简明英汉词典

brake
[breik]
n.
闸, 刹车
v.
刹车

美国传统词典[双解]

brake
brake 1
AHD:[br3k]
D.J.[breik]
K.K.[brek]
n.(名词)

(1)

A device for slowing or stopping motion, as of a vehicle, especially by contact friction.
闸:使运动减速或停止的装置,如汽车的减速装置,尤指通过接触摩擦

(2)

Something that slows or stops action.
制动器:使运动减速或停止的东西
n.attributive.(定语名词)
Often used to modify another noun:
常用于修饰另一名词:
brake fluid; a brake job.
制动液;制动工作
v.(动词)
brakedbrak.ingbrakes
v.tr.(及物动词)
To reduce the speed of with or as if with a brake.
制动减速:用或似用闸减速
v.intr.(不及物动词)

(1)

To operate or apply a brake.
拉闸:操纵或应用闸

(2)

To be slowed or stopped by or as if by the operation of a brake.
拉闸减慢,拉闸停止:通过或似通过拉闸以减慢或停止

语源

(1)

Probably brake [bridle, curb]
可能为 brake [马缰,勒马带]

(2)

from Middle Dutch
源自 中古荷兰语

(3)

or Middle Low German [nose ring, curb, flax brake] * see brake 2
或 中古低地德语 [鼻环,勒马带,剥麻机] *参见 brake2

注释
Brakes, which are constantly becoming more technologically advanced, may take their name from a device associated with an earlier mode of transportation. It is thought that the term brake may come from an earlier English word brake, meaning “a bridle or curb,” first recorded in the 16th century. In any case, the first recorded occurrence of our word brake is found in 1772, well before the advent of the automobile.
闸,虽一直在不断地得到技术改进,但取名于与早期运输方式相联系的一种装置。据认为brake 这个术语可能来源于早期的英语词汇 brake, 它首次出现于16世纪,意指“马缰或勒马带”。 总之,我们首次记载出现的词汇brake 于1772年被发现, 它远早于汽车的出现

基本词义

brake
brake 2
AHD:[br3k]
D.J.[breik]
K.K.[brek]
n.(名词)

(1)

A toothed device for crushing and beating flax or hemp.
剥麻机:挤榨和打碎亚麻或大麻的具齿装置

(2)

A heavy harrow for breaking clods of earth.
土耙:打碎土块的大耙

(3)

An apparatus for kneading large amounts of dough.
揉面器:揉制大量面料的器械

(4)

A machine for bending and folding sheet metal.
金属压弯成形机:压弯和折叠金属板的机器
v.tr.(及物动词)
brakedbrak.ingbrakes

(1)

To crush (flax or hemp) in a toothed device.
压榨:用齿形装置压榨(亚麻或大麻)

(2)

To break up (clods of earth) with a harrow.
耙土:用耙打碎土块

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Middle Dutch
源自 中古荷兰语

(3)

from Middle Low German * see bhreg-
源自 中古低地德语 *参见 bhreg-

基本词义

brake
brake 3
AHD:[br3k]
D.J.[breik]
K.K.[brek]
n.(名词)
A lever or handle on a machine such as a pump.
把手:机器上的扛杆标或把手,如泵上的

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old French brac [from oblique form of] bras [arm] * see bracer 2
源自 古法语 brac [] 源自bras的间接格形式 [臂] *参见 bracer2

基本词义

brake
brake 4
AHD:[br3k]
D.J.[breik]
K.K.[brek]
n.(名词)

(1)

Any of various ferns of the genus Pteris having pinnately compound leaves and including several popular houseplants.
凤尾蕨:一种凤尾蕨属 蕨类植物,具有羽状复叶,包括一些受人喜爱的家庭植物

(2)

Any of certain other ferns, such as the bracken or the cliff brake.
欧洲蕨,岩蕨:其他蕨类,如欧洲蕨或岩蕨

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

probably back-formation from braken * see bracken
可能源自 braken的逆成词 *参见 bracken

基本词义

brake
brake 5
AHD:[br3k]
D.J.[breik]
K.K.[brek]
n.(名词)
An area overgrown with dense brushwood, briers, and undergrowth; a thicket.
矮树林:稠密的灌木、荆棘和下层植物繁茂生长的地带;灌木丛

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Middle Low German * see bhreg-
源自 中古低地德语 *参见 bhreg-

基本词义

brake
brake 6
AHD:[br3k]
D.J.[breik]
K.K.[brek]
n.(名词)
Variant of break
break的变体
v.Archaic (动词)【古语】
A past tense of break
break的过去式

现代英汉词典

brake 1
[breIk]
n.
(常用pl) 制动装置;刹车
The town government put the brakes on all these projects by giving them less money. (喻)
镇政府削减对所有这些工程的拨款,使它们都停顿下来了。

词性变化

brake
vi.
braked, braking

(1)

刹(车)
to brake a car
把车子刹住

(2)

用制动器

基本词义

brake 2
[breIk]
n.
大旅行车

现代英汉综合大辞典

brake
[breik]
n.
【植】

(1)

[Brake ]凤尾蕨属

(2)

凤尾蕨属的植物; 特指桂皮紫萁

(3)

灌木丛; 荆棘; 丛林地带

继承用法

braky
adj.
多蕨的, 多荆棘的, 多矮灌木的

用法词典

brake
来自中古低德语 brake 或古荷兰语 braeke 亚麻碎茎
英文相关词典

brake
curb    decelerate    slow down    stop    

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

brake
制动装置, 制动器

[七国语言]英汉机械大词典

brake
闸, 制动器

[七国语言]英汉机械工程大词典

brake
制动器

[七国语言]英汉矿业大词典

brake
制动器

[七国语言]英汉农业大词典

brake
制动器离合器

[七国语言]英汉轻工业大词典

brake
制动器

[七国语言]英汉生物学大词典

brake

美国传统词典

brake
brake 1
AHD:[br3k]
D.J.[breik]
K.K.[brek]
n.

(1)

A device for slowing or stopping motion, as of a vehicle, especially by contact friction.

(2)

Something that slows or stops action.
n.attributive.
Often used to modify another noun:
brake fluid; a brake job.
v.
braked, brak.ing, brakes
v.tr.
To reduce the speed of with or as if with a brake.
v.intr.

(1)

To operate or apply a brake.

(2)

To be slowed or stopped by or as if by the operation of a brake.

语源

(1)

Probably brake [bridle, curb]

(2)

from Middle Dutch

(3)

or Middle Low German [nose ring, curb, flax brake] * see brake 2

注释
Brakes, which are constantly becoming more technologically advanced, may take their name from a device associated with an earlier mode of transportation. It is thought that the term brake may come from an earlier English word brake, meaning “a bridle or curb,” first recorded in the 16th century. In any case, the first recorded occurrence of our word brake is found in 1772, well before the advent of the automobile.

基本词义

brake
brake 2
AHD:[br3k]
D.J.[breik]
K.K.[brek]
n.

(1)

A toothed device for crushing and beating flax or hemp.

(2)

A heavy harrow for breaking clods of earth.

(3)

An apparatus for kneading large amounts of dough.

(4)

A machine for bending and folding sheet metal.
v.tr.
braked, brak.ing, brakes

(1)

To crush (flax or hemp) in a toothed device.

(2)

To break up (clods of earth) with a harrow.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Middle Dutch

(3)

from Middle Low German * see bhreg-

基本词义

brake
brake 3
AHD:[br3k]
D.J.[breik]
K.K.[brek]
n.
A lever or handle on a machine such as a pump.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old French brac [from oblique form of] bras [arm] * see bracer 2

基本词义

brake
brake 4
AHD:[br3k]
D.J.[breik]
K.K.[brek]
n.

(1)

Any of various ferns of the genus Pteris having pinnately compound leaves and including several popular houseplants.

(2)

Any of certain other ferns, such as the bracken or the cliff brake.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

probably back-formation from braken * see bracken

基本词义

brake
brake 5
AHD:[br3k]
D.J.[breik]
K.K.[brek]
n.
An area overgrown with dense brushwood, briers, and undergrowth; a thicket.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Middle Low German * see bhreg-

基本词义

brake
brake 6
AHD:[br3k]
D.J.[breik]
K.K.[brek]
n.
Variant of break
v.Archaic
A past tense of break

[名词委审定]英汉机械工程名词(一, 定义版, 2000)

brake

(1)

制动器

(2)

具有使运动部件(或运动机械)减速、停止或保持停止状态等功能的装置。

[名词委审定]英汉铁道科技名词(1997)

brake

(1)

制动机

(2)

安排在一个系统中由人手或风动控制的,用以对机车、车辆,列车进行减速,控制速度或使其停止的一组器具。

英汉船舶大词典

brake
n.刹车,刹住!,制动

英汉电力大词典

brake
n.制动器,刹车,制动

英汉电信大词典

brake
n.制动,闸

英汉地质大词典

brake
n.制动器,制动闸,刹车,制动器

英汉纺织大词典

brake
n.制动器,刹车,闸

英汉航海大词典

brake
n.制动器,闸

英汉环境大词典

brake
n.刹车,制动器

英汉航空大词典

brake
n.刹车,制动;n.刹车系统温度;n.制动器,刹车装置

英汉化学大词典

brake
n.制动器,制动,闸式测功器,闸,刹车,刹车,蕨;vi.制动,捣碎

英汉海运大词典

brake
制动器,闸,刹车

基本词义

brake
制动制动器,闸,刹车测功器,闸式测功器,vi.制动,刹车

基本词义

brake
制动制动器,闸,刹车闸式测功器vi 制动,刹车

基本词义

brake
vi 制动制动器,闸测功器,闸式测功器制动,刹车

基本词义

brake
制动,刹车制动器,闸测功器,闸式测功器加载装置

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

brake
制动器,刹车闸

英汉计算机大词典

brake
n.制动器(测功器,压弯成形机;vi.制动(捣碎)

英汉机械大词典

brake
n.制动器闸,制动

英汉建筑大词典

brake
n.制动器,闸,刹车

英汉农牧林大词典

brake
n.制动

英汉能源大词典

brake
n.液压;n.制动器,刹车

英汉汽车大词典

brake
n.制动,制动器

英汉消防大词典

brake
①制动器, 闸, 刹车 ②(金属板)压弯成型机 ③【消】唧筒手柄, (手动消防泵的)长柄

英汉冶金大词典

brake
n.制动器,刹车

英汉医学大词典

brake
n.制动器

英汉中医大词典

brake
n.凤属蕨属,大羊齿类

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