(Macaulay)
“罗马人情同手足/在旧时的伟大岁月里”(麦考利)
n.(名词)

(1)

A Native American warrior.
土著的美洲战士

(2)

A courageous person.
勇敢的人

(3)

Archaic A bully.
【古语】 暴徒
v.(动词)
bravedbrav.ingbraves
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To undergo or face courageously.
勇敢地从事或面对

(2)

To challenge; dare:
挑战;敢于:
“Together they would brave Satan and all his legions”(Emily Bront?)
“联合起来,他们就敢于挑战撒旦及其所有军团”(艾米利·勃朗特)

(3)

Obsolete To make showy or splendid.
【废语】 使艳丽或辉煌
v.intr.Archaic (不及物动词)【古语】
To make a courageous show or to put up a stalwart front.
做勇敢状或建起一道坚固的前线

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French
源自 古法语

(3)

from Old Italian
源自 古意大利语

(4)

or Old Spanish bravo [wild, brave, excellent]
或 古西班牙语 bravo [粗野的,勇敢的,优秀的]

(5)

probably from Vulgar Latin *brabus
可能源自 俗拉丁语 *brabus

(6)

from Latin barbarus * see barbarous
源自 拉丁语 barbarus *参见 barbarous

继承用法

bravely
adv.(副词)

braveness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

bravecourageousfearlessintrepidboldaudaciousvaliantvalorousdoughtymettlesomepluckydauntlessundaunted

(2)

These adjectives all mean having or showing courage under difficult or dangerous conditions.
这些形容词意思都是在艰难或危险的情况下显示出勇气。

(3)

Brave, the least specific, is frequently associated with an innate quality:
Brave 含义范围最广,常与内在气质关联:
“Familiarity with danger makes a brave man braver, but less daring” (Herman Melville).
“熟悉危险使勇士更勇敢,但减少了鲁莽” (赫尔曼·麦维尔)。

(4)

Courageous implies an act of consciously rising to a specific test by drawing on a reserve of inner strength:
Courages 隐含着一个调动积蓄的内在力量而有意识地挺身而出面对某种考验的行为:
The young platoon leader set a courageous example for his soldiers by leading them safely into and out of jungle territory held by the enemy.
年轻的排长带领士兵安全出入敌军控制的丛林地带,为他们树立了一个勇敢的榜样。

(5)

Fearless emphasizes absence of fear and resolute self-possession:
Fearless 强调无所畏惧和绝对冷静:
“world-class [boating] races for fearless loners willing to face the distinct possibility of being run down, dismasted, capsized, attacked by whales” (Jo Ann Morse Ridley).
“为愿意独自面对撞沉、折断桅杆、倾覆和被鲸攻击的明显可能性的无畏者而举行的世界级 比赛” (约·安·莫尔斯·里德利)。

(6)

Intrepid sometimes suggests invulnerability to fear:
Intrepid 有时指不为惧怕所动:
Intrepid pioneers settled the American West.
无所畏惧的先驱者们在美国西部定居。

(7)

Bold stresses not only readiness to meet danger or difficulty but often also a tendency to seek it out:
Bold 不仅强调乐于面对危险同时也常指找出危险所在的一种倾向:
“If we shrink from the hard contests where men must win at the hazard of their lives . . . then bolder and stronger peoples will pass us by” (Theodore Roosevelt).
“如果我们从激烈对抗面前退缩,此种对抗是人们生活中的必须战胜险境…那么大胆而顽强的人们将不再理会我们” (西奥多·罗斯福)。

(8)

Audacious implies extreme confidence and boldness:
Andacious 隐含极度信心和大胆:
“To demand these God-given rights is to seek black power—what I call audacious power” (Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.).
“渴求天赋人权就是要得到黑人的权利——我把它称为大胆的权利” (小亚当·克莱登·鲍威尔)。

(9)

Valiant, said principally of persons, suggests the bravery of a hero or a heroine:
Valiant 主要指人,说明英雄或女英雄的勇敢:
“a sympathetic and detailed biography that sees Hemingway as a valiant and moral man” (New York Times).
“一本富有同情心和情节详细的传记,它说明海明威是一个勇敢的和有道德的人” (纽约时报)。

(10)

Valorous applies to the deeds of heros and heroines:
Valorous 用于描述英雄或女英雄的事迹:
“Her passengers, the other hostages, will never forget her calm, confident, valorous work” (William W. Bradley).
“她的乘客,其他人质,永远不会忘记她冷静的、自信的、勇敢的举动” (威廉·W·布拉德利)。

(11)

Doughty, a bit old-fashioned in flavor and often used humorously, suggests stalwartness:
Doughty 在风格上有些过时,常比较幽默,说明刚强不屈:
The doughty old man battled his illness with fierce determination.
坚强的老人用巨大毅力与疾病作斗争。

(12)

Mettlesome stresses spirit and love of challenge:
Mettlesome 着重表示挑战精神和热爱挑战:
The mettlesome actress resumed her career after recovering from a stroke.
从中风恢复过来后,坚强的女演员又重新开始了她的演艺生涯。

(13)

Plucky emphasizes spirit and heart in the face of unfavorable odds:
Plucky 强调面对讨厌的事物时的精神或心理:
“Everybody was . . . anxious to show these Belgians what England thought of their plucky little country” (H.G. Wells).
“每个人都…急于显示给比利时人看,英格兰是如何看待他们顽强的小国家的” (H.G.威尔士)。

(14)

Dauntless refers to courage that resists subjection or intimidation:
Dauntless 指拒绝臣服或威胁的勇气:
“So faithful in love, and so dauntless in war,/ There never was knight like the young Lochinvar” (Sir Walter Scott).
“对爱情如此忠诚,对战斗如此无惧,/没有一个骑士能象年轻的洛秦瓦那样” (沃尔特·斯科特伯爵)。

(15)

Undaunted suggests courage and resolve that persist after being put to the test:
Undaunted 说明接受考验后所保持的勇气和决心:
“Death and sorrow will be the companions of our journey; hardship our garment; constancy and valor our only shield. We must be united, we must be undaunted, we must be inflexible” (Winston S. Churchill).See also Synonyms at defy
“死亡和忧伤将陪伴我们的旅程;艰苦是我们的外衣;恒心与勇气是我们唯一的盾牌。我们必需联合起来,我们必须无所畏惧,我们必须坚强不屈” (温斯顿S·丘吉尔)参见同义词 defy

现代英汉词典

brave
[breIv]
adj.
勇敢的
a brave fireman
一个勇敢的消防队员

词性变化

brave
vt.
braved, braving
勇敢面对
St George braved the dragon.
圣乔治勇敢面对那条龙。
The headmaster wanted to see little Tom about his mistake; so he had to brave it out.
校长要找小汤姆谈谈他所犯的错误,于是他不得不硬着头皮去了。

现代英汉综合大辞典

brave
[breiv]
adj.

(1)

勇敢的, 无所畏惧的

(2)

鲜艳的; 炫耀的

(3)

很好的; 极成功的
a brave boy
勇敢的男孩
a girl decked out in a brave dress
一位衣着鲜艳的姑娘
The business folded up despite its brave start.
生意虽然开始时很成功, 但终于失败了。

词性变化

brave
[breiv]
n.

(1)

勇敢的人

(2)

北美印第安战士
vt.
不怕; 不顾; 勇敢地面对; 冒着(危险, 风雪等)
brave difficulties
敢于面对困难
brave danger and hardships
冒着危险和艰难

继承用法

braveness
n.

习惯用语

None but the brave deserve the fair.
[谚]英雄才能配美人。

brave it
大摇大摆; 满不在乎

brave it out
拼命干到底

参考词汇
brave     bold     courageous     fearless     heroic    
都含“勇敢的”、“无畏的”的意思。

(1)

brave 强调“在危险等面前表现出坚决、勇敢、无所畏惧的”, 如:
A brave fireman rescued the woman.
一个勇敢的消防队员救了这女人。

(2)

bold 指准备面对已存在或可能发生的各种危险或威胁,无所犹豫或畏惧的”, 侧重“大胆的”、“勇敢向前的”,含有“莽撞的”、“冒失的”之意,如:
The engineer had a bold plan to build a bridge over the English Channel.
这个工程师有一个大胆的计划:在英吉利海峡上建一座桥梁。

(3)

courageous 指“不顾危险和威胁, 出于正义感而做某事的”, 表示“道义上勇敢的”, 更强调自觉性, 如:
It was courageous of her to go into the burning building to save the child.
她进入燃烧着的房屋去救那孩子是勇敢的。

(4)

fearless 指“无畏的”或“冷静而决不动摇的”, 如:
The soldiers followed their fearless leader into the battle.
士兵们随着他们勇敢的指挥官投入战斗。

(5)

heroic 指“在战争或非常情况下表现出超人勇敢的”, 含有“无私、高尚的”之意, 如:
The officer was cited for his heroic actions.
那位军官因英雄事迹而受到嘉奖。

用法词典

brave
源自意大利语 bravo 勇敢的,大胆的

参考词汇

(1)

brave,courage,bold,dauntless,intrepid,valiant,audacious这组同义词的一般含义为“勇敢的”

(2)

brave 意味着面临可怕的局面时仍然意志坚定而且有自制能力,并不包含不畏危险的一时冲动。
It was brave of him to enter the burning building.
他进了那个失火的大楼,真有勇气。
Next came a horse,swimming bravely,…
接着过来一匹马,勇敢地游着……。

(3)

courageous 强调气质刚毅和坚决,因此它的含义包含两个方面:在面临可以考验一个人的意志或精神的危险或困难时,表现出感情的冲动;或者在应付这种危险的局面和困难的处境时,表现出了某种能力。例如,一个人要勇于说实话,这层意义上的“勇”是courageous而不是brave.
The pioneers are courageous indeed, overcoming one difficulty after another.
这些开拓者的确有勇气,他们克服了一个又一个的困难。

(4)

bold 包含着一时冲动,肯去招惹危险,在紧要关头勇于探索或勇于应付成败未定、吉凶未卜之事。因此,这个词的内涵是“毫不迟疑”.
Now, dressed in a blue uniform and with a rifle over his shoulder, the prisoner marched boldly up and down in front of the camp.
现在,战俘身穿蓝色服装,肩扛来福枪,在军营前大胆地走来走去。
In learning English, one should be bold to talk in the language with his friends.
在学习英语时,应当大胆地用英语和同学交谈。

(5)

dauntless 的含义是勇敢而且无畏,不被慑服,就象坚贞的革命者那样。
He is a dauntless aviator.
他是一位勇敢的飞行家;

(6)

intrepid 的含义是“完全不怕”,被这个形容词修饰的人,不论会发生什么事都能表现出无所谓地应付险情的能力,如果他能刚毅地继续探索,他就是一位 intrepid person.
No really satisfactory photograph has ever been taken of one in a wild state,no zoologist,however intrepid,has been able to keep the animal under close and constant observation in the dark jungle in which he lives.
没有谁拍摄过一张真正令人满意的野生状态下的大猩猩的照片,至今还没有任何一位动物学家,不管他多么勇敢,能够在大猩猩所生活的黑暗丛林里对这种动物进行过细致而持久的观察。

(7)

valiant 的原义是指英雄的显著的体质和超凡的气力,现在常用于表示在遭到危险时或为达成自己的目的所表现的英勇的气质和坚定、刚毅的意志。
Cowards die many times before their death; the valiant never taste of death but once. (Shakespeare)
懦夫在死去之前饱尝死亡的苦楚;而勇士除了一次之外,不懂死亡的滋味。(—莎士比亚)。

(8)

audacious和bold正好成为一个鲜明的对照,因为audacious在表示勇敢的时候,总包含着“鲁莽”、“不谨慎”,有时这个词所表示的胆大包含着厚颜无耻。
It was audacious of him to tell me a downright lie.
他真有勇气,敢向我撒了个弥天大谎。

英文相关词典

brave
bold    courageous    gallant    heroic    valiant    cowardly    faint-hearted    shy    timid    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

brave
大胆的

美国传统词典

brave
brave
AHD:[br3v]
D.J.[breiv]
K.K.[brev]
adj.
brav.er, brav.est

(1)

Possessing or displaying courage; valiant.

(2)

Making a fine display; impressive or showy:
“a coat of brave red lipstick on a mouth so wrinkled that it didn't even have a clear outline”(Anne Tyler)

(3)

Excellent; great:
“The Romans were like brothers/In the brave days of old”(Macaulay)
n.

(1)

A Native American warrior.

(2)

A courageous person.

(3)

Archaic A bully.
v.
braved, brav.ing, braves
v.tr.

(1)

To undergo or face courageously.

(2)

To challenge; dare:
“Together they would brave Satan and all his legions”(Emily Bront?)

(3)

Obsolete To make showy or splendid.
v.intr.Archaic
To make a courageous show or to put up a stalwart front.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French

(3)

from Old Italian

(4)

or Old Spanish bravo [wild, brave, excellent]

(5)

probably from Vulgar Latin *brabus

(6)

from Latin barbarus * see barbarous

继承用法

bravely
adv.

braveness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

brave, courageous, fearless, intrepid, bold, audacious, valiant, valorous, doughty, mettlesome, plucky, dauntless, undaunted

(2)

These adjectives all mean having or showing courage under difficult or dangerous conditions.

(3)

Brave, the least specific, is frequently associated with an innate quality:
“Familiarity with danger makes a brave man braver, but less daring” (Herman Melville).

(4)

Courageous implies an act of consciously rising to a specific test by drawing on a reserve of inner strength:
The young platoon leader set a courageous example for his soldiers by leading them safely into and out of jungle territory held by the enemy.

(5)

Fearless emphasizes absence of fear and resolute self-possession:
“world-class [boating] races for fearless loners willing to face the distinct possibility of being run down, dismasted, capsized, attacked by whales” (Jo Ann Morse Ridley).

(6)

Intrepid sometimes suggests invulnerability to fear:
Intrepid pioneers settled the American West.

(7)

Bold stresses not only readiness to meet danger or difficulty but often also a tendency to seek it out:
“If we shrink from the hard contests where men must win at the hazard of their lives . . . then bolder and stronger peoples will pass us by” (Theodore Roosevelt).

(8)

Audacious implies extreme confidence and boldness:
“To demand these God-given rights is to seek black power—what I call audacious power” (Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.).

(9)

Valiant, said principally of persons, suggests the bravery of a hero or a heroine:
“a sympathetic and detailed biography that sees Hemingway as a valiant and moral man” (New York Times).

(10)

Valorous applies to the deeds of heros and heroines:
“Her passengers, the other hostages, will never forget her calm, confident, valorous work” (William W. Bradley).

(11)

Doughty, a bit old-fashioned in flavor and often used humorously, suggests stalwartness:
The doughty old man battled his illness with fierce determination.

(12)

Mettlesome stresses spirit and love of challenge:
The mettlesome actress resumed her career after recovering from a stroke.

(13)

Plucky emphasizes spirit and heart in the face of unfavorable odds:
“Everybody was . . . anxious to show these Belgians what England thought of their plucky little country” (H.G. Wells).

(14)

Dauntless refers to courage that resists subjection or intimidation:
“So faithful in love, and so dauntless in war,/ There never was knight like the young Lochinvar” (Sir Walter Scott).

(15)

Undaunted suggests courage and resolve that persist after being put to the test:
“Death and sorrow will be the companions of our journey; hardship our garment; constancy and valor our only shield. We must be united, we must be undaunted, we must be inflexible” (Winston S. Churchill).See also Synonyms at defy

英汉化学大词典

brave
adj.勇敢的,漂亮的;vi.冒着,抵抗,蔑视

英汉计算机大词典

brave
adj.勇敢的(漂亮的);vi.冒着(抵抗,蔑视)

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