简明英汉词典

bitter
[5bitE]
adj.
苦的, 痛苦的, 怀恨的

美国传统词典[双解]

bitter
bit.ter
AHD:[b1t“…r]
D.J.[6bit*]
K.K.[6b!t+]
adj.(形容词)
bit.ter.erbit.ter.est

(1)

Having or being a taste that is sharp, acrid, and unpleasant.
苦的:有刺激性、辛辣性或令人不快的味道的

(2)

Causing a sharply unpleasant, painful, or stinging sensation; harsh:
严酷的:不快的,痛苦的,刺痛的;涩口的:
enveloped in bitter cold; a bitter wind.
裹在刺骨的寒冷中;刺骨的风

(3)

Difficult or distasteful to accept, admit, or bear:
难堪的,难受的:难于接受,承认或忍受的:
the bitter truth; bitter sorrow.
难以接受的真相;让人难以忍受的悲伤

(4)

Proceeding from or exhibiting strong animosity:
痛苦的,痛恨的:充满敌意的,怀恨的:
a bitter struggle; bitter foes.
痛苦地挣扎;死敌

(5)

Resulting from or expressive of severe grief, anguish, or disappointment:
剧烈的:由悲痛、苦恼或失望引起的,表现出悲痛、苦恼和失望的:
cried bitter tears.
痛苦地流泪水

(6)

Marked by resentment or cynicism:
怨恨的,挖苦的:
“He was already a bitter elderly man with a gray face”(John Dos Passos)
“他已经是一个面色灰白的充满怨气的老人。”(约翰·道斯·帕索斯)
adv.(副词)
In an intense or harsh way; bitterly:
激烈地:厉害地,极度地;痛苦地:
a bitter cold night.
极其寒冷地夜晚
v.tr.(及物动词)
bit.teredbit.ter.ingbit.ters
To make bitter.
使变苦
n.(名词)

(1)

That which is bitter:
苦的东西:
“all words . . . /Failing to give the bitter of the sweet”(Tennyson)
“一切语言…/都不能表现甜蜜中的苦涩”(坦尼森)

(2)

bitters A bitter, usually alcoholic liquid made with herbs or roots and used in cocktails or as a tonic.
bitters 苦酒:常用于鸡尾酒或作为补酒由草药或根做成的苦味酒

(3)

Chiefly British A sharp-tasting beer made with hops.
【多用于英国】 苦啤酒:由蛇麻做成的味道辛辣的啤酒

语源

(1)

Middle English
中古英语

(2)

from Old English * see bheid-
源自 古英语 *参见 bheid-

继承用法

bitterly
adv.(副词)

bitterness
n.(名词)

参考词汇

(1)

bitteracerbicacrid

(2)

The central meaning shared by these adjectives is “unpleasantly sharp or pungent in taste or smell”:
这些形容词共有的中心含义是“在味道上或味上令人不快的,辛辣的或刺激的”:
a bitter cough syrup;
苦的咳嗽糖浆;
acerbic barberries;
酸小檗;
acrid resin.
苦松香

现代英汉词典

bitter
[5bItE(r)]
adj.

(1)

有苦味的;苦的
bitter fruit
苦果

(2)

刺痛的(寒冷,风等)
a bitter wind
刺骨的风

(3)

痛苦的;悲伤的
a bitter disappointment
痛苦的失望

(4)

怀恨的
bitter enemies
不共戴天的仇敌

习惯用语

to the bitter end
到底;到最后

词性变化

bitter
n.
苦啤酒

现代英汉综合大辞典

bitter
[5bitE]
adj.

(1)

(药等)苦味的, 苦涩的

(2)

辛酸的, 悲惨的

(3)

怀恨的; 抱怨的; 讥讽的

(4)

强烈的, 厉害的, 刺骨的, 严酷的
a bitter taste
苦味
a bitter smile
苦笑
bitter tears
辛酸的眼泪
bitter remarks
刻薄话, 恶毒的话
bitter discipline
严格的训练
a bitter argument
激烈的争论

词性变化

bitter
[5bitE]
n.

(1)

苦味; 苦味物

(2)

[常用复]苦味药; 苦味大补酒; (某些鸡尾酒的)配料; [英]苦啤酒
the sweets and bitters of life
人世间的悲欢

bitter
[5bitE]
adv.
非常, 剧烈, 厉害
a bitter cold night
严寒的一个夜晚

bitter
[5bitE]
vt.
把...弄苦, 使变苦
vi.
变苦

继承用法

bitterbark
n.

(1)

苦皮树

(2)

缢缩山马茶

bitterend
adj.
顽固的

bitter-ender
n.
[俗]顽固者; 主张硬拚到底的人

bitternut
[`bItEnQt]
n.
心果山核桃

bittersweet
[5bItEswi:t]
n.

(1)

【植】南蛇藤

(2)

半苦半甜

bitterweed
[`bItEwi:d]
n.

(1)

美洲的几种含有苦素的植物的任何一种; 木瓣树属的几种树的任何一种

(2)

木瓣树属几种树的木材

bitterish
[`bItErIF]
adj.
带苦味的, 微苦的

bitterless
adj.
无苦味的

bitterly
[5bItElI]
adv.

(1)

苦, 惨痛地

(2)

厉害地

bitterness
[5bItEnIs]
n.

(1)

苦味

(2)

苦难; 悲痛

(3)

酷烈

(4)

讽刺

习惯用语

bebitter against
强烈反对

get one's bitters
[美]受到应得的处罚

take the bitter with the sweet
接受顺境, 也要接受逆境; 把苦乐拉平来看

That which was bitter to endure may be sweet to remember.
[谚]往日艰辛回味甜。

Who has never tasted bitter, knows not what is sweet.
[谚]不尝黄连苦, 怎知蜂蜜甜。

用法词典

bitter
来自古英语 biter,与 bite(咬)有关,因为苦味是咬东西得知的

英文相关词典

bitter
distasteful    unpleasant    sweet    

[七国语言]英汉公共大词典

bitter
苦的

[七国语言]英汉医学大词典

bitter
苦味物

美国传统词典

bitter
bit.ter
AHD:[b1t“…r]
D.J.[6bit*]
K.K.[6b!t+]
adj.
bit.ter.er, bit.ter.est

(1)

Having or being a taste that is sharp, acrid, and unpleasant.

(2)

Causing a sharply unpleasant, painful, or stinging sensation; harsh:
enveloped in bitter cold; a bitter wind.

(3)

Difficult or distasteful to accept, admit, or bear:
the bitter truth; bitter sorrow.

(4)

Proceeding from or exhibiting strong animosity:
a bitter struggle; bitter foes.

(5)

Resulting from or expressive of severe grief, anguish, or disappointment:
cried bitter tears.

(6)

Marked by resentment or cynicism:
“He was already a bitter elderly man with a gray face”(John Dos Passos)
adv.
In an intense or harsh way; bitterly:
a bitter cold night.
v.tr.
bit.tered, bit.ter.ing, bit.ters
To make bitter.
n.

(1)

That which is bitter:
“all words . . . /Failing to give the bitter of the sweet”(Tennyson)

(2)

bitters A bitter, usually alcoholic liquid made with herbs or roots and used in cocktails or as a tonic.

(3)

Chiefly British A sharp-tasting beer made with hops.

语源

(1)

Middle English

(2)

from Old English * see bheid-

继承用法

bitterly
adv.

bitterness
n.

参考词汇

(1)

bitter, acerbic, acrid

(2)

The central meaning shared by these adjectives is “unpleasantly sharp or pungent in taste or smell”:
a bitter cough syrup;
acerbic barberries;
acrid resin.

[名词委审定]英汉药学名词(1999)

bitter

英汉船舶大词典

bitter
n.绕缆一圈

英汉地质大词典

bitter
n.卤水,苦咸水

英汉环境大词典

bitter
n.苦的,厉害的

英汉航空大词典

bitter
n.厉害地,非常

英汉化学大词典

bitter
adj.苦的,痛苦的,抱怨的;n.苦味,苦药

英汉海运大词典

bitter
苦的猛烈的,剧烈的苦味带缆桩绕缆一圈剧烈,厉害

基本词义

bitter
剧烈的严寒的苦味制约物,控制物绕在缆线上一圈绳索苦的猛烈的,带缆桩绕缆一圈剧烈,厉害

基本词义

bitter
剧烈的严寒的苦味制约物,控制物绕在缆线上一圈绳索

英汉进出口商品词汇大全

Bitter
比特尔牌汽车(德)

英汉计算机大词典

bitter
adj.苦的(痛苦的,抱怨的);n.苦味(苦药)

英汉机械大词典

Bitter
n.时序

英汉建筑大词典

bitter
n.卤水,苦咸水

英汉心理学大词典

bitter

英汉医学大词典

bitter
n.苦的,苦味的

英汉中医大词典

bitter
n.有苦味的,辛酸的,痛苦的

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