简明英汉词典

black
[blAk]
n.
黑色, 黑颜料, 黑人
adj.
黑色的, 弄脏了的, 忧郁的
vt.
(使)变黑, 涂黑

基本词义

Black
[blAk]
布莱克(①姓氏 ②Hugo La Fayette, 1886-1971, 美国法学家)

美国传统词典[双解]

black
black
AHD:[bl2k] 缩写 bl.blk.
D.J.[bl#k]
K.K.[bl#k]
adj.(形容词)
black.erblack.est

(1)

Color Being of the color black, producing or reflecting comparatively little light and having no predominant hue.
【色彩】 黑的:黑色的,产生或反射极少光的,没有突出色彩的

(2)

Having little or no light:
黑暗的:几乎或没有光亮的:
a black, moonless night.
漆黑的,没有月光的夜晚

(3)

Often Black
常作 Black

(4)

Of, relating to, or belonging to a racial group having brown to black skin, especially one of African origin:
黑种人的:有黑色或棕色皮肤的人种的,有关黑人或棕色人种的,属于黑人或棕色人种的,尤指来自非洲的:
the Black population of South Africa.
南非的黑人人口

(5)

Of, relating to, or belonging to an American ethnic group descended from African peoples having dark skin; African American; Afro-American:
美国黑人的:有黑色皮肤的非洲人后代成为美国少数民族的,与美国黑人有关的,属于美国黑人的;美国黑人的:
“When the history books are written in future generations, the historians will . . . say, ‘There lived a great people—a black people—who injected new meaning and dignity into the veins of civilization’”(Martin Luther King, Jr.)“Despite the exposure, being young, gifted and Black in the corridors of power has its trying moments”(Ebony)
“后世在撰写历史书时,历史学家会…说,‘这里有过一个伟大的民族——黑人民族——他们为文明的血脉注入了崭新的意义与尊严’”(小马丁·路德·金)“尽管有成功的机会,在通向权力的道路上,做为年轻、有天份的黑人尚需经历艰难时刻”(艾伯尼)

(6)

Very dark in color:
深色的:颜色很深的:
rich black soil; black, wavy hair.
肥沃的黑土;黑色卷发

(7)

Soiled, as from soot; dirty:
弄脏的:煤烟弄脏的;脏的:
feet black from playing outdoors.
在户外玩得脚很脏

(8)

Evil; wicked:
邪恶的;恶意的:
the pirates' black deeds.
海盗的恶劣行为

(9)

Cheerless and depressing; gloomy:
愠怒的:不高兴的,抑闷的;忧愁的:
black thoughts.
忧郁的想法

(10)

Marked by anger or sullenness:
气愤的:怒气冲冲的,忿恨的:
gave me a black look.
恶恨恨地瞥了我一眼

(11)

Often Black Attended with disaster; calamitous:
常作 Black 悲惨的:倒霉的;灾难的:
the stock market crash on Black Friday.
黑色星期五股市下跌

(12)

Deserving of, indicating, or incurring censure or dishonor:
不名誉的:应得,表明或招致谴责或丢脸的:
“Man . . . has written one of his blackest records as a destroyer on the oceanic islands”(Rachel Carson)
“人类…在海岛上成为破坏者,写下了最不光彩的记录之一”(雷切尔·卡森)

(13)

Wearing clothing of the darkest visual hue:
穿深色衣服的:
the black knight.
黑衣骑士

(14)

Served without milk or cream:
黑色的:不加牛奶或奶油的:
black coffee.
黑咖啡

(15)

Appearing to emanate from a source other than the actual point of origin. Used chiefly of intelligence operations:
间接的:出自非真实的来源,主要指情报处理:
black propaganda; black radio transmissions.
间接宣传;间接无线电传送

(16)

Disclosed, for reasons of security, only to an extremely limited number of authorized persons; very highly classified:
极机密的:为了安全原因只有极少数授权人知道的;高度机密的:
black programs in the Defense Department; the Pentagon's black budget.
国防部的机密方案;五角大楼的机密预算

(17)

Chiefly British Boycotted as part of a labor union action.
【多用于英国】 受抵制的:作为工会行动的一部分而被工会抵制的
n.(名词)

(1)

Color
【色彩】

(2)

The achromatic color value of minimum lightness or maximum darkness; the color of objects that absorb nearly all light of all visible wavelengths; one extreme of the neutral gray series, the opposite being white. Although strictly a response to zero stimulation of the retina, the perception of black appears to depend on contrast with surrounding color stimuli.
黑色:最小亮度或最大暗度的消色差的明暗度配合;能吸收几乎所有可见波长的所有光的物体的颜色;中性灰色系列的一个极端,白色的相反物。虽然在严格意义上黑色是视网膜对零剌激的反应,但看起来黑色的感应是依靠与周围颜色刺激对比而得来的

(3)

A pigment or dye having this color value.
黑色颜料,黑色染料:有这种黑色标准的颜料或染料

(4)

Complete or almost complete absence of light; darkness.
漆黑:完全或几乎完全没有光亮;黑暗,漆黑

(5)

Clothing of the darkest hue, especially such clothing worn for mourning.
丧服:最黑的衣服,尤指参加丧礼时穿的衣服

(6)

Often Black
常作 Black

(7)

A member of a racial group having brown to black skin, especially one of African origin.
黑人:黑色或棕色人种的一员,尤指来自非洲的黑人

(8)

An American descended from peoples of African origin having brown to black skin; an African American; an Afro-American:
美国黑人:美国来自非洲有黑色或棕色皮肤人种的后代;美国黑人:
“Many blacks and Hispanics cannot borrow money from banks on subjective grounds”(Jesse Jackson)
“许多黑人和西班牙人因为他人的主观偏见而不能从银行贷款”(杰西·杰克逊)

(9)

Something that is colored black.
黑色的物品:颜色为黑色的物品

(10)

Games
【游戏】

(11)

The black-colored pieces, as in chess or checkers.
黑子:国际象棋或西洋跳棋中的黑色棋子

(12)

The player using these pieces.
执黑子的人
v.tr.(及物动词)
blackedblack.ingblacks

(1)

To make black:
弄黑,使变黑:
blacked their faces with charcoal.
用木炭弄黑他们的脸

(2)

To apply blacking to:
擦黑,抹黑:
blacked the stove.
擦黑炉子

(3)

Chiefly British To boycott as part of a labor union action.
【多用于英国】 抵制,杯葛:作为工会行动的加以抵制
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To become black.
变黑

常用词组

black out

(1)

To lose consciousness or memory temporarily:
晕倒:晕过去,暂时失去知觉或记忆:
blacked out at the podium.
在指挥台上晕倒

(2)

To suppress (a fact or memory, for example) from conscious recognition:
抑制,抹去:抑制(事实或记忆等),使之不在意识中出现:
blacked out many of my wartime experiences.
忘掉我在战争期间的许多经历

(3)

To prohibit the dissemination of, especially by censorship:
封锁:尤指通过审查禁止传播:
blacked out the news issuing from the rebel provinces.
封锁乱叛省份发出的新闻

(4)

To extinguish or conceal all lights that might help enemy aircraft find a target during an air raid.
对…实行灯火管制:在空袭中熄灭所有可能帮助敌机寻找目标的灯火

(5)

To extinguish all the lights on (a stage).
熄灯:(在舞台上)熄灭全部灯光

(6)

To cause a failure of electrical power in:
停电:导致失去电力:
Storm damage blacked out much of the region.
暴风雨的袭击使这个地区大范围断电

(7)

To withhold (a televised event or program) from a broadcast area:
禁止播出:不播出(电视传送的事件或节目):
blacked out the football game on local stations.
地方台停止播放橄榄球赛

(8)

To withhold a televised event or program from:
停止转播:不在电视上转播(事件或节目):
will black out the entire state to increase ticket sales for the game.
全国都不会电视转播这场比赛以增加票的销路

习惯用语

in the black
On the credit side of a ledger; prosperous.
富裕的:在总帐目中有存款的一方的;富裕的

语源

(1)

Middle English blak
中古英语 blak

(2)

from Old English bl?c * see bhel- 1
源自 古英语 bl?c *参见 bhel- 1

继承用法

blackish
adj.(形容词)

blackly
adv.(副词)

blackness
n.(名词)

用法

(1)

Black is often capitalized in its use to denote persons, though the lowercased form black is still widely used by authors of all races:
Black 用于指人时经常大写, 虽然小写的black 仍为各个种族的作家广泛使用:
“Together, blacks and whites can move our country beyond racism” (Whitney Moore Young, Jr.).
“团结起来,黑人和白人可以使我们的国家超越种族” (小惠特尼·摩尔·扬)。

(2)

Use of the capitalized form has the advantage of acknowledging the parallel with other ethnic groups and nationalities, such as Italian and Sioux. It can be argued that black is different from these other terms because it was derived from an adjective rather than from a proper name. However, a precedent exists for the capitalization of adjectives used to denote specific groups, as in the Reds and the Whites (of the Russian Civil War) or the Greens (the European political party). The capitalization of Black does raise ancillary problems for the treatment of the term white. Orthographic evenhandedness would seem to require the use of the uppercase form White, but this form might be taken to imply that whites constitute a single ethnic group, an issue that is certainly debatable. On the other hand, the use of the lowercase form white in the same context as the uppercase form Black will obviously raise questions as to how and why the writer has distinguished between the two groups. There is no entirely happy solution to this problem. In all likelihood, uncertainty as to the mode of styling of white has dissuaded many publications from adopting the capitalized form Black. See Usage Note at color
大写字母的好处在于对于其他种族和民族平等关系的承认,如意大利人 和 苏人。 有人可以争辩说black 与其他词不同, 因为他是由一个形容词而不是专有名词派生而成的。但是,大写形容词意指一组人已有前例,如Reds 和 Whites (俄国内战中)或 Greens (欧洲政党)。 大写的Black 确实引起了该如何对待 White 一词的有关问题。 正字法的公正要求使用White 的大写形式White, 但这种形式可能被认为暗示白人组成了单独的种族,这是会引起争论的问题。另一方面,在有black 大写形式White出现的相同语境中使用 White 的小写形式white, 显然会引起如何及为什么作者要对这两组人区别对待的问题。这一问题尚无令人满意的解决办法。White 书写方式的不确定性很可能已经使许多出版物不再采用大写形式的 Black 参见 color

基本词义

Black
Black
AHD:[bl2k] Hugo La Fayette (1886-1971)
D.J.[bl#k]
K.K.[bl#k]
NONE(无词性)
American jurist who served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1937-1971). He was noted for his ardent support of civil rights.
布莱克,于格·拉·费耶蒂:(1886-1971) 美国法官,曾任美国联邦最高法院陪审法官(1937-1971年)。以其对公民权的热情支持而著名

现代英汉词典

black
[blAk]
adj.

(1)

黑色的
a black dog
黑狗
They demanded that the agreement be written in black and white.
他们要求将这份协议用白纸黑字写下来。
The boy had a black eye after the fight.
男孩打架之后,眼眶被打成青黑色。

(2)

不加牛奶或奶油的(咖啡)

(3)

黑色人种的
a black scientist
黑人科学家
He was black.
他是个黑人。

(4)

弄脏了的
Your hands are black!
你手太脏了!

(5)

很糟的(情绪、消息等)
It's a black day for us.
今天我们不走运。
He was the black sheep of the family after he had got involved in the bank robbery.
在他被牵累进银行抢劫案后,就成了全家的败家子。

(6)

愠怒的
a black look
怒目而视
He gave me a black look. (喻)
他恶狠狠地看了我一眼。

(7)

邪恶的
black-hearted
坏心肠的

(8)

苦中作乐的
black humor
黑色幽默
black comedy
黑色喜剧

(9)

秘密级的
black programs
秘密级的程序
black contracts
秘密级的合同

词性变化

black
n.

(1)

黑色
dressed in black
穿黑色衣服
After her husband died, Mrs Jones dressed in black for six months.
琼斯太太的丈夫死后,她穿黑衣服守丧六个月。

(2)

黑人

习惯用语

in the black
(银行存款)有盈余
Our account is nicely in the black this month.
我们的帐上本月颇有盈余。

词性变化

black
vt.

(1)

使黑
to black sb.'s eye
把某人的眼睛打得发青

(2)

宣布(承揽货物或与某公司的交易等)不合规定

常用词组

black out

(1)

涂黑;遮掩
The date on the letter had been blacked out.
信上的日期被涂掉了。
You have to black out all the windows to develop films.
要使底片显影你得用黑布遮住窗户以免透光。

(2)

昏厥
After the accident she blacked out and couldn't remember what had happened.
在事故发生后她昏了过去,记不起发生过什么事。

现代英汉综合大辞典

black
[blAk]
adj.

(1)

黑的; 漆黑的

(2)

黑人的; 有关黑人的

(3)

暗淡的; 阴郁的; 悲惨的

(4)

凶恶的; 不吉利的

(5)

愤怒的

(6)

弄脏的; 污秽的

(7)

身穿黑衣的

(8)

黑市的, 非法交易的

(9)

[英]被(罢工工人)抵制装卸的

(10)

不荣誉的

(11)

不镀锌的, 无镀层的

(12)

吸收全部辐射能的
black Americans
美国黑人
be in a black mood
情绪低落
black deeds
凶恶的行为
a black mark
污点
He gave her a black look.
他对她怒目而视。
Their future looked black.
他们的前途暗淡。

词性变化

black
[blAk]
n.

(1)

黑色; 黑漆; 黑颜料; 黑墨水

(2)

骨灰; 煤

(3)

黑人; 黑色动物; 黑皮, 黑毛

(4)

黑斑; 污点

(5)

黑衣, 丧服

(6)

(小麦的)黑穗病; 黑穗病霉菌

(7)

[pl. ]黑色岩层

(8)

(靶子等的)黑点, 击中黑心的一发

(9)

诺福克火鸡

(10)

跳字

(11)

帐簿的贷方wear black 穿黑衣, 着丧服
vt.

(1)

弄黑; 弄脏

(2)

用黑鞋油擦

(3)

[英]管制, 封锁; 联合抵制
The servant blacked his boots.
仆人给他的靴子擦黑鞋油。
The strikers blacked the ship.
罢工者拒不干船上的工作。

black
[blAk]
vi.

(1)

变黑

(2)

暂失知觉
The sky blacked over.
天空变黑了。

继承用法

-and-blue
adj.
青肿的, 淤血的

black-ash
n.
黑灰, 粗碱灰

blackback
n.

(1)

黑背鱼, 门诺明尼白鱼

(2)

黑背鸟

blackband
n.
【地质】黑矿层

black-belly
n.
黑膜锯腹鲱

blackberry
[`blAkbLrI]
n.
【植】黑刺莓

blackbird
[5blAb\:d]
n.

(1)

鸫(鸟鸫)

(2)

赤翼黑鸟

(3)

[英]画眉

(4)

铁锈黑鸟

词性变化

black
[blAk]
vt.
绑架(土人)作为黑奴
vi.
从事贩卖奴隶

blackbirder
n.

(1)

黑奴船

(2)

绑架土人为奴者

blackboard
[5blAkbC:d]
n.
黑板

black-bulb
n.
黑球温度表

blackburnian
n.
黑斑森莺

blackbutt
n.
黑基木

blackcap
[5blAkkAp]
n.

(1)

西方树莓(黑树莓)

(2)

欧洲一种具黑顶的莺; 黑顶山雀; 威氏莺

(3)

普通香蒲-coat
n.

(1)

[贬]牧师

(2)

[英]职员
adj.
[英]从事脑力劳动的

blackcock
[5blAkkRk]
n.
山鸡, 野乌鸡, 黑雷鸡

blackdamp
[`blAkdAmp]
n.
【采矿】窒息性气体

blackface
[`blAkfeIs]
n.

(1)

黑人音乐家; 扮作黑人的演员

(2)

扮演黑人的化装

(3)

黑面羊

(4)

粗黑体字

blackfire
n.
(植病)烟角斑病

blackfish
[`blAkfIF]
n.

(1)

刚产过卵的雌鲑鱼; 长鲳; 黑鱼(阿拉斯加和西伯利亚产); (加利福尼亚产)小鳞直齿鱼; 恐鲈属的几种小型鲲科鱼(印度洋产); 圆头鲸

(2)

[俗]潜水艇

blackfishing
n.
[苏]非法捕雌鲑

blackfly
n.
蚋, 墨蚊

blackfungus
n.
黑木耳

black-gum
n.
(=Tupelo)美国紫树

blackhead
[5blAkhed]
n.

(1)

黑头鸟, 斑背潜鸭

(2)

瓣钩幼虫

(3)

黑头病

(4)

黑头粉刺

(5)

盲肠肝炎

blackheart
[`blAkhB:t]
n.

(1)

一种心形樱桃

(2)

蓼属的一种植物; 黑心材

(3)

黑心病

blackland
[`blAklAnd]
n.
黑色土地

black-lead
n.
石墨, 黑铅, 炭精

blackleg
[5blAkle^]
n.

(1)

黑腿病

(2)

气肿性炭疽

(3)

[英](破坏罢工的)工贼, 骗子

blacklist
[5blAklIst]
n.
黑名单

blacklung
n.
【采矿】煤肺病, 矿工黑肺病

blackmail
[5blAkmeIl]
n.
敲诈, 勒索

black-market
vt., vi.
作黑市买卖
adj.
黑市的

blackneb
n.
黑嘴鸦

blacknose
n.
【植】黑鼻病

blackplate
n.
未镀锡的黑钢板

blackpool
n.
黑泽(英格兰西北部的一个城市)

blackpot
n.
【古】啤酒杯

blackquarter
n.
黑腿病, 气肿性炭疽

black-short
n.
黑色裂口

blacksmith
[5blAksmIW]
n.
铁匠; 锻工

blacksmithing
n.
锻造

blacksnake
[`blAksneIk]

(1)

黑蛇

(2)

[美]重皮鞭

blackwhip
n.

(1)

黑蛇

(2)

[美]重皮鞭

blackspot
n.
黑点(镀锡板缺陷), 黑斑

blackstick
n.
黑体

blackstrap
n.

(1)

普通红葡萄酒

(2)

劣质葡萄酒

(3)

糖渣

(4)

[美俚]咖啡

blacktail
n.
幼年的鲑鱼

blackthorn
[5blAkWC:n]
n.
【植】

(1)

黑刺李

(2)

[美]山楂

blacktipshark
n.
黑鳍尖鲨, 黑边锥齿鲨, 黑边真鲨

blacktongue
n.

(1)

黑舌病

(2)

狗烂舌病

(3)

犬糙皮病

blackwash
[`blAkwCF]
n.

(1)

黑色涂料

(2)

造型涂料, 炭素涂料

blackwatch
n.
巡夜格子

blackwater
[`blAk9wR:tE(r)]
n.
【医】黑尿病

blackwork

(1)

黑锻件

(2)

黑白绣制品

(3)

锻工物, 软钢锻件

blacker
n.

blackish
[`blAkIF]
adj.
稍黑的; 带黑色的

习惯用语

as black as a crow
极黑, 漆黑

as black as a raven
极黑, 漆黑

as black as a crow sloe
极黑, 漆黑

as black as coal
墨黑, 极黑

as black as ebony
墨黑, 极黑

as black as ink
墨黑, 极黑

as black as jet
墨黑, 极黑

as black as soot
墨黑, 极黑

beat sb. black and blue
把某人打得青一块紫一块

call black white
颠倒黑白; 混淆是非

make black white
颠倒黑白; 混淆是非

call white black
颠倒黑白; 混淆是非

make white black
颠倒黑白; 混淆是非

turn white into black
颠倒黑白; 混淆是非

turn black into white
颠倒黑白; 混淆是非

in black and white
白纸黑字; 书 面的; 印刷的

in the black
出现黑字, 有赢余(与“in the red ”相对)

know black from white
有判断力; 精明机敏

look black

(1)

怒目而视

(2)

(前景)暗淡

not so black as one is painted
不象人们所说的那么坏

paint sb. black
往某人脸上抹黑

prove that black is white and white black
颠倒黑白, 诡辩

put down in black and white
白纸写黑字; 立据为凭

swear black is white
硬把黑的说成白的, 强词夺理, 固执谬见

Two blacks do not make a white .
[谚]两黑不等于一白; 两个错误不等于一个正确。

black and tan

(1)

黑色而有棕色斑点的猎狗

(2)

[美]共和党在美国南部的一个派系, 主张党内应有适当比例的黑人代表

(3)

[美]向黑人开放的白人夜总会

black and white

(1)

白纸黑字

(2)

黑白照片[影视, 电视]

(3)

黑白[是非]分明

black out

(1)

用墨涂掉

(2)

(剧间或剧终)熄灭灯光; (战时)灯火管制

(3)

(由于电力中断)灯光熄灭, 变成黑暗

(4)

(电视节目)由于罢工而停播

(5)

封锁(新闻); 不准发表评论等

(6)

暂时失去知觉, 昏过去

特殊用法

acetylene black
乙炔黑

acid alizarine black
酸性茜素黑

acid blue black 6B
【商】酸性蓝黑6

B acid chrome black
酸性铬黑

active anthracene black
活性蒽炭黑(补强剂)

amido black
酰胺黑

aniline black
苯胺黑

antimony black
锑黑; 硫化锑

attried black
球磨碳黑

benzanil black
亚苯基苯胺黑

Berlin black

(1)

无光黑漆

(2)

耐热漆

blue black
深黑色; 蓝黑色(常指象牙黑的带蓝的色泽); 亦指一种用葡萄枝煅烧成的黑颜料

bone black
动物炭, 骨炭

brilliant black
亮黑(食用色素)

carbide black
碳化黑

carbon black

(1)

松烟

(2)

炭黑

(3)

炭炱

channel black
槽法炭黑(补强剂, 颜料)

charcoal blacks
炭黑颜料(包括各种动植物如象牙、 骨头、 贝壳、葡萄藤等的炭制成者)

chemically oxidized black
化学氧化碳黑

chip black
黑漆片

cobalt black
一氧化钴, 钴黑

color black
着色用炭黑

conductive channel black
导电槽黑

conductive furnace black
导电炉黑

contact black
接触碳黑; 烟道碳黑

diamine deep black
双胺深黑

dianil black
双苯胺黑

diazamine brilliant black
重氮胺亮黑

diazogen black
重氮精黑

diphenyl black
联苯黑

direct black
直接黑

electrolytically deposited black
电解淀积变黑, 电解发黑处理

erie black
伊利黑; 酸性黑

eriochrome black
羊毛铬黑

extra conductive furnace black (ECF)
超导电炉黑

fine furnace black
细炉黑

Frankfort black
法兰克福黑(一种优质黑色颜料)

free flowing black
无尘炭黑

furnace black
【化】炉黑

furnace treated black
炉法炭黑

gas black
【化】气黑; 灯黑

gas-produced black
天然气炭黑; 瓦斯炭黑

German black
德国黑

graphitized carbon black
石墨化炭黑; 导电炭黑

greenish black
墨 绿

high abrasion furnace black (HAF)
高耐磨炉黑

high-gloss black
特级亮(炭)黑

hydrocarbon black
烃黑; 炭黑

ilmenite black
钛铁黑(将钛铁矿直接粉碎筛选制得之黑色颜料)

image black
黑色电平

impingement black
烟道炭黑

indanthrene black B
【商】阴丹士林黑

B indanthrene direct black
【商】阴丹士林直接黑

indigosol printing black
溶靛素印染黑

inert black
非活性炭黑

iron oxide black
铁黑; 氧化铁黑; 四氧化三铁

ivory black
象牙墨

Japan black
黑沥青(清)漆

leading black
超前黑色

magnetite black
磁性铁黑

manganese black
锰黑, 软锰矿

Mars black
马尔斯黑(渗透力强, 快干, 覆盖力强, 质地粗糙, 宜于厚涂)

mineral black

(1)

矿物黑, 石墨

(2)

含有石墨的天然颜料

(3)

黑色氧化铁

naphthalene acid black
萘酸黑

naphthamine direct black
萘胺直接黑

naphthamine fast black
萘胺坚牢黑

naphthol blue black
萘酚蓝黑

natural gas-based channel black
天然气槽黑

nickel black
镍黑

noisy blacks
黑杂波(随机杂波造成的黑电平起伏)

optical black
【光】光学黑体

oxidized black
氧化炭黑

palladium black
钯黑

petroleum black
石油炭黑

picture black

(1)

图象(最)黑部分

(2)

黑色电平

platinum black
铂黑

purple black
紫黑色

reddish black
红黑

rhenium black
铼黑

rhodium black
铑黑

roller black
辊筒炭黑

semi-reinforcing furnace black
半补强炉黑

setamine black
毛胺黑

silica black
硅酸黑(含少量碳黑的氧化硅)

solanthrene black
搔兰士林黑

Spanish black
西班牙黑(用软木炭制的黑颜料)

Sudan black
苏丹黑

sulfogen black
硫精黑

sulfur black
硫化黑, 硫化元

thermal black
热裂法碳黑

vat deep printing black
瓮深黑(印刷用)

vine black
葡萄黑(一种用葡萄嫩枝、外皮做成的优质黑色颜料)

virgin drop black
一种优质黑色颜料(用动物骨头蒸馏提炼制成, 具有很强的覆盖力)

white carbon black
白炭黑

基本词义

Black
[blAk]
n.
布莱克(①姓氏 ②Hugo La Fayette, 1886-1971, 美国法学家)

用法词典

black
来自古英语 blaec

英文相关词典

black
white    

[七国语言]英汉电子工程大词典

black
炭黑

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

black
黑的, 黑色的;黑色

英汉双解计算机词典

black

【修】黑的
1.Pertaining to a signal or area which contains either encrypted classified or unclassified information.
用于修饰或说明包含加密的保密或不保密信息的信号或区域。 2.In communications security, unclassified information or equipment and wire lines that handle encrypted classified information. | 通信安全学中指不保密的信息或处理已加密的保密信息的设备和线路。

美国传统词典

black
black
AHD:[bl2k] Abbr. bl., blk.
D.J.[bl#k]
K.K.[bl#k]
adj.
black.er, black.est

(1)

Color Being of the color black, producing or reflecting comparatively little light and having no predominant hue.

(2)

Having little or no light:
a black, moonless night.

(3)

Often Black

(4)

Of, relating to, or belonging to a racial group having brown to black skin, especially one of African origin:
the Black population of South Africa.

(5)

Of, relating to, or belonging to an American ethnic group descended from African peoples having dark skin; African American; Afro-American:
“When the history books are written in future generations, the historians will . . . say, ‘There lived a great people—a black people—who injected new meaning and dignity into the veins of civilization’”(Martin Luther King, Jr.)“Despite the exposure, being young, gifted and Black in the corridors of power has its trying moments”(Ebony)

(6)

Very dark in color:
rich black soil; black, wavy hair.

(7)

Soiled, as from soot; dirty:
feet black from playing outdoors.

(8)

Evil; wicked:
the pirates' black deeds.

(9)

Cheerless and depressing; gloomy:
black thoughts.

(10)

Marked by anger or sullenness:
gave me a black look.

(11)

Often Black Attended with disaster; calamitous:
the stock market crash on Black Friday.

(12)

Deserving of, indicating, or incurring censure or dishonor:
“Man . . . has written one of his blackest records as a destroyer on the oceanic islands”(Rachel Carson)

(13)

Wearing clothing of the darkest visual hue:
the black knight.

(14)

Served without milk or cream:
black coffee.

(15)

Appearing to emanate from a source other than the actual point of origin. Used chiefly of intelligence operations:
black propaganda; black radio transmissions.

(16)

Disclosed, for reasons of security, only to an extremely limited number of authorized persons; very highly classified:
black programs in the Defense Department; the Pentagon's black budget.

(17)

Chiefly British Boycotted as part of a labor union action.
n.

(1)

Color

(2)

The achromatic color value of minimum lightness or maximum darkness; the color of objects that absorb nearly all light of all visible wavelengths; one extreme of the neutral gray series, the opposite being white. Although strictly a response to zero stimulation of the retina, the perception of black appears to depend on contrast with surrounding color stimuli.

(3)

A pigment or dye having this color value.

(4)

Complete or almost complete absence of light; darkness.

(5)

Clothing of the darkest hue, especially such clothing worn for mourning.

(6)

Often Black

(7)

A member of a racial group having brown to black skin, especially one of African origin.

(8)

An American descended from peoples of African origin having brown to black skin; an African American; an Afro-American:
“Many blacks and Hispanics cannot borrow money from banks on subjective grounds”(Jesse Jackson)

(9)

Something that is colored black.

(10)

Games

(11)

The black-colored pieces, as in chess or checkers.

(12)

The player using these pieces.
v.tr.
blacked, black.ing, blacks

(1)

To make black:
blacked their faces with charcoal.

(2)

To apply blacking to:
blacked the stove.

(3)

Chiefly British To boycott as part of a labor union action.
v.intr.
To become black.

常用词组

black out

(1)

To lose consciousness or memory temporarily:
blacked out at the podium.

(2)

To suppress (a fact or memory, for example) from conscious recognition:
blacked out many of my wartime experiences.

(3)

To prohibit the dissemination of, especially by censorship:
blacked out the news issuing from the rebel provinces.

(4)

To extinguish or conceal all lights that might help enemy aircraft find a target during an air raid.

(5)

To extinguish all the lights on (a stage).

(6)

To cause a failure of electrical power in:
Storm damage blacked out much of the region.

(7)

To withhold (a televised event or program) from a broadcast area:
blacked out the football game on local stations.

(8)

To withhold a televised event or program from:
will black out the entire state to increase ticket sales for the game.

习惯用语

in the black
On the credit side of a ledger; prosperous.

语源

(1)

Middle English blak

(2)

from Old English bl?c * see bhel- 1

继承用法

blackish
adj.

blackly
adv.

blackness
n.

用法

(1)

Black is often capitalized in its use to denote persons, though the lowercased form black is still widely used by authors of all races:
“Together, blacks and whites can move our country beyond racism” (Whitney Moore Young, Jr.).

(2)

Use of the capitalized form has the advantage of acknowledging the parallel with other ethnic groups and nationalities, such as Italian and Sioux. It can be argued that black is different from these other terms because it was derived from an adjective rather than from a proper name. However, a precedent exists for the capitalization of adjectives used to denote specific groups, as in the Reds and the Whites (of the Russian Civil War) or the Greens (the European political party). The capitalization of Black does raise ancillary problems for the treatment of the term white. Orthographic evenhandedness would seem to require the use of the uppercase form White, but this form might be taken to imply that whites constitute a single ethnic group, an issue that is certainly debatable. On the other hand, the use of the lowercase form white in the same context as the uppercase form Black will obviously raise questions as to how and why the writer has distinguished between the two groups. There is no entirely happy solution to this problem. In all likelihood, uncertainty as to the mode of styling of white has dissuaded many publications from adopting the capitalized form Black. See Usage Note at color

基本词义

Black
Black
AHD:[bl2k] Hugo La Fayette (1886-1971)
D.J.[bl#k]
K.K.[bl#k]
NONE
American jurist who served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1937-1971). He was noted for his ardent support of civil rights.

[名词委审定]英汉计算机名词(第二版, 2002)

black

(1)

黑色

(2)

非保密设备的颜色标记。

英汉船舶大词典

black
n.黑色,黑市的

朗文英汉综合电脑词典

black
黑色(非保密设备的颜色标记)

英汉电信大词典

black
n.黑,黑的

英汉地质大词典

black
n.布莱克反向事件;n.黑色,黑碱土

英汉法学大词典

black
n.黑

英汉纺织大词典

black
n.黑色,黑颜料,黑斑

英汉航海大词典

black
n.黑市的

英汉航空大词典

black
n.黑的,黑色;n.黑色的

英汉化学大词典

black
adj.黑,黑人的,吸收全部辐射能的,无镀层的;n.黑色,煤,污点,黑人

英汉海运大词典

black
黑(色)黑的,黑色的暗淡的黑人黑颜料对…实行灯火管制弄黑,变黑黑色,黑市的非法贸易的非法的

基本词义

black
黑(色)黑的对……实行灯火管制

基本词义

black
黑的,黑色的暗淡的黑人黑色,黑颜料对…实行灯火管制弄黑,变黑

基本词义

black
黑黑(色)黑的,黑色的,暗淡的黑人,黑颜料对…实行灯火管制弄黑,变黑黑色

基本词义

black
黑(色)

英汉经贸大词典

black
n.黑市的

基本词义

black
n.黑市外汇汇率

英汉计算机大词典

black
adj.黑(黑人的,吸收全部辐射能的;n.黑色(煤,污点

英汉建筑大词典

Black
n.布莱克

最新会计师英汉大词典

black
顺差,宣布抵制

英汉农牧林大词典

black
n.黑,黑毛,青毛;n.黑火鸡,诺福克黑火鸡

英汉能源大词典

black
n.布莱克反向事件

英汉水利大词典

black
n.黑色的,无镀层的,黑色

英汉贸易大词典

black
宣布抵制,顺差

英汉心理学大词典

black

现代商务英汉大词典

black
宣布抵制,顺差

英汉医学大词典

black
n.黑的,青的

英汉中医大词典

black
n.黑的,青的,变黑

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