简明英汉词典

boast
[bEust]
n.
自夸, 值得夸耀的事物
v.
自夸, 以有...而自豪

美国传统词典[双解]

boast
boast 1
AHD:[b?st]
D.J.[boust]
K.K.[bost]
v.(动词)
boast.edboast.ingboasts
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To glorify oneself in speech; talk in a self-admiring way.
自吹自擂,自夸:讲话中炫耀自己;以自我欣赏的方式说话
v.tr.(及物动词)

(1)

To speak of with excessive pride.
夸耀:用特别得意的口气说话

(2)

Usage Problem To possess or own (a desirable feature):
【用法疑难】 拥有:拥有或占据(让人满意的特点):
[the] capital of a region in the southeast that boasts bountiful coal fields” (US Air)
“拥有丰富煤炭矿藏的东南地区首府” (美国航空)

(3)

To contain; have.
包含;有
n.(名词)

(1)

The act or an instance of bragging.
自吹自擂:自吹自擂的行动或事例

(2)

A source of pride.
足以自豪的事物

语源

(1)

Middle English bosten
中古英语 bosten

(2)

from bost [a brag]
源自 bost [自夸者]

继承用法

boaster
n.(名词)

boastful
adj.(形容词)

boastfully
adv.(副词)

boastfulness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

boastbragcrowvaunt

(2)

These verbs all mean to speak with pride, often excessive pride, about oneself or something, such as one's possessions, related to oneself.
这些动词都表示夸耀,通常对自己或某些事过分骄傲,例如对自己拥有的东西或与自己相关的东西。

(3)

Boast is the most general:
Boast 最为常用:
“We confide [i.e., have confidence] in our strength, without boasting of it; we respect that of others, without fearing it” (Thomas Jefferson).
“我们自信于 自己的力量, 这并非自夸;我们也重视别人的力量,但并不畏惧” (托马斯·杰斐逊)。

(4)

Brag implies exaggerated claims and often an air of insolent superiority:
Brag 蕴涵着虚张声势,通常还表示一种傲慢的态度:
He bragged that his father was the most successful stockbroker on Wall Street.
他吹嘘他父亲是华尔街上最成功的股票经纪人。

(5)

Crow stresses exultation and loud rejoicing, as over a victory:
Crow 强调因胜利等而欣喜若狂和大声庆贺:
No candidate should crow until the votes have been counted.
在选票计算出来之前没有候选人会自吹自擂。

(6)

Vaunt suggests ostentatiousness and lofty extravagance of expression:
Vaunt 表示炫耀和轻率地夸张:
“an elite that . . . vaunts diplomacy over national security concerns” (Jim Hoagland).
“一个社会名流…出于国家安全考虑而夸耀其外交政策” (吉姆·郝格兰德)

用法
Some have objected to the use of boast as a transitive verb meaning “to possess or own (a desirable feature),” as in This network boasts an audience with a greater concentration of professionals and managers than any other broadcast vehicle. This usage is by now well established, however, and is acceptable to 62 percent of the Usage Panel.
有人反对将boast 用作意指“占有或拥有(一种良好素质)”的及物动词, 比如在这家媒体网络拥有比任何其他传播媒介都大的专业人员和管理人员群体 中。 然而这种用法已被广泛接受了,百分之六十二的用法专题使用小组成员同意这种用法

基本词义

boast
boast 2
AHD:[b?st]
D.J.[boust]
K.K.[bost]
v.tr.(及物动词)
boast.edboast.ingboasts
To shape or form (stone) roughly with a broad chisel.
粗雕:用一宽凿子粗糙的塑造或雕刻(石头)

语源
[Origin unknown]
[词源不明]

现代英汉词典

boast
[bEJst]
vi., vt.

(1)

自夸
He's just boasting.
他只是在吹嘘罢了。
He boasted that he could run very fast.
他吹牛说他可以跑得很快。
Nobody should boast of his learning.
谁也不应当夸耀自己的学识。
He boasted about the big fish he had caught.
他夸耀钓到的那条大鱼。
He boasted himself (to be) an all-round man.
他自称是多面手。
He boasted of the new VCD he had just bought.
他夸耀他刚买到的VCD。
The boy boasted that his bicycle was of the best quality of all the bicycles in the school.
这男孩夸口说他的自行车是学校中质量最好的。

(2)

有…可以夸耀
This village boasts three shops.
这个村庄以有三家商店而自豪。

词性变化

boast
n.
自夸;可夸耀的事物
His boast is that he's the best.
他自吹他是最好的。
It has never been the boast of a modest person that he alone could accomplish such a hard task.
一个谦虚的人从来不会夸口说只有他才能够完成这样一件困难的任务。

现代英汉综合大辞典

boast
[bEust]
vi.
自夸; 吹牛; 说大话
It is nothing to boast of.
这没有什么可夸耀的。
He boasts too much.
他大话说得太多。

词性变化

boast
[bEust]
vt.

(1)

夸(其所有)

(2)

夸耀; 夸口

(3)

(将石头)初雕
The town boasts four swimming pools.
这座城镇以拥有四个游泳池而自豪。
The library boasts first edition of Shakespeare.
这个图书馆以藏有初版的莎士比亚集而自豪。

boast
[bEust]
n.

(1)

自夸; 夸口

(2)

可夸耀的事物

(3)

钢铁块; 厚板

(4)

粗凿
Talent is his boast.
他以有才自豪。

继承用法

boastingly
adv.

boastless
adj.

习惯用语

Great boast, small roast.
[谚]说得多, 做得少。

make a boast of sth.
夸耀某事

without boasting
不是自夸(用于插入语)

boast about
自夸; 自吹自擂

boast of
自夸; 自吹自擂

boast it
自大; 自夸

boast oneself of
自负; 自夸

用法词典

boast
来自中古英语 boost,bost

英文相关词典

boast
brag    belittle    depreciate    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

boast
吹牛;自满

美国传统词典

boast
boast 1
AHD:[b?st]
D.J.[boust]
K.K.[bost]
v.
boast.ed, boast.ing, boasts
v.intr.
To glorify oneself in speech; talk in a self-admiring way.
v.tr.

(1)

To speak of with excessive pride.

(2)

Usage Problem To possess or own (a desirable feature):
[the] capital of a region in the southeast that boasts bountiful coal fields” (US Air)

(3)

To contain; have.
n.

(1)

The act or an instance of bragging.

(2)

A source of pride.

语源

(1)

Middle English bosten

(2)

from bost [a brag]

继承用法

boaster
n.

boastful
adj.

boastfully
adv.

boastfulness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

boast, brag, crow, vaunt

(2)

These verbs all mean to speak with pride, often excessive pride, about oneself or something, such as one's possessions, related to oneself.

(3)

Boast is the most general:
“We confide [i.e., have confidence] in our strength, without boasting of it; we respect that of others, without fearing it” (Thomas Jefferson).

(4)

Brag implies exaggerated claims and often an air of insolent superiority:
He bragged that his father was the most successful stockbroker on Wall Street.

(5)

Crow stresses exultation and loud rejoicing, as over a victory:
No candidate should crow until the votes have been counted.

(6)

Vaunt suggests ostentatiousness and lofty extravagance of expression:
“an elite that . . . vaunts diplomacy over national security concerns” (Jim Hoagland).

用法
Some have objected to the use of boast as a transitive verb meaning “to possess or own (a desirable feature),” as in This network boasts an audience with a greater concentration of professionals and managers than any other broadcast vehicle. This usage is by now well established, however, and is acceptable to 62 percent of the Usage Panel.

基本词义

boast
boast 2
AHD:[b?st]
D.J.[boust]
K.K.[bost]
v.tr.
boast.ed, boast.ing, boasts
To shape or form (stone) roughly with a broad chisel.

语源
[Origin unknown]

英汉化学大词典

boast
vi.夸耀,以...自豪;n.可夸耀的事物,自夸

英汉计算机大词典

boast
vi.夸耀(以...自豪);n.可夸耀的事物(自夸)

英汉建筑大词典

boast
n.铁棒,钢铁板,厚板

英汉水利大词典

boast
n.粗凿石,钢铁块,铁棒

英汉心理学大词典

boast
自夸

英汉冶金大词典

boast
n.钢铁块,铁棒

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